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FATHER PARTICULARS ON APPLICATION TO 

4 & 5 WESTMORELAND-STREE' 

DUBLIN. 



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(irEXT HIBERNIAN BANK.) 

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Consist of SOUPS, FISH, ENTREES, JOINTS, GRILL G-AME, VEGETABLES 

AND SWEETS, CHEESE, &c., &c. 

ALL AT FIXED PRICES, per "Meal" or "Portion." 
TABLE D'HOTE DINNERS, 2s. 6d. & 3s., daily, from I till 8 p.m. 

DINNERS OP FISH every Friday, 3s. 
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THE DOLPHIN, 

ESSEX-STREET, DUBLIN. 

+ 

This Old-established House is now the Property of 

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Who is also the Proprietor of THE BURLINGTON RESTAURANT 
AND DININGROOMS, ST. ANDREW-STREET, DUBLIN. 

The "Dolphin's" well-known Sandwich Bar and quiet Dining- 
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house has been long famous will be interfered with. Improvements 
have been made in the cuisine, and, aided by modern administration, 
the present Proprietor hopes to make the entire service of the Estab- 
lishment in every way agreeable to the Patrons of the " Dolphin." 

THE DOLPHIN, ESSEX-STREET, DUBLIN. 



JAMES DOBSON & CO., 

Decorators to TJieatre Royal, Gaiety Theatre, Theatre Royal, Belfast, 

Antient Concert Rooms, Royal Sank, Metropolitan Buildings, 

Abbey -street, and all the Leading Public Institutions. 

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113 & 114 STEPHEN'S-GREEN, WEST, 






OF THE 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN, 



W// //j Opening in 1821 to its Destruction by Fire, 
February, 1880; 



OCCASIONAL NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS. 

BY 

R. M. LEVEY AND J. O'RORKE. 



JOSEPH BOLLARD, PRINTER, DAME-STREET. 
1880. 






1^ 

A F 



orgotten 



When Aungier Street Had Its 
By GEORGE HUJ 



ABOUT 200 years ago Sir Edward 
Lovett Pearce, Engineer and Sur- 
veyor-General of his Majesty's Forti- 
fications and Premises in the Kingdom 
of 1 1 eland, supervised the erection in 
Dublin of two public buildings. One 
now houses the Bank of Ireland; whilst 
the other, having long since passed to 
oblivion, is represented by some waste 
ground and tenements at the junction 
of Aungier Street and Longford Street, 
well known- to students of the 
history of theatres in Dublin, from the 
stage of the Aungier Street playhouse 
many distinguished comedians and 
comediennes delighted, and the greatest 
tragedians and tragediennes enthralled, 
Dublin lovers of the histrionic art. 

Quaint Provisions. 

The terms of the Articles of 'Agree- 
ment for the erection of the theatre 
and Hie carrying out of other business 
1 therewith, are rather quaint. 
On the 21st February, 173:2, Sir Edward 
i'earcc entered into agreement 
with Thomas Griffith, Francis Elring- 
kon, Lewis Layfield, James Vander- 
bank, and Anthony Moreau, Associate 
Comedians oi' the City of Dublin, for 
the building and erection of a good and 
Efficient playhouse in some convenient 
place within half a mile of the Tholsel, 
which phiyliou.se should be fitted with 
. 'j.'illery. stage traps, and 
side runners for two setts of scenes arid 
other conveniences in consideration 
ite Cornelians would 
y hundred pound? 



P.O., ancestor of the Earl of ] 
ton; Colonel Ligonier, later 
General, Hanger of the Phoei 
and Master of the Game; ar 
Arthur Hill, afterwards Publi 
trar of Deeds. 

Opened With Great Cerei 

The Associate Comedians ha' 
tained a suitable site by the j 
of two plots of ground, one i 
ford Street from ; David Dig 
Touche, Esquire, the other in 
Street from Samuel i Taylor, bre 
foundations of the pew play-hoi 
laid with pomp and ceremony 
1733. The theatre !was opened 



19th May, 1734, 
Dorset. 

Aungier Street, A 
to the new buildi 
from Sir Francis A 
Rolls, in the time > 
then a residential c 
and cultured class 



y Lionel 

lich gave i' 
g, derived 
ngier, Mastt 



uirter for a 
of citizen. 



were Longford Sti e1 and the 
bouring Stephen S 

Widows Bought Out. 

Sir Thomas L. Pearce died 
before the erection ;' ihr I'l.-tyln 
completed. Some time latei 
Anne Pearce, as )vpresenta!ive 
late husband, handed over 
everything conned- d with th'j 

to Viscount Mo unt joy 
of himself and the other subs 

In 1-741 Frances Elrington, 
Frnncis Elrington. one of the 



kyhouse 

shionable Theatre 



a lease for 21 years at the rent of 
per annum. Notwithstanding that in 
addition to his own valuable services IK- 
secured those of the most talented 
actors of the clay, he failed to make 
the enterprise pay, and by the year 
1754 Sheridan, who " had spent con- 
siderable sums of money in the pur- ^ > t, S Q . , 
chase of a wardrobe, or wardrobes, 
scenes, machinery, ul:ri.-iis, and decora- 
tions/' found himsi-lf and ihe theatre ^MENT 
responsible to mortgagees to the ex- 
tent -of 2,000. 

Shortly afterward- he retired from 

the management, and relinquishing IN UBLIX 

acting as a profession, later be- 
came manager o! Drury Lane Theativ. 
On resigning this, Sheridan became S> 
an itinerant lecturer on elocution and 
literature, the financial proceeds of 
which, combined with a pension of tit Celt CtJ, 
200 a year allowed by George III. 
(-aid by some to ba compensation for 
damage to hi.s theatre during the riots. 
;<nd by others, recompense for teaching 
the Scottish friends of Lord Bute to 
-jH^ak English) sufficed to maintain 
him till hi.s death U7- 

Henry Mossop, who as an actor 
ranked second only to Tiarrick, suc- 
ceeded Sheridan (1760) on similar t< 
as managT of th- A under Street liou.-<\ 
but likewise found the venture to result 
in failure. a< within a very f<-\v years 
the theatre heejnin' .-addled with fur- 
ilier debts to the extent of 1.500. In 
U'.ct. i "ii caused the finan- 

cial ruin of Mcssop, who retired to Chel- 
; ;.ea.. wiiere he died in penury in 177:5. 

Aflcr Fifty > rars of Struggle. 

Ihe. noriod covered bv the 



INTRODUCTION. 



IN the following pages I purpose to give, not a 
history of the Theatre Royal, but a chronicle of the 
most important theatrical events which have oc- 
curred therein, from the time it was first opened to 
the public to the date of its most sad and unfor- 
tunate destruction. The data which I have col- 
lected will be found useful to the historian of the 
future and such I cannot doubt will be found at 
no distant period who will weave the salient facts 
into a consecutive and complete narrative. This 
has not been my object. I have sought merely to 
put together, as far as possible, in chronological 
order, the notable events which have taken place 



iv INTRODUCTION. 

since the Theatre was opened, of the vast majority 
of which I myself have been an eye-witness. 

My original intention was of narrower scope, as 
I purposed dealing merely with the annals of Italian 
Opera, which of themselves could not fail to be 
highly interesting to music lovers and play-goers, 
not only in Dublin, but throughout Ireland, and to 
many friends within and without the operatic pro- 
fession beyond the "silver streak." The advice of 
friends, whose opinions are in the highest degree 
worthy of respect with regard to all matters con- 
nected with the Dublin stage, induced me to enlarge 
the plan of the work, so as to include the entire 
period of the theatrical existence of the Royal, and 
to embrace its dramatic history as well as that 
which relates to the lyric stage. 

I have therefore noticed, in chronological order, 
the principal events which took place in the Royal 
during the whole period of its existence as a Theatre, 
the appearances of renowned actors, actresses and 



INTRODUCTION. V 

vocalists, the productions of famous plays and operas, 
together with other incidents and events which I 
thought likely to interest my readers. 

The casts of the Italian Operas will, I confidently 
-expect, be found exact and complete in every 
essential, and the record of the successive' appear- 
ances in Dublin of the most brilliant stars of the 
operatic firmament, will, no doubt, have a special 
interest for Irish amateurs. 

In the compilation of the Annals of the " Old 
House" in Hawkins-street, I have availed myself 
of all sources of information at my disposal news- 
paper files, collections of play-bills, books and pro- 
grammes, private memoranda and diaries, and my 
own notes, which go over a period of fifty-four 
years, during which I have had the honour of being 
associated with the National Theatre. 

The work has been to me a labour of love ; and 
no one will be more pleased if the chronicle that I 
have set down in the following pages should form 



vi INTRODUCTION. 

the basis of a more extended and elaborate history 
of the Theatre Royal. 

It is a gratification to me that I have been enabled 
to collect in proper sequence, to give form and shape 
to the record of events, especially some which are 
preserved only by tradition, or are hid away in places 
not easily accessible. I am fully aware of many 
defects in my work ; but I trust to the good-nature 
of my readers to overlook what is defective for the 
sake of whatever of interest they may discover. 




ANNALS 

OF THE 

THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN, 

From Opening, 1821, to Destruction by Fife, 1880. 



PART I . 

1821. 

THE new Theatre Royal, Hawkins-street, opened on 
Thursday, January 1 8th, i82i,withShakspeare's "Comedy 
of Errors," with the following cast : Antipholis of Ephesus, 
Mr. Humby ; Antipholis of Syracuse, Mr. Farren ; 
Dromio of Ephesus, Mr. Williams ; Dromio of Syracuse, 
Mr. Johnson ; Adriana, Miss Byrne ; Luciana, Mrs. 
Humby. The bill also bore the following announce- 
ment : " Previous to the Play, an Address, written for the 
occasion by George Coleman the Younger, will be recited 
by Mr. Farren. To conclude with the Farce of the 
' Sleep Walker ;' Somno, Mr. J. Russell. Entrances to 
the Theatre : To the Boxes, through Townsend-street 
portico of the new Arcade; Pit, ditto; Galleries, Poolbeg- 
street. Carriages and Chairs (Sedan) to enter from 



8 ANNALS OK THE 

Townsend-street and drive out at Hawkins-street ; extra 
door for egress from the Pit in Poolbeg-street. Box 
Office at Willis's Music Saloon, Westmoreland-street. 
Mr. Lowther, Box-keeper. Prices : Boxes, 55. 5d. ; 
Pit, 33. 3d.; Middle Gallery, 25. 2d.; Upper Gallery, is. id. 
The dimensions of the Theatre exceed that of Crow-street 
by six feet in depth, and an aggregate of seven in breadth ; 
its form that of a deep oval." 

This will determine the question so often disputed ot 
the relative dimensions of Crow-street and Hawkins- 
street. It is curious that the Box Office, after so many 
years, should have returned to No. 7 Westmoreland- 
street (now No. 4, 1880). 

With reference to the above interesting cast of the 
" Comedy of Errors," it may be remarked that the two 
Dromios continued for many years to be represented by 
Johnson and Williams. The likeness between the two was 
most striking, in consequence of the care with which 
Johnson "made up" to resemble Williams, adding a little 
to the nose by artificial means, as nature had been more 
bountiful to the other in that important feature. Williams 
did not exactly see the fun of Johnson's exact imitation, 
following closely every look and peculiar turn of his, and 
all the more remarkable because of his being so full of 
mannerisms. He therefore tried all means of baffling 
Johnson by change of dress, or "touching" efface, &rc.; 
but Dromio of Syracuse watched too closely, and ever 
appeared the exact prototype of the other, no matter how 
altered. At last Williams good-humouredly gave in. 

On January igth was performed " Romeo and Juliet/' 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 9 

Juliet, by Miss Kelly (her first appearance in this 
kingdom). 

On the 231x1, "Guy Mannering." Henry Bertram, 
Mr. Pearman ; Julia Mannering, Miss Byrne. (Miss 
Byrne, an excellent .actress and vocalist, was familiarly 
known as " Miss Byrne of Cabinteely," having belonged 
to a most respectable family resident in that locality). 

On the zyth was given the Opera of " The Marriage of 
Figaro." Count Almaviva, Mr. Farren ; Figaro, Mr. 
Russell ; Fiorello, Mr. M'Keon ; Cherubino, Mrs. 
Humby; Susanna, Miss Byrne. This was Bishop's 
meagre English version of Mozart's work. Mrs. Humby 
was a most fascinating actress, and an immense favourite. 
Her husband also belonged to the Company, and soon 
afterwards established himself in Dame-street as a dentist, 
to which profession he had served his time. 

At this period flourished Pat M'Keon, who had been 
a painter, and, like a great many of that calling, possessed 
a very sweet tenor voice, and "came on" the stage with 
success. He was a nice ballad-singer, and a great favourite 
with the gallery boys, who familiarly called him by his 
Christian name. A very favourite song of M'Keon was 
an old ballad called " Your melting Sighs reach my 
Heart." On one occasion, when he arrived at the words, 
" Your melting Sighs," one of his friends in the upper 
gallery called out, " Ah ! now, Pat, sure you had enough 
of mcltirf size when you were a painter." 

Mrs. Haydn Corri made her first appearance on the 3ist 
January as Rosina. Mrs. Corri continued for many years 
a Dublin favourite. Her husband became organist of the 



10 ANNALS OF THE 

Roman Catholic Cathedral, which post he filled with 
credit for upwards of a quarter of a century. Mr. Henry 
Corri, the eminent English Opera vocalist, is their son. 

February 8th. Mr. Chippendale played Vortex in 
" A Cure for the Heart-ache." This was the father of 
the present well-known and favourite actor. 

February i2th was the date of the first appearance of 
the great Charles Young in "Hamlet" 
On March isth, first appearance in Dublin of William 
Farren, as Sir Peter Teazle. 

On July gth, Miss Stephens made her first appearance 
in Polly, " Beggar's Opera." 

Bochsa, the great harpist, played on the 3rd August. 

August islh. Charles Kemble's first appearance. 
" Hamlet." 

August 22nd. George the Fourth was present. Sheri- 
dan's "Duenna," and the Farce of "St. Patrick's Day," 
were performed. 

An Installation of the Knights of St. Patrick took place 
on Thursday, 3oth, the King being present. 

1822. 

Charles Horn and Alexander Lee appeared in English 
Operas. 

Charles Horn was one of the sweetest of English com- 
posers, and one of the first of English musicians, author 
of " Cherry Ripe," " I've been Roaming," &c., &c. Alex- 
ander Lee was also a much-admired ballad-writer, and 
was afterwards musical director to the Theatre Royal. 

April 8th. First night of " Tom and Jerry ; or, Life in 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. II 

London," " New Classic-Comic-Didactic-Moralistic-Aris- 
tophanic-Localic-Analytic-Terpsichoric-Panoramic-Cama- 
rac-Obscuric Extravaganza, or Melange, in Twenty New 
Scenes." This piece bad an enormous " run," and was 
made doubly attractive by the nightly " set-to " of many 
celebrated professional and amateur members of the 
then popular art of " self-defence." 

July 1 5th. Edmund Kean made his first appearance 
in Richard III. On his benefit night, August i2th, he 
played "The Roman Actor; or, the Drama's Vindication," 
Octavian in "The Mountaineers," and Tom Tug in 
" The Waterman " (with all the original songs). On a 
former occasion, in England, he played Harlequin after 
Richard III. 

November 2 5th. Listen's first appearance Tony 
Lumpkin. Listen was not duly appreciated in Dublin. 

On Saturday, December 1 4th, the celebrated " Bottle 
Row " took place. The following is extracted from the 
Theatrical Observer of Monday, December i6th, 1822: 

" His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant (the Marquis of Wellesley) 
honoured the Theatre with his presence on Saturday evening. All 
the rank and fashion of the metropolis crowded to receive him. 
On his arrival he was cheered with the most ardent and enthusiastic 
plaudits, which continued without interruption for several minutes ; 
but soon a serpent's hiss, poisoning the atmosphere of the house, 
became a signal to some sanguinary confederation of satanic monsters 
and rebellious cowards to mar .the harmony of the evening, and 
kindle within the Theatre the torch of political discord and religious, 
fanaticism, &c., &c. The play proceeded amidst the most tumul- 
tuous uproar. The close of every act redoubled their vociferations, 
and the interposition of the noble Marquis was totally insufficient to 



12 ANNALS OF THE 

abate them. But soon we were confirmed in our belief that a con- 
federation of rebels and cut-throats was organized in the galleries. 
The play ended, the curtain fell, the stage-lights were withdrawn. 
At that moment, in the midst of the darkness, some sanguinary and 
diabolical wretch threw a large bottle at his Excellency. It passed 
over Mr. Barton's head in the orchestra and providentially missed 
inflicting a deadly wound. The stage-lights were instantly raised, 
and Mr. Barton held up the bottle for public inspection." 

After some further remarks, the account proceeds : 

' ' A large watchman's rattle was also thrown from the gallery. It 
struck the front of the box in which were Lady Anne Gregory, Mrs. 
-Goulbourn, Lady Rossmore, &c. , &c., and passing violently to the ad- 
jacent box, in which his Excellency sat, rebounded from the cushion 
on which his hands were resting and fell upon the stage. The noble 
Marquis immediately arose, and, with the most undaunted heroism, pre- 
sented himself in full front to the ruffianly monsters in the galleries." 

The Marquis of Wellesley had given much offence by 
causing the annual dressing of the statue of King William 
to be discontinued. 

In Nolan's Theatrical Observer of Tuesday, December 
27th, 1822, it is announced : 

' ' We are happy to state that the rioters have been discovered. 
The following are the names of the persons apprehended for creating 
the disturbances on Saturday evening : 

James Petford, servant to an officer of the 5th Dragoon Guards. 

Bernard Tuite, a journeyman baker. 

Matthew Handwich, a carpenter. 

Henry Handwich, brother to the above. 

George Graham, a shoemaker. 

James Forbes : who was bailed on the same night by Mr. Charles 
Slater, of Brunswick-street. 

Mr. Lodge, of Kennedy's-lane. 

James Birmingham liberated. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 13, 

1823. 

January 5th. Mr. Horn and Miss Stephens twelve 
nights, English Operas. 

February 26th. Mr. John Philip Kemble died at 
Lausanne. 

April 1 5th. Clara Fisher's first appearance in the 
" Spoiled Child." 

June 4th. The name of Mr. O'Rorke first appears in 
the bills in the play of " Kenilworth." Mr. O'Rorke r 
who formerly played the violoncello in Crow-street, re- 
mained for many years with the Company ; a good and 
most useful character-actor, who could " make much of 
little." One part in particular (very little in itself) he 
was particularly identified with, viz., the Cook in " Love 
in a Village." His admirable " make-up " as the fat 
female cook caused great fun, and his singing " The 
Roast Beef of Old England" always called forth an 
encore. He was the father of Mr. John O'Rorke, who 
has given such valuable aid in this compilation. 

June 1 6th. Mr. Braham's first appearance "The 
Devil's Bridge." This work is Braham's own composi- 
tion, except the pretty duet, " Rest, Weary Traveller," 
which is by Horn. The " Devil's Bridge " is replete with 
pure melody, such as " Behold in her soft expressive 
Face," " Tho' love is warm awhile," &c., &c. ; then the 
Picture Song, "Behold a poor desolate Maid." With 
modernized dialogue, grand scenery, dresses, decorations, 
&c., &c., and with first-rate vocalists, this work might be 
profitably revived. 



14 ANNALS OF THE 

July 7th. Miss M. Tree's first appearance in " The 
Haunted Tower," with Braham. This lady was sister of 
Ellen Tree (afterwards Mrs. Charles Kean). She some- 
what later made quite a sensation by her performance of 
Clari, in a very interesting domestic drama of the same 
name (music by Bishop). The ever-popular sons;, 
" Home, Sweet Home," was sung by Miss M. Tree in 
this piece. 

August 7th. Madame Catalani's first appearance. 
The performance commenced with " A Day after the 
Wedding," after which " A Grand Musical Festival." 
Catalan! sang " Regno piu grati," " Rode's Air with 
variations," "Non piu Andrai," and "God save the 
King." On her fifth appearance she sang the airs, 
" Comfort ye my people " and '' Every Valley," also 
" Rule, Britannia." Catalan! certainly gave a varied 
programme, infringing on the domains of tenor, bass, and 
soprano. 

September 3rd. The new Olympic Circus, Great 
Brunswick-street, near the College, was opened by per- 
mission of the Lord Mayor. 

October 2nd. Mr. Mathews (at home) made his first 
appearance in the youthful days of Mathews (father of 
the lamented Charles). 

Nov. 1 2th. "Blue Beard" was introduced, with the 
addition of Mr. Cooke's magnificent stud of Arabian and 
Hanoverian horses; also "The Cataract of the Ganges," 
Avith, for the first time, a cataract of real water. Master 
Smith, the American Roscius, made his appearance during 
the same month in Richard III. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 



1824. 

January i3th. Macready's first appearance "Vir- 
ginius." 

August. Edmund Kean fulfilled another engagement. 

October 5th. Mr. Abbot, the new lessee, was now in 
office. 

October. First appearance of Mdme. Vestris as Lilla 
in " The Siege of Belgrade." The most versatile and 
accomplished actress and vocalist of her day, afterwards 
Mrs. Charles Mathews. 

November 22nd. Mr. Listen's appearance as Tony 
Lumpkin. 

December 27th. Mr. Calcraft's name appears for the 
first time in Varney, " Kenilworth." 

December 29th. Mons. Ducrow and his Equestrian 
Company in the interesting spectacle, " The Battle of 
Waterloo." Ducrow was indeed the Napoleon of 
Equestrians. 

1825. 

Mr. T. Philips and Miss Dillon Harvey appeared in 
" The Barber of Seville." Tom Philips, called " Gentle- 
man Tom," from his aristocratic person and bearing, was 
a very finished actor and vocalist, retaining for years a 
hold on public favour. He unfortunately met with an 
accident on the Liverpool Railway, about the year 1838 
or 1839, from the effects of which he died. Miss Harvey 
was charming in person and a most " insinuating" actress 
and vocalist. As Mrs. Browne, she remained on the 



1 6 ANNALS OF THE 

stage for some time after her marriage, having contracted 
a happy union with Captain Browne, member of a Galway 
family. 

January 3rd. Ducrow opened the Olympic Amphi- 
theatre, Bachelor's Walk (now a large furniture ware- 
room). 

Thursday, February 7th. " Der Freischutz" performed 
for the first time. Miss Forde, Agnes ; Miss Harvey, 
Anne ; T. Philips, Rodolph ; Mr. Calcraft, Casper. The 
performance was a great success. 

Mr. (afterwards Doctor) Smith's Oratorio of "The 
Revelation " was given for the first time this year at the 
Rotundo. 

April nth. Mr. Vandenhoff's first appearance in 
Rollo (" Pizzaro "). 

April 22nd. A new Opera, written by a lady of this 
city. Overture and music by Sir John Stevenson 
(first time), entitled " The Cavern ; or, the Outlaws." 
It is surmised that Lady Morgan was the authoress. 

May 28th. Edmund Kean's engagement previous to 
his departure from Europe. 

July 7th. Miss Foote (afterwards Lady Harrington) 
made her first appearance in "The Belle's Stratagem." 

August 23rd. Mr. Sapio (tenor) re-opened the 
Theatre as Orlando in " The Cabinet." 

October 27th. Braham played Rodolph in "Der 
Freischutz." 

November 7th. Miss Stephens joined the Company. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIX. 17 

1826, 

November. Mrs. Waylett's first appearance. She was 
an actress and vocalist of the style of Vestris. 
Mr. Levey entered the Theatre Royal Orchestra. 

1827. 

Mr. Booth appeared as " Richard the Third." 

Miss Paton made her first appearance in " Der 
Freischutz." " Oberon" was performed for the first 
time. The soprano music of " Oberon " was composed 
expressly for Miss Paton by Weber, and his estimation of 
her powers may be judged by his giving her such a scena 
as " Ocean, thou Mighty Monster," her singing of which 
has been equalled only by Titiens. 

In October, Mr. Alfred Bunn became Lessee, and the 
Theatre having been newly decorated, was announced to 
open on Nov. 3rd, with the following Company : Signor 
Begrez, Messrs. Bennett, Melrose, Guibiler, Balls, Charles 
Ross, Roe, F. Cooke, Daly; Madame Cornega, Miss 
Graddon, Mrs. S. Booth, Miss Kenneth, Miss Hamilton, 
and Miss Aston. Stage Manager, Mr. Calcraft. Prompter, 
Mr. Collier. Ballet Master, Signor Nenafra. Leader of 
the Band, Mr. James Barton. (The opening was delayed 
until December nth, when O'Keefe's "Castle of Anda* 
lusia " was played.) 

In this month " The Brothers Hermann " appeared in 
the Rotundo, introducing, it may be said for the first 
time, the classical instrumental quartets of Beethoven, 
Mozart, Haydn, c., &c. ; also the vocal quartets of the 

p. 



1 8 ANNALS OF THE 

Orpheus Collection, c., &c. The brothers had but very 
limited voices, but managed, by extreme united practice 
and severe attention to the marks of expression, to pro- 
duce an effect in part-singing until then unheard in Dublin. 
Mr. W. S. Conran (father of Elena Conrani) presided at 
the pianoforte. 

1828. 

February. J. B. Cramer appeared at the Rotundo. 

March ist. The Marquis of Anglesea entered Dublin 
in state. 

March 22nd. The Ladies Paget attended the Theatre. 
" The Duenna " was performed by desire. 

April 2nd. A Concert was given by command of his 
Excellency for the benefit of the Irish Musical Fund 
Society, at which Mr. Alday, Mr. J. Barton, Mr. Pigot, 
Mr. Weidner (flute), Mr. Duncan (pianoforte), and Mr. 
Haydn Corri (Conductor) assisted. 

April loth. Weber's " Abon Hassan " was produced. 

April 2ist. First appearance of Mr. Charles Kean as 
Young Norval. Mr. Kean acted during the engagement 
in "Romeo and Juliet," "Venice Preserved," " Bar- 
barossa," "Lovers' Vows" (Frederick), Lothair in 
" Tragedy of Adalgetha," &c., &'c. 

. April 26th. Mr. Logier gave a Grand Concert in the 
Rotundo in commemoration of the arrival of the_Marquis 
of Anglesea. 

June i yth. Mr. Luke Plunkett made his first appear- 
ance as " Richard III." Mr. Plunkett was a most re- 
spectable and intelligent gentleman, only eccentric on one 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 19 

point he thought himself the greatest Richard III. in 
existence; he was in consequence called "Mad Plunkett." 
He acted Richard once every year for a considerable time 
in the cause of charity, and filled the house, the performance 
creating the reverse of a tragic effect, shouts of laughter 
occasionally concluding each scene. He usually rode 
into Bos worth Field on a donkey, in which position he 
fought the combat with Richmond, dismounting only 
when he received the fatal stab. On the last occasion, 
when Richard died, a universal encore was the result, 
when Mr. Plunkett raised himself from the ground, came 
forward to receive the plaudits of the audience, and then 
cooly returned and died a second time. 

June i pth. Bradbury, the great clown, appeared in 
" Harlequin Poor Robin." 

July 1 5th. Madame Vestris appeared as Phcebe in 
"Paul Pry," singing Balfe's song, "The Lover's Mistake," 
(one of his earliest compositions). 

July 29th. Mr. Sinclair (a very popular tenor) appeared 
in English Opera. 

August 25th. Ducrow commenced an engagement with 
a melodramatic spectacle, called, " The Massacre of the 
Greeks; or, the Siege of Missolonghi." On this occa- 
sion Ducrow was obliged to retain some of the Stock 
Company, amongst whom was the favourite Brough, who 
was cast for a part, but did not attend punctually at re- 
hearsals. On the late arrival of Brough one morning, 
Ducrow exclaimed "Prompter, fine that gentleman!" 
Brough, annoyed at the sarcastic tone, said, "Sir, 
I have a name." " Well,'' replied the great equestrian, 



20 ANNALS OF THE 

" I said, ' that gentleman? I beg pardon if I made a 
mistake." 

September 27th. The Theatre Royal was advertised 
to be sold by public auction on November 6th, by Mr. 
George Robins, in a most elaborate announcement, quite 
up to his style. No sale took place. On the i3th No- 
vember following an advertisement appeared from George 
Robins : " In consequence of a very eligible offer having 
been made for the purchase of the property, which will 
probably terminate by a sale by private contract, the 
auction will be postponed to the loth December." 

November 26th. The Theatre re-opened with the play 
of " The Hypocrite." Mawworm, Mr. Dowton. Stage 
Manager, Mr. Calcraft ; Acting Manager, Mr. Elrington 
(father of S. N. Elrington, Esq.). Mr. Elrington was 
highly respected a manager of much experience, an ex- 
cellent actor, with fine stage presence, and a courteous- 
gentleman in office. 

December ist. Mrs. Humby's first appearance on her 
return from London. 

December 2nd. Miss Coveney's (only 1 1 years of age) 
first appearance as Mandane in " Artaxerxes." 

December i3th. Mrs. Way lett joined the Company. 

December 271)1. Engagement of Miss Paton. "Love 
in a Village," &c. 

1829. 

Jan. 4th. Miss Paton played Desdemona to Bennett's 
Othello, and sang the original Shaksperian song, " My 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 21 

Mother had a Maid called Barbara." Miss Paton's 
Desdemona was pronounced a great success. 

January 26th. Engagement of Miss Foote. 

March i4th. Catalan! commenced a farewell engage- 
ment, after which she proceeded to the provinces, taking 
Mr. Levey as Violinist. 

March 2oth. Edmund Kean being prevented by 
illness from fulfilling his engagement, Charles Kean came 
in his stead. Miss Huddart also played. 

March 28th. Madame Caradori Allen appeared, sing- 
ing between the pieces. 

May 1 8th. Appearance of Edmund and Charles Kean 
together. Edmund Kean having recovered, appeared in 
" A -New Way to Pay Old Debts," as Sir Giles. Charles 
Kean played Welborn. 

May 2 1 st. "Othello." Othello. Edmund Kean ; lago, 
Charles Kean. 

May 23rd. " Brutus.'"' Both appearing. 

June 6th. Catalani re-engaged for five nights. 

June 1 8th. First appearance of Mr. Tyrone Power, as 
Sir Lucius OTrigger in the " Rivals.'"' Madame Vestris 
also appearing. Concluding with the Farce of " The Irish 
Tutor." Doctor O'Toole by Power. Some nights after 
Power appeared in " The Irishman in London," the fol- 
lowing criticism appeared in the Freeman s Journal: 

" The new piece, 'Home, Sweet Home,' on its second performance 
last evening, went off so so. It is a trifle, in which the principal 
redeeming feature is Madame Germaiice (Madame Vestris) and her 
songs. The principal feature in the evening's entertainment was the 
importation of an Irishman, as some of our contemporaries desig- 



22 ANNALS OF THE 

nated him, ' second only to Jack Johnstone.' We feel every respect 
for the efforts of Mr. Power, but he would require a power of brogue, 
in addition to what he possesses, to make us for a moment institute 
a comparison. We have seen Mr. Barry play Corporal O'Slash ; 
and the remark is not dictated by invidiousness, but the rich and 
racy pronunciation of his Minister tongue we missed. Mr. Barry 
has his defects, and Mr. Power has his own perfections ; yet when- 
ever he performs before a Dublin, nay, an Irish audience, he should 
lay aside the ' Irishman in London,' and feel himself breathing that 
air which, as St. Patrick says in the song, ' banished all the vermin.' 
It is more than ridiculous to see a Cockney twang mixed up with an 
Irish brogue ; it is like Heathen Greek with Christian English. 
These remarks may seem severe, but they should not be used did we 
not know Mr. Power to possess qualifications of a high order. The 
house was tolerably well attended." 

W. Dillon, well known as "Billy Dillon," a most 
talented and popular writer for SatindeYs, died this 
month. He was married to a sister of Gaudry, com- 
poser of many celebrated glees, amongst which, " De- 
scend Celestial Queen of Song," stills holds ground. 
Gaudry was also composer of the charming song, " Art 
Thou, too, gone?" Gaudry was Mr. John O'Rorke's 
uncle. 

July nth. Mr. Charles Young appeared in "Rienzi," 
Power acting in the afterpiece. 

Charles Kemble was also engaged, playing Charles- 
Surface ; Joseph Surface, Mr. Young; Sir Benjamin 
Backbite, Mr. Power (what a trio !) Power was a very 
good light comedian, and had he never taken to the Irish 
characters, must have made his mark in almost any walk 
of the drama. Leaving first impressions aside, and all 
cant about the good old times, really no idea can be 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUNLIN. 23 

formed of the Kembles, the Youngs, Edmund Kean, &c. 
they were indeed giants. Young's voice was like musical 
thunder, but capable of the most varied and exquisite 
modulation. Zanga, in the '' Revenge," he made his own, 
none even of his great contemporaries attempting the 
character. If any very elderly playgoer can (with the 
writer of these lines) remember the climax of the speech 
where Zanga incites Alonzo to the murder of Carlos and 
Leonora, concluding with the words, " Thus tread upon 
the Greek and Roman glory," the sound must still ring in his 
ears. Young talked, even in private, in measured terms, 
slowly and ponderously, and with a very slight lisp. He 
lodged at Burnside's, in Hawkins-street, in the house 
now occupied by Mr. Farrelly, saddler ; he slept in the 
front drawingroom, and was disturbed one morning at 
four o'clock by a tremendously loud knocking at the 
hall-door. Young arose from bed, opened the window, 
and appeared in a long white night-cap, and beheld a 
" rale ould " Irish donkey and cart, the ragged proprietor 
of which still continued the dreadful knocking. Young 
called out in his thundering and blank verse style " In 
the name of G cl, sirrah, what is the meaning of this 
unseemly clamour, disturbing sleepers from their natural 
rest? Desist, man, desist!" The culprit looked up, 
and beholding the tragic face and white night-cap, replied 
in a rather guilty tone, but with a lovely brogue, " We're 
come to empty out the dust-pit." Young related this 
in his dressing-room with great unction. Perhaps the 
elderly gentleman above alluded to may remember 
Charles Kemble's Charles Surface, or his Mercutio ; also 



24 ANNALS OF THE 

Edmund Kean's Sir Giles Overreach, or Sir Ed-.vard 
Mortimer : if so, he has some compensation for his old age. 

November nth. Mr. Braham and Miss Byfield 
appeared in " The Devil's Bridge." 

December 2nd. " Massaniello " produced for the first 
time in Dublin. Fenella, by Miss Huddart; the Prince, 
by Mr. Newcombe, who sang his music most sweetly and 
effectually. Mr. Newcombe married Miss Garbois, the 
principal danscuse of the Theatre Royal, and still the 
first mistress of her art in Dublin. 

1830. 

January 23rd. The new Adelphi Theatre was opened, 
now " The Queen's." 

February -z 2nd. Macready appeared as Virginias; 
Miss Smithson, Virginia' ; ending with " Black-eyed 
Susan," in which T. P. Cooke played William (his first 
appearance). 

May joth. The Theatre opened with the " Colossal 
Elephant." Mdlle. Djeck, in the " Elephant of Siam." 

May i Qth. First appearance of Mr. Yates (father of 
Edmund Yates). Mr. Yates in Sylvester Daggerwood. 
Mrs. Yates also appeared. 

The imitations of the great actors by Yates have never 
been equalled. 

June 1 9th. Miss Paton and Mr. Wood appeared in 
" Love in a Village." Mr. Joseph Wood, a former pupil 
of Tom Philips, had appeared in London with success as 
tenor. He afterwards married Lady Lennox (nee Paton) 
on her divorce from Lord William Lennox. They con- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 25 

tinned for years to visit Dublin, always drawing great 
houses. 

June 23rd. Power appeared in " The Irish Tutor," 
after Bishop's Opera of " The Slave." 

June 25th. Theatre closed for night rehearsal of " The 
Maid of Judah," a work by Rophino Lacy. The story 
taken from Sir Walter Scott's "Ivanhoe;" the music 
culled from Rossini's Operas. 

June 27th. Theatre closed in consequence of the 
death of George IV. 

June 30th. " Maid of Judah." First time. 

July 1 2th. Miss Fanny Kemble performed Juliet ; Mr. 
Charles Kemble (her father) Mercutio (and such a Mer- 
cutio !) ; Mr. Abbott, Romeo. 

July 1 6th. Sanspareil Theatre, Fishamble-street, ad- 
vertised. 

October 5th. Mr. Bunn issued an address announcing 
the opening of Fishamble-street Theatre, under His 
Majesty's patent. Mademoiselles Celeste and Constance, 
danseuses, were the stars. " The French Revolution " 
was produced, in which Dick Barry acted an Irish part 
(Terry Regan) with immense effect. 

November 2oth. The Theatre opened under the 
management of Mr. John William Calcraft. " Speed the 
Plough " was performed. Sir Abel Handy by David 
Rees (his first appearance). 

1831. 

February igth. Farewell engagement of Mr. Charles 
Young, previous to his retiring from the stage. 



26 ANNALS OF THE 

April i3th. Production of the English version of 
Mozart's " Cosi fan tutti " " Tit for Tat." 

August. Miss Inverarity, a soprano of Scottish birth, 
played a short and successful engagement. 

August 291)1. The Dublin Musical Festival com- 
menced with a Full Dress Ball at the Rotundo. 

August 3oth. The first musical performance at the 
Royal Theatre. A Miscellaneous Concert. 

August 3 1 st. Afternoon performance. "The triumph 
of Faith," by Ferdinand Ries. 

September ist. " The Messiah." 

Paganini, then the wonder of the world, appeared 
during this Festival. The concerts at which he played 
were well attended; but the sacred performances were 
comparative failures. The name of the great violinist 
appeared in the bills on the last day, and a strange 
novelty presented, viz. : Paganini, mounted on a plat- 
form, performing his wonderful solos between the parts 
of " The Messiah." This event considerably increased 
the receipts. Messrs. Litolf and Adams' French Band 
performed at the Balls. 

November. Theatre opened for the Dramatic Season 
with " The School for Scandal." Sir Peter Teazle, Mr. 
David Rees; Lady Teazle, Miss Huddart (afterwards 
Mrs. Warner). 

November 2 6th. " The Warden of Gal way," produced. 
A successful Tragedy by the Rev. Edward Groves. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 27 

1832. 

The principal event of this year was the production of 
" Robert the Devil," an English version of Meyerbeer's 
" Robert le Diable /' with Mr. and Mrs. Wood. 

1833. 

First appearance of Madame Taglioni (the greatest 
dansciise then in existence). She received 100 per 
night. Mons. Silvain accompanied her, a great Maitre 
de danse. Silvain, changed from Sullivan, was a Cork 
t: boy," who, displaying an early predilection for the 
Terpsichorean art, was sent to France to study, where he 
attained great eminence in his profession. It has been 
stated (without proof) that he was a brother of Barry 
Sullivan. 

1834. 

October. Henri Herz, the great Pianist, played in 
the Theatre Royal. Mr. and Mrs. Wood appeared after 
their return from America. * 

December 3rd. The drama of " Eily O'Connor," from 
Griffin's " Collegians," performed. 

1835. 

May. Barnett's Opera of " The Mountain Sylph " 
produced. A masterly work, founded on Scottish 
melodies, and scored with the pen of a sound and 
sensitive musician. This Opera is destined to meet with 
a welcome when revived. 



28 ANNALS OF THE 

1836. 

January 2nd. Tyrone Power. 

January nth. Mrs. Waylett. 

April 5th. Mr. and Mrs. Yates. Production of " The 
Jewess." 

May 4th. Production of "The Siege of Rochelle." 
Miss Belts, Mr. H. Bedford, Mr. Ranesford, Miss Adams. 

May 23rd. Mr. C. Mathews and Madame Vestris. 

July 4th. Mr. Keau. 

October 8th. Mrs. Honey and Mr. Collins. 

October nth. Mr. Butler, Tragedian. 

November 6th. Mr. and Mrs. Honey. 

The chief event of this season was the disappoint- 
ment of Malibran. (See Second Part.) 

1837. 

February. Sergeant Talford's play of " Ion" produced. 
(Macready.) 

February. The Theatre in Abbey-street opened, under 
the title of " Theatre Royal, Irish Opera House, Lower 
Abbey-street, under the King's Patent, granted to Messrs. 
Jones, of the original Theatre Royal, Crow-street." Mr. 
A. Lee, part proprietor. 

March 2 7th. Templeton and Miss Sheriff, a pri ma- 
donna of much fame, commenced an engagement. 

May 4th. A grand fancy and full-dress Ball took 
place in the Theatre Royal. Pit boarded over. An 
amusing incident occurred relative to this entertainment. 
Mr. Mitchell, the well-known and much respected confec- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 29 

tioner, of Grafton-street,had given an estimate for the provi- 
sion of refreshments. Mr. Calcraft, in the hurry of business, 
having mislaid it, sent for Peter (the stage door-keeper 
and messenger), and told him to go, with his compliments,, 
to Mr. Mitchell for a copy of the estimate. Peter, after 
a rather lengthened absence, returned with a large book 

under his arm. "What the is that?" said the 

manager. " The Testament, sir," replied Peter. " Mr. 
Mitchell says this is the only one he has in Grafton- 
street ; the small one is at his private house." Mr, 
Calcraft's rage knew no bounds. He seized the poker, 
but Peter escaped down the stairs, the governor following,, 
and calling out, " Go back for the Es-ti-mate, you 
scoundrel." Peter Connell was a Kerry boy, a real ori- 
ginal, and possibly may have provided Sam Lover with the 
model for " Handy Andy." His mistakes were ludicrou?, 
but he had a strong national touch of sarcastic humour. 
" Fiddlers," he did not admire as a class, and the Saxon 
" play-actors" were not favourites. It gave him great 
pleasure to hear that Edmund Kean and Macready were 
of Irish", " distraction," as he called it. An actor called 
Sparrow, who during the winter months took advantage 
of the stage-door fire, was in the habit of abusing Ireland, 
and when leaving at the end of the season, he gave expres- 
sion to his ideas. " How glad I am to get out of this 
dirty, filthy kentree," &c., &c. " Faith, an' Mr. Sparra," 
said Peter, " you're a very different bird from what you 
war when you kern to this dirty, filthy counthry. You 
war lean and moultherin', without a feather on you, and 
it's fat and fledged you're going away." After the Dublin 



30 . ANNALS OF THE 

Musical Festival (1830), Paganini arranged with Mr. 
Calcraft for a series of concerts. The great violinist 
called at the stage-door and inquired for the manager. 
Peter ascended to Mr. Calcraft's room, and asked, " Are 
you within, sir, for the foreign fiddler ; he's below at the 
doore ?" Mr. C. : " It is Signer Paganini, you rascal. Let 
the gentleman up to me instantly." Peter retired 
muttering, " A fiddler a gentleman ! O Lord, since 
when ?" Poor Peter was an athlete, and had many fights 
.at the upper gallery door, where he received the passes. 
He was on one occasion thrown over from the top 
banisters to the stone flooring, a fall of forty feet, from 
the effects of which he died. 

Oct. 1 2th. Miss Julia Nicol (afterwards Mrs. J. Harris) 
first appeared, playing Bella Shandy in "My Uncle Toby." 

1838. 

January. Thalberg appeared at the Theatre this 
month. He received ^50 a-night. After the third 
night the manager proposed a renewal of the engagement, 
offering half the gross receipts. Thalberg refused, 
keeping to his first arrangement. The houses for some 
time averaged about ;i8o, by which he would have 
received 90 per night. He was, however, quite con- 
tent, and rejoiced at the result. 

February 6th. Power played an engagement ending 
on this date. 

March 6th. Mrs. Fitzwilliam played Cherubino in 
"LeNozze." 

May i gth. Engagement of Mr. and Mrs. Wood. Mr 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 31 

E. Horncastle, Miss M. Hamilton, and Mr. A. Giubilei 
were of the Company. 

July loth. Power commenced an engagement ending 
July i8th. He was advertised to sail in the " President" 
on the 2ist (delayed). 

November loth. Mr. and Mrs. Wood commenced an 
English Opera engagement. Principal Baritone, M. W. 
Balfe. Rooke's Opera of " Amelie, or the Love Test," 
produced for the first time in Dublin. Balfe did not 
possess a powerful voice, but his vocalism was simply 
perfection. Bourdogni was his singing-master, and it was 
indeed a treat to hear the pupil sing the elaborate and 
difficult solfeggios composed by the master for him. 
The two lovely baritone songs in " Amelie," " What is the 
Spell?" and " My Boyhood's Home," received a fine in- 
terpretation. A revival of " Amelie," with some revisal, 
would be profitable. 

During the engagement, " Der Freischutz " . was per- 
formed. At one of the rehearsals of the Incantation 
Scene, during the casting of the magic bullets, Mr. Calcraft, 
who was Casper (also the caster of the balls), was much 
annoyed by the irregularity with which the echoes were 
given. The performers of the echoes were " supers." 
chosen from the Dublin Militia, then called the " dirty 
Dubs." The echoes should follow each other; as, when 
Caspar calls " one," the echo should be " one ! one ! one !'' 
<Scc., but the "ones " all came together, and therefore the 
effect was lost ; and Mr. Calcraft, who had been in the 
army, had all the u Dubs " summoned before him, and 
being placed in a line, he explained and told each man 



32 ANNALS OF THE 

the order, saying, "You, Murphy, are first; you, Daly, 
are second ; you, Callaghan, are third ; and, mind you, 
give the echoes in this order." All returned to their places 
up in the wings ; the casting recommenced, and Caspar 
called out " One ! " " One!" said Murphy. " Two //" 
roared Daly. The effect may be imagined. Mrs. Wood 
was convulsed with laughter; she had heard of the 
Killarney echo now it was almost verified. Poor Daly 
said, " Sure, I was tould to be second." 

1839. 

May. Abbey-street Theatre burned. 

1840. 

October i4th and i5th. " O'Donohue of the Lakes" 
produced. Madame Balfe made her first appearance at 
Concerts in the Theatre Royal. Thalberg and Balfe 
performed. Hackett, the celebrated American actor, 
appeared. 

October 24th. Balfe's " Maid of Artois " produced, 
with Balfe, Templeton, Miss Romer, and G. Horncastle 
in the cast. 

November 7th. The "Siege of Rochelle" produced 
for first time. 

Tyrone Power played his last engagement in June, 
1840. He sailed shortly after for America, in the 
4i President," which was wrecked on the return voyage. 
Not a soul was left to tell the tale, nor has a plank of the 
ill-fated vessel ever " turned up." The yearly loss to the 
treasury from his death was a great blow to the Calcraft 
government. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 33 

1841. 

November 6th. Mr. and Mrs. Wood appeared after 
their return from America. " Norraa " was given for the 
first time in English; also "The Postilion of Longumeau." 

1842. 

May gth. Miss Adelaide Kemble commenced an en 
gagement in English Opera, supported by Miss Rains- 
forth, Mr. Brough, Mr. Shrivall, Miss A. Hyland, Mr. 
Houghton. Conductor: Mr. J. L. Hatton; Leader: 
Mr. Levey. Opened with " Norma." Balfe joined the 
Company, and played Figaro in " The Marriage of 
Figaro." Mr. Weiss (pupil of Balfe) also joined, and 
played Oroveso. Adelaide Kemble inherited all the 
dramatic genius of the family, which also displayed itself 
remarkably in her musical powers. " Norma," even with 
the recollection of Grisi fresh in the public mind, produced 
quite a sensation; many considering Miss Kemble's 
rendering in some particulars even superior to that of the 
great Italian songstress. Adelaide Kemble was a musical 
Mrs. Siddons. This Company proceeded to Edinburgh 
and Glasgow, under the direction of Mr. Calcrafr. 

1843. 

February 4th. Engagement of Mr. Glover, Madame 
Victor, C. Mathews, and W. Farren. 

May 6th. English Opera Company. Mrs. Alfred 
Shaw, Miss Sabilla Novello, Miss Poole, Miss A. Hyland, 
Mr. Manvers, and Mr. Giubi'.ei. They played " The 



34 ANNALS OF THE 

Secret Marriage," " Sonnambula," " Semiramide," "Cin- 
derella," " Artaxerxes." Mr. T. Bishop and Mr. Chute 
were in the Company. 

June loth. Mr. D. Leonard was engaged for six nights. 

June igth. Engagement of Miss Helen Faucit and 
Mr. Anderson. Opened with "Romeo and Juliet;" also 
played "The Gamester," "Lady of Lyons," "Cymbeline." 
(End of the summer season.) 

August 7th. The Theatre announced to open with 
the following artistes : Sig. Camilio Swori, the unrivalled 
violinist, pupil and successor of Paganim; Miss Clara 
Novello, Mdlle. Albertazzi, Miss Howson, Mr. Balfe; with 
a Grand Concert and the English version of the Opera 
of " L'Elisire d'Amore," called " The Love Spell." In 
consequence of the severe illness of Mdile. Albertazzi, the 
Opera was withdrawn, and they had Concerts only, in 
three parts. 

It was announced that, in consequence of the great 
political agitation then existing, which so frightened the 
Italian Artistes they demanded so much additional terms, 
there would be no Italian Opera that season. 

August 26th. Fanny Eisner appeared for four nights, 
assisted t>y Mons. Silvain and Mdme. Proche Giubilei. 

The Theatre was then closed till October 28th, when 
it opened with Mr. Mackay in " Rob Roy." 

November 4th. Engagement of Mr. and Mrs. Wood 
for eight nights. Their farewell engagement, previous to 
their final retirement from the stage, opened with " Son- 
nambula ;" they also played " Norma," " Fra Diavolo," 
and " Maid of Judah." 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 35 

On the 8th inst., during the above engagement, Pro- 
fessor Risley and his son (the wonder of the age) made 
their appearance, and continued in addition to the 
Opera engagement. 

November 25th (Saturday). Engagement of Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles Kean. Bulwer's [play of "Money" was 
played for the first time. 

1844. 

May i4th. Madame E. Garcia (sister to the celebrated 
Malibran) appeared in "Sonnambula." 

May 27th. The first of three Concerts, with Madame 
Dorus Gras, Signer Salvi, and Miss Poole. 

June 24th. Miss Rainsforth, Mr. Stretton, and Mr. 
Harrison commenced an engagement. " The Bohemian 
Girl " was played for the first time. 

November 25th. Braham's last appearance in Dublin, 
.at Concerts, under the direction of Mr. John Mackintosh, 
in the Music Hall, Abbey-street; also Charles Braham 
.and H. Braham. Revival of " The Tempest." 

1845. 

Monsieur Duprez and Madame Eugenie Garcia ap- 
peared in a Grand Concert. Duprez sang Balfe's song, 
" While I gaze on those dear Eyes," in English. 

Duprez appeared in the last act of " Guillaume Tell " 
as Arnold (his original character). 

July 7th. Miss Romer, Mr. Borrani and Mr. Harrison 
commenced an engagement. " The Bohemian Girl " was 
i^iven, and with increased effect. 



36 ANNALS OF THE 

August 1 6th. Taglioni commenced an engagement of 
four nights. 

October iSth. The following artistes commenced an 
English Operatic engagement : Mr. and Mrs. Alban Croft,. 
Mr. J. S. Reeves (his first appearance in Operas). The 
following works were given : " Lucia," " Sonnambula,"' 
" Love in a Village," " Fra Diavolo," " Bohemian Girl," 
"Beggar's Opera," "Der Freischutz," "Guy Mannering."" 
Mrs. Alban Croft came to Dublin, fortified by a London 
reputation. Her charming appearance, beautiful soprano- 
voice, and high artistic attainments won all hearts at 
Covent Garden, and the Dublin public fully endorsed the 
London verdict. Mrs. Croft fully reciprocated Irish 
feeling towards her by soon giving up theatrical life and 
becoming a permanent resident of Dublin, where her 
talented husband still enjoys high patronage and favour, 
as amongst the first professors of his art. Mr. Reeves 
made his first appearance during this engagement, and all 
hearers immediately predicted a great future for him, 
To his wonderful voice he added a style refined and 
elevated to a degree that was marvellous for so young a 
vocalist ; but he had evidently received a sound early 
musical education, which all through his great career has 
done him good service. He repaired to Italy, and soon 
made his appearance at the Covent Garden Concerts, 
under the direction of Jullien, who possessed an extra- 
ordinary aptitude for discovering great talent. The re- 
sult is now patent. Sims Reeves is still in the enjoy- 
ment of his powers, and long may he continue to delight 
his countrymen, who are so justly proud of the greatest 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 37 

tenor they have as yet produced. (This engagement was 
a great success.) 

1 846. 

July 1 8th. Carlotta Grisi appeared, also Mdlle. Louise, 
]\Idlle. Adele, Mons. Adrien, Mons. Berthier, and Mons. 
Silvain. Carlotta obtained favour as a premiere danseuse 
only second to Taglioni. She commanded high terms, 
and drew large audiences. The appreciation of la danse 
has evidently declined in Dublin. 

October 8th. Taglioni again engaged. This was the 
last appearance of the greatest of all danseuses. She 
was accompanied by her father, the beau-ideal of an old 
gentleman, remarkably handsome in appearance,, and of 
the greatest refinement of manner. His daughter was his 
pupil and such a pupil ! On the night of her benefit, 
Mons. Taglioni danced a hornpipe with all the agility of 
youth. On being congratulated on the wondrous artistic 
powers of his daughter, he replied, " Ah ! Elle ne danse 
pas avec les pieds, die danse avec la tete /" The following 
is a "cutting" from a London journal of a recent date: 

" The famous dansatsc (Marie Taglioni) for whom the impresarii of 
Europe once contended, and who still possesses many memorials of 
her triumphs, has preserved, even unto her seventieth year, her 
bright, hopeful glance, and a certain harmonious elegance not gene- 
ral in ladies who have nearly achieved their fourteenth lustre. 
Marie Taglioni is not only an artist to the tips of her toes, but a 
fcmmc dn inondc, whose talk is full of charming simplicity and 
candour, and a fresh enthusiasm which exercises a curiously rejuve- 
nating effect upon the listener. Neither passionless nor cold, the 
<lancing of Taglioni, while eminently dramatic, was yet endowed 



38 ANXALS OF THE 

with a peculiar airiness and diaphanous grace which deprived it of 
every trace of earthiness. The slender, elegant figure, waving 
like a lily on its stem, was beautiful without any trace of gross 
materialism, charming without appeal to the grosser senses. In the 
opinions of contemporary critics, the difference between Taglioni and 
her imitators was that her dancing was devoid of 'earthiness' or 
'fleshly' attributes which disfigured their otherwise admirable 
performance." 

November. Mr. Allen and his pupil, Miss Julia Har- 
land, with Mr. H. Corri, performed in English Opera. 
Mr. Allen was from Cork, and obtained eminence in 
London as an excellent tenor vocalist and singing-master. 

December. Helen Faucit appeared with G. V. Brooke 
production of " Antigone." 

1847. 

February 9th. Madame Anna Bishop (first appear- 
ance), Mr. P. Corri, Mr. T. Bishop, Mr. H. Corri, appeared 
in Balfe's " Maid of Artois." (Madame became soon- 
afterwards Lady Bishop, by the elevation of her husband, 
Sir Henry Bishop, to knighthood). 

<: The Light of other Days," from the Opera, was the 
song of the day. Mr. Levey had to visit Clonmel pro- 
fessionally at the end of this month, and at the request of 
a pupil (a captain of a company on the station), brought 
down a copy of "The Light of other Days." On a fine 
summer evening, after dinner at the captain's lodgings, 
the pupil requested the master to give an idea of how the 
song should be interpreted. The parlour-window was 
open and " gave " to the street. The professor repaired 
to the pianoforte and illustrated to the best of his ability 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 39 

'' The Light of other Days," according to the intention 
of the composer. The captain was quite delighted, 
lauding highly the vocal efforts of the professor, remark- 
ing, " I had no idea you could sing so well ; really I 
never heard anything I liked better," &c., &c. And he 
was proceeding in this most flattering strain, when a fellow 
appeared at the open window, popped in his head, and 
exclaimed, " Well, Captain James, be gorra, you're aisily 
plaised ! " This severe critic was a " boy " who did the 
captain's messages. 

April 8th. Herr Pischek appeared at Jullien's Con- 
certs, Music Hall, Abbey-street. 

April 1 4th. Master William Levey played for his 
father's benefit for the first time. He is now (1880) 
Musical Director of the Adelphi Theatre, London, and 
Member of the Society of Artists and Musicians of Paris. 

April 28th. Madame Anna Bishop played in " Linda 
di Chamouni," and in the last scene of " Tancredi," for 
Mr. Stapleton's benefit. Mr. Stapleton was Treasurer to 
the Theatre Royal from the opening to 1850; he was 
much respected, and his annual benefit filled the house. 

1848. 

January 29th. Miss Rainsfonh, Mr. Travers, Mr. 
Stretton, and Mr. Henry Corri commenced an operatic 
engagement. 

March. Mr. Allen and Miss Julia Harland re-engaged. 

June r 2th. Mr. Donald King and Miss Poole ap- 
peared in English Opera. One of the most remarkable 
successes in the annals of the " Royal" was obtained by 



40 ANNALS OF THR 

Miss Poole's singing of " Pray, Goody," in " Midas." 
She received encores nightly. 

August i st. Madame Wharton and troupe showed forth 
in an entertainment entitled " Poses Plastiques." Very 
classical, but not successful ; as the paucity of drapery on 
the goddesses was strongly objected to. 

August 2nd. Madame Persian! and Signor Bottesini 
appeared at Jullien's Concerts in the Rotundo. Persia ni 
was one of the most perfect of Italian vocalists, and 
Signor Bottesini the Paganini of double-bass players. 

1349. 

October zoth. English Opera Company Mr. Sims 
Reeves, Mr. Whitworth, Mr. Delevanti, Mr. H. Horn- 
castle, Miss Lanza, and Miss Luscombe. Conductor, Mr. 
Lavenu; Leader, Mr. Levey. Operas: "Lucia," "Sonnam- 
bula," "Puritani," "Ernani" (first time). Miss Luscombe, 
a favourite soprano, became Mrs. Sims Reeves, and 
still remains the happy partner of his fame and fortune. 
Miss Lanza afterwards joined the Stock Company. Mr. 
H. Horncastle was a brother of George Horncastle, a 
great stock favourite, whose singing of the charming song 
(in " No Song, no Supper"), " I Locked up all my Trea- 
sure," was greatly admired. Mr. H. Horncastle pub- 
lished an excellent collection of Irish Melodies, now 
difficult to be obtained. 

December xyth. An engagement with the same Com- 
pany commenced. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUIU.l.Y. 4! 

1850. 

January. Macready's farewell visit. 

April 2 2nd. The French Opera Comique, under the 
management of Mr. Mitchell, commenced an engagement, 
with the following artistes M. Chateaufort, M. Soyer, 
M. Lac, M. Buguet, Mdlle. Guichard, Mdlle. Danhausser, 
Mdlle. Mincini, Mdlle. Vigny, and Mdlle. Charton. 
Operas " Le Domino Noir," " Les Diamans de la Cou- 
ronne," " La Dame Blanche," " Fra Diavolo." Con- 
ductor: M. C. Hansenns; Leader, Mr. Levey. This was 
indeed a musical treat the artistes individually excel- 
lent and the ensemble perfect. The very highest finish of the 
French school was displayed in the singing of Mdlle. 
Charton. It would be difficult to 'decide in which of the 
qualities of actor or vocalist M. Lac (tenor) excelled. 
As usual in the French school, all the small parts were 
performed by first-class artistes in their line, and the 
natural, satisfactory artistic effect followed, but pecu- 
niary failure ! We have yet to learn to appreciate the 
efforts of French entrepreneurs. Mr. Mitchell proceeded 
to Belfast with this Company, with an unfavourable re- 
sult. Some of the Dublin instrumentalists were engaged, 
amongst whom were Mr. Pigott, the eminent violoncellist, 
and Mr. Harrington, the principal contra-basso. These 
two stayed at the Temperance Hotel. Mr. Mitchell, who 
was very kind, and always looked after "his people," 
called at the hotel, entered the coffee-room, and rang the 
bell. After some delay, a waiter staggered in, maintaining 
his equilibrium with difficulty. Mr. Mitchell, astonished 
at seeing a drunken waiter, asked doubtingly : " Is this 



42 ANXALS OF THE 

the Temperance Hotel?" " Oh, yesh, shir; but we had 
a temperance prochesshion to-day, and I took a little 
drop." Mr. Mitchell remembered and told this incident 
with great gusto. 

June nth. Miss Louisa Pyne, Mr. W. Harrison, Mr. 
and Mrs. Weiss, and Mr. H. Corn appeared in English 
Opera. This was Miss Pyne's debut in Dublin. 

October i4th. Mrs. Wood appeared in the Rotundo 
(Concerts). Mrs. Wood had previously abandoned the 
profession and retired to a convent in Yorkshire, but tired 
of the seclusion, she left, and resumed her profession. 

December lyth. Madame Anna Thillon appeared. 
Madame Thillon (a very beautiful and accomplished French 
vocalist) gave a most successful entertainment, in which 
she was assisted by Mr. Hudson, a former favourite actor 
in the Stock Company, who afterwards adopted Irish 
characters with success, but the recollection of Power 
lessened his chance. During his performance of ' : Rory 
O'More" (in which Power excelled), one evening a 
voice from the gallery called out " Very fair, Hudson, and 
more Power to you !" 

1851-52. 

June 4th. Mrs. Harris took her farewell benefit at the 
Queen's Theatre, Mr. Harris ceasing to be lessee. " All 
that Glitters is not Gold " was given for the first time in 
Dublin. Mrs. Harris appearing as Martha Gibbs. 

June 1 4th. Mr. Harris's benefit at the Queen's, and 
last night of his Lesseeship. " Time Tries all," and the 
farce of " Apartments " were performed. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 43 

December. The Theatre Royal opened, under the pro- 
prietorship of Mr. John Harris, with " Love in a Maze," 
and the pantomime of " Bluff King Hal." Amongst the 
Company were Mr. T. C. King, Mrs. Hudson Kirby, Mr. 
John Webster, Mr. F. Robson, Mr. Granby, and many others, 
forming such a stock troupe as would now be difficult to col- 
lect together. The greater number became stars, and re- 
turned to Dublin as such. Robson's fame still lives through- 
out the dramatic profession. He left Dublin because he 
was refused a small increase (say of one pound), to his salary, 
and soon returned as a London " star," on sharing terms, 
receiving a large sum nightly. Whilst in the " team " he 
has played in Dublin to empty benches when acting in a 
farce after the first piece the very same pitites crowding 
to see him when crowned with his London laurels. Un- 
fortunately this is not new in Dublin, many similar cases 
could be quoted Miss O'Neill, Richard Jones, Hudson r 
Davy Rees, Power, Catherine Hayes, and numerous 
others in the olden as well as in more recent times. 
When shall we judge for ourselves in dramatic matters ? 
Up to the present we have waited for the London verdict. 
During the first few years of Mr. Harris's management he 
struggled hard against the starring system, and succeeded 
in keeping the Theatre open for upwards of three years 
without a night's interruption, by the production of 
Shaksperian revivals, amongst which were " The Mid- 
summer's Night Dream," with Mendelssohn's music 
" The Tempest." There were also some English Operas, 
in which Messrs. Haigh, Durand, Miss Lanza, the Misses 
Cruise (then all in the Stock Company), performed. The 



44 ANNALS OF THE 

musical burlesques "The Good Woman in the Wood," 
and " Once upon a time there were Two Kings " were 
also successful. The struggle was a bold and hard one, 
and sustained with much energy ; Mr. Harris receiving at 
the end of an unprecedented season of more than three 
years, a splendid testimonial publicly presented by the 
Company on the stage. However, the " houses " com- 
menced to droop, and " pressure from without " forced 
the manager back, cruelly against his will, to the " starring 
system," to which he was compelled to cling up to the 
period of his lamented death. 

1853. 

July. The Misses Kate and Ellen Bateman made their 
first appearance in " The Young Couple," after which 
they danced the " Minuet de la Cour." These wonderful 
children did not follow the usual course of premature 
dramatic precocity, but by severe and careful stud}', con- 
tinued to progress from year to year, and are now amongst 
the ornaments of their profession. 

1854. 

During this year were given Shaksperian revivals 
"Hamlet," "Othello," "Tempest," "King Lear," with 
T. C. King as the principal actor. Dramas " The 
Courier of Lyons," " Les Cceurs d'Or," " The Old 
Chateau;" also the Operas "Bohemian Girl," "Love 
Spell," by the Operatic Stock Company, including Messrs. 
Haigh, Durand, E. Corri, Miss Lanza, Mrs. Bromley, 
the Misses Cruise, &c., &c. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 45 

1855. 

April Qth. Engagement of Miss Helen Faucit (Juliet). 

May 29111. Engagement of Mr. Phelps, who opened 
in " Macbeth." He also gave his wonderful impersona- 
tion of Sir Pertinax MacSycophant. 

June i8th. First appearance of Miss Glyn. "Cleo- 
patra." 

1856. 

March. First appearance of Miss Seamen (now Mrs. 
Chippendale), Miss Vandenhoff, Miss Rebecca Isaacs. 

1857. 

October 26th. Farewell engagement of Mr. and Mrs. 
Barney Williams. 

1858. 

April 5th. Opening of summer season. Theatre 
newly decorated, with new act drop by Telbin. Subject : 
"The Origin of the Drama," and "The Feast of the 
Vintage of Greece." 

First appearance of Walter Montgomery in " Faust and 
Marguerite." Walter Montgomery, one of the most pro- 
mising actors of the day, and an excellent Shaksperian 
reader, in the midst of a successful career, committed 
suicide in London, during a fit of temporary insanity, on 
the day of his marriage. Over-study was the supposed 
cause of the desperate act. 

1859. 

February i6th. Engagement of Miss Marriott, the 
eminent tragic actress. 

Nov. 1 9th. Appearance of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean. 



46 ANNALS OF THE 

1860. 

May 23rd. Production of " A Tale of Two Cities," 
with Madame Celeste's Company." 

October ist. Dramatic season commenced with 
"Hamlet." In the cast appears Francisco (a Soldier), 
Mr. Irving, from the Strand Theatre, London. Henry 
Irving was therefore a humble member of the Stock Com- 
pany a strong proof that he has not had " greatness 
thrust upon him," but has " become great " from the 
result of intense and conscientious study in his art, by 
which means only could he have arrived at his present 
high position. Differences of opinion may and will exist 
as to some of his readings, &c. : this is always the penalty 
of greatness ; but the public, " the many-headed monster," 
have given their verdict, which verdict, in the long run, 
is always right. 

October 8th. Appearance of ",The Zouave Artistes," 
announced as " The original Founders of the Theatre at 
Inkermann, during the Crimean War, where, under the 
enemy's fire, they gained such renown, and have since 
performed in all the principal cities in Europe." 

NOTE " The military papers proving the authority of 
the Zouaves may be seen at the Box Office." 

The Zouaves acted and sang capitally, the female parts 
being performed by men. 

October 22nd. First appearance of John Drew in the 
" Irish Ambassador," and " Handy Andy," one of the 
best representatives of Irish character who ever per- 
formed in Dublin. " Handy Andy " was nature itself. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 47 

1861. 

April ist. Production of "Colleen Bawn,' with Mr. 
and Mrs. Boucicault. 

May 2nd. Alfred Mellon's Opera of " Victorine" pre- 
sented or first time by the Pyne and Harrison Company. 
Mr. Watkins Burrowes was boxkeeper at this period. 
He had been a theatrical manager of great repute, while 
in possession of the Belfast Theatre several years before. 
Alfred Mellon was his leader. A strong feeling of friend- 
ship naturally existed between the old manager and his 
former ckcf. At the conclusion of " Victorine " (which 
was a great success), Burrowes rushed round from the 
front to the manager's room (where, at that time, the 
principal artistes repaired after the opera for refreshments). 
Burrowes was very demonstrative, and proceeded in the 
most glowing terms to congratulate the composer on his 
work. " Yes, Alfred," said he, " that's the sort of music 
/like. That's the music to please the public, so like 
everything they have heard before." A roar of laughter 
of course followed, in which the composer heartily joined. 
Poor Burrowes "meant well." 

October yth. First appearance of G. V. Brooke since 
his return from Australia, after an absence of seven years. 
October 26th. First appearance of Adelina Patti. 
November nth. Engagement of Mr. and Mrs. W. 
Florence. Mrs. Florence is sister to Mrs. Barney Wil- 
liams. Two more popular favourites than "Billy" 
Florence and his nice wife, both in and outside their pro- 
fession, do not exist. 



48 ANNALS OF THE 

1862. 

February lyth. Engagement of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred 
Wigan "A Scrap of Paper" and "First Night." The 
English stage has produced few artistes superior to Alfred 
Wigan. His performance of a Frenchman was matchless. 
He was a perfect master of the French language, and 
therefore gave his broken English correctly (so to speak) ; 
for to properly represent a native of any given country on 
the English stage a good knowledge of the language of 
such nation is absolutely necessary. 

April 2 1 st. Production of Benedict's "Lily of Kil- 
larney " Pyne and Harrison Company. A great success,, 
adding still to the already high reputation of the composer. 

April 26th. First appearance of Mdlle. Guerabella as 
Mary Wolfe in Balfe's "Puritan's Daughter." Mdlle. 
Guerabella, then an excellent soprano, both on the Italian 
and English stage, is now known as Miss Genevieve 
Ward, the eminent actress. 

November 6th. First appearance of Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Mathews (with Charles Mathews). 

November igth. Mr. and Mrs. C. Kean. 

November 22nd. "Courier of Lyons" produced. 

1863. 

April 22nd. Engagement of Mr. G. V. Brooke. 
May i8th. First appearance of Lady Don in " Lady 
Audley's Secret." 

August 29th. " Peep o' Day" first produced. 
November 9th. First appearance of Mr. Sothern as 
Lord Dundreary." 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 49 

1864. 

May 6th. Operetta of "Fanchette," by W. C. Levey, 
produced by the Pyne and Harrison Company. 

October 28th. First appearance of Miss Bateman in 
" Leah." 

November 2nd. First production on any stage of 
" Arrah-na-pogue," with Mr. and Mrs. Boucicault. 

1865. 

April 1 7th. First appearance of Mr. John Collins, 
after eighteen years' absence in America (" Irish Ambas- 
sador" and " Rory O'More"). Mr. John Collins was 
son of a former proprietor of the Lucan Spa Hotel at one 
time a favourite resort of Dublin citizens. John's ambition 
was to grace the operatic stage as a tenor, and he made a 
fair success ; but, like many others, he changed his mind, 
and "took to " the Irish characters, visiting all the cities 
in America and Great Britain, and realizing a sufficient 
fortune to retire. 

August 28th. First visit of the Haymarket Company, 
under the direction of Mr. J. B. Buckstone " School for 
Scandal." 

Nov. 2oth. Engagement of Mr. Toole. 

1866. 

First engagement of Mdlle. Beatrice production of 
" Mary Stuart." In the scene between Queen Elizabeth and 
Mary Stuart, in which Mdlle. Beatrice so powerfully 
denounced the Virgin Queen, she was much encouraged 
by an enthusiastic pit-goer, who exclaimed at intervals 

D 



50 ANNALS OF THE 

" Ah, that's it ! give it to her well ! don't spare her ! " 
and when Beatrice gave expression to the name of Anne 
Boleyn, as Elizabeth's mother, he called out "Ah, there 
you have her ; a nice Virgin Queen, ha ! ha ! ha !" The 
enthusiast had to be silenced by a gentle remonstrance 
from a policeman. 

March. Performance of " The Strollers," " Corsican 
Brothers," and " The Happy Man." 

1867. 

April. Mr. Felix Rogers and Miss Jenny Wilmore. 

August 26th. Miss Herbert and Company, from St. 
James' Theatre. 

1868. 

March 23rd. T. C. King, with Miss Evelyn, for a 
short engagement. 

March 3ist. Amateur Italian Opera, " II Trovatore." 
Leonora, Miss Annie Doyle ; Azucena, Mrs. Shaw ; Inez, 
Miss Levey; Count di Luna, Mr. J. J. Marlowe; Fer- 
nando, Mr. P. Hayes ; Manrico, Mr. C. Cummins. Con- 
ductor, Mr. George Lee. 

April loth. Miss Amy Sedgwick and Mr. John 
Nelson. Engagement for twelve nights. Opened with 
" The Lady of Lyons." 

. May i st. Miss Catherine Rogers and Mr. J. F. Cath- 
cart. Opened with " The Honeymoon." Twelve nights. 

May gth. Performance of "The Strollers," "Guy 
Mannering," and " Teddy the Tiler." 

May nth. Mr. Phelps, for six nights. " Man of the 
World." 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 51 

May 1 8th. Mr. and Mrs. Herman Vezin commenced 
in a new drama, " The Man o' Airlie," by Wills. This 
engagement concluded the season. 

Monday, August 24th. Theatre opened by Mr. J. L. 
Toole, assisted by Mr. Eldred. 

August 3ist. First night of "Dearer than Life," by 
Byron. 

October 5th. Mdlle. Beatrice. " Mary Stuart." 

October iQth. Mr. Sothern and Miss Ada Cavendish. 
" A Hero of Romance." 

November 2nd. Mr. and Mrs. Boucicault. New ver- 
sion of " Arrah-na-pogue." 

November 3oth. Charles Mathews. 

December i4th. Miss Neilson. 

1869. 

March 29th. Miss Bateman and Mr. Swinbourne. 
-" Leah." Twelve nights. 

April 1 2th. Mr. Bandmann and Miss Millie Palmer 
" Hamlet." Twelve nights. 

April 26th. Lady Don. " Daughter of the Regiment.'' 

May loth. First performance of " The Grand Duchess " 
in Dublin. Miss Julia Mathews, Mdlle. Albertazzi. J. 
Stoyle, Aynsley Cook, Mr. Odell, W. H. Norton, W. H. 
Payne, Harvey Payne, Fred Payne, Mdlle. Esta, and 
Mr. Wilford Morgan. Conductor, Mr. Charles Hall. 

Up to May 29th, closed season. 

The very excellent interpretation given to the work on 
this occasion left a lasting impression in Dublin, and was 
preferred by many to the version of the Opera as per- 



52 ANNALS OF THE 

formed by the French Company some time after, with 
Mdlle. Schneider as the star. 

Monday, August 23rd. Season opened with " Dearer 
than Life." J. L. Toole. 

Monday, October nth. Beatrice. 

October 251!]. Mr. Creswick. " Macbeth." 

Monday, November 8th. Mr. Fechter. " Hamlet.'* 
Ophelia, Miss Charlotte Le Clerg. 

November 22nd. Mr. Sothern. "American Cousin." 
Twelve nights. 

November 2Qth. Mr. T. C. King (up to Pantomime). 

1870. 

Monday, March 14111. French Company (twelve 
nights), under the direction of Mons. Raphael Felix. 
Three of Offenbach's Opera Bouffes " La Grande 
Duchesse," " Barbe bleu," and " Orphee aux Enfers." 
Principal artiste, Mdlle. Schneider. (The manager, since 
deceased, was brother of the celebrated French trage- 
dienne, Mdlle. Raphael.) 

Monday, March i6th. Mr. Frederick Young's London 
Comedy Company commenced with " Caste " (first time 
in Dublin). Hon. George D'Alroy, W. F. Young; 
Esther, Miss Ada Dyas ; Polly, Miss Brunton ; Captain 
Hawtree, Mr. Craven Robertson ; Eccles, Mr. J. W. Ray ; 
Marquise de St. Maur, Miss Benyon ; Sam Gerridge, 
Mr. Cannidge. 

Monday, March 28th. Mr. Moreton Tavarez appeared 
for a short engagement. " Hamlet," " Stranger," 
"Richelieu," &c. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 53 

On the 6th of April, 1870, the first appearance of Barry 
Sullivan was announced as " the leading legitimate Actor 
of the British Stage." 

The result fully justified the announcement ; for it was true then, 
and remains so to the present time. Nearly eleven years have passed, 
and the great tragedian has appeared with increased success every 
season, except during the season of his wonderfully prosperous Austra- 
lian engagement. Like all accomplished Shakesperian students, Mr. 
Sullivan seems never content to remain stationary in his art, for at 
each successive appearance every character is, if possible, more 
matured and highly finished. Circumstances will not admit in this 
limited work of the too extended notice which the subject prompts 
and would demand, more particularly as the great artist is still in his 
zenith, and we may hope, will yet live many years to visit the land 
of his birth, and delight his fellow-countrymen, who feel so proud 
that Ireland can boast of having produced "the leading legitimate 
Actor of the British^Stage." 

Saturday, April gth. Amateur Italian Opera, " Faust." 
Monday, April 1 8th. Barry Sullivan. "Hamlet." 
Monday, May 2nd. Shiel Barry. Short engagement. 

" Handy Andy," " Barney the Baron," &c., &c. 

Shiel Barry is still another artist whom the Dublin 

public left for a London audience to " find out." 

Monday, August 22nd. Mr. J. L. Toole. " Oliver 

Twist." 

Monday, October 3rd. Mr. Buckstone and Haymarket 

Company. " School for Scandal," &c., as before. 

October i yth. Frederick Young's Company. " School." 
November yth. Mr. and Mrs. Wybert Rousby. 

" Romeo and Juliet." Twelve nights. 
Nov. 2ist. Miss Bateman, with Miss Isabel Frances 

and Mr. \V. H. Vernon. " Leah " and " Mary Warner." 
December 5th. Mr. Barry Sullivan. " Hamlet." 
December igth. Mr. Sothern and Miss Amy Roselle. 

" David Garrick," " Home," and " Birth." 



54 ANNALS OF THE 

1871. 

March nth. Amateur Italian Opera, "Marta" (for 
Mr. Levey's benefit). Mr. and Mrs. C. Cummins, Mrs. 
J. Doyle, Mr. P. Charles, &c. 

Monday, March 1 3th. Mr.Compton. "TonyLumpkin." 

April i3th. Amateur Italian Opera. Second Act of 
" II Trovatore ;" concluding with " Don Giovanni." 

Monday, May 3rd. Joseph Eldred, Miss Lizzie Wil- 
more. " Little Em'ly." 

Monday, May isth. " The Two Roses " (first time). 
Messrs. H. J. Montague, H. Irving, George Honey, W, H. 
Stephens, Miss Amy Fausitt, Miss Louise Claire, c. 

It is unnecessary here to recall the sensation created by the " Digby 
Grand " of Henry Irving, still fresh in the memory of Dublin play- 
goers, and never to be forgotten. 

July 3'ist. Season opened with Mr. J. L. Toole. 
" Uncle Dick's Darling." 

Monday, August 28th. Mr. Richard Young's Com- 
pany for twelve nights. " M.P." (first time.) 

Poor Fred Young having met an untimely death by a railway acci- 
dent in England, his brother, Mr. Richard Young, became manager. 

Monday, October 2nd. Re-engagement of the Young 
Company for six nights. Production of " Ours." 

Monday, October 23rd. Barry Sullivan. " Hamlet." 

November 6th. Mr. and Mrs. Boucicauh% Shiel Barry. 
" Colleen Bawn." 

Monday, November 2oth. " Amy Robsart." Drury- 
lane Company, under the direction of Mr. Chatterton. 
Miss Louisa Moore, Miss Annie Ness, Mr. G. F. Rowe, 
and Mr. S. Emery. 

Monday, Dec. i ith. Joseph Eldred. " The Great City." 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN'. 55 



1872. 

Saturday, March 2nd. " Maritana " (by the Strollers). 
Blanche Cole specially engaged. 

March 23rd. Amateur Italian Opera " Marta." 

April i st. Mr. and Mrs. Boucicault, Shiel Barry, &c. 
First production of " The Streets of London." 

April i6th. Mr. Vining's Comedy Company. "The 
Woman in White." Miss Ada Dyas, Mrs. C. Viner, Mr. 
Reginald Moore, Mr. Peveril, c., to end of season. 

Monday, July 22nd. Mr. Buckstone and the Hay- 
market Company. Messrs. Chippendale, Howe, Kendal, 
Arnott, Gordon, Rogers, Buckstone, junior, Clark, 
Osborne, Braid, Weatherby, James, Everel ; Miss Robert- 
son, Mrs. Chippendale, Miss Fanny Wright, Mrs. E. Fitz- 
william, &c., c. Production of " Pigmalion and Galatea." 

On Thursday, August ist, " The Palace of Truth." 

Monday, August i2th. Mdlle. Beatrice. " Nos 
Intimes." 

Monday, August 26th. " Peep o' Day." Mr. Chat- 
terton and Drury-lane Company. 

Monday, September Qth. Barry Sullivan. "Richelieu." 

Monday, October 2ist. Miss Bateman. "Leah." 
" Medea " (on her benefit night). 

Monday, November 4th. J. L. Toole. " Paul Pry." 
During this engagement Mr. Toole kindly gave an after- 
noon performance of " Paul Pry " at the Glencree Re- 
formatory, to the great delight of the inmates. 

Monday, November 2 5th. Mr. and Mrs. Bandmann. 



56 ANNALS OF THE 

Monday, December gth. Mr. George Vining. Pro- 
duction of " Marlborough " (four Act Drama.) 



1873. 

March 3rd. Mr. T. C. King. " Ingomar." 

March 2 2nd. Performance of " The Strollers," "The 
Brigand," and " Grimshaw, Bagshaw, and Bradshaw." 

March 24th. Revival of " The Warden of Gahvay," 
first time for forty-two years. Walter Lynch, T. C. King. 

Monday, March 3ist. Amateur Italian Opera. Joint 
benefit of Mr. R. M. Levey and G. V. Lee. Two Acts 
of " Sonnambula " and "Lucrezia Borgia" (compressed). 
The Amina was Miss Lucy Shaw ; Count Rodolpho, J. J. 
Marlowe, Esq. ; and Elvino, R. W. MacDonnell, Esq. 
The three principal parts were very successfully performed. 

April 4th. Amateur Italian Opera. " II Trovatore." 

April yth. Charles Mathews. Twelve nights. " Mar- 
ried for Money," and " Mr. Gatherwood ; or, Out of Sight 
out of Mind." 

Monday, April 28th. Mr. and Mrs. Barney Williams, 
for a limited number of nights. " Fairy Circle " and 
" Yankee Help." 

August 1 8th. Season opened with Haymarket Com- 
pany. " Blue Devils," The Wicked World," " Uncle 
Foozle." 

September 8th. Mr. Craven Robertson's " Caste " 
Company. 

October 6th. Mr. Barry Sullivan. " Hamlet." 

November 3rd. Mr. Toolc's farewell engagement, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DU13LIX. 57 

previous to his departure for America. " The Weavers," 
"Off the Line," and " Oliver Twist." 

November 171)1. Miss Genevieve Ward. " Lucrezia 
Borgia." (Drama, English version.) 

December ist. Carl Rosa's Opera Company. Miss 
Blanche Cole, Miss Lucy Franklin, Mrs. Aynsley Cook, 
Miss Rose Hersee, Mr. Campbell, &c. Opened with 
" Maritana." 

1874. 

March 28th. " Guy Mannering,'' by lady and gentle- 
men amateurs, with a varied programme of musical selec- 
tions, for Mr. Levey's benefit. 

April 6th. The Theatre Royal opened under the 
direction of Messrs. John and Michael Gunn, for the first 
time guided by native proprietors. It is almost superfluous 
here to notice the ability displayed by those enterprising 
brothers and partners. The " Gaiety " proving a great suc- 
cess, they had the boldness to purchase the " Old Royal," 
and whatever difference of opinion may exist (for what 
manager can please all ?), it must be admitted that the 
Theatre Royal has been governed with all the energy, 
tact, and capacity necessary for the conduct of a great 
establishment. All eminent artistes available, dramatic 
and musical, have successively and successfully appeared, 
and what might be termed " a failure " cannot with 
justice be recorded. The premature and much regretted 
death of Mr. John Gunn was a sad episode. Endowed 
with intellect which seemed to grasp all subjects, John 



58 AXXALS OF THE 

Gunn was a remarkable man. Only those who were in 
close and intimate relationship with him could appreciate 
his capabilities. A good practical musician, he could 
well judge of everything relative to that art. Of scene- 
painting he seemed to possess a naturally acute know- 
ledge and appreciation. Indeed, he possessed all the 
attributes necessary for a theatrical manager. But in 
whatever position Mr. John Gunn may have been placed, 
he must have distinguished himself. All the weight and 
responsibility of the management of two theatres (a great 
task in any city a fearful one in Dublin) have fallen on 
the younger brother, Mr. Michael Gunn, of whom cir- 
cumstances will not here permit many words. It only 
remains to say, that the mantle has descended to one 
inheriting, in many respects in an increased degree, all 
the remarkable qualities of his brother John. 

April 6th. (First engagement at the Royal under the 
management of the Messrs. Gunn.) Miss Charlotte 
Saunders, Mdlle. Annetta Scasi, Miss Blanche Sabine, 
Miss Edith Wilson, Miss Eugenie Valckenaire, Miss 
Page, Mr. J.' Birchenough, Mr. Harding, Mr. Thurlow, 
and Mr. E. W. Royce. Revival of " The Good Woman 
in the Wood," preceded by Byron's drama, " The Lan- 
cashire Lass," in which Miss Louisa Wills appeared. 

April 2oth. Mrs. Dion Boucicault, Mr. George Bel- 
more, Mr. Barry Aylmer, &c. "The Colleen Bawn." 

May 4th. (Last week of season.) Miss Wallis, ac- 
companied by Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Howard. " Romeo 
and Juliet." 

May 8th. "The Strollers," "The Wonder," and 



THEATRE ROYAL. DUBLIN. 59 

" Bulliondust's Bargain," written expressly for the 
occasion. 

September 1 4th. Mr. Sothern, for six nights. "Area 
Belle " and " Our American Cousin." 

October I2th. The American and Australian Actress, 
Miss Mary Gladstane, Mr. John Dewh'urst, and a power- 
ful Company, opened with " Marie Antoinette." 

November 2nd. Miss Bateman, for six nights. 

November gth. Barry Sullivan. "Richard III." 
{Farewell engagement, previous to departure for America.) 

1875. 

March 8th. " Rob Roy." Mr. Levey's benefit, in 
which Miss Bessie Herbert, Miss Agnes Markham, Mr. 
Granby, &c., performed. 

June 2ist. A series of Promenade Concerts com- 
menced, under the direction of Herr Karl Meyder. A 
complete orchestra of first-rate artistes. Pit boarded, and 
Theatre fitted up on the Covent Garden plan. In addi- 
tion to the efficient band, instrumental soloists of 
European reputation performed nightly. First-rate vo- 
calists also lent their aid. The works of the great 
masters were given faultlessly, as all who came admitted. 
Result disastrous failure ! Another instance which ren- 
ders it difficult to deny the assertion of Karl Meyder, the 
late Alfred Mellon, and others who have essayed the like 
experiment, that Dublin is not a musical city in the true 
sense. . 

July 26th. Mons. Coulon's French Opera Company. 
Messrs. Fairvat, Herbert, Trillet, Barres, Preys, Martin, 



60 ANNALS OF THE 

Dauphin, Joinnesse, Pennequin ; Madame Naddi, Mdlle. 
Cordier; Mdlle. Marie Albert, Madame Pennequin, 
&c. Chef d'Orchestra, Mons. Hasselmans. Orchestra 
and Chorus, seventy performers. Operas performed 
" Les Mousquetaires de la Reine," " Zampa," " La 
Dame Blanche," "Lucia," "Les Diamans de la 
Couronne," " Guillaume Tell," " La Fille du Regi- 
ment." All admitted the perfection of ensemble with 
which all the performances of this Company were 
marked ; but the usual result, when a great star is absent 
from the list, followed, viz., great pecuniary loss. A more 
accomplished conductor never wielded a baton than 
Mons. Hasselmans. He had made a marked impression 
in London among the English instrumentalists by the 
intelligence as well as decision of his beat. He had his 
forces in the most perfect command at all points, and it 
is much to be regretted that the receipts were not such 
as to encourage the entrepreneurs to risk a repetition of 
the engagement. 

August pth. Mr. Charles Dillon, for six nights, ac- 
companied by Miss Bella Mortimer. Opened with 
" Virginius." 

August 1 6th. Mr. Shiel Barry. Opened with Bouci- 
cault's new Comedy, " Daddy O'Dowd." 

August 23rd. Mr. and Mrs. Bandmann. " Hamlet."' 
Twelve nights. 

September 6th. Mr. J. L. Toole. First appearance 
for two years. " Uncle Dick's Darling," " Wig and 
Gown," played for first time. 

September 20th. Mr. Edward Saker and Company. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 6 1 

" Round the Globe in Eighty Days," one of Mr. Saker's- 
numerous and successful Liverpool productions. 

October 25th. Mr. Charles Calvert. " Sardanapalus," 
produced with great magnificence and perfection. 

The death of Mr. Calvert has left a blank in the 
dramatic world, in which he was recognised as a con- 
scientious student and successful organizer of what i& 
familiarly termed the " Legitimate." 

November 22nd. Mr. Sothern and J. B. Buckstone. 
" Our American Cousin," " Home," by Robertson. 

December 6th. Carl Rosa's English Opera Company. 
Mdlle. Torranni, Miss Josephine Yorke (first appear- 
ance), Miss Laura Hyde, Mr. F. Packard, Mr. Ludwig, 
Mr. Santley. " Marriage of Figaro," " Maritana," " Siege 
of Rochelle," " Fra Diavolo " (Santley), " Bohemian 
Girl,". " Zampa " (Santley), " Faust." 

1876. 

Monday, April i7th. Engagement of Signer Salvini r 
the great Italian tragedian. " Othello," in which the 
great artiste created a profound sensation. 

Friday. " Macbeth." 

Saturday. " Hamlet." 

Thursday, 2oth April. Benefit and presentation ta 
Mr. Levey on the fiftieth anniversary of his connection 
with the " Royal." 

Saturday, May 6th. First benefit of Mr. Michael Gunn, 
on which occasion was performed an original Comic 
Opera, entitled " Rhampsinitus," composed by Signer 
Cellini. Libretto by Edwin Hamilton. 



6 2 AXXALS OF THE 

August 28th. The Theatre opened with Mr. Charles 
Collette and Company, consisting of Mr. Alfred Maltby, 
Mr. Flocton, Miss Kate Harfleur, &c. New farcical 
Comedy, in three Acts, written by A. Maltby, entitled 
" Bounce," in which Mr. Collette assumed several charac- 
ters. Concluding with Collette's patter Farce, " Crypto- 
conchoidsyphonostomata." Mr. Collette is one of the 
most rising young artists of the day, and should arrive at 
the foremost place in eccentric comedy. 

Monday, September 4th. The celebrated Vokes 
Family, for twelve nights. " The Belles of the 
Kitchen/"' 

Monday, September i8th. George Honey, for six 
nights (first appearance since his return from America). 
" Illustrious Stranger," " For Love of Money." The 
" genial George " has since gone to the majority. . Who 
can forget his quaint turn of the head ; his comic ex- 
pression of eye ; his " basso promndo ?" It may be 
some time ere we " look upon his like again." 

Monday, October Qth. Shaksperian revival. " The 
Winter's Tale," under the direction of Mr. Edward 
Saker, as produced by him in Liverpool. Mr. F. Clements, 
Mr. E. W. Lewis, Mr. E. Saker, Mrs. H. J. Loveday, 
Miss Rose Leclerg, &c. The music composed and 
arranged by Mr. H. J. Loveday. 

Monday, October 23rd. Miss Bateman. Twelve 
nights. " Leah." 

Monday, November 6th. Mr. Charles Calvert. 
Twelve nights. Opened with "Much Ado about No- 
thing." Mr. Calvert was seized with illness during the 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 63 

engagement ; but on his recovery, performed Shylock, 
Louis XL, &c. 

Monday, November 2oth. Mr. Charles Mathewr. 
Six nights. " My Awful Dad." 

Monday, November zyth. Engagement of Mr. Henry 
Irving, accompanied by Miss Isabel Bateman and Mr. 
T. Swinbourne. " Hamlet," " The Bells," " Charles I." 

The reports of Mr. living's wonderful success in 
" Hamlet " had, of course, reached Dublin. His bold 
innovations and original readings startled some, puzzled 
many, but set all a-thinking. Mr. Irving has passed 
through the ordeal of all great thinkers who are before 
their time, viz., not at first being understood by the many ; 
but all now admire the courage which prompted him to 
lay out a new course for himself, independent of all old- 
fashioned conventionalism. He now has the satisfaction 
to feel that he has " educated up " his audience to his 
school. For the first time in the dramatic annals an 
actor has been forced to request his too numerous ad- 
mirers to " aid him in bringing out new plays by staying 
away." 

December nth. Engagement of Miss Bella Pateman, 
the celebrated American actress, for six nights. " Romeo 
and Juliet," " Katherine and Petruchio," &c., and a new 
poetical Play by James Mortimer, entitled "Charlotte 
Corday." 

1877. 

Monday, March i2th. Dublin Operatic Society. Four 
performances. " Trovatore " (in Italian). Leonora, 
Madame Tonnelier (specially engaged) ; Azucena, Miss 



64 ANNALS OF THE 

Bessie Craig (first appearance in Opera) ; Manrico, Mr. 
R. Sydney ; Ruiz, Mr. Ernest Alford ; Ferrando, Mr. 
Vincent ; II Conte de Luna, Mr. Leslie Crotty. " Bohe- 
mian Girl " (in English). Arline, Miss Craig ; Queen, 
Madame Tonnelier ; Devilshoof, Mr. Richard Temple ; 
Count Arnheirn, Mr. Leslie Crotty. Each Opera re- 
peated. 

Monday, April i3th. Benefit of Mr. Levey. Second 
and third Acts of " Bohemian Girl," and " Trial by Jury ;" 
the Plaintiff by Mrs. Michael Gunn. 

Monday, April i6th. Shaughraun Company. Twelve 
nights, as before. 

September lyth. Theatre opened for the season with 
Miss Heath, supported by Mr. Wilson Barrett's Company 
" Jane Shore." 

Monday, October 22nd. Mr. and Mrs. Bandmann. 
Six nights. " Hamlet." 

October 291!!. Charles Mathews. Six nights. " My 
Awful Dad." 

November 5th. Barry Sullivan. Twelve nights. Mr. 
W. Hallows, Mr. J. Amory, Miss Caroline Hope, Miss 
Adeline Stanhope. " Hamlet " (first night). 

November iglh. Mr. Henry Irving and the Lyceum 
Company, for twelve nights. " Hamlet," " The Bells," 
" Richard III.," "Lyons Mail." 

Monday, December lyth. Two special performances, 
being the last before Christmas. Robertson's Play of 
" David Garrick," the principal part by the well-known 
and talented amateur, Mr. Wright, whose performance 
was marked by all the repose and grace attending the 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 65 

school of Sothern and Charles Mathews. Ada Ingot by 
Miss Fanny Lee (sister of Mrs. Michael Gunn). 

December 23rd. Mr. Phelps, for twelve nights. 
" Henry VIII.," " School for Scandal," " The Man of the 
World," &c., &c. 

1878. 

March iQth. Grand amateur performance for the 
benefit of the Drummond Institution, under the patron- 
age of the Lord Lieutenant and the Duchess of Marl- 
borough, &c., &c. "The Two Roses;" characters by 
R. Martin, Esq., Viscount Newry, Somerset Maxwell, 
Esq., Captain M'Calmont, A.D.C., Captain Farrar, 
A.D.C., W. Knox, Esq., Mrs. Michael Gunn, Miss Fanny 
Lee. Concluding with " The Happy Man." 

Saturday, March 23rd. Original Comic Opera, in three 
Acts, entitled "The Rose and the Ring ;" words by Miss 
Mary Heyne, music by Miss Elena Norton. Conducted 
by Sir Robert Stewart : benefit of Mr. Levey. The 
Dublin public have since to regret the early death of 
Miss Ellen O'Hea, composer of the above work, who 
gave much promise of future excellence in the art of 
which she was so enthusiastic a student. Her great 
musical abilities were accompanied with a manner and 
bearing so gentle and unpretending as to render her a 
special favourite in all circles. 

Monday, 2 and April. Carl Rosa Opera Company, for 
three weeks. Miss Julia Gaylord, Miss Georgina Burns 
(first appearance), Miss Josephine Yorke, Mrs. Aynsley 
Cooke, Miss Blanche Cole, Mr. Joseph Maas (first ap- 



66 ANNALS OF THE 

pearance), Mr. C. Lyall, Mr. Ludwig, Mr. Leslie Crotty, 
Mr. Snazelle, Mr. W. H. Dodd, Mr. Aynsley Cooke, 
Mr. Fred. Packard. Conductor, Mr. Carl Rosa. Opened 
with " The Bohemian Girl." During the engagement, 
"The Flying Dutchman" (Wagner), "The Golden Cross" 
(Ignace Brull), and " The Merry Wives of Windsor " 
(Nicolai) were produced with success. 

Monday, September i6th. Mr. J. L. Toole. 
September 23rd. Mr. Henry Irving and Lyceum Com- 
pany, commencing with "The Bells." Mr. Irving, during 
this engagement, performed "Richelieu" and " Louis XL" 
for the first time in Dublin. 

Monday, October yth. Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan, Mr. 
Thomas Nerney, &c. " Arrah na Pogue," " The Shaugh- 
raun," " The Colleen Bawn." 

Monday, October 1 25111. Engagement of Mrs. Dion 
Boucicault, Mr. Edmund Falconer, Mr. Leonard Boyne, 
&c., &c. Production of Falconer's Irish Drama, " The 
O'Donoghue's Warning ; or, the Banshee." Grace 
O'Malley, Mrs. Boucicault. Poor Falconer died not 
very long after this engagement. His real name was 
O'Rorke ; he was a Dublin boy, and frequently boasted 
of having made a speech, as a youth, at the Corn 
Exchange, on the occasion of the presentation of 
an address to Daniel O'Connell from O'Rorke's fellow- 
pupils. 

November 4th. Engagement of Mr. Barry Sullivan and 
Company. During this engagement, " The School for 
Scandal" was performed, in which Mr. J. F. Warden, of 
Belfast, played Sir Peter Teazle, and Mrs. M. Gunn, Lady 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 67 

Teazle, with great success; Mr. Barry Sullivan sustaining his 
popular and unequalled representation of Charles Surface. 
Monday, November 25th. Revival of Shakspere's 
" Tempest," with original music, by Arthur Sullivan (first 
time in Dublin). On this occasion Mrs. Michael Gunn 
gave another proof of her remarkable versatility as a dra- 
matic artist and vocalist, by her admirable performance 
in one of Shakspere's most difficult characters Ariel. 
Monday, December 2nd. Mr. Sothern, for six nights, 
Monday, December gth. Jarrett and Palmer's great 
New York Combination Company, in " Uncle Tom's 
Cabin." 

1879. 

Saturday, February 22nd. Benefit of Mr. R. M. Levey, 
" Maritana." * Messrs. Vyvyan, 2 S. Vincent^ Fullar, 
Waters, Campbell, Byng ; Madame Nina Castelli, Miss 
Kate Chard. Conductor, Sir Robert Stewart. 

Monday, March 1 8th. Grand amateur performance for 
the Drummond Institution. Byron's Comedy, " Partners 
for Life," and the Burlesque of " JLord Lovell." Per- 
formers Viscount Newry, Mr. R. Martin, Mr. Somerset 
Maxwell, Captain M'Calmont, Captain Litton, Mr. Galla- 
tin, 23rd Fusiliers ; Mr. Blyth, 23rd Fusiliers ; Mr Schuyler, 
77th Regiment; Mr. Banbury, 77th Regiment ; Mr. Arch- 
dale, 1 2th Lancers ; Miss Castleton and Miss Pearson. 

Monday, May i2th. Mr. Sothern (farewell engage- 
ment), accompanied by Mr. E. Saker. " Our American 
Cousin " and " David Garrick." 

1 This was a most successful performance. 

2 Mr. Frank Smyth. 3 Mr. J. F. Jones. 



68 ANNALS ;OF THE^ THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 

On Monday, November 3rd, commenced the last sea- 
son of the " Old Royal," with Mr. Charles Dillon, sup- 
ported by Miss Bella Mortimer, in a new drama, written 
for Mr. Dillon by W. G. Wills, Esq., entitled "Bolivar ; 
or, Life for Love." 

Monday, November lyth. Miss Bateman, for twelve 
nights. 

Monday, December ist. Miss Genevieve Ward, for 
six nights. " Forget-me-Not " (first time in Dublin). The 
great success of Miss Ward in this drama is proved by the 
large audience still attracted in every important town in 
the United Kingdom. 

Monday, December 8th. Engagement of Mr. John 
Coleman for twelve nights. The new dramatic Romance 
by Algernon Willoughby, " Valjean " (founded on Victor 
Hugo's work, " Les Miserables "), in which Mr. Coleman 
assumed four characters : Jean Valjean, M. Madeline, 
The Fugitive, and Urban Le Blanc. The rapid change 
of dress accomplished by Mr. Coleman, and his marked 
difference of appearance in this drama, made it difficult to 
believe that it could be the same individual who appeared 
in each separate part. 

On December 26th was produced the last Pantomime, 
" Ali Baba " (see List). 

1880. 

On Monday, February Qth, the "Old Royal" was 
destroyed by Fire ! 

" THUS ENDS IT." 



iList of pantomimes from 1820* 



1820. October Rotunda. Cinderella, with scenes from 

Gulliver. 

November i6th. Scenes from Mother Goose 
Clown Grimaldi. 

1821. April 23rd Hawkins-street. Harlequin and the 

Magic Pipe. Clown Norman. 
October. Harlequin Friar Bacon. Clown 

Grimaldi. 
December. Whittington and his Cat. Clown 

Bradbury. 

' No Pantomime - 



1824. February lyth. Harlequin and the Flying Chest. 

Clown Paulo. 
April i Qth. Harlequin Mother Goose. Clown 

Bradbury. 
1825.^1 
1826. 

1827. j-No Pantomime. 

1828. I 

I82 9 .J 

1830. Harlequin Cock Robin (produced in March). 
Clown Paulo. 



70 ANNALS OF THE 

1831. No Pantomime. 

1832. Serious Pantomine "Perouse, or the Desolate 

Island." 

1833. Puss in Boots. Clown Hogg. 

1834. St. Patrick; or, Harlequin and the Sleeping Beauty. 

Clown Usher. 

*8 6 I k T Pantomime. 

1837. Harlequin and the Ocean Queen. Clown 

Elsgood. 

1838. The Goblin Dwarf. Clown Elsgood. 

1839. Harlequin Peeping Tom. Clown Elsgood. 

1840. O'Donohue of the Lakes. Boleno Family. 

1841. Darby O'Donohue. Boleno Family. 

1842. Harlequin and the Merry Devil of Edmonton; or r 

The Great Bed of Ware. Boleno Family. 

1843. Baron Munchausen. Boleno Family. 

1844. Harlequin Shaun a Lanthero ; or, Fin M'Coul and 

the Fairies of Lough Neagh. Boleno Family. 

1845. Harlequin Blunderbore ; or, the Enchanted Fawn, 

Boleno Family. 

1846. Harlequin and the Wizard of the Steel Castle. 

Boleno Family. 

1847. Harlequin Sulpherino. Boleno Family. 

1848. Harlequin Hurlo Thrumleo. Boleno Family. 

1 849. Harlequin Queen Tartanna. Boleno Family. 

1850. Yellow Dwarf. Lauri Family Herring. 

1851. Bluff King Hal. Clown Seymour. 

1852. Gulliver. Clown Seymour. 

1853 Battledoor and Shuttlecock. Clown Seymour. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 71 

1854. Whittington and his Cat. Clown Seymour. 

1855. Bluebeard. Clown Stilt. 

1856. Little Bopeep. Le Clerq Family. 

1857. Babes in the Wood. Clown Seymour. 

1858. Sleeping' Beauty. Clown Deani. 

1859. King of the Castle. Clown Deani. 

1860. Jack the Giant Killer. m Clown Buck. 

1 86 1. Aladdin. Clown Buck. 

1862. Cinderella. Clown Buck. 

1863. Puss in Boots. Clown Hildyar. 

1864. House that Jack Built. Clown Morelli. 

1865. Beauty and the Beast. Clown Tanner. 

1866. Sinbad the Sailor. Clown C. Laurie. 

1867. AH Baba and the Forty Thieves. Clown Huline. 

1868. Red Riding Hood. Clown Leopold. 

1869. Robinson Crusoe. Clown Huline. 

1870. The White Cat. Clown Hemming. 

1871. Fee Faw Fum. Clown Hemming. 

1872. Bluebeard. Brothers Paulo. 

1873. Valentine and Orson. Brothers Paulo. 

1874. Yellow Dwarf. Clown Robert Power. 

1875. Whittington and his Cat. Clown Laurie. 

1876. Aladdin. Clown Persiviani. 

1877. Cinderella. Clown Newham. 

1878. Gulliver. Clown Newham. 

1879. Forty Thieves. Clown Allnutt. 



The following Copies of original Letters may prove 
interesting: 

From J. HARRIS, Esq. 

March 7th, 1874. 
My dear Levey, 

This is too bad ; not a man but has deserted the ex-Manager. 
I did hope for something better from the Fiddler. Well, I must 
bear it, I suppose. I am better to-day. I suppose you would come 
despite this grumblelation as a plague upon you. No one for the 
dinner.* 

Yours truly, 

J. HARRIS. 
R. M. Levey, Esq. 

* Mr. Harris had some friends at dinner every Saturday. 



From CHARLES MATTHEWS, Esq. 

Jury's Hotel, 

April I4th, 1874. 
My dear Levey, 

There are few things I wouldn't do to please you ; but sit for 
my photograph, never more. It is just the one thing that I wouldn't 
do even to please you, though I am always 

Faithfully yours, 

C. J. MATHEWS. 
I'll see you to-morrow night, and then I won't. 



From J. B. BUCKSTONE. 

Theatre Royal, Haymarket, 

i8th January, 1876. 
My dear O'Shaughnessey Lavey, 

I send you my likeness as promised. I hope you will not 
think it too flattering. I send it with pleasure, as I do not know 
when I may see dear old Dublin again ; still I cannot forget the many 
happy days I have passed in that city. 

Faithfully yours, 

JOHN B. BUCKSTONE. 



From SIR JULIUS BENEDICT. 

February 2oth, 1872. 
My dear Mr. Levey, 

I hasten to inform you that the Norwich Festival will begin 
on Monday, September 23rd, terminating on the Friday in the same 



week. I am always glad to see your handwriting, and should be 
happy to shake hands with you once more at Dublin, though my poor 
music seems to be tabooed by all your authorities ; but what cannot 
be cured must be endured. 

Ever, my dear Mr. Levey, 

Your old friend, 

JULIUS BENEDICT. 
R. M. Levey, Esq. 



From SIMS REEVES, Esq. 

Grange Mount, Upper Norwood, 

May 13th, 1877. 
My dear Levey, 

A few lines before leaving your musical city, to thank you 
warmly for your very great kindness in carrying out, under somewhat 
trying circumstances, my wishes. I hope shortly to have again the 
pleasure of singing with you. And with our united kind regards, and 
every good wish for your continued health and prosperity, 

Believe me 

Yours sincerely, 

J. SIMS REEVES. 



From J. W. CALCRAFT (COLE), Esq. 

The Dutch House, 

March Qth, 1869. 
My dear Levey, 

I have received both your letters and newspapers you were so 
kind as to send me. I should have written an acknowledgment 
sooner, but I have been assailed during the last week by a sharp 
attack of gout in my right hand, so that I was disabled from writing, 
and can only now with some difficulty hold a pen. I have been much 
interested by the account you gave me of your own family affairs. 
Taking the vicissitudes of life as they usually run their course, I think 
you may consider yourself, as Macbeth says of his predecessor, the 
Thane of Cawdor, "a prosperous gentlemen," and I hope you will 

long continue so. Poor old ! It was strange enough that 

his death should occur so immediately you were asking about him. I 
am sorry he got under a cloud in his latter days ; but it was all his 
own fault. I do not think he could have been 84, as the papers 
state, or even 80 about 76, according to what he always told me ; 
but people, even when very ancient^ have a strange propensity to 
reduce their real anno domini. 

Believe me yours very truly, 

Although almost illegibly, 

JOHN W. COLE. 



PART II 



Italian pera in 



THE Italian Opera proper commenced at Hawkins-street 
in the year 1829. Many old playgoers will insist that the 
" Don Giovanni" at Crow-street might claim the priority ; 
but the cast was not complete, the troupe not perfect, 
nor was the Opera produced in its integrity. Much mis- 
apprehension also exists with reference to the number of 
nights of the " run." It has been seriously asserted that 
it amounted to "hundreds of nights ;" but facts are stub- 
born things, and in referring to the bills of the day, it is 
found that twelve or fifteen nights make up the whole 
amount. 

Were it not for the name of Ambrogetti, whose great 
performance of the Don created such a. furore, all recollec- 
tion of the event might have passed away. It may not 
be out of place to repeat here the legend with reference 
to Signer Ambrogetti. It is recorded that during the 
performance of the last scene, when the Don descends to 
" Hades," one demon more than the regulation number 
appeared on the stage. Ambrogetti referred to the 
prompter, who told him there should be six. The Signer 



74 ANXALS OF THE 

saw seven. This occurred night after night. The event 
so worked on his imagination, that he retired to the con- 
vent of La Trappe, where he ended his days. 

The engagement of Pasta, in August, 1827, may also 
be passed over, as only detached scenes were given, and 
one Act of " Romeo e Giuletta." 

A "scratch" Company appeared when "Don Gio- 
vanni" was produced, on January 7th, 1828. Madame 
Cornega and Signer Begrez were the principals, the other 
characters having been filled by members of the Stock 
Company Messrs. Latham, Brough, c., &c. except 
Masetto, by Signor Giovanolo, from the " King's Theatre." 
On this occasion the pronunciation was certainly not la 
lingua Toscano in Bocca Romana, but a strange mix- 
ture. The bills of the next day announced that " ' Don 
Giovanni ' was received on its production last evening by 
a brilliant and fashionable audience, with a degree of en- 
thusiasm not surpassed by any previous musical per- 
formance in the metropolis." But after the third night, 
the following appeared in the bills : " Mozart's chef 
tFauvre, ' II Don Giovanni,' has been received with the 
utmost favour, and admitted by the professors of Dublin 
to be the most perfect musical production ever repre- 
sented in this metropolis ; but having nevertheless totally 
failed in attraction, it will be represented for the two last 
nights, this evening and Thursday." 

Madame Catalani commenced an engagement on the 
i4th March, 1829, concluding April nth. She was the 
sole musical attraction, and sang "Rode's Air," and other 
morceaux, during the interval between play and farce. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 75 

Her great piece de resistance was " Rule Britannia," the 
first word of which she always made two syllables, "ru-le." 
The first properly organized Italian Opera Company 
in Dublin commenced then on the i4th October, 1829, 
under the management of Signor de Begnis ; and many 
will doubtless learn for the first time of the production of 
such Operas in Dublin as Paer's t: Agnese," Rossini's " II 
Turco in Italia," " Tancredi," " Italiani in Algiere," 
"Otello," " La Gazza Ladra." The Company consisted 
of Madame Blasis (prima-donna), Castelle (seconda), 
Signor Curioni (tenor), Signor de Angeli (baritone), 
Signor Giubilei (basso), Signor de Begnis (buffo). Leader, 
Signor Spagnoletto ; Prompter, Signor Rubbi. The cam- 
paign commenced with " II Barbiere," then at the height 
of its popularity. Rosina, Blasis ; Beita, Castelli ; Alma- 
viva, Curioni ; Figaro, De Begnis ; Bartolo, De Angeli ; 
Basilio, Giubilei; Fiorello, Rubbi, who retired to his 
prompt-box after the first scene. The upper gallery, 
although not so boisterous as now, would have their joke, 
and the very commencement of the Opera offered an op- 
portunity. Signor Rubbi possessed a nasal organ of 
great dimensions, and the colour was indeed rubicund. 
It fell to his lot to sing the first note, and when he had 
chanted, "'Piano, pianissimo" a voice called aloud from 
the gallery : " Misther Ruby ! " The latter, unaccus- 
tomed to such an interruption, ceased for a moment and 
looked up, but soon recommenced : " Piano, pianissimo" 
Again, " Misther Ruby !" still louder from above. The 
poor artist was completely at a loss, looked up again, 
looked at Spagnoletti, and muttered : "Perchc 'Idiavolo si 



76 ANNALS OF THE 

ihiama cost?" He was about to proceed the third time, 
when the voice called out : " Bedad, Misther Ruby, the 
full of your nose of snuff would be worth sixpence." The 
effect may be easily imagined. 

Signer de Begnis was considered the best Figaro in the 
world. His " Largo al factotum " was, indeed, a most 
artistic effort, not alone vocally, but in a dramatic point 
of view. He possessed the vis conrica to an extraordinary 
degree ; and the rapidity of his pronunciation in the "Ah, 
bravo, Figaro; bravo, bravissimo," while dancing from one 
end of the stage to another, was very remarkable, every 
syllable telling. De Begnis was deeply marked from the 
effects of small-pox, but on the stage this did not show, 
or dimmish the effect of his otherwise favourable appear- 
ance and most telling eye. Although very active in his 
professional capacity, he was otherwise indolent. He 
lived in D'Olier-street, but should have a car to drive 
round the corner to the stage-door. He was frequently 
remonstrated with on this unnecessary proceeding, but 
without effect. 

Madame Blasis was a finished artiste, and had made a suc- 
cess at His Majesty's Theatre, where the troupe had been 
performing. Curioni was a careful tenor, with a sweet 
voice, of no great compass. (The music of Sonnambula 
"ivould have astonished him.) De Angeli was an excel- 
lent musician, and had a daughter (also his pupil), whom 
we shall find later on a prima-donna, Giubilei was a 
good basso : so the " cast " was strong. Signor 
Spagnoletti led with his bow, playing his violin at intervals 
(the conductor's baton had not as yet been introduced). 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 77 

He was a great master of his instrument, and for years had 
kept together with a firm and powerful hand the fine band- 
chorus and principals of the Italian Opera House in 
London. He had, however, two great lieutenants, Lindley 
(violoncello), and Dragonetti (double bass). Signer 
Spagnoletti, in addition to his great musical genius, had a 
keen sense of the ridiculous, and frequently amused the 
members of his orchestra with some witty observation or 
droll action. On one occasion, after rehearsal, he de- 
scended from his elevated seat, stooped, and was observed 
to search closely as if under the music-stand of the violin 
players. W. Vincent Wallace (who, at this time, played 
from the same desk as Spagnoletti) asked him what he was 
looking for; when the Signor replied "Ah, for a great 
many notes which I missed from some of the violin parts. 
I suppose I shall find them after two or three nights 
more." He added, at the same time, addressing Wallace 
" You did't drop any." The future eminent composer 
was a most accomplished violinist, and received much 
praise, and a souvenir from Signor Spagnoletti at the ter- 
mination of the season. It will be new to many to learn 
that Rossini's " II Turco in Italia," and " La Gazza 
Ladra " were produced during this engagement ; also " II 
Fanatico per la Musica," in which De Begnis seemed to 
revel. 

On the 8th of December, 1831, we find the Italian 
troupe again with De Begnis, who reigned as manager for 
many years. Curioni, Giubilei and Rubbi continued 
Signor Albertini, Signor Masi and Miss Waters were the 
soprani ; and the novelties in the male department were 



78 ANNALS OF THE 

Signer Deboccini and Antonio Sapio. The latter after- 
wards settled in Dublin. Catherine Hayes became his 
pupil, and under his auspices appeared at the Anacreontic 
Society, getting at first five guineas, and after some time 
seven, eight, and perhaps ten guineas. She boldly took 
her flight from Ireland, having first, as she herself inti- 
mated, secured all her money in the lining of her corset, 
and was shortly after in the receipt of ^50, 60, and 
sometimes 100 per night. "II Barbiere," as usual, 
opened the season. Rosini, Masi ; Bartolo, Sapio the 
others as before. On the lyth of December was produced 
" Agnese," by Paer, which was then announced " Agnese 
di FitzHenry ; or, the Father and Daughter," taken 
from Mrs. Opie's celebrated tale of the same name. The 
following explanatory notice appeared in the bills : 
" The deeply interesting tale by Mrs. Opie, ' The Father 
and Daughter,' proved too powerful to be confined within 
the limits of one country and one language. It forced its 
way shortly after publication into various parts of Europe, 
and in Italy was converted into a semi-seria drama in 
prose, by Filippo Casari, under the title of ' Agnese di 
FitzHenry.' This becoming extremely popular, was 
adopted for the lyric stage by Lttigi Burnavogha, who, 
omitting some characters and scenes, in order to facilitate 
the musical performance, and shorten the representation, 
delivered it into the hands of Paer, the celebrated com- 
poser, and this joint production, which has met with the 
most distinguished success abroad, is now introduced 
into this country." 

The audience discovered an old friend in the overture, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN 1 . 79 

as it had often been played as an " Occasional," or 
between the acts, also at the Society's Concerts. The 
music of the Opera is full of merit, good sterling stuff, in 
the composer's best vein, but not calculated to make a 
lasting impression on the public. 

The cast was as follows : Conte Alberto (Father of 
Agnese), Signer De Begnis ; Agnese (his daughter), 
Signora Albertini (her first appearance) ; Ernesto (Lover 
of Agnese), Signor Curioni ; Don Pasquaie (Governor of 
the Hospital for Lunatici), Signor Giubilei ; Don 
Givolamo (Chief Physician), Signor Sapio ; Vergina, 
Mdlle. Waters; Keeper of the Hospital, Signor de Boccini. 
Agnese met with a succes d'estime, and was not repeated. 

On Saturday, September 24th, 1834, Signor De Begnis 
commenced the season with his Italian troupe, with 
Signora Kintherland as prima-donna the other artistes 
nearly as before. Maestro al Piano, Signor Aldobrande ; 
Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Geo. Stansbury. The last- 
named gentleman had succeeded Mr. William Penson as 
leader and director of music. He was a most versatile 
musician, a good vocalist, excellent pianist, fair violinist, 
and frequently ascended from the orchestra to the stage, 
fulfilling a part in Opera with great effect. On such 
occasions he entrusted the baton to the care of Mr. 
Levey, whom, at the termination of his engagement, 
Mr. Calcraft placed in the position of leader. 

As a matter of course De Begnis commenced with the 
eternal " Barbiere." Kintherland, Rosina ; Destri, Fiori- 
ello rest as before. The bills announced : " A Complete 
Italian Chorus are engaged for the occasion." At the end 



So AXXALS OF THE 

of the Opera the Italian Company will sing the National 
Anthem of " God Save the King." 

On Tuesday, September 23rd, 1834, was produced 
Rossini's Grand Opera of " Otello." Otello, Curioni ; 
Rodrigo, Arrigotti (his first appearance) ; Desdemona, 
Kintherland. The Opera was fairly successful ; the duet 
between Otello and Rodrigo (two tenors) making a good 
effect. On Thursday, September 25th, the " Barbiere '" 
was repeated ; and on Saturday, September 27th, 1834, 
was produced, for the first time, Rossini's Grand Opera 
Seria of " Tancredi." Tancredi, Signora Cesari (from the 
Scala, her first appearance) ; Amenaide, Signora Kinther- 
land ; Argirio, Signer Curioni ; Orbasano, Signer Giubilei; 
Isaura, Signor Crampini. Signora Cesari was an immense 
success. She looked the part to perfection, possessed a 
fine and flexible contralto voice, and produced a wonderful 
effect in the opening recitative, " Oh ! Patria ;" and at the 
enthusiastic demand of the entire audience, she had to sing 
the aria, " Di tanti palpiti " three times every night. 

The name of Cesari still lives in the recollections of 
many surviving opera-goers of old Hawkins-street. 

"Otello" was repeated on Monday, September 29th; 
also repeated on Wednesday, October ist. 

On Thursday, October 2nd, 1834, were given the firs.t 
Act of " II Barbiere," the second Act of " Tancredi," and 
the third Act of " Otello." 

On Saturday, October 4th, 1834, '-'II Fanatico per la 
Musica." Cast as before, except Donna Aristia, Signora 
Cesari. 

The same bill on Monday, 6th October. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 8 1 

On Tuesday, October 7th, 1834, was produced for the 
first time, Rossini's Comic Opera, " II Turco in Italia." 
Selim, Signer Sapio ; Donna Fiorilla, Signora Kinther- 
land ; Don Geronio, Signor De Begnis ; Don Narciso, 
Signor Arrigotti ; Prosdecimo, Signor Destri ; Zaida, 
Mdlle. Waters ; Albazon, Signor Troyano. " II Turco " 
(possessing no special pieces of interest to the audience) 
created no sensation ; it was announced for repetition on 
the following Saturday, but has never since been given. 
The first performance in Dublin of " Semiramide " took 
place on Thursday, October Qth, 1834. The bills were 
headed thus : " Signora Cesari returns her best thanks 
to the public for the flattering reception she has met with 
in Dublin, and begs to inform the nobility, gentry, the 
military, and the public generally, that her benefit and 
last appearance will take place on Thursday, October 9th, 
1834, when will be performed for the first time the Opera 
of ' Semiramide.' (This Opera is the chef d'ceuvre of the 
celebrated Rossini.) Semiramide, Madame Kintherland ; 
Arsace, Signora Cesari ; Assur, Signor Sapio ; Idreno, 
Signor Arrigotti ; Oroe, Signor Giubilei ; Ghost of Ninus, 
Signor Cevallos." The overture to "Semiramide" had 
already been popular, having been frequently heard at the 
Anacreontic and Philharmonic Societies. It was, however, 
encored on this occasion. The orchestra was strengthened 
by the addition of Signor Cavallini, the celebrated per- 
former on the clarionet, who was bandmaster of the 
1 8th Royal Irish, then stationed in Dublin. He per- 
formed a solo of his own composition, accompanied by 
Signor Aldobrandi, between the acts of the Opera. The 

F 



82 AXNALS OF THE 

services of Mr. S. J. Pigott, the eminent violoncellist, were 
also secured, whose exquisite tone, faultless execution, 
and classic style must still linger in the memory of the 
few surviving lovers of really good music, now becoming 
small by degrees and beautifully less. In the good old 
time a complete ensemble attracted ; now-a-days, a com- 
bination of angels would be useless without one great 
name " a star !" 

The cast of the Opera was excellent, although not in- 
cluding a f/ar-tling name : Semiramide, Madame Kinther- 
land; Arsace, Madame Cesari: Assur, Signer Sapio; 
Idreno, Signer Arrigotte ; Oroe, Signor Giubilei ; Ghost 
of Ninus, Signor Cevallos. It would be no exaggeration to 
say that the music of Rossini's chef d'oeuvre was per- 
haps as well interpreted on this occasion as on any other 
to the present time. Madame Kintherland was a well- 
taught and accomplished soprano, voice a little hard ; 
but in the " Bel Raggio " the scales and passages were 
faultless. In the celebrated duet she also displayed 
a thorough knowledge of the composer, and in those 
passages in Rossini's music which, on repetition, admit of 
change, her variations were judicious and musician-like. 

It may also be stated with confidence that, until the 
advent of Madame Alboni and Trebelli-Bettini, no con- 
tralto produced so great a sensation in Dublin as Cesari. 
A fair estimate may therefore be formed of her Arsace. 

On Saturday, October nth, and on Tuesday, October 
1 4th, "Tancredi" was repeated, with the first Act of 
" II Fanatico." On the latter evening was the benefit of 
Signora Kintherland. On Thursday, i6th, " Semiramide " 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 83 

was given, after which the third Act of the cele- 
brated Opera Seria of " Anna Bolena." Anna, Signora 
Kintherland. Signora Kintherland gave still further proof 
of her high artistic qualities, both in her performance and 
interpretation of the beautiful music which the composer 
has given to Anna in the third Act. 

The last night of the season (moderately successful) 
took place on Saturday, the i8th of October, " Under the 
Patronage of their Excellencies the Lord Lieutenant and 
the Marchioness Wellesley," when were performed the 
first Act of v " II Barbiere," the second Act of " Tancredi," 
and the second Act of " II Fanatico/' , 

The year 1835 passed without an Italian Opera. How- 
ever Signer de Begnis gave some Concerts at the Rotundo, 
assisted by Miss Waters (his pupil) ; Signer Arrigotti 
(tenor) ; Signor A. Sapio (baritone) ; the leader being 
Signor Chaves, a Spanish violinist then resident in 
Dublin. Principal violoncello, Mr. Pigott; principal 
second violin, Mr. Robert Barton : double bass, Mr. 
Harrington ; flute, Mr. Richard Powell ; oboe, Mr. 
Mazzocchi, and viola, Mr. Ford ; pianoforte, Mr. W. S. 
Conran. Signor Chaves was an accomplished violinist. 
Mr. Pigott, who ranked with Lindley (then the greatest 
of English violoncellists), has been before alluded to. 
Robert Barton held for years the post of rcpditeur or 
deputy-leader at the Theatre Royal, under his brother, 
James Barton, who commenced at Crow-street, continued 
at Hawkins-street, and held the post of leader up to about 
the year 1825 or 1826, with credit to himself and advan- 
tage to the public. " Bob,' 5 as he was familiarly called by 



4 . ANNALS OF THE 

the gods, was very popular. In addition to music he cul- 
tivated what was then entitled the " noble art of self- 
defence ;" most unobtrusive and inoffensive by nature, he 
still, on some occasions, was called on to display his accom- 
plishment. An athletic, powerfully-built frame favoured 
his studies " under the best masters/' Tom Reynolds, 
the then celebrated champion of "light weights," 
had a tavern in Abbey-street, near Sackville-street, and 
contributed to Bob's education by careful training. As 
already remarked, although most peaceful in disposition, 
he had (many times in the cause of others) defeated 
sturdy opponents. He therefore obtained the sobriquet 
of " Boxing Bob," by which title he was frequently 
greeted when he made his appearance in the orchestra. 
It must be recorded that at this period the art of self- 
defence was not in such bad odour as at present, but was 
cultivated generally by almost all classes, even the " upper 
ten," as a necessary accomplishment. Pierce Egan's 
drama of " Tom and Jerry ; or, Life in London," gave 
a still greater impetus to the study of the art. One of 
the scenes represented the establishment of a celebrated 
" champion," and a regular " set-to " took place very often 
between two of the most renowned professors, to the great 
delight of all parts of the house ; so that Bob only followed 
the prevailing fashion. It may be added that he instilled 
some of the power of his pugilism into his violinism, for 
he had indeed a powerful tone. Mr. Harrington had 
been a student in the Royal Academy of Music, London, 
an excellent double-bass player. His wife (also an acade- 
mician), was a good harpist, and taught the instrument in 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 85 

Dublin with success. Richard Powell was well-known as a 
flautist of first-rate capabilities. He was, indeed, the best 
local performer on the flute that Dublin, to that period, 
had " turned out " a diligent and conscientious student. 
He possessed a beautiful tone, perfect intonation, and 
finished execution. He frequently practised from eight 
to ten hours a-day, never allowing a difficulty to conquer 
him. He would persevere at a few bars for weeks, to 
make them perfect. He was the first to perform in 
Dublin the beautiful flute obligato in the charming three- 
eight " Ranz de Vache " movement in the overture to 
" William Tell " at the Anacreontic Society. He served 
his apprenticeship to a well-known musician in Dublin, 
familiarly called " Tommy Robinson," and sometimes 
" The Doctor ;" for although he had never obtained the 
degree of Mus. Doc., his friends considered him worthy 
of the title, 

Richard Powell was also a fair organist, having ob- 
tained his knowledge of the king of instruments from 
" The Doctor," who was organist of Bride's Church. 
Powell was also a perfect French scholar, speaking the 
language with fluency. He was professor of that language 
in Edinburgh. Mazzocchi was oboist of the Theatre 
Royal a thorough master of his difficult instrument. 

Edward Ford (tenor) will be remembered by Hawkins- 
street playgoers as the most respectable member of 
the orchestra, where he was principal viola, from about 
1823 until his death, only a few years since. He 
was brother to Miss Ford, the original Agnes in " Der 
Freischutz," in Hawkins-street. This lady possessed a 



86 ANNALS OF THE 

magnificent soprano voice, was an excellent actress ; her 
appearance was most prepossessing, and her manner was 
simple and fascinating. She was a particular favourite, 
and " moved " amongst the elite of Dublin society. She 
joined the Haymarket Company in October, 1827, and 
remained in London. The other members of the Dublin 
Theatre who were engaged with her at the Haymarket on 
this occasion were Mr. James Barton, leader ; Mr. John 
Fallen, violin ; Mr. R. M. Levey, violin ; Mr. E. Ford, 
Mr. Robert Barton. Mr. John Mulligan, horn. Mr. John 
Mackintosh, also a " Dublin Boy," was second leader, 
having been engaged sometime previously for Drury-lane, 
by Tom Cooke (one of the writer's illustrious predeces- 
sors). The Haymarket Theatre was then under the pro- 
prietorship of Mr. Morris, and the duration of the season 
was only four months, from about the isth of June to the 
1 5th of October, which allowed the members of the 
Dublin Company to return in time for the winter season. 

This digression from the regular Italian Opera chronicle 
will, under the circumstances, be excused, also what fol- 
lows with relation to one of the greatest of lyric artistes 
Madame Malibran De Beriot. On the i3th of Septem- 
ber, 1836, the following announcement appeared : 

"Mr. Calcraft begs respectfully to announce that he 
has, with great difficulty and at a most unprecedented 
expense, effected an engagement with that unrivalled 
artiste, Madame Malibran De Beriot, for six nights only, 
to commence on Tuesday, September 2oth, 1836. In 
consequence of the very heavy expense attending the 
engagement, the prices on this occasion will be as 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 87 

follows : Boxes, 6s. ; pit, 43. ; first gallery, 25. ; second 
gallery, is. 6d. ; no half-price. Mr. Templeton, first 
singer of the Theatre Royal, Drury-lane, is expressly en- 
gaged to support Madame Malibran. On Tuesday even- 
ing, 2oth September, will be performed the Opera of ' La 
Sonnambula.' Amina, Madame Malibran ; Elvino, Mr. 
Templeton. Further particulars in future announcements." 

On the zoth September the following advertisement 
appeared : 

" Theatre Royal, Dublin. 

' : Mr. Calcraft regrets extremely to be under the pain- 
ful necessity of stating to the public that having on 
Thursday received a letter from Manchester, informing 
him that Madame Malibran De Beriot has been suddenly 
seized with alarming illness, was unable either to finish 
her engagement there or come to Dublin, he immediately 
repaired to Manchester, where the accompanying certifi- 
cate was placed in his hands by the medical gentlemen 
whose names are signed to it. 

" ' CERTIFICATE. 

" ' Manchester, 10 o'clock, 

" ' i6th September, 1836. 

" 'Madame Malibran De Beriot has passed a very restless and 
distressing night, and the symptoms of her complaint require con- 
finement to her room. It is our decided opinion that Madame 
Malibran De Beriot cannot undertake the voyage to Dublin without 
danger to her life. We think it necessary to add that from the 
nature of her complaint there is no probability of her being able for 
some considerable time to resume the duties of her profession. 

"'T. A. BARDSLEY, M.D. 

"'JOHN HULL, M.D. 

" ' HENRY THOMAS WORTHINGTON, Surgeon 



88 ANNALS OF THE 

" Mr. Calcraft regrets still farther to add that, in conse- 
quence of the very precarious state of Madame Malibran's 
health, he is at present quite unable to say when her en- 
gagement in Dublin can be resumed." 

The Saunders of the ist October contained the follow- 
ing notice : 

"Madame Malibran De Beriot is to be interred this day in the 
cemetery of the principal Roman Catholic chapel in Manchester. 
The mournful procession was to leave the ' Mosley Arms ' at ten 
o'clock, a.m. Several noblemen and gentlemen notified their in- 
tention of attending the obsequies of this unrivalled artiste." 

It was during the Manchester Festival (at which the 
writer was also engaged) that this sad event took place. 
Nothing could equal the consternation it caused in the 
town. She sang a duet with Caradori in magnificent 
style, and on her return to the hotel was seized with her 
fatal illness. The writer was to have returned with De 
Beriot and his distinguished wife. All was arranged for 
a pleasant journey : but what a change ! Poor Mr. Cal- 
craft was met near the " Mosley Arms " without his hat, 
which, in his distraction, he had forgotten. When he 
was convinced of the truth of the melancholy affair, he 
hastened back to Dublin, and was obliged to return nearly 
one thousand pounds at the box-door ; and it may safely 
be stated that he never financially recovered the shock. 

On the 3rd of January, 1837, an Italian Opera Company 
commenced an engagement. The artistes were La 
Signora Contessa Degli Antonj, Mdlle. d'Angioli, Signer 
Antonio de Val, Signer Berrettoni, Signer de Angioli, 
Signer Galle, Signor Paltoni, and Signor De Begnis. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 89 

Conductor, Signor Gabussi; Leader, Mr. Levey. De 
Begnis still continued impresario. A Dramatic Company 
was " on " the establishment at the same time, which 
would naturally increase expenses considerably. Much 
curiosity was excited by the announcement of a " Real 
Countess " as prima-donna. The usual rumour of the 
Count, her husband, having been addicted to gambling, 
losing all his fortune, and ever encroaching on the profes- 
sional earnings of the Countess, was widely spread, and 
that she was obliged to resort to all sorts of stratagem to 
secure even sufficient to pay her way. The report may 
or may not have possessed a particle of truth, for a mania 
for play has often been attributed to vocalists and actors, 
most unjustly, and without the slightest foundation. The 
same remark applies to the vice of intemperance, for 
which, in the writer's experience, many distinguished 
vocalists, one in particular, received a reputation without 
the most remote cause. The Countess was an excellent 
mezzo-soprano, nearly contralto, and made a marked 
impression during the engagement. This lady afterwards 
became Duchess of Cannizaro. 

On January 3rd was performed " La Cenerentola." 
Prince Ramin, Signor De Val ; Don Magnifico, Signor 
De Begnis ; Aliano, Signor D'Angioli ; Dandini, Signor 
Berrettoni ; Cenerentola, Signora Contessa Degli Antonj ; 
Clorinda, Miss M. Hamilton ; Tisbe, Miss A. Hyland. 
Miss M. Hamilton was a member of the Stock Company, 
an excellent soprano, and a great favourite with the 
Dublin audience. She left the stage on her marriage with 
Hugh Maguire, a gentleman of very handsome appearance 



QO ANNALS OF THE 

and good property. Miss A. (familiarly called Alley) 
Hyland was also an especial favourite, an accomplished 
artiste (soprano), and good musician. She performed all 
the principal soprano parts with Braham, with great suc- 
cess, in an English Operatic engagement on the occasion 
of his farewell visit to Dublin in 1839. The Hylands 
were a most gifted family. The eldest Miss Hyland will 
be remembered by old stagegoers as a highly accom- 
plished vocal and histrionic artiste, with a most attractive 
appearance. She possessed a cultivated soprano voice, 
and as an actress alone, could have commanded high terms 
in London. She made a successful appearance at Covent 
Garden, under the auspices of the late John Barton (then 
an eminent singing-master in Dublin). Miss Hyland 
shortly after retired, on her marriage with Thomas Hayes, 
the well-known and much-respected stockbroker of 
Westmoreland-street. The stage, indeed, experienced a 
loss from the retirement of this lady. The youngest 
sister, Jane, was also exceedingly clever : indeed a versatile 
genius. With her sister "Alley" she sang duets, which, 
from relationship of voice and careful practice, were ren- 
dered with great perfection. She also performed Doctor 
O'Toole in the " Irish Tutor," dancing the Irish jig in 
capital style. 

To return to " Cenerentola," the Clorinda and Tisbe 
of the above-mentioned young ladies received great 
encomiums in the press, and the strongest expressions of 
praise from the Countess Degli Antonj. 

On Thursday, January 5th, the Opera was " La Gazza 
Ladra." The Podesta, Signer De Begnis ; Fernando, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 9 1 

Signer Berrettoni ; Fabrizzio, Signer D'Angioli ; Isacco, 
Signer Galli; Giannetta, Signer Antonio De Val ; Ninetta, 
Mdlle. D'Angioli ; Pippo, Miss Jane Hyland ; Lucea, 
Miss E. Hamilton. The performance of Pippo, a most 
important role, will sufficiently prove the extraordinary ver- 
satility of Miss Jane (popularly called " Jenny ") Hyland. 
Pippo is concerned in some of the most important music 
of the Opera, and the part was, in every particular, up 
to the mark. 

On Tuesday, January loth, "La Sonnambula" was to 
have been given, but in consequence of the illness of 
Signor Berrettoni, the " Barbiere " was substituted, with 
De Begnis, Figaro; De Val, Count; Galli (Bazilio); 
Mdlle. D'Angioli, Rosina ; Miss E. Hamilton, Berta ; 
and Mr. Eaton, Fiorello. Mr. Eaton was chorus-master 
to the Theatre. 

On Friday, the i3th January, 1837, the Opera was 
" Tancredi." Tancredi, Signora Contessa Degli Antonj ; 
Argirio, Signor Antonio De Val ; Orbazzano, Signor 
Berrettoni ; Amenaide, Mdlle. D'Angioli ; Isaura, Miss 
M. Hamilton ; Ruggiero, Signora Galli. 

On Tuesday, January i;th, " Sonnambula " was given. 
Amina, Mdlle. D'Angioli ; Lisa, Miss M. Hamilton ; 
Elvino, De Val ; and Rodolpo, Berrettoni. 

On Friday, the 2oth, " Cenerentola," as before. 

On Tuesday, 24th January, 1837, was produced Rossini's 
grand Melodramatic Opera," La Donna del Lago," founded 
on Scott's celebrated poem of "The Lady of the Lake." 
James (King of Scotland), Signor De Val ; Roderic Dhti, 
Mr. Barker (his first appeaaance in Italian Opera) ; 



92 ANNALS OF THE 

Douglas, Signer Berrettoni; Ellen (The Lady of the Lake), 
Mdlle. D'Angioli; Malcolm Graeme, Signora Contessa 
Degli Antonj ; Albina, Miss A. Hyland ; Serino, Signer 
Galli. The band of the 71 st Highlanders assisted, "by 
permission of the Hon. Lieut.-Col. Grey." Much effect 
was produced in the finale of the ist Act by the combina- 
tion of orchestra and military band, more especially at the 
end, where the two subjects are so well worked together 
one a pompous march, the other a quick movement in 
two-four time. 

Mr. Barker, who performed " Roderick Dhu," was a 
member of the Stock Company, a very sweet ballad-singer, 
and composer of some popular songs. Without his aid 
the Opera could not have been produced ; at least without 
sending to London for a second tenor, as Roderick is 
nearly as important as James the duet in the second 
Act for the two tenors forming one of the most important 
features of the work. Barker was quite capable in the 
part, and received congratulations on his first effort in 
Italian Opera. 

In social life " Little Barker," as he was called, was 
a great favourite. He " dressed " to perfection (in his 
daily life). Indeed he was regarded something like the 
Count D'Orsay.. As a model in that particular, it was said 
he changed his dress three or four times a day. He wore 
patent leather boots in all weathers, by which he obtained 
the friendly sobriquet of " Polish Barker." 

On Friday, the 27th, " La Gazza Ladra" was repeated. 

On Saturday, January 28th, 1 837, was produced Bellini's 
Grand Opera Seria of " I Capuletti e Montecchi," founded 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 93 

on Shakspeare's Tragedy, " Romeo and Juliet." Capulet, 
Signer Berrettoni ; Juliet, Mdlle. D'Angioli ; Romeo, 
Contessa Degli Antonj ; Tybalt, Signer De Val ; Lorenzo, 
Signer D'Angioli. 

The Contessa gave a thoroughly Shaksperian reading 
to Romeo, displaying tragic powers of great force. She 
was much applauded, and repeatedly " called out " during 
the performance. Mdlle. D'Angioli, in Juliet, made 
also a most favourable impression, in a histrionic point of 
view ; her graceful figure and beautiful face according well 
with the idea of what Juliet might have been. The 
Opera, musically, was a success ; Berrettoni's fine, deep 
basso-profondo contributing much to the very excel- 
lent ensemble. 

On Tuesday, January 3ist, "La Sonnambula" was 
given in lieu of "La Donna del Lago," originally an- 
nounced ; the change taking place in consequence of the 
illness of the Countess. 

On Friday, February 3rd, " La Donna del Lago " was 
repeated. 

On Saturday, February 4th, 1837, was produced, for 
the first time in Dublin, Bellini's Grand Opera, " I Puri- 
tani," with the following cast: Lord Walton, Signer 
D'Angioli ; Sir George, Signer De Begnis (who has oblig- 
ingly undertaken the part on this occasion) ; Lord Arthur 
Talbot, Signor A. De Val; Sir Richard Forth, Signer 
Berrettoni; Sir Bruno Robertson, Signor Galli ; Henrietta 
of France, Miss M. Hamilton ; Elvira, Mdlle. 
D'Angioli. 

It will be perceived that the names of the characters 



94 AXNALS OF THE 

are in English. Signer De Begnis and Mr. Calcraft, with 
their " heads together " in council, decided on this course, 
and also added a description of each for example, Lord 
Walter Walton was Governor-General, a Puritan; Lord 
Arthur Talbot, a Cavalier, and partisan of the Stuarts, &c., 
&c. The performance of " I Puritani," although not 
equal to what was witnessed in Dublin many years after, 
with such wonderful casts, deserved and received much 
praise. Mdlle. D'Angioli giving her "Son Vergin 
Verzozza" with much elegance and finish, singing the 
chromatic passages to great perfection. She was a pupil 
of her father (Lord Walton in the cast), Signor 
Angioli, who was an experienced musician and a most 
competent singing-master. 

The now well-known duet, " Suoni la Tromba," then 
heard for the first time on the stage, created quite a sen- 
sation. De Begnis' voice was sufficiently heavy ; that of 
Berrettoni still more so, and when they both joined in 
unison, \\\e fortissimo \va.$ indeed tremendous the brassy 
tone of two trumpets playing the melody adding much to 
the effect. For it must here be noticed that the cornet 
had not then come into so much use. It is a great addi- 
tion to the modern orchestra, but is often substituted for 
the trumpet, when the latter would be much more in 
place. Balfe deserves the credit (indeed he boasted) of 
having "brought out " the " cornet-a-piston " in his cele- 
brated, song " The Light of other Days," belonging to 
the Opera of " The Maid of Artois." 

On Thursday, February gth, repetition of " I Capu- 
lette e Montecchi," after which " Ole Bull," the celebrated 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 95 

Norwegian violinist, performed three of his most cele- 
brated compositions. 

On Friday, February loth, repetition of " Puritani." 

On Saturday, February nth, 1837, was produced, for 
the first time in Dublin, Rossini's Grand Opera Seria of 
"Otello" (for the benefit of Signer De Val). Otello, 
Signer De Val ; Rodrigo, Mr. H. Bedford (his first ap- 
pearance in Italian Opera) ; lago, Signer Berrettoni ; 
Elmiro, Signor Berrettoni (who had undertaken the two 
characters on this occasion) ; the Doge, Signor Galli ; 
Emilia, Miss A. Hyland ; Desdemona, Mdlle. D'Angioli. 

Mr. H. Bedford, who came into the breach for Rodrigo, 
was the " Stock " tenor, and a most useful member of the 
Company. He was brother of the celebrated N Paul Bed- 
ford, and father of the well-known low comedian, Harry 
Bedford, who, after a successful engagement at the Hay- 
market, returned to Dublin, and died in the midst of a 
most promising career. H. Bedford (pere) had a good 
tenor voice and was an excellent musician, having com- 
menced his career as a violinist. He possessed much of 
the natural humour which prevailed in the family. He 
would frequently, by some twitch of the eye, or a peculiar 
movement of the shoulder, set the members of the 
orchestra in a roar in the midst of their duties. Signor 
De Val's performance of Otello, although not equal to 
what we have seen since, was a well-studied and praise- 
worthy effort. The same remark will apply to Mdlle. 
D'Angioli's interpretation of Desdemona. 

" Tancredi " Avas repeated on Tuesday, the i4th : Mr. 
Ole Bull again performing on the violin. 



96 ANNALS OF THE 

On Friday, February lyth, "La Donna del Lago" as 
before. 

On Tuesday, 2ist, " La Gazza Ladra" was given; as 
also on Friday, 24th February, 1837, the last night of the 
engagement, when the second Act of " Cenerentola," and 
the Opera of " Puritani " were performed for the benefit 
of Signor de Begnis. Mr. Macready, the great tragedian, 
was fulfilling an engagement at the same time, and per- 
formed on the non-opera nights. His benefit took place 
on Monday, February 27th, when Signor De Begnis 
sang his celebrated scena from " II Fanatico per la 
Musica." 

On Tuesday, February 27th, 1838, an Italian Opera 
Company, under the management of Mr. Mitchell, com- 
menced an engagement, announced thus : " Mr. Mitchell, 
Manager of the Opera Buffa, London, begs respectfully 
to announce that he has made arrangements with Mr. 
Calcraft for a series of twelve representations, at this 
Theatre, of the most popular Italian Operas recently per- 
formed in London." Accordingly, on Tuesday, February 
27th, was produced, for the first time in Dublin, Doni- 
zetti's Opera BufTa, " L'Elisire d'Amore." Nemorino, 
Signor Catone ; Belcore, Signor Bellini ; Dulcamara, 
Signor F. Lablache ; Adina, Madame Franceschini ; 
Giannetta, Mdlle. Vermani ; Conductor, Signor Negri ; 
Leader, Mr. Levey. The representations will be selected 
from the following Operas : " L'Elisire d'Amore," Doni- 
zetti ; " Eliza e Claudio," Mercadante ; " Le Nozze de 
Figaro," Mozart ; " L'ltaliani in Algieri," Rossini ; 
" Betly," Donizetti; " 11 Campanelli," Donizetti; " Nina," 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 97 

" Pazza per Amore," Copola; "Un 'Aventura di Scara- 
muccia," Ricci. Mr. Mitchell, of Bond-street, was 
the enterprising theatrical agent and publisher. This 
was his first effort as an impresario, and the pecuniary 
success was not equal to the merits of the produc- 
tions. The season of Lent interfered, to some ex- 
tent. A more perfect quartet of voices has seldom 
come together, even in later times, than on this occasion. 
Mdlle. Schieroni (who appeared on the second night) 
was a charming vocalist, very youthful and fascinating in 
appearance. Some old opera " goers " (unfortunately 
not many) will remember the lovely, pure tenor of Catone. 
His delivery of the "Una furtiva Lagrima," really 
enchanted his hearers. Indeed all through the work he 
carried the audience by storm. It may safely be recorded 
that, with the exception of Mario, Rubini, and Giuglini, 
no tenor ever created such an effect as Catone on the 
Dublin stage. Unfortunately, this was his first and last 
engagement, as he was killed some time after by a fall 
from a window in Naples. F. Lablache, son to the 
giant (in talent and person) of the same name, was, and 
happily is well known as a first-rate vocalist and musi- 
cian. Signer Bellini, an artist of perhaps the very 
highest class, completed the excellent quartet. This 
was the first occasion of augmenting the prices for Italian 
Opera. The prices of admission were announced thus : 
" Reserved stalls (dress boxes), IDS. 6d. ; reserved stalls 
for twelve representations, 5 guineas j dress circle, 75. ; and 
notwithstanding the great expense incurred, there will be 
no advance to the other parts of the Theatre." 



98 ANNALS OF THE 

On Saturday, March 3rd, an Operetta in one Act, by 
Donizetti, was produced, entitled "II Campanello.'' 
Seraphina, Madame Franceschini ; Madame Rosa, Mdlle. 
Vermani; Henry, Signor F. Lablache; Don Hannibal, 
Signer Sanquirico ; Spiridione, Signer Bellini ; after which 
Donizetti's admired Opera of " Betly." Daniel, Signor 
Catone ; Max, Signor F. Lablache ; Betly, Mdlle. Schieroni, 
This charming Avork was most successful, the only fault 
being its brevity. The very pretty sleeping duet, at the 
end of the first Act, between Daniel and Betly, was given 
with such true artistic skill by Catone and Scheroni, 
that it produced quite an agreeably somnolent effect on 
the audience. An English version of this work was pro- 
duced by Madame Vestris, under the title of " Why 
don't she Marry ?" 

On Tuesday, March 6th, 1838, was presented, for the 
first time in Dublin, in Italian, Mozart's Opera " Le 
Nozze di Figaro." Count Almaviva, Signor Lablache ; 
The Countess, Madame Franceschini ; Susanna, Mdlle. 
Schieroni ; Figaro, Signor Bellini ; Cherubino, Mrs. 
Fitzwilliam (her first appearance in that character) ; 
Basilio, Signor Catone ; Bartolo, Signor Sanquirico ; 
Marcellina, Mdlle. Vermani ; Antonio, Mr. Eaton. Mrs. 
Fitzwilliam, then one of the most popular of English 
artistes, was playing a "starring" engagement, acting 
on the three non-opera nights during the week. It will be 
sufficient evidence of her talent and versatility to record 
her perfect success in " Cherubino." By a curious coinci- 
dence, the same part was performed by Madame Vestris 
at the Italian Opera House, London, some time before. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 99 

N.B. Bishop's version of "The Marriage of Figaro" 
had been performed in Dublin, but it is, as all amateurs 
are aware, only a mere sketch. 

On Thursday, March 8th, repetition of " Le Nozze." 
Saturday, March loth, "L'Elisire d'Amore." 
Tuesday, March 13111, " Campanello " and " Betly." 
Thursday, March 15*, " Le Nozze " and " Betly." This 
night was extra, not included in the subscription ; an 
attempt to increase the rather limited exchequer. 

On Saturday, March iyth, 1838, was produced, for 
the first time, Copola's Opera Semi Seria, in two acts, 
called "Nina." Count Rodolph, Signer Bellini; Nina, 
Mdlle. Schieroni ; Henry (in love with Nina), Signer 
Catone ; Doctor Simplicio, Signor Sanquirico ; Mariana, 
Mdlle. Vermani ; George, Mr. Eaton. Although some of 
the music of " Nina " had been popularized by pianoforte 
arrangements of Henri Herz, then the most favourite of 
pianists, still the Opera produced no lasting impression. 
Auber's overture to " Fra Diavolo " was performed by the 
band between the acts of the Opera, but the "gods" insisted 
on " Patrick's Day," which request was complied with, 
as it was the festival day. 

On Tuesday, March 2oth, 1838, another new work was 
presented to the Dublin public, viz. : Ricci's Opera 
Buffa, in two acts " Un 'Aventura de Scaramuccia." 
Scaramuccia, Signor F. Lablache ; Selio, Signor Catone ; 
Domenico, Signor Sanquirico ; Tomaso, Signor Bellini ; 
Count de Pontigny, Mdlle. Parigiani (her first appear- 
ance) ; Sandrina, Mdlle. Schieroni ; Elena Mdlle. 
Vermani. 



100 ANNALS OF THE 

The plot of this Opera turns on the adventures and 
vicissitudes of a poet and director of an Italian Company 
(Scaramuccia). He engages two performers, Lelio and 
Domenico, who give him all sorts of annoyance, and 
make love to his servant, Sandrina, a country girl 
(Schieroni), she in her turn becoming bitten with the 
mania for acting. It is amusingly worked out. The 
light and sparkling music is well adapted to the sub- 
ject, and is the joint production of two brothers (Ricci), 
who " collaborated " with much success, and whose 
works are still popular in some parts of Italy. One duet 
in particular became very popular in Dublin. 

Mdlle. Parigiani was a good contralto, created a most 
favourable impression, and contributed much to the com- 
pleteness of this very efficient Italian Company. 

On Thursday, March 22nd, "Scaramuccia" was re- 
peated, " in consequence," as the bills announced, " of 
the very general demand for its repetition." 

On Saturday, March 24th, 1838, was performed a 
selection from " II Barbiere," after which, for the first 
time in Dublin, Rossini's admired Opera, " L'ltaliani in 
Algieri." Mustapha (Dey of Algiers), Signor Bellini j 
Isabella (an Italian Lady), Mdlle. Schieroni ; Zulma, 
Mdlle. Vermani ; Taddeo, Signor Sanquirico ; Lindor (a 
young Italian), Signor Catone. 

The overture to " L'ltaliani" has been made familiar 
by frequent performance at the Concerts and in the 
Theatre. The music of the Opera cannot, however, be 
recorded as a success. The celebrated trio, " Papa 
taci," being perhaps the only feature which created much 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 101 

notice. Catone, however, introduced a cavatina, " Lan- 
giiir per una bella," accompanied on the violoncello by 
Mr. Pigott, which was much admired. 

On Tuesday, March 27th, Copola's Opera of "Nina" 
was repeated. On Wednesday " L'ltaliani" and " L'Elisire" 
for Catone's benefit. On.Thursday, March 29th, " Betly." 

On Saturday, March 3ist, 1838, was produced, for the 
first time in this country, Mercadante's Opera Seria in two 
acts, entitled " Eliza e Claudio," with the following 
cast : Eliza, Mdlle. Schieroni ; Carlotta, Mdlle. Pari- 
giani ; Claudio, Signer Catone ; Count Arnaldo, Signor 
F. Lablache ; the Marquis Fritstzio, Signor Sanquirico ; 
Lucca, Signor Bellini ; Silvia, Mdlle. Vermani ; Celso, Mr. 
Eaton. 

From the rapid production of so many new works, it 
may well be supposed that the performances would be 
far from perfect ; but under the circumstances, they were 
most creditable, Signor Negri and Mr. Mitchell bearing 
frequent testimony to the fact. The* principal instru- 
ments in the orchestra were in the hands of very 
excellent (some first-rate) artistes. Mr. Pigott was 
a host in himself. Mr. Powell (flute), Harrington 
(double bass), Tighe (clarionet), Mulligan (horn), &c., 
c. : all expert " readers at sight." No more than 
one, or at most two, rehearsals could possibly be devoted 
to each work, to which in London, or on the Continent, 
weeks are sometimes allowed. If this fact, which some- 
times prevails at the present day, were considered, it 
might considerably lessen the sting of hasty or hostile 
criticism. The Opera, " Eliza e Claudio," contains some 



102 ANNALS OF THE 

of Mercadante's original and beautiful conceptions, but 
did not make any great furore. 

Mdlle. Schieroni's benefit took place on Monday, 
April 2nd, 1838, when " Scaramuccia " was repeated, 
and " Eliza e Claudio." 

On Tuesday, April 3rd, for the benefit of Signor F. 
Lablache, was performed, " Eliza e Claudio," with some 
detached pieces, which included Moore's melody, " Oft 
in the Stilly Night," sung by Signor Catone and Signor 
Lablache,"as a duet, and which received a tremendous 
encore. The voices blended exquisitely, and the slightly 
broken English seemed to lend additional interest to the 
music. 

On Thursday, April 5th, 1838, Mr. Mitchell had his 
benefit, when were performed a selection from " Le Nozze 
di Figaro " and the first Act of " L'Elisire d'Amore," and 
" by particular desire," a repetition of " Oft in the Stilly 
Night," concluding with " Betly." 

The last performance took place on Saturday, April 7th. 
By command of His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant and 
the Countess of Mul grave, " God Save the Queen " was 
sung by the Company, after which " La Sonnambula,' 
the duet, " Oft in the Stilly Night," and other pieces ; and 
Signori Catone and Lablache again repeated their duet 
on Monday, April i6th, after the Drama of " Therese, 
the Orphan of Geneva." 

On Tuesday, April lyth, 1838, the following announce- 
ment appeared : " Mr. Calcraft has the honour to an- 
nounce that, in compliance with the wishes of numerous 
parties of distinction, and the general desire of the public, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 103 

he has made an arrangement with Mr. Mitchell and the 
Italian Opera Buffa for four nights only." 

On Tuesday, April i yth, was performed " La Sonnam- 
bula " (as before). 

On Thursday, April igth, was produced for the first 
time a new Opera, by Donizetti, called "Torquato 
Tasso," with the following " Argument," on the bills : 
" The illustrious name of Torquato Tasso and his mis- 
fortunes are too well known to require any comment ; 
still it is necessary to say thus much for the illustration of 
this drama, that he lived in the sixteenth century, and 
that he arrived at the highest degree of honour and re- 
putation as a literary man, a poet, and a politician. , His 
immortal poem, 'Jerusalem Delivered,' raised the envy of 
his enemies, and the favour which he enjoyed at the 
Court of Ferrara, incited them to annoy and persecute 
him whenever they could. Unfortunately for Tasso, they 
succeeded in discovering the secret of an attachment which 
he had conceived for the Duke of Ferrara's sister, Countess 
Eleonora, who distinguished him and gave him unequivocal 
marks of her affection and highest esteem. He was 
banished the Court and City of Ferrara, exiled from the 
States, and even imprisoned as a man whose mind 
was out of order ; but some powerful and influential 
friends of Tasso obtained at last that he should be re- 
leased. He went to Rome at the invitation of his 
numerous and noble friends, who gave him that reception 
which his high reputation deserved, and decreed him the 
same honours which were paid to Petrarch, by crowning 
him as the prince of poets on the Capitol ; but the illus- 



104 ANNALS OF THE 

trious poet, consumed by an ardent passion which his 
heart could not stifle, and broken-hearted through the 
unjust treatment he met at the hands of persons whom he 
had never injured, but who were jealous of his merits, 
expired on the eve of his coronation, April 25th, 1595." 
The cast was thus : Alfonso (Duke of Ferrara), Signer 
Bellini; Eleonora(his Sister), Signora Schieroni ; Countess 
of Scandinavia, Mdlle. Vermani ; Torquato Tasso, Signer 
F. Lablache ; Roberto Geraldini (Secretary to the Duke), 
Signer Catone ; Don Gherardo (a Courtier), Signer San- 
quirico ; Ambrozzio (Servant to Tasso), Mr. Eaton. 

One Act of "Eliza e Claudio" was performed on 
Thursday, with " Betly ;" and a repetition of " Torquato 
Tasso" on Saturday, April 2ist, 1838, concluded the four 
nights of this re-engagement. The repetition of the latter 
Opera was given in consequence of its eminent success ; 
but, with the exception of two or three pieces, no great 
effect resulted, and the Opera has not held possession of 
the stage like the immortal " Favorita," "Lucia," 
" L'Elisire," &c., &c. 

Mr. Mitchell then visited Belfast with his Company, 
taking several members of the Dublin orchestra : Mr. 
Pigott, Mr. Levey, Mr. Harrington, Mr. Powell, &c., &c., 
in his suite. A rather strange incident occurred on the 
occasion. Mr. Mitchell was the last to arrive in Belfast ; 
he was always solicitous as to the personal comforts of his 
Company, and he visited the different residences where 
they were located, to make sure they were " all right." 
He found out all but Mr. Pigott, and as he was an especial 
favourite, he should see him. On inquiry, Mr. Mitchell. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 105 

learned that Mr. Pigott had gone to the " Temperance 
Hotel," whence Mr. Mitchell repaired. He entered a 
rather dingy parlour, rang the bell, no answer ; rang again, 
with like result. He proceeded to the drawing-room (it 
was Sunday evening), rang three times, some minutes in- 
tervening between each sound. At length a very ruddy- 
visaged waiter staggered in, saying, in broken accents 
" D-d-id you r-r-ing, sir ? wh-wh-who d-d-d-i-u want ?" and 
fell right down on Mr. Mitchell's arm in a glorious state. 
Mr. Mitchell, who was rather slow and formal in ex- 
pression, was naturally surprised, and asked, " Is not this 
the * Temperance Hotel ? ' " " O-o-f c-u-u-r-se it is," 
was the reply. The impresario made the best of 
his way out, and never forgot the event, as he renewed 
the recollection at a dinner-party at Mr. Bussell's table on 
his last visit to Dublin, about 1865. 

The next Italian engagement occurred in September, 
1838, when Signor De Angioli announced that, " in com- 
pliance with many applications from distinguished parties, 
and the general accommodation of the public, he has en- 
gaged the Theatre Royal from Mr. Calcraft for one night 
only, this present Thursday, 6th September, 1838, on 
which occasion the performance will include an unprece- 
dented combination of musical talent Madame Persian! 
(Cantante di Camera di S. M. I. e R. LTmperatore di 
Austria), and Signor Rubini (being his last season pre- 
vious to his retirement from the stage), Signor Nigri 
(Basso Cantante from Naples), and the violinist, Signor 
Emiliani." 

A grand vocal and instrumental Concert commenced 



106 ANNALS OF THE 

the musical entertainment, which concluded with the first 
and third Acts of Donizetti's new Opera of "Lucia di 
Lammermoor/' described as never represented in this 
country, and founded on Walter Scott's celebrated 
romance of " The Bride of Lammermoor." Lucia, Mdlle. 
Persiani ; Edgardo, Signer Rubini ; Enrico, Signer Nigri. 
Madame Persiani was, perhaps, one of the most acom- 
plished' vocalists who ever appeared on the lyric stage. 
No second opinion existed as to the perfection of her 
scale singing, diatonic and chromatic ; and it is not too 
much to assert that her performance of Lucia has seldom 
been equalled and never excelled. Rubini was up to 
that period the most wonderful of tenors. His voice was 
of most extraordinary compass, with flexibility equalling 
that of a soprano. The ordinary " break " did not occur 
(at least apparently) in passing from one register to 
another, and his delivery of the now well-known " Fra 
poco " was surpassingly touching and beautiful ; the effect 
on those who heard it for the first time, under such cir- 
cumstances, may be well imagined. The " tremolo," 
now so often abused, he used judiciously and in the right 
places. The " Tu Vedrai " (" Pirata "), which he sang in 
the Concert, gave ample opportunity for the display of his 
marvellous qualities, the opening cantabile showing the 
extreme power of sostenuto and wondrous pathos, while, 
in the second movement, the most florid passages came 
forth with the precision of a flute or violin played to per- 
fection. Truly Rubini was a wonder ; but there was one 
just then beginning a career which would equal, if not 
excel, this great star, whose name will appear by-and-by. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. IO7 

Signer Emiliani's violin-playing was chiefly remarkable 
for power and purity of tone. He possessed a superb 
" Cremona," which, it is needless to say, lent additional 
charm to his performances. 

The Company performed a second night, " in conse- 
quence of the brilliant success which attended the repre- 
sentation on Thursday, and of many applications from 
parties who were prevented from attending on that occa- 
sion ;" therefore, on Saturday, 8th September, 1838, a 
repetition of the Concert and the first and third Acts of 
" Lucia " took place. 

No Italian Opera Company appeared in the year 1839, 
which was remarkable by the farewell appearance of 
Braham, the celebrated veteran English tenor, who com- 
menced an engagement of six nights on Monday, July 
22nd, 1839. 

Thalberg performed at the Theatre Royal on the i4th 
and 1 5th October, 1839, at which Mrs. and Mr. Balfe 
appeared. 

In 1840 commenced what may be styled the Augustan 
period of Italian Opera in Dublin. The first troupe, 
under the auspices of the celebrated house of Beale and 
Co., Regent-street, London, and managed by Mr. Willert 
Beale, who, at an early age, displayed remarkable qualities 
as an impresario, combining with a thorough know- 
ledge of music and a keen appreciation of artistes, all the 
coolness and judgment necessary for such a part. Willert, 
as his numerous friends in Ireland called, and still con- 
tinue to call him, accompanied his troupe here for many 
years. He was, indeed, the " right man in the right 



108 ANNALS OF THE 

place." Never was there a more efficient manager. An 
excellent linguist, he possessed the power of arranging 
any little differences which might and will occur with the 
best regulated companies, in a decided but quiet manner ; 
all submitting to his decree, which they felt was always 
just. In his social capacity he was a universal favourite, 
and his society was much sought for. Great regret was 
felt when he discontinued his operatic speculations in 
Dublin ; but his " troops of friends " have the satisfac- 
tion of knowing that " Walter Maynard" is still well and 
flourishing, and that they may, at intervals, have the plea- 
sure of seeing their old friend, the impresario, for 
many years to come. 

An engagement for three nights only commenced on 
September, 8th, 1840, with the following artistes : Madame 
Grisi, Signer Tamburini, Signora Ernesta Grisi, Signer 
Brizzi. Mr. Benedict, conductor. The " charming, the 
incomparable Guila Grisi," as the London Times styled 
her, made her first appearance in Dublin on Tuesday, 
September 8th, 1840, Mr. Calcraft having announced that 
he had made the engagement "at an enormous expense." 
It is almost unnecessary to record the sensation created 
by this wonderful artiste, whose efforts of genius are still 
fresh in the memory of the Dublin audience, before whom 
she appeared for so many successive years, and whose due 
appreciation of her great talent created a lively impression, 
as she always looked forward to her visit to Ireland with 
the greatest pleasure. Tamburini was the prince of 
baritones. To a magnificent voice, possessing the finest 
quality and great compass, he added the highest cultiva- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 109 

tion, which displayed itself in a remarkable manner in the 
opening scene of the Opera, " Semiramide." His singing 
in Assur forming a model for all future aspirants to 
the part. His perfect execution of the very difficult and 
florid passages written by Rossini for a baritone, was in- 
deed something to remember. Signer Brizzi was a nice 
tenor, and Signora Ernesta Grisi a good scconda donna. 

On Thursday, September 8th, 1840, was performed, in 
two Acts, "Semiramide." Arsace, Signora Ernesta Grisi; 
Assur, Signer Tamburini; Semiramide, Madame Grisi. 
Pasta had made Semiramide " her own" until the advent 
of Grisi, who continued to hold the crown until near her 
retirement, when one worthy successor appeared in _ the 
person of Teresa Tietjens. This was Mr. Benedict's 
first appearance in Dublin. Happily Sir Julius Benedict 
still lives to enjoy his well-earned title. 

On Wednesday, September Qth, 1840, was performed 
" La Sonnambula." Count Rodolpho, Signer Tamburini ; 
Amina, Madame Grisi ; Elvino, Signor Brizzi ; Lisa, 
Signora Ernesta Grisi ; Allessio, Mr. J. Penson ; Teresa, 
Miss M. Hamilton ; Notario, Mr. Shean. Of course the 
quartet was perfection. Mr. J. Penson, who performed 
Allessio, was brother to William Penson, formerly leader 
of the orchestra. J. Penson was "stock" low comedian, 
a fair musician and good actor. Miss M. Hamilton, 
before alluded to, was efficient in everything she under- 
took. Mr. Shean (the immortal " Dan "), when cast for 
the Italian part of Notario, expressed great surprise, and 
made a strong appeal that he might be permitted to sing 
his part in English ; this was, of course, refused, on the 



110 ANNALS OF THE 

grounds that when the notary came to ask Elvino with 
what worldly goods he would endow Amina, Elvino 
would not understand him. "Well," Dan replied, 
" That will occur, in any case : for if I try the Italian, I'll 
puzzle him a great deal more. I cannot get over their 
cheese." Dan alluded to the Italian pronunciation of the 
letter c. Dan, however, " got through " the notary 
without damage. 

On Thursday, September loth, was performed " Semi- 
ramide," with cast as before ; and on Friday, September 
i tth, 1840, was produced, for the first time in this country, 
Donizetti's Grand Opera Seria of "Anna Bolena." King 
Henry VIII., Signor Tamburini ; Lord Richard Percy, 
Signor Brizzi ; Smeaton, Signora Ernesta Grisi ; Anna 
Bolena, Madame Grisi ; concluding with " II Barbiefe," 
compressed into one act. Mr. Benedict performed a piano- 
forte fantasia on popular national airs between the Operas. 

Grisi's performance of "Anna Bolena" was indeed 
something never to be forgotten. It brought the historic 
description of the beautiful and unfortunate queen to 
life. Indeed, if the reality was equal to the " counterfeit 
presentment," Henry's infatuation was not to be wondered 
at; and all this, without the additional charm of the 
singing, which, it is unnecessary to say, was perfection 
itself. Tamburini's representation of the Bluff King Hal 
was also a study. From the wonderful " make-up " one 
could see him " in his habit as he lived." 

The last night of the engagement was that of Saturday, 
September i2th, 1840, with "La Sonnambula" (as 
before), and a Concert. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. Ill 

On Monday, August 3oth, 1841, the following an- 
nouncement appeared : 

" Mr. Calcraft begs respectfully to announce that he has 
(at an unprecedented expense, considerably exceeding 
two thousand pounds) been enabled to effect an engage- 
ment for the production of Italian Operas on a scale 
superior to any which has hitherto been attempted in this 
country. The Company includes the following artistes : 
Madame Grisi, Signor Lablache (the far-famed bass singer, 
his first appearance here), Signor Mario (first tenor of 
the Queen's Theatre, the undoubted successor of Rubini), 
Signor F. Lablache, Signora Ernesta Grisi, and Signor 
Puzzi (the celebrated horn-player). Conductor, Mons. 
Benedict ; Leader. Mr. Levey. No alteration or pro- 
longation can possibly take place, in consequence of the 
previous arrangements of the parties engaged.'"' 

On Monday, August 3oth, 1841, " I Puritani." Sir 
George, Signor Lablache ; Lord A. Talbot, Signor Mario ; 
Sir Richard Forth, Signor F. Lablache ; Henrietta, 
Signora Ernesta Grisi ; Elvira, Madame Grisi. 

This should be a memorable date in our musical 
annals the first appearance of perhaps the greatest tenor 
the world has yet seen or heard. " The undoubted suc- 
cessor of Rubini," Mario, in some points alike, possessed 
qualities in many respects superior. It would require a 
musical Plutarch to give a parallel description of the two 
wonders. Rubini, as before alluded to, possessed' a 
marvellous range of voice, without a break, making con- 
stant use of what Italian singing-masters term the voce 
di testa head voice. In the "Ah perche," in "Son- 



112 ANNALS OF THE 

nambula," he reached F sharp in alt with great ease, 
singing the scena in D natural as written by Bellini. 
The voice was also capable of much dramatic power ; 
indeed the general impression prevailed that Rubini was 
matchless, and that years might elapse before another 
could approach him. The star, however, appeared, and 
only those who then heard Mario, and witnessed 
the occasion, can judge of the effect. There is possibly 
no position in the lyric world which requires so many 
' qualities combined in a single individual as a perfect 
Italian tenor. Of course the same will apply to an 
English artist ; but it cannot be denied that the language 
of Italy is peculiarly adapted to musical sounds. Well, 
all the various talents necessary to make perfection were 
concentrated in Mario, with one trifling exception 
(which he always tried to overcome by high-heeled boots), 
he was slightly below the standard in stature. In every 
other respect perfection is not too strong a word to apply 
to him. With an appearance of the most manly beauty, 
he possessed a grace of form and a fascination of manner 
which made him the " observed of all observers." An 
artist as well as a nobleman by nature, he studied costume 
to a degree, and in all his characters was most exact in 
this particular, to the very " buckle of his shoe." The 
sound of his marvellous voice (he used the chest-voice more 
than Rubini) still lingers in our ears. The quality, the high 
training, the exquisite timbre shall we ever hear the 
like again ? And as an actor, fortunately many well re- 
member his Raoul in "The Huguenots," in which it 
would be difficult to say which was the better, the acting 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 1 13 

or the singing. Few are aware that he performed (once 
only) in Dublin in Rossini's " Otello," which was, inde- 
pendent of the vocalism, a magnificent display of his- 
trionic power, and parts of which were compared with 
the impersonation of the great Edmund Kean. In 1841, 
the date of this engagement, Mario was in his zenith ; it 
will therefore be understood that his very appearance at 
the end of the first Act of " Puritani " created a sensation ; 
but when the first liquid notes of the "A te o Cara " 
commenced, a death-like stillness (without the slightest 
exaggeration) prevailed, and at the conclusion of the 
movement there was a " shout " (for this is the word) of 
delight, the like of which it is difficult to hear out of Dublin; 
No words could give an adequate idea of his u Crede a 
misera," in which he reached the F in alt, thus equalling 
his great predecessor in range of voice, while exceeding 
him in power. The duet, also, " Vieni," with Grisi in the 
third Act, enraptured the audience. Thus commenced 
the Grisi and Mario era of Opera in Dublin, which con- 
tinued for so many years to the delight of the Dublin 
public. Well might Sheridan's beautiful words from the 
" Duenna " be applied to the two : 

" Ah, sure a pair were never seen 
So justly formed to meet by nature." 

This was also the first appearance of The Lablache, enor- 
mous in size as in talent. His voice came forth " as from 
a mountain." The death of this wonderful artiste left a 
blank which has never been filled up. Although of such 
immense dimensions, his every movement was a model 

H 



114 ANNALS OF THE 

for students of the art. He was an exception to the 
general rule of Italian vocalists, who, for the most part, 
devote (perhaps wisely) their whole time and attention 
to the cultivation of the voice, without giving much 
trouble to the study of music as a science. Lablache 
was an excellent musician, a good double bass player, 
and would sometimes, for a change, come to the orchestra 
and take a part on that instrument. So consummate 
an artiste was Lablache on the stage that his perform- 
ance of even a second-rate part (to which he sometimes 
descended) would make it unusually prominent and 
important, as all who remember his " Doctor Bartolo " 
will bear witness to. He also "essayed" Figaro, a 
grand performance, in which he danced about the stage 
as lightly as a gossamer, although his reputed weight 
was twenty-five stone. Lablache indeed "astonished 
the natives " with his wondrous combined powers. When 
the voice rolled out in the " Suoni la Tromba," the 
comparatively weak organ of his son Fred, even com 
bined with the whole power of the orchestra, was 
"nowhere !" The same effect is recorded of one of the 
musical festivals in England, in which, during the com- 
bined efforts of an enormous chorus and band of perhaps 
1,000 performers, Lablache's D thundered prominently 
over all. This great artiste's face was, as it were, 
" chiselled " in the highest classic form, and is said to 
have been taken as a model by several great sculptors. In 
social life he sometimes delighted his friends by kneeling at 
the end of a table, placing his head between two lights, and 
depicting the passions rage, envy, despair, love, revenge, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 115 

pity, &c. a really magnificent exhibition of facial 
expression and refined art 

Signer Puzzi, who performed fantasies on the horn in 
the course of the evenings during this engagement, was 
an eminent performer and principal horn-player at all the 
English musical festivals. He played on the simple horn. 
the valve horn had not as yet come into general use ; and 
it is still doubtful if the application of the valve, while it 
has the effect of equalizing the scale, has not taken from 
the effect of the natural pure horn notes. 

Mr. William Murphy, announced as " Assistant- 
Chorus-master," was then a most promising young student 
(of composition and orchestral scoring), and lent much 
aid in the preparation of the Operas, which at the time 
demanded several weeks of preliminary rehearsals ; the 
chorus and band being supplied from local resources. 
Air, Murphy gained his degree of Musical Bachelor in 
Trinity College some years afterwards, for which degree 
he passed a most creditable examination, and on which 
occasion a choral and orchestral work of great merit was 
performed. 

On Tuesday, August 315:, 1841, "Norma." Pollione, 
Mario ; Oroveso, Lablache ; Adalgisa, Ernesta Grisi ; 
Norma, G. Grisi. 

This was Grisi's first appearance here in the great 
role, the wonderful performance of which bestowed 
on her the title of " Queen of Song." Her majestic 
form and commanding expression of feature were suffi- 
ciently impressive as she entered, with the measured and 
dignified step to which we became so well accustomed 



Il6 ANNALS OF THE 

The recitative "Sediziose Voce" followed, and at the 
long-sustained A flat on the first syllable of the last word 
" mieto " (which appeared endless), the house, of course, 
" came down." Her delivery of " Oh non tremare " was 
fittingly described as " terrible " by a listener in the pit. 
It was supposed that "Norma" would die with Grisi. 

Pollione is not a favourite part with tenors in general, 
the music is ungraceful, and the character not calculated 
to impress the audience favourably. Mario only per- 
formed it with Grisi, and it is unnecessary to say that he 
made the most of a weak part. 

The Oroveso of Lablache was simply grand. In the 
third bar of the . opening recitative " Ite sul colle 
o Druide " he had the chance of thundering out that 
wonderful D of his; also in the "Si parlera," and 
" Tremendo," the last word was, indeed, appropriate to 
the tremendous tone of the voice. A " roaring " encore 
was the result, which rarely occurs with the opening chorus 
of Norma. 

On Thursday, September 2nd, 1841 " La Sonnam- 
bula." Count Rodolpho, Signor F. Lablache j Amina, 
Madame Grisi ; Elvino, Mario ; Lisa, Signora Ernesta 
Grisi ; Teresa, Mrs. T. Hill ; Alessio, Mr. J. Penson ; 
Notary, Mr. Shean. 

Of late years Mario has " given up " Elvino, but his 
singing of the music at this period was superb. Grisi 
was, as usual, perfection. It will be perceived that 
"Dan" held possession of "II Notario," until a 
season or two afterwards, when it was filled by a 
Frenchman, whom Dan regarded with sovereign contempt, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 117 

remarking, " Well, come, my Irish-Italian is as good as 
that fellow's French-Italian any day." Mrs. T. Hill 
(Teresa) was one of the " Stock " Company an excellent 
actress, who had received a good musical education. 

" La Prova d'un Opera Seria " concluded the enter- 
tainment, in which Lablache gave his most amusing re- 
presentation of " Campanone." 

On Saturday, September 4th, " Puritani " was repeated. 

On Monday, September 6th, " Norma." 

On Tuesday, September 7th, " Sonnambula." 

On Thursday, September gth, " La Gazza Ladra," 
compressed into one Act, after which a Concert, conclud- 
ing with the second Act of " I Puritani." 

During the concert a pianoforte duet was performed by 
Mr. Benedict and Mr. W. S. Conran. William Conran 
was a most brilliant pianist, almost attaining to greatness. 
Had he proceeded to the Continent, as was intended, 
and devoted his exclusive time to his instrument, he 
would probably have obtained a world-wide reputation, 
as he possessed all the qualities for a great performer ; 
bj.it he marred his hopes, like many young artistes, by 
marrying too early, and had to devote his whole time to 
the slavery of giving lessons from one week's end to 
another, often devoting the nights, after a hard day's 
work, to severe practice. Mr. Conran had a large and 
talented family, one of whom (Mdlle. Conrani) is a dis- 
tinguished lyric artiste of European fame. It is sufficient 
proof of Conran's merit that Benedict and Thalberg 
looked upon him as a worthy coadjutor. 

An extra night was given on Friday, September loth, 



Il8 ANNALS OF THE 

with "II Barbiere," Mario giving his unrivalled imper- 
sonation, Count Almaviva. Who that heard the " Ecco 
ridente," could ever forget it ? Grisi introduced " Rode's 
Air and Variations," first written for the violin, and adapted 
for the voice by Bochsa. 

The Operatic season closed with "I Puritani," for 
Grisi's benefit, and " God save the Queen," sung by all 
the artistes. 

The next Italian Opera engagement commenced on 
September 5th, 1842, the expenses still increasing. The 
following announcement appeared : " Mr. Calcraft begs 
respectfully to announce that he has (at an unprecedented 
expense, nearly amounting to three thousand pounds), 
been enabled to effect an engagement for the production 
of Italian Operas on a scale fully superior to those which 
gave so much satisfaction last year." The Company con- 
sisted of Madame Grisi, Signer Lablache, Signer Mario, 
Signer F. Lablache, Signora Ernesta Grisi, '' with various 
competent auxiliaries/' Leader, Mr. Levey ; Prompter, 
Signer Salabert (of Her Majesty's Theatre) ; Assistant 
Chorus Master, Mr. William Murphy ; Conductor, Signor 
Costa (Musical Director of Her Majesty's Theatre). 
This was the first and only appearance of Signor Costa in 
Dublin. It is unnecessary to record that it is due to the 
skill and tact of this eminent musician that the London 
Italian Opera Band, from his powers of selection and 
organization, has arrived at a perfection unsurpassed, 
perhaps unequalled, in the world. Amidst all the changes 
which have taken place in the musical world within the 
last quarter of a century, Sir Michael Costa still holds his 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 119 

position as first of conductors ; and the universal feeling 
of all members of the profession who have come in con- 
tact with him, and who judge justly and without prejudice, 
is that Sir Michael may live long to enjoy his well- 
deserved dignity. Should he again visit Ireland, he will 
meet with the reception to which his merits fully entitle 
him. 

On Monday, September 5th, 1842, was given "I 
Puritani," with the same cast as in 1841, which, there- 
fore, will demand no further remarks. Unfortunately 
Madame Grisi was seized with severe illness from affection 
of the throat, and on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, 
Friday, and Saturday, Concerts were given ; but the ab- 
sence of the great prima-donna made a serious difference 
in the receipts, although all the other artistes assisted. 

Madame Grisi, having recovered from her severe indis- 
position, made her re-appearance on Monday, September 
1 2th, 1842, in " Norma" (cast as before, with the same 
artistes). 

On Wednesday, September i4th, "Anna Bolena" was 
given, announced, through mistake, as " for the first time 
in Dublin." Lablache's representation of Henry VIII. 
was quite in keeping with every character undertaken by 
that consummate artiste. Mario was Lord Richard 
Percy ; Grisi, Anna Bolena; Smeaton, Miss A. Hyland ; 
Lord Rochfort, Signor Salabert ; Sir Harry, Mr. Sala. 
Mr. Sala was a member of the Stock Company, and an 
artiste of much promise. He inherited much of the 
musical talent of his distinguished mother, Madame Sala, 
possessed dramatic ability of a high degree, with great 



120 ANNALS OF THE 

imitative capacity, often excited in the green-room to the 
great delight of his hearers. On one occasion, whilst 
giving a life-like imitation of Charles Kean (during one of 
his engagements), the tragedian suddenly and quietly 
entered the green-room. The mimic having his back 
towards the door, still proceeded, and the effect may be 
imagined when he suddenly turned and met the original 
face to face. Sala, who died young, was a relative of the 
immortal George Augustus. 

Signor Salabert ascended from his prompt box for Sir 
Harry. Salabert was indeed most useful. In figure, 
however, he was very short and stout. His sword went 
awkwardly between his legs on one occasion, and some 
one called out from the gallery " Bravo, ould Slaber- 
tashe ! " Of course he retained the sobriquet. 

On Thursday, "I Puritani " was given as before ; on 
Friday, " II Barbiere," and on Saturday, " Anna Bolena." 

On Monday, September iQth, 1842, " La Sonnambula" 
was announced for the benefit of Mario, and last night of 
the engagement, ending with " God Save the Queen." 
The illness of the great prima-donna was a sad blow 
to this engagement, causing a loss of perhaps thousands 
of pounds in the receipts, and was one of those unforeseen 
strokes of " bad luck " which Mr. Calcraft had unfor- 
tunately so often to encounter. 

No Italian Opera engagement took place in 1843. Mr. 
Calcraft issued the following notice at the foot of the bills, 
dated August roth of that year : " In answer to many 
inquiries, the public is respectfully informed that the 
engagement with the Italian Opera Company has been 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 121 

abandoned, from various unexpected difficulties, and will 
not take place this season. 

The next Italian Opera Company commenced an en- 
gagement of ten nights on the gth September, 1844. 
Artistes : Madame Grisi, Signora Favanti (her first appear- 
ance), Signer Mario, Signer Carelli (his first appearance), 
Signer Pultoni (his first appearance), Signor F. Lablache ; 
Conductor, Signor Schira ; Leader, Mr. Levey ; 
Prompter, Signor Salabert. 

The chief novelty in this troupe was Signora Favanti, 
an English lady, who had studied for some time in Italy, 
and who had created an impression in London. Her 
voice was supposed to be contralto, and had great scope, 
ranging from F below to D in alt. Much difference of 
opinion existed, however, as to her artistic powers. The 
higher and lower portions of the voice possessed much 
power and brilliancy ; but the middle range, if it ever 
existed, had been sacrificed. Sometimes a dash of genius 
would display itself, and then a feeling ot disappointment 
ensue. It was really a case which puzzled the critics, 
who were relieved of their anxiety by the early death of 
Mdlle. Favanti, whose splendid appearance and great 
extent of voice made a sensation for the time. 

Some friend asked Tom Cooke his opinion with refe- 
rence to Favanti. Tom was silent and shook his head 
" Well (said the friend), but has she not a wonderful 
voice ? " Cooke looked doubtful. " Is it not very high?" 
" H-m-m," muttered Tom " and very low?" continued 
the friend. " Yes (said Cooke), and very middling !" 

On Monday, September gth, 1844, was given " La 



122 ANNALS OF THE 

Sonnambula;" and on Tuesday, September loth, " Semira- 
mide." Arsace, Signora Favanti ; Semiramide, Grisi ; 
Idreno, Corelli ; Assur, F. Lablache ; Oroe, Paltoni. 

Favanti met with a favourable reception, looking well 
in male attire, and getting through the music satisfac- 
torily, with periodical flights of talent. 

On Thursday, September i2th, " Don Pasquale " was 
performed for the first time in Dublin. Don Pasquale, 
Signer Paltoni; Malatesta, Signer F. Lablache; Ernesto, 
Signer Mario ; Norina, Madame Grisi. 

Of Grisi's singing the music of this charming work it is 
quite unnecessary to write, but her acting proved her a 
light and " eccentric " comedienne of the very first order. 
Her by-play in the scenes with Pasquale set the audience 
in a roar. The Opera was, indeed, a " hit " Mario's 
" Com' e Gentil." " We shall never hear the like again." 

The bills announced, " To-morrow, Friday, there will 
be no dramatic performance whatever. The entertain- 
ment will consist of Rossini's Grand Oratorio, entitled 
' The Stabat Mater,' which most certainly cannot be re- 
peated." The announcement of " The Stabat Mater " to 
be performed in a theatre created a great sensation 
amongst the religious portion of the public. Mr. O'Con- 
nell, then a political prisoner in Richmond Bridewell, 
after reading the advertisement, wrote a letter to Mr. 
Calcraft, protesting strongly against the performance of so 
solemn a work in a dramatic temple, and requesting that 
it should be abandoned. Places had been taken, and a 
change would have entailed a severe loss. An embassy, 
consisting of the musical director and other officers of the 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 1 23 

Theatre, was despatched in all haste to Richmond with 
the view to set matters right. It was explained to the 
" Liberator " that no dramatic performance whatever 
would take place on the same evening ; also that the 
Theatre had been used for the performance of " The 
Messiah," "The Triumph of Faith," and other sacred 
works, on the occasion of the Dublin Musical Festival. 
These statements prevailed to some extent; but when 
Mr. O'Connell was told that Mr. Calcraft (for whom he 
had a great respect) would be a severe loser by any 
change, he yielded, kindly remarking that he was sure 
Mr. Calcraft would not sanction any performance in his 
establishment contrary to public morality. Accordingly, 
on Friday, September 1310, 1844, Rossini's " Stabat 
Mater" was given, in which Grisi, Favanti, Mario, 
Corelli, Paltoni, and Fred Lablache took parts. The 
overture to Mendelssohn's " Hymn of Praise " was per- 
formed by the band in the course of the evening. 

On Saturday, September i4th, 1844, was performed 
Rossini's Grand Opera of " Otello." Otello, Signer 
Mario (his first appearance in this part) ; Elmiro, Signer 
Paltoni; Rodrigo, Signor Corelli; lago, Signer F. La- 
blache. This was Mario's first and only appearance in 
Otello, a performance which might well be termed 
wonderful in every particular. Nothing could exceed 
the powerful tragic force displayed in the impassioned 
scenes with lago. As before stated, they were compared 
by some old play-goers to Edmund Kean's extraordinary 
efforts in the same scenes. A more Shaksperian reading 
(as far as an Opera would allow) of the part was perhaps 



124 ANNALS OF THE 

never witnessed. Grisi was a worthy Desdemona. In- 
deed, only one opinion existed as to the unqualified 
success of the two great artistes ; but those who remember 
Mario's Otello can never forget it, and it has always 
remained a mystery that he never again essayed the part 
in Dublin. 

On Monday, September i6th, " Norma" was given. 

On Tuesday, September lyth, " Semiramide " and the 
last Act of "Lucia," with Mario's Edgardo; and on 
Wednesday, September iSth, " Cenerentola," with the 
following cast : Cenerentola, Favanti ; Ranviro, Corelli ; 
Don Magnifico, F. Lablache ; Tisbe, Miss Fitzgerald; 
Clorinda, Signora Corri. Favanti had sufficient op- 
portunity of displaying the high and low portions 
of her voice in the " Non piu jnesta," of which 
she took full advantage, dashing through brilliantly 
enough, but without much regard for the perfection 
of scale-singing, which is so essential in this finale. The 
majority of the audience, however, let this pass and 
applauded. Signora Corri (Clorinda) was a daughter of 
Haydn Corri (before alluded to), a popular singing-master, 
and organist for many years of the Metropolitan Roman 
Catholic Church. Miss Fitzgerald (Tisbe) was one of the 
local choristers, and was soon afterwards engaged to lead 
the soprani in one of the Italian Opera Houses, proving 
most useful in the performance of " small parts " when 
required. It would surprise many to be aware of the 
many members of the choral and orchestral department 
Dublin has contributed to the London musical forces. 
To the present day we frequently discover the home 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 125 

accent in perhaps the leader of the Italian bassi, or one 
of the principal instrumentalists (bassoon, for example), 
in the orchestra who, not very long ago, belonged to the 
staff of the "Old Royal." 

On Friday, March 2oth, 1844, " Don Pasquale," and 
one Act of " Ceneremola," were given for Mario's 
benefit ; and on Saturday, 2ist September, 1844, the pro- 
gramme included " Norma," a Scena from " Roberto 
Devereux," " Largo al factotum," by Paltoni, and the 
last Act of " Lucia ;" concluding with " God save the 
Queen." The performance was for the benefit of Madame 
Grisi. This was the last night of a very successful 
season. 

The year 1845 passed without an Italian Opera, but 
was remarkable by the appearance of Mons. Duprez, the 
celebrated French tenor, who, with Madame E. Garcia, 
appeared at the Theatre Royal on two nights, Thursday, 
May 22nd, and Saturday, May 24th ; on the first night 
in two Acts of " Lucia," and on the second night in the 
third Act of " Lucia," the third Act of " Sonnambula," 
and the last scene of " Guillaume Tell." This year was 
also remarkable by the appearance in October of Mr. 
Sims Reeves, who, with Mr. and Mrs. Alban Croft, ful- 
filled an operatic engagement; the Operas performed 
being " Lucia " (in English), " Sonnambula," " Love in 
a Village," "Fra Diavolo," " Bohemian Girl/' " Beggar's 
Opera," " Der Freischutz," and " Guy Mannering." 

On Monday, August 3ist, 1846, the following Com- 
pany commenced an engagement : Madame Castellan, 
Signora Corbari, Signer Marras, Signer Ciabatta, and 



126 ANNALS OF THE 

Signer Fornisari. Conductor, Signor Orsini. Leader, 
Mr. Levey. Prompter, Signor Salabert. 

Madame Castellan was a good and successful prima- 
donna; Signora Corbari, a competent and artistic con- 
tralto. Signor Marras, who had established himself as a 
singing-master in London, was possessed of a light, sweet 
tenor voice, but (as sportsmen say) it could not " stay." 
During the first, or sometimes as far as the second Act of an 
Opera, if not very trying, Marras contrived to please his 
audience, but towards the conclusion the weakness would 
sometimes display itself lamentably. On one occasion, in 
the " Ah perche non posso " (" Sonnambula "), in which, 
when sung in D flat, the singer must ascend suddenly to 
the F above, Marras missed the note, but raised his 
first finger very much above his head, evidently under 
the impression that the audience would either hear the 
note or be compensated for its absence. This weakness 
of voice was a misfortune, not a fault, for Signor Marras 
was an experienced musician and most pleasing concert 
singer. Ciabatta was a fair baritone, of handsome 
appearance. The criticisms of Signor Fornasari were 
conflicting; some indicating that he was the greatest artiste 
that had ever appeared in London ; other reports were of a 
nature directly the contrary. He had certainly made a 
sensation in " Belisario," his success in which was 
attributable to his acting more than to his singing in- 
deed, like "Single-speech Hamilton," Fornasari might 
have been entitled " One-part Fornasari," for in no 
other character did he produce any particular effect. To 
the title of "vocalist" he could have no pretension, for 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 127 

it was a good extensive voice " gone mad," showing no 
cultivation or careful training. His was a somewhat 
parallel case to the Signora Favanti before mentioned 
a short, flashy career, and then " heard no more." 

On Monday, August 3ist, 1846, the engagement opened 
with " Lucia." Lucia, Castellan ; Edgardo, Marras ; 
Enrico, Fornasari ; Raimondo, Ciabatta. The perform- 
ance called for no special notice : Castellan bearing away 
the palm. Marras, artistic and correct, but as usual 
weak at the finish. 

On Tuesday, September ist, was performed " Son- 
nambula," with Castellan as Amina, Marras as Elvino, 
Fornasari as Rodolpho, and Corbari as Lisa. 

On Thursday, September 3rd, 1846, was presented for 
the first time in Ireland, Donizetti's grand Opera Seria in 
three Acts, called ' ; Belisario." Cast Antonia, Madame 
Castellan ; Irene, Signora Corbari ; Alamiro, Signor 
Marras ; Giustiniano, Signor Ciabatta ; Belisario, Signor 
Fornasari. 

In witnessing Fornasari's performance of " Belisario" one 
could not suppose the artiste could have failed so much in 
other characters. He represented the blind General 
most powerfully, and in the last scene, when reduced to 
beggary, he really displayed remarkable dramatic ability. 
He seemed inspired even in his interpretation of the 
music, for his singing in this part (and in this only) was 
faultless, and, more particularly in the pathetic scenes, 
his hearers would suppose him a vocalist of the highest 
cultivation. His appearance was much in his favour ; 
he looked indeed a " noble Roman." The Opera itself 



128 ANNALS OF THE 

is not one of the composer's best efforts, and is seldom 
performed. It would be, perhaps, correct to say that no 
other artiste has undertaken the part in England since 
Fornasari. 

On Saturday, the 5th September, " I Puritani " was 
given. Sir George, Fornasari ; Lord Arthur, Marras ; 
Sir Richard, Ciabatta ; Henrietta, Corbari ; Elvira, Cas- 
tellan. The duet " Suoni la tromba" was about the best 
feature in the performance. 

On Monday, the yth September, " Norma" was per- 
formed Norma, Castellan ; Adalgisa, Corbari ; Pollio, 
Marras ; Oroveso, Fornasari. Norma was not suited to 
Castellan's powers. Pollio required a tenor e robusto of 
which Marras was not possessed. Fornasari looked the 
part of Oroveso well. Adalgisa was the best of the quartet. 

" Belisario" was repeated on Tuesday. 

On Wednesday, September gih, " Sonnambula" was 
performed by command of the Lord Lieutenant. Cast as 
before. 

On Friday, nth September, "I Puritani" as before, 
for the benefit of Signer Marras ; and on Saturday, Sep- 
tember 1 2th, "Norma," for Madame Castellan's benefit, 
and last night of the engagement, which did not prove 
very profitable. 

The year 1847 passed without an Italian Opera. 

On Tuesday, August zgth, 1848, the following Com- 
pany appeared : Madame Grisi, Signora Vera, Signor 
Mario, Signor Ciabatta, Signor Galli, Signor Tagliafico. 
Conductor, Mons. Benedict ; Leader, Mr. Levey ; 
Prompter, Signor Salabert. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 129 

On Tuesday, 29th, "Norma" was performed, with the 
following cast : Norma, Grisi ; Adalgisa, Signora Vera ; 
Pollio, Mario ; Oroveso, Tagliafico ; Flavio, Galli. Grisi 
and Mario, now at the very pinnacle of their glorious 
career, were indeed magnificent in each Opera during 
this engagement. Tagliafico, then prinw-basso at the 
Royal Italian Opera, displayed all the artistic capabilities 
which he has sustained through his long and successful 
career. He is now the efficient stage-manager of the 
Royal Italian Opera. 

On Wednesday, 3oth August, " Puritani " was given. 
Elvira, Grisi ; Enrichetta, Vera ; Arturo, Mario ; Ricardo, 
Ciabatta ; Walton, Galli ; Georgio, Tagliafico. 

On Friday, September ist "La Gazza Ladra." Ni- 
netta, Grisi ; Pippo, Vera ; Gianetto, Mario ; the Podesta, 
Tagliafico ; Fernando, Ciabatta. Grisi's Ninetta was 
something never to be forgotten. On this occasion, 
when the officers of justice were about to take her to 
prison for stealing the silver spoons, &c., an occupant of 
the upper gallery called out, " Ah, sure, it was the magpie 
that took them ; bring her back !" 

On Saturday, September 2nd, was produced " La Son- 
nambula." Amina, Grisi ; Lisa, Signora Vera ; Elvino, 
Mario ; Rodolpho, Tagliafico ; Teresa, Miss Mason ; 
Allessio, Galli. 

On Monday, September 4th, " Don Pasquale " was 
the Opera. Norina, Grisi ; Ernesto, Mario ; Malatesta, 
Ciabatta ; Don Pasquale, Tagliafico ; Notario, Galli. 
Tagliafico's Pasquale was an excellent performance. 
Although the "giant" Lablache had created the part and 



130 ANNALS OF THE 

made it " his own," still Tagliafico's reading was full of 
original humour, and the fact of having been chosen to 
succeed such an original was proof of the confidence re- 
posed in his capabilities, and, as the result proved, with 
justice. Mario, on this occasion, had to come on the 
stage three times to repeat the " Com 5 e gentil," his sing- 
ing of which never has been, or perhaps never will be, 
equalled. 

On Tuesday, September 5th, " Norma " was repeated. 
On Thursday, September yth, " Puritani," and third Act 
of " Don Pasquale " were given for Mario's benefit ; and 
on Saturday, September pth, "La Sonnambula" was 
played for Grisi's benefit, and last night of the season. 

Now succeeded perhaps the most remarkable operatic 
engagement which has ever taken place in Dublin. Mr. 
Calcraft, after much difficulty, and with the exertion of 
great diplomacy, succeeded, after much competition, in 
forming an engagement for the appearance of " Jenny 
Lind " at the Theatre Royal. Many tempting offers had 
been made from local speculators for her appearance in- 
concerts ; but her managers (for she had many) wisely 
decided that she should open in Opera. The reports of 
her wonderful career in London had given rise to great 
expectations indeed, and never, perhaps, were great ex- 
pectations so fully realized. Her terms were fabulous 
^500 per night. With the addition of vocalists qualified 
to sing with such an artiste, a corresponding orchestra, 
chorus, &c., &c., it can with truth be asserted that the 
nightly expenses were enormous. It was indeed a bold 
experiment in the year of famine ; but the result proved 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 13! 

most satisfactory to Messrs. Lumley, Knowles, and Cal- 
craft, each of whom made a considerable sum. After 
much deliberation, the prices fixed were as follows : 
Dress Boxes, i los. ; Second Circle, i ; Pit, 125. 6d. ; 
First Gallery, 75. 6d. ; Second Gallery, 55. 

On Tuesday, October loth, 1848, was announced 
the first appearance of Jenny Lind, the Company 
including the following artistes : Mons. Roger, the 
celebrated tenor from the Grand Opera, Paris, and 
Italian Opera, Covent Garden ; Signor Belletti, Signor F. 
Lablache, primi-bassi from Her Majesty's Theatre, Hay- 
market ; Signora Grimaldi, Signor Bottura, Signor Guidi, 
and, in addition to the chorus of the establishment, the 
following also from Her Majesty's Theatre, viz. : First 
soprano, Miss Renaud, Mdlle. Payne, Mrs. Hughes, and 
Miss E. Thompson ; contralto, Miss Kennedy and Miss 
Henly ; i mi> tenori, Signor Benzi, Signor Grimaldi ; 2 d - 
tenori, Mr. Thompson, Mr. C. Taylor ; bassi, Signor 
Brigg, Herr Hengler ; principal instrumental performers 
leaders, Mons. Nadaud (from Her Majesty's Theatre), and 
Mr. Levey ; first violin and solo, Monsieur Herrmann ; 
second violin, Mons. Oury; viola, Mr. Hughes; violoncello, 
Signor Piatti ; contra-basso, Mons. Anglois ; grand flute, 
Mons. Remusat ; piccolo, Mr. King; oboe, Mons. Lavigne ; 
clarionet, Signor E. Belletti ; bassoon, Signor Tamplini ; 
horn, Herr Sleglick; trumpet and cornet, Herr Zeiss; 
trombone, Mons. Marin ; drums, Mr. R. Hughes ; music 
librarian, Mr. Mapleson ; prompter, Mons. Crippa all 
from Her Majesty's Theatre. Conductor, Mr. Balfe. 

The above names, joined ^Yitll the local force, formed 



132 ANNALS OF THE 

indeed an attractive and most effective combination. A 
glance at some of the names cannot fail to prove interest- 
ing. Mons. Roger had only just started as an Italian 
vocalist, having been for years the first and favourite 
tenor at the Grand Opera (French) in Paris. After a suc- 
cessful career he returned to the French Opera, where he 
continued to a recent date, delighting his audiences by 
his pure style of vocalism and excellent acting. Belletti 
was a highly-finished artiste, and has long since left the 
stage. Frederick Lablache (son of The Lablache), is now 
a professor of the London Academy of Music by-the- 
way, an Irish pupil of his, Miss Landore, has made several 
most successful appearances in Dublin. Mdlle. Payne, 
first soprano in the chorus, became the wife of Mr. Aynsley 
Cook, the favourite vocalist, a most careful student and 
painstaking artist. Mr. Cook has succeeded in making 
several parts " his own " Devilshoof amongst the rest. 
Mrs. Aynsley Cook was soon emancipated from chorus-sing- 
ing, and became a valuable second soprano, and was the 
original in Wallace's Opera of " Lurline." In addition to 
her musical and dramatic capabilities, Mrs. Cook is an 
accomplished danseusc, and so thoroughly versed in the 
Terpsichorean art, as to materially assist in the produc- 
tion of the incidental ballets. That Mrs. Cook and " Old 
Aynsley," as he is affectionately entitled, may have along 
and prosperous career, is the wish of all their professional 
brethren and " sistern ! " Mons. Nadaud was the 
favourite leader of the ballet, in which department he was 
without a rival. The ballet at this period formed as great 
an attraction as the Opera. Indeed, with some, it was 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. ^133 

the feature. Mons. Nadaud was an especial favourite 
with Taglioni, Fanny Ellsler, and all the great artistes of 
" La Danse." He possessed the peculiar qualities 
necessary for his post, unvarying attention to the feet of 
the performer, having the music always by heart. He 
never had occasion to look at the book, so that the eye 
was ever fixed upon the stage, and a perfect sympathy 
appeared to exist between the artiste and the leader. 
Young conductors would do well to follow the example 
of Mons. Nadaud, by so closely studying the music they 
have in hand as to obviate the necessity of constantly 
bending the head over the book. Mons. Nadaud was 
also " Chef d'Attaque " in the Italian Opera. Mons. 
Herrmann (first violin), was one of the four brothers 
Herrmann, who so successfully appeared in Dublin as 
quartet performers. Giving the works of Beethoven, 
and other classics, with great precision, it might indeed 
with safety be asserted that those wonderful creations of 
genius were by them first interpreted in Dublin accord- 
ing to the intentions of the author. In addition to the 
instrumental attraction, the Brothers Herrmann also per- 
formed vocal quartets, and introduced many of the 
pieces now forming portions of the Orphean collection ; 
and although not one of the four possessed a solo voice, 
the effect produced, from constant practice together, and 
extreme care in amalgamation (so to speak), viz., in the 
observance of pianos, extreme pianissimos, crescendos, 
fortes, &c., the effect was indeed wonderful; clearly 
proving what might be done if those possessing great 
voices were to bestow as much care and conscientiousness 



134 ANNALS OF THE 

in the preparation of their concerted music. One of the 
four brothers settled afterwards in Dublin, Mr. Lidel 
Herrmann, better known by the single title " Lidel," and 
remained for several years fulfilling the post of principal 
violoncello at all the concerts, and, on special occasions, 
at the Theatre. He was an admirable soloist, and an 
especial favourite in private circles. He is still well, and 
holds a high professional position in London. His place 
is now worthily rilled in Dublin by Herr Eisner, who fol- 
lowed closely on Lidel's departure. Mons. Oury (principal 
second) was an eminent violinist, and husband to Madame 
Oury, a very popular and accomplished pianist. Signer 
Piatti is so well known as the Prince of Violoncellists that 
it is only necessary to give his name. More than thirty 
years have passed, and he still holds the very first 
rank against all comers. Lavigne, the great oboe per- 
former, also still retains his lip, his fingers, and his facul- 
ties, to the delight of all who hear him. All the other 
instrumentalists in this list have passed away, except 
the present writer, who still struggles to " beat time." 
The music librarian, Mr. Mapleson, was father to Mr. J. 
H. Mapleson, whose reputation as manager of Italian 
Opera is world-wide, and to whom the Dublin public are 
so much indebted for the production of the works, in par- 
ticulars and in detail, only to be equalled in London. 
Michael William Balfe was conductor. He filled the 
same post at Her Majesty's Theatre, and came to Dublin 
ex officio. " No man is a prophet in his own country." 
His presence evoked nothing like the enthusiasm he 
merited. His reception was certainly good, but no more. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 135 

Several eminent composers have failed in wielding the 
conductor's baton ; but Balfe possessed all the qualities 
great decision, " an eye to threaten and command," a 
faultless ear, ready to discover the slightest inaccuracy, 
and, above all, an intelligible and decisive beat, without 
which all the other attributes are as nothing ; indeed none 
but the initiated can have an idea of the importance of the 
movements of the " small white wand " to those whom it is 
intended to guide. Much mischief may be done by a mo- 
ment's distraction on the part of the holder. He may be 
compared to a skilled " whip." He has not only four, but 
perhaps forty, yea, one hundred "in hand" (now-a-days the 
number is illimitable), and even a temporary indecision 
may do much harm. Perhaps no other occupation demands 
greater " strain" of brain or steadiness of hand for the 
time being than that of an operatic conductor. And, as 
remarked above, many of the greatest composers, from 
lack of the peculiar talent, have been obliged to " pass 
the torch " (baton) to another for the conduct of their 
own works. Balfe was " all there." Every man under 
his jurisdiction knew what he meant, and at what part of 
the bar he might be, so that, as far as the numbers would 
admit, all went well. Before giving the list and cast of 
Operas in connection with this most remarkable engage- 
ment, it may not be out of place to record that Jenny 
Lind stayed at Morrison's Hotel. Mr. Lumley, the then 
great impresario, the vocalists, and Mr. Balfe also 
remained at the same hotel. Two " off nights" occurred 
during the engagement, and on each of those vacant 
evenings the great " stars " had a reunion amongst 



136 ANNALS OF THE 

themselves, the writer receiving a special invitation, 
as " one of the family." It would be difficult, in- 
deed, to imagine any unstudied or unrehearsed enter- 
tainments more delightful and unconventional than those 
two, of which music formed but a limited portion, danc- 
ing, forfeits, and cards (for very small stakes) filling 
nearly all the time. Jenny Lind could dance nearly as 
well as she could sing. Balfe inherited the art, and was 
capital on the " light fantastic." A mock ballet was 
organized, the great soprano fulfilling the role of the 
Maiden, and the composer and conductor that of the 
Lover. The " corps de ballet " consisted of the com- 
pany (Mick, the waiter, being once pressed into the ser- 
vice when he entered in his professional capacity). Mr. 
Lumley, a model manager in appearance, was placed on 
a throne to decide on the merits of the aspirants, and was 
supposed to offer an engagement to the most accom- 
plished. The ballet proceeded most seriously, Mons. 
Nadaud and the writer contributing the music alternately, 
each, as he passed the " fiddle" to the other, joining the 
dancing group. At the end a discussion occurred, 
carried on most gravely, as to the respective merits of the 
two principal characters. The great manager was unde- 
cided. His means would only allow the engagement of 
one. The question was put to the vote (a plebiscite). 
The votes were equal. What was to be done ? The 
manager decided that one great trial of skill should take 
place, each to perform an elaborate solo. Balfe led off, 
and danced " like an angel." Then " enter Jenny Lind " 
with all the air and grace of a Taglioni. She proceeds 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 137 

an " adagio" and fascinating allegro, tripping " solo" to 
follow, astonish all the lookers-on. Rounds of applause, 
bouquets, &c., &c., and, to conclude, great Jenny " wins 
the day." The evening concluded with a set of quadrilles, 
Mdlle. Lind singing the quadrilles, seated in a corner on 
the music stool. These evenings might well be placed 
amongst the " Noctes Ambrosiani." 

On Tuesday, the loth of October, 1848, was performed 
" La Sonnambula." Amina, Jenny Lind ; Lisa, Mdlle. 
Payne; Teresa, Signora Grimaldi; Elvino, Mons. Roger; 
Count Rodolpho, Signer Belletti ; Allessio, Signer Guidi ; 
and Notario, Signer Bottura. 

The receipts on this night reached ^1,600, a sum 
never equalled before or since in the Theatre Royal, 
Dublin. The question has often been asked, " Was 
Jenny Lind so great ?" The simple answer is " Yes." 
A sort of feeling of disappointment prevailed with some 
at first. The voice was not what might be termed 
" great," the personal appearance not startling, still the 
impression made way that a wonderful artiste was present. 
The " Come per me" was listened to with breathless 
silence, and all doubt vanished at the end of the caba- 
letta, " Sovra il sen." Indeed the success of the whole 
performance was complete ; but description fails to 
give an idea of the effect produced in the last Act. In 
the sleeping scene it is no exaggeration to state that the 
" Ah non credea" displayed as great an effort of genius 
as was ever witnessed on any stage. The audience 
seemed absolutely entranced. It was indeed a singing 
somnambulist. The whole movement was sotto voce, 



138 ANNALS OF THE 

the eyes unconsciously fixed (it was particularly remarked 
without blinking) on one imaginary object ; the cadenza 
at the climax, long, most original and wailing, was 
simply electrifying. A burst of applause about to com- 
mence was immediately hushed down, lest the " sleeper" 
should be awakened." 

The other parts were well and efficiently filled, Mons. 
Roger displaying all the care and finish of the French 
school, and Belletti creating a deep impression as a most 
finished artist in every particular. 

On Thursday, October i2th "ITuritani." Elvira, 
Jenny Lind; Enrichetta, Signora Grimaldi; Arturo, 
Mons. Roger; Sir Richard Forth, F. Lablache ; Sir 
George Walton, Signer Belletti ; Lord George Walton, 
Signer Bottura ; Bruno, Signor Guidi. Although not the 
most attractive of her impersonations, some preferred the 
Elvira of Jenny Lind to her other characters ; but Grisi 
had " created " the part, and her singing of the music was 
fresh in the recollection of all. However, on this occa- 
sion, the performance of the celebrated polacca, " Son 
Vergin verzozza," was particularly fine, the chromatic 
ascending and descending scales coming out with extra- 
ordinary precision. The lovely duet, " Vieni " (in the 
third Act), for soprano and tenor, was also an encore; but 
nothing could possibly efface the impression produced by 
Grisi and Mario in the same duet. 

On Saturday, i4th October, was given " La Figlia del 
Reggimento." Maria, Jenny Lind ; La Marchesa, Signora 
Grimaldi ; Tonio, Mons. Roger ; Ortenzio, Signor Bot- 
tura ; II Corporale, Signor Guidi ; II Sergente Salpizio, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUJJLIN. 139 

Signer F. Lablache. It was in this Opera that the famous 
songstress made her great "hit" in London. Indeed, 
the work was, in consequence, magnified to an impor- 
tance it did not before possess. Wondrous versatility, com- 
bined with consummate art, rendered Jenny Lind's Maria 
most fascinating. The " Ciasctm lo dice " and " Egli'e la " 
were full of life and vivacity. In the " Rataplan " the 
artiste accompanied herself on her own small " side 
drum," playing like an experienced " tambouriere," and 
creating the greatest possible amount of merriment, 
amounting to enthusiasm, at the marching off with her 
companions. Then the " Convien partir " (in finale, first 
Act), when obliged to part from her "Fathers," was 
given with such exquisite tenderness that white pocket- 
handkerchiefs came extensively into use. But the climax 
arrived at the performance of the singing-lesson, opening 
the second Act, "Sorgera." The instructions in the 
scene attached to this morceau are thus : " Questo ritor- 
nello deve eseguirsi con caricatura." And well were the 
instructions carried out, commencing with the antiquated 
" motive " for a certain time, then gradually (to the great 
horror of the ancient relative who accompanies), introduc- 
ing snatches of " The Song of the Regiment," presently 
breaking into elaborate variations, and concluding with 
the most extraordinary vocal feats ever ventured on, and 
for the performance of which the only term appropriate is 
" wonderful." All the solfeggi of all the masters seemed 
heaped into one. In fact, every possible display of 
which the " human voice divine" is capable, was developed 
in this effort, never equalled before or since. 



140 ANNALS OF THE 

On Monday, i6th October, "Lucia di Lammermoor !> 
was the opening. Lucia, Jenny Lind ; Alice, Signora 
Grimaldi ; Edgardo, Mons. Roger ; Enrico, Signer Bel- 
letti ; Bidebenr, Signer F. Lablache ; Arturo, Signer 
Guidi ; Normanno, Signor Bottura. The special feature of 
Mdlle. Lind's " Lucia " was her great interpretation of the 
mad scene, at the end of the third Act, the cadenza with 
the flute, concluding the " Alfin son tua," amounting to 
perfection ; while the exit, at the end of " Spargi d'amor," 
was worthy of a Siddons. 

A re-engagement for two nights took place, the Opera 
being " Sonnambula," on the igth, and " La Figlia," on 
the 24th October, 1848. The prices for those two nights 
were: Dress Boxes, i ; Second Circle, 153.; Pit, 
i os. 6d. ; First Gallery, "js. 6d. Second Gallery, 55. 

A Concert took place at the Rotundo on Saturday, the 
2ist. The receipts of this speculation were something 
enormous, all the more so taking into consideration that 
a famine prevailed in the land. The excitement produced 
at the first announcements was extraordinary, and commu- 
nications from all quarters of Ireland arrived rapidly to 
secure places, some only containing the amount necessary, 
which, as a matter of course, were the only ones attended 
to ; and many were the disappointments which arose in con- 
sequence, as some who had not enclosed the money arrived 
expecting unreasonably that the places were secured; 
but much inconvenience would have followed such ar- 
rangement, as many who wrote letters never came. The 
music-sellers were overwhelmed with commissions ; some 
anxiously demanding places to be secured for four or 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 14! 

five for every night, the letter containing no remittance. 
When it is considered that the amount for one family of 
four would be ^40, it would have required a good 
capital to have carried out those requests to a large ex- 
tent. !Many cases of " outrunning the constable " oc- 
curred ; indeed, a regular " Jenny Lind mania " prevailed 
for the time. 

The success of this great artist was not obtained with- 
out the most severe study. Not the music alone, but 
each character, in its most minute particulars, must have 
been sedulously and deeply contemplated no one but a 
close observer of nature could combine the qualities ne- 
cessary to pourtray the opposite feelings of mirth and 
grief in the same role. As before observed, the " Convien 
partir" was sung with such wondrous pathos that the 
audience were affected even to tears ; then the singing- 
lesson, when Maria branches suddenly off to " The Song 
of the Regiment," recalled to mind by the presence of the 
sergeant one of her " Fathers " evoked roars of laughter. 
It would be unjust to conclude this hasty sketch of an 
artist of whom a volume might be written, without record- 
ing an act of charity performed by her after her departure 
from the stage. 

About the year 1854 or '55 an application was made 
that she would come to Dublin and sing at a Concert to 
be given for the joint benefit of " Mercer's Hospital " and 
the fi Irish Musical Fund Society." Consent was most 
kindly and promptly given. The " Messiah " was per- 
formed at the Antient Concert Rooms. The resident 
local artists gave their gratuitous services on the occasion ; 



142 ANNALS OF THE 

Mdlle. Lind singing the principal soprano music with 
marvellous effect indeed, it is only necessary to state that 
in sacred music she excelled quite as much as in the 
dramatic school. " I know that my Redeemer liveth " 
was indeed a splendid effort, and held the listeners spell- 
bound; and in the performance of the difficult "Rejoice 
greatly," the wondrous versatility of the artist shone forth 
peculiarly, the brilliant passages being given with mar- 
vellous precision and ease. The London critics held but 
one opinion of the extraordinary merits of Jenny Lind's 
singing in Handel's great work. The result of the con- 
cert was indeed most satisfactory for the two charitable 
institutions : a sum of about ^"940 remained (after all 
expenses) to be divided, to the great gratification of all 
concerned, and to none more than the great artiste herself. 

The next Italian engagement commenced on Thursday, 
August 1 3th, 1849, witn Mdlle. Alboni, Mdlle. Corbari, 
Mdlle. A. Corbari, Madame Valle, Mr. Sims Reeves, 
Signor Bartolini, Signor Galli, Signer Polonini, Signor 
Tagliafico. Conductor, Mons. Benedict. Leader, Mr. 
Levey. Prompter, Signor Salabert. 

On Thursday, i3th, was given "La Cenerentola." 
Cenerentola, Alboni. 

On Friday, i4th, " La Figlia " (ending with the singing- 
lesson), and the second Act of " Cenerentola." 

On Saturday, i5th, " Don Pasquale," with selections 
from the first Act of " Linda di Chamouni." 

On Monday, 1 7th, " La Sonnambula." Amina, Alboni. 

On Tuesday, i8th, the first Act of " Linda " and 
two Acts of " Cenerentola." 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 143. 

On Wednesday, igth, a Concert Avas given, and Selec- 
tions, in consequence of the illness of Mr. Sims Reeves. 

On Thursday, 2oth, " La Sonnambula " was given, with 
Alboni as the heroine ; Elvino, Bartolini. 

On Friday, 2ist, "II Barbiere " (compressed into 
one Act), and two Acts of " Lucia." 

On Saturday, 22nd, the first Act of " La Figlia," after 
which Alboni sang the brindisi from " Lucrezia Borgia " 
the second Act of " Cenerentola ;" and the third Act of 
" Sonnambula," for the benefit of Alboni, and last night 
of engagement. 

The illness of Mr. Sims Reeves caused considerable 
changes in the casts during this engagement, However, 
the singing of Alboni created of course a furore. Enor- 
mous in size as well as talent, she possessed the most 
wonderful contralto voice perhaps ever heard up to her 
advent; it was cultivated to the very highest degree. 
" Cenerentola" in particular was indeed something to re- 
member. The andante introducing the finale was en- 
trancing; and in the "Non piu mesta," the simple 
melody was sung with wondrous effect, and in the varia- 
tions no instrument could equal the perfection of the 
scales, extending, as sung by Alboni, from the C below to 
C above the equality of timbre being most remarkable. 
The huge dimensions of this great artiste sometimes 
called forth some amusing remarks from the "gods," 
especially when she appeared in her regimental suit in 
" La Figlia." Her gigantic figure was also scarcely ap- 
propriate to the part of " La Sonnambula." On one 
occasion, when getting into the bed in the sleeping scene,, 



144 ANNALS OF THE 

an excited beholder called out, " Begorra, that bed '11 
break down !" The engagement was but moderately 
successful. 

We now arrive at a rather remarkable epoch in Dublin 
lyric art, viz., the first appearance of a native artiste in 
Italian Opera. 

Miss Catherine Hayes, a native of Limerick, who had 
a few years before left Dublin for Italy, with all her 
worldly wealth sewn up in her corset, commenced an 
engagement in company with the following artistes : 
Herr Damcke, Signer Paglieri (tenor) ; Signer Bardini 
(basso) ; Signor Galli (baritone) ; Miss Norman (con- 
tralto). Prompter, Signor Salabert. Leader, Mr. Levey. 

Catherine Hayes came heralded with a great Continental 
reputation, having created the greatest sensation in all the 
principal cities of Italy and France. The most flattering 
and exciting criticisms from the leading journals had been 
translated and inserted in the " locals," and London hav- 
ing fiatcd her success, it is no wonder that she fulfilled all 
the anticipations of her "compatriots," although the 
voice had been a little " thinned " from extreme study 
and hard work. She had evidently placed herself with a 
great vocal master Garcia, it was said, with whom Jenny 
Lind had also studied ; indeed, the similarity of style in 
both artistes was evident, clearly proving the importance 
of finding an experienced and careful teacher ; for many 
voices have been ruined, even in Italy, by would-be 
teachers, who knew nothing of the correct placing of the 
vocal organ. Unfortunately Catherine Hayes on this 
occasion was not well supported. On the first night of 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 145 

performance (" Lucia ") the tenor broke down in the 
duet at the end of the first Act, and this event gave rise 
to a very remarkable occurrence. Mr. Sims Reeves 
(whose engagement concluded the night previous) was 
sitting in one of the upper private boxes ; he was, of 
course, recognised by the audience. The curtain had 
descended in consequence of the weakness of Edgardo, 
from cold or nervousness, or perhaps both combined. 
The audience called out lustily for " Reeves ! Reeves ! ! " 
and a long delay ensued, the calls still increasing. At 
last Mr. Calcraft made his appearance, and, after apolo- 
gizing for Signer Paglieri, and learning the anxiety of the 
house that Reeves should finish the part of Edgardo, he 
proceeded to the box in order, if possible, to persuade the 
great tenor to " come to the breach." However, contrary 
to the manager's customary diplomatic reserve,he made the 
request to appear rather as a demand, and Reeves refused 
point-blank. Still the cry increased. Mr. Calcraft re- 
appeared, and told the audience that Mr. Reeves had de- 
clined to comply with their wishes. Almost immediately 
Mr. Reeves appeared side by side with the manager, and an 
extraordinary scene was the result. Reeves stated that 
he had been asked in a most autocratic manner to appear. 
Mr. Calcraft denied this. Then the tenor replied. The 
manager of course defended his position, and a dialogue 
of some minutes' duration continued one asserting, the 
other denying. Reeves concluding by the observation, 
" that he would not be browbeaten by Mr. Calcraft, or 
anyone else." At last, at the instigation of the audience, 
a reconciliation took place. The two disputants shook 

K 



146 ANNALS OF THE 

hands, amid the universal plaudits of the house, and 
Sims Reeves proceeded to the dressing-room, made up 
for Edgardo, and finished the Opera, of course to the 
great delight of all. It should here be mentioned that a 
report existed about this time that the distinguished tenor 
and Catherine Hayes were engaged to be married. The 
success of the native songstress was complete. " Lucia " 
never received, perhaps, a more poetic impersonation than 
in the hands of Catherine Hayes. Her acting, particu- 
larly in the mad scene, reached the highest standard, and 
her singing equalled any of the Italian artistes in style 
and finish. 

On Wednesday, November 7th, " Norma " was given. 
Norma, Miss C. Hayes ; Adalgisa, Miss Poole ; Pollio, 
Herr Damcke ; Oroveso, Burdini ; Flavio, Galli ; Clotilda, 
Miss Fitzgerald. 

Poor Herr Damcke was no great improvement on 
Paglieri, and did not distinguish himself very greatly in 
the role. The gallery " lads " made sad havoc of the 
name, parodizing it in all sorts of ways. When singing 
somewhat out of tune, a voice called out "What 
damn key are you singing in now ?" Another said 
"Bravo Coal-quay" (the tenor was of very dark com- 
plexion). 

On Thursday, November 8th, " Norma " was repeated ; 
and 

On Friday, " Norma," and the mad scene from 
"Lucia." Catherine Hayes singing "The Harp that 
once," in the interval. The poverty of the Company did 
not admit of an extended repertoire, so Norma had to be 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 147 

repeated on Saturday, the loth, for the benefit of 
Catherine Hayes. A short Concert concluding, in which 
she sang " Kathleen Mavourneen " and a ballad entitled 
"The Return to Erin," composed expressly for her by 
Mons. Benedict. As may be supposed, the weight of the 
attraction lay entirely with the soprano during this en- 
gagement ; but she carried it nobly through, the pecuniary 
success encouraging the management to form another 
engagement, which could not arrive for a few months ; 
accordingly 

On Thursday, February 2ist, 1850, the following 
Italian Company commenced an engagement : Miss 
Catherine Hayes, Miss Poole, Mr. Travers (tenor), Signer 
Polonini (basso), Herr Mengis (baritone). Conductor, 
Signer Vera. Prompter, Signer Salabert. Leader, Mr. 
Levey. This was a great improvement on the former 
Company. Mr. Travers, a young English artiste, who had 
for years studied in Italy, and appeared there with much 
success, possessed a pure and well-cultivated tenor voice, 
and made at once a favourable impression in Dublin. 
With a good presence and gentlemanly demeanour, he 
did not depend entirely on his vocal efforts, for he was a 
capital actor. The contrast from \hzfiasco of the former 
engagement was much in his favour. Signor Polonini 
was a thorough artist, and continued for years a reigning 
favourite in Dublin. Herr Mengis was also a competent 
and experienced vocalist. So the soprano was fairly 
supported now by a well-balanced troupe, and relieved of 
the responsibility of having the weight entirely on her 
devoted shoulders. 



148 ANNALS OF THE 

On Thursday, February 21 st, 1850, "Linda di Cha- 
mouni" was given. Linda, Miss Hayes ; Pierotto, Miss 
Poole; Madelina, Miss Norman; Carlo, Mr. Travers; 
II Marchese, Signer Polonini ; Antonio, Herr Mengis ; 
II Prefetto, Signor Salabert ; LTntendente, Mr. Hough- 
ton. Miss Hayes had created a great sensation in the 
part of Linda during her Continental tour. Indeed the 
character was peculiarly suited to her capabilities, at once 
lively and pathetic qualities which her Celtic nature 
portrayed with admirable effect. All the other parts 
were efficiently filled, and the performance was a 
marked success. On Saturday, 23rd, " Linda " was 
repeated. 

On Monday, February 25th, " Norma"was the Opera. 
Norma, Miss C. Hayes ; Adalgisa, Miss Poole ; Pollio, 
Mr. Travers; Oroveso, Polonini ; Flavio, Mr. Houghton. 
Mr. Travers, whose voice was a tenore robusto, made a 
hit in the roleot Pollio, the music of which requires much 
power from beginning to end. 

On Tuesday, February 26th, "La Sonnambula" was 
given. Amina, Miss C. Hayes ; Lisa, Miss Norman 
Teresa, Miss Fitzgerald ; Elvino, Mr. Travers ; Rodolpho, 
Polonini ; Alessio, Mr. Coleman. This was Miss Hayes' 
first appearance as Amina. " La Sonnambula " was then 
in the zenith of its popularity. The simplicity of the story, 
and the complete and happy adaptation of the melodies 
to the plot, certainly charmed the world for years. 
Perhaps no other Opera, except " Trovatore," has been so 
many times given. All the great soprani ambitioned to 
excel in Amina, and nearly all had been heard in Dublin 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 149 

in the Opera. The climax of perfection seemed to have 
been reached in Jenny Lind's version. It was, therefore, 
a trying ordeal for the native soprano, coming so soon 
after the "Swedish nightingale." Doubts were enter- 
tained as to the result, but all uncertainty vanished after 
the first scene. " Care Compagni " was faultless, and the 
" Sovra il sen " enchanted the audience. The sleeping 
scene was considered by some equal to that of the fair 
Swede it certainly did not suffer by comparison and 
the finale, " Ah, non giunge," was a triumph. There 
cannot be a doubt but that the performance of Amina 
alone would have sufficed to establish Catherine Hayes 
as a great lyric artiste. All the other characters were well 
filled ; but, unfortunately, at that period the travelling 
Italian companies were not so complete as at the present 
day, and we were obliged, as will be perceived by the 
cast, to " fill up " the small parts. Poor Coleman, who 
played Alessio on this occasion, has been before alluded 
to. He was a most useful member of the chorus indeed 
leader of the basses a good reader, and frequently per- 
formed small parts in English Opera. Alessio is a comic 
part, and John was not funny. When he entered, one 
pit-goer asked another: "Who the d 1 is that?" The 
other answered : " I know him well he is a fishmonger." 
And so he was ; at six o'clock in the morning he might 
be seen in Pill-lane, "knocking down" an immense "lot" 
of cod or haddock, as the case might be. At twelve he 
would be at the Theatre, assiduously rehearsing his part, 
and punctually again at his post in the evening. He was 
for several years primo basso in the Catholic Cathedral, 



150 ANNALS OF THE 

Marlborough-street. To return to his Alessio. He danced 
merrily on with Lisa, and all was smooth until, at Amina's 
entrance, all turned to greet her. Alessio turned round 
.with the rest, and at the momenta "lad "called out: 
" Hallo, Fish, there's a hole in your stockin' ! " Of 
course, a universal shout of laughter followed, in which 
Miss Hayes heartily joined. 

On Thursday, February 28th, "in compliance with re- 
peated applications, and in consequence of the overflow- 
ing house which witnessed its repetition on Saturday," 
Linda was repeated. 

On Saturday, March 2nd, "Lucia" was given. Lucia, 
Miss Hayes ; Edgardo, Travers ; Ashton, Mengis ; 
Raymond, Polonini ; Norman, Salabert ; Arturo, 
Houghton. 

Monday, March 4th, there was a repetition of " Son- 
nambula;" on Tuesday, March 5th, "Norma;" Thurs- 
day, March 7th, " Linda," after which " Terence's Fare- 
well to Kathleen," written by Lady DufFerin, was sung by 
the frima- donna. Friday, " Lucia ; " Saturday, " Son- 
nambula" last night; but on Thursday, the 2ist, Mr. 
Calcraft announced that " he had been enabled to effect 
a re-engagement with Miss Catherine Hayes for two 
nights only, on her return from the South of Ireland, pre- 
vious to her appearance at Her Majesty's Theatre in 
London." On Thursday, 2ist March, "La Sonnambula" 
(as before), and on Saturday, "Linda "were performed 
to crammed houses. 

Catherine Hayes visited Cork and Limerick during the 
interval, where she, as might be expected, received great 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 151 

ovations. In Cork the Theatre was not sufficiently large 
to accommodate the numbers. But in Limerick the ex- 
citement was indeed great. It was her native city. At 
a very early age she displayed rare musical promise, and 
had been endowed by nature with a wonderful soprano 
voice. The good Bishop of Limerick (with whom the 
mother of the artiste resided in the capacity of house- 
keeper) discovering those qualities, contributed a suffi- 
cient sum to allow of their cultivation ; and accordingly 
Catherine proceeded to Dublin, and became a pupil of 
A. Sapio, under whose auspices she appeared at the Ana- 
creontic and other musical societies with great success ; 
and after some time proceeded to Italy. She quickly 
advanced, and gained a Continental reputation, which, of 
course, rapidly spread to England, and the most lucrative 
engagements ensued, managers vying actively to secure 
her services. 

Naturally the public of Limerick were proud of sending 
forth the first great Irish prima-donna, and expectation 
was at the highest pitch when the announcements ap- 
peared. Places were all secured in advance, and, like 
that at Cork, the Theatre was not sufficiently large for the 
demand. "La Sonnambula" was the first Opera. A 
rather strange scene occurred on the occasion. When 
the orchestra commenced the introduction to the Opera, 
the occupants of the pit and gallery called out for 
'" Garryowen " (their national tune). Of course, no no- 
tice was taken ; the music proceeded, but the uproar in- 
creased until it became hopeless to continue, and " Garry- 
owen ! Garryowen ! " was the cry. The leader turned 



152 ANNALS OF THE 

round and remonstrated with some respectable-looking 
young men in the pit, asked them what they wished. 
They replied, u We all want ' Garryowen.' " The leader 
argued and said : " Surely you won't force us to play ' Garry- 
owen ' as an overture to an Italian Opera ! What will the 
musical world say of your taste should such an occurrence 
take place ? " The spokesman seemed to see the force of 
the argument, and conversed with those around him ; 
then said : " It's no use, Mr. Levey ; they must have 
' Garryowen.' " A long parley ensued between the leader 
of the band and the leader of the malcontents ; the latter 
turning first to the orchestra and then towards his friends 
with the pros and cons, and evidently trying to make 
peace. At last, after a long diplomatic discussion, a 
compromise was effected, by which it was conceded, on 
the part of the management, that " Garryowen " should 
be played after the first Act. This arrangement was car- 
ried out amidst the most vehement applause, the tune 
proceeding while Catherine Hayes was on the stage, 
having, of course, received a universal " call " after the 
first Act. 

One of the most agreeable occurrences of the Limerick 
engagement was a grand pic-nic given to the star by the 
Messrs. Beale, to which several distinguished citizens of 
Limerick were invited. Both the Beales were present 
Fred, as the celebrated and popular impresario was fami- 
liarly called, and his no less talented son, Willert, every- 
body's favourite. There were also Dr. Joy, acting mana- 
ger, who made hosts of friends wherever he went; 
James Price (then editor of the Evening Packef}, who came 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 153, 

expressly from Dublin to collect materials for a biography 
of Miss Hayes ; Michael Joseph Barry, then editor of the 
Cork Southern Reporter; Mr. Calcraft; the present writer, 
&c., &c. It was, indeed, a day to remember. The 
" spread " took place al fresco on the banks of the 
glorious Shannon, at Castleconnell. Mrs. Hayes, the 
worthy mother of Catherine, was, of course, present. 
Toasts, songs, glees, orations, &c., &c., were the order of 
the day. M. J. Barry gave the health of the " star " in 
his own felicitous style, infusing therein some of the burn- 
ing thoughts of his writings in the " Spirit of the Nation." 
Wild hurras followed. Catherine was "a jolly gay 
fellow ;" she was familiarly associated with " all good 
lasses/' &c., &c. She responded herself, and gave " The 
Last Rose of Summer." The " feast of reason and flow 
of soul " prevailed. J. Price, who had been sitting be- 
side Mrs. Hayes, said to her: "You should be proud 
of this scene ; few mothers possess such a daughter. Do 
you not feel happy ? " Mrs. Hayes replied, with ecstasy : 
" Oh ! my dear Mr. Price, I'm at the summit of my 
climax" 

Miss Hayes had a short and successful re-engagement, 
commencing Monday, October 2ist, 1850. There was a 
repetition of the usual repertoire. 

" Italian Opera for seven nights only, commencing on 
Monday, February zoth, 1851,'' was thus announced: 
" The unrivalled prima-donna, Mdme. Grisi, supported by 
the two eminent tenors, Mr. Sims Reeves and Signer 
Ricciardi ; Mdlle. Bassano, Herr Mengis, Signer Pattoni, 
&c., &c. The first four nights will be Monday, loth, 



154 ANNALS OF THE 

Tuesday, nth, Thursday, i3th, and Saturday, i5th. In 
consequence of the unprecedented expense attending this 
engagement, the prices will be as follows : Dress Circle, 
3s. ; Second Circle, 53. ; Pit, 33. ; Middle Gallery, 2s. ; 
Upper Gallery, is. Conductor, Mr. Lavenu ; Leader, 
Mr. Levey." 

The following notice appeared on Friday, yth : " Mr. 
Calcraft regrets exceedingly to state that he has most un- 
expectedly received a medical certificate from Dr. Tyler 
Smith, Bolton-street, Piccadilly, London, stating that 
Madame Grisi has been taken suddenly ill, and is totally 
unable to fulfil any professional engagement. The Italian 
Opera will commence with Mr. and Mrs. Sims Reeves, 
Mdlle. Bassano, Herr Mengis, Signor Pattoni, &c., c., 
on Monday next, as announced, with the favourite Opera 
of ' Lucia di Lammermoor.' In consequence of the dis- 
appointment, the following scale of prices will be 
adopted : Dress Circle, 55. ; Second Circle, 33. ; Pit, 
2s. ; First Circle, is. ; Upper Gallery, 6d." 

On Monday, the same announcement, but stating the 
engagement would commence on Wednesday, and Signor 
Ricciardi's name withdrawn. 

On Friday, the i3th, the following appeared : 

"Theatre Royal, Dublin. 

"The following telegraphic message has been forwarded from 
Harrowgate, dated Monday evening : ' Mrs. Sims Reeves is ill in 
bed. The doctor says she cannot leave this until Wednesday morn- 
ing. Send the libretto.' Mr. Calcraft, in announcing, as he does 
with much regret, the above additional disappointment, thinks it 
right to state in the most explicit terms that not the slightest blame 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 155 

can be attached to any person whatever for a casualty which could 
not possibly be foreseen or provided against. The first Italian 
Opera is, therefore, unavoidably postponed until Saturday next, the 
Jth inst., when will be performed 'Lucia di Lammermoor.' The 
appearance of Mr. and Mrs. Sims Reeves at the Philharmonic Con- 
cert on Friday will, it is hoped, sufficiently satisfy the public that 
no further delay will take place. " 

On Friday, i4th, the following appeared : 

" Mr. Calcraft again regrets to be under the necessity of stating 
that another communication has been received, to the effect that 
Mrs. Sims Reeves will not be sufficiently recovered to leave Harrow- 
gate until this day (Friday). The Opera of ' Lucia di Lammer- 
moor,' announced for to-morrow (Saturday), is therefore unavoidably 
postponed until Monday next, the iyth inst." 

The next announcement as follows : 

"Theatre Royal, Dublin. 

"Mr. Calcraft has much pleasure in announcing that Mr. and 
Mrs. Sims Reeves (late Miss Lucombe) have arrived in Dublin. 
The series of Italian Operas will, therefore, commence this evening 
(Monday, I7th). The Company includes" (&c., &c., as before). 
"'Lucia di Lammermoor.' Edgardo, Mr. Sims Reeves; Lucia, 
Mrs. Sims Reeves ; Colonel Ashton, Herr Mengis ; Raimondo, 
Signer Pattoni, &c. Tuesday, i8th, La Sonnambula. ' Amina, 
Mrs. Sims Reeves ; Elvino, Mr. Sims Reeves ; Count Rodolpho, 
Herr Mengis. Thursday, 2Olh, 'Lucia,' as before. Saturday, 
22nd, 'I PuritamV Lord Arthur Talbot, Mr. Sims Reeves; 
Elvira, Mrs. Sims Reeves ; Sir George Walton, Signer Pattoni ; 
Sir Richard Forth, Herr Mengis. Monday, 24th, 'Ernani.' 
Ernani, Mr. Sims Reeves ; Elvira, Mrs. Sims Reeves ; Don 
Carlos, Herr Mengis ; Don Ruy Gomez, Signer Pattoni. 
Wednesday, 26th, 'I Puritani,' as before. Friday, 28th, 'La Son- 
nambula.' Cast as before, with the addition of Lisa, Miss Nor- 
man ; Teresa, Miss Fitzgerald. Saturday, March 1st. Benefit of 
Mr. and Mrs. Sims Reeves. Commencing with Third Act of 



156 ANNALS OF THE 

' Lucia ; ' after which the Second Act of ' I Puritani.' To conclude 
with (in two Acts) ' The Beggar's Opera.' Captain Macheath, Mr. 
Sims Reeves ; Mat of the Mint, Herr Mengis." 

On Friday Evening, September lyth, 1852, the follow- 
ing Company commenced an engagement, announced for 
six nights only : Madame Grisi, Mdlle. Bertrandi, 
Signor Mario, Signer Galvani, Signor F. Lablache, Signer 
Lusini, Signor Galli, Signor Salabert. Conductor, Mr. 
F. Mori. Leader, Mr. Levey. The following were the 
casts : 

Friday, September 1 7th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia 
Borgia, Madame Grisi ; Maffio Orsini, Mdlle. Bertrandi ; 
Alfonso, F. Lablache ; Gennaro, Mario ; Astolfo, Benelli ; 
Petrucci, Galli; Gazella, Lavini; Rustighello, Salabert; 
Liverotto, Casaboni ; Vittellozzo, Fiorini ; Gubetta, 
Susini. 

Saturday, September 1 8th. " Norma." Norma, Grisi; 
Adalgisa, Bertrandi ; Pollio, Mario ; Oroveso, Susini ; 
Clotilda, Miss J. Braun ; Flavio, Galli. 

Monday Evening, September 2oth, " I Puritani." El- 
vira, Grisi ; Henrietta, Miss J. Braun ; Walton, Galli ; 
Sir George, Susini ; Talbot, Mario ; Forth, F. Lablache ;. 
Bueno, Casaboni. 

Tuesday, September 2 1 st. " Don Pasquale." Norina, 
Grisi ; Ernesto, Mario ; Malatesta, F. Lablache ; Don 
Pasquale, Susini ; Notary, Galli. Concluding with the 
last Act of " Lucia." Lucia, Mdlle, Bertrandi ; Edgardo, 
Signor Galvani ; Bidebent, Susini. 

Friday Evening, September 24th. " Don Giovanni." 
Don Giovanni, F. Lablache ; Don Ottavio, Mario ; Don 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 157 

Pedro, Galli ; Leporello, Susini ; Masetto, Salabert ; 
Donna Anna, Grisi ; Zerlina, Bertrandi ; Donna Elvira, 
Miss Clarke. 

Saturday Evening, September 25th. " Norma " (cast 
as before) ; concluding with the last Act of " L'Elisire 
d'Amore." Nina, Mdlle. Bertrandi ; Gianetta, Miss J. 
Braun ; Nemorino, Galvani ; Doctor Dulcamara, Susini ; 
Sergeant Belcore, F. Lablache. 

The following announcement appeared the following 
Monday : " Farewell Engagement of Madame Grisi. 
Mr. Harris has the honour to announce the re-engage- 
ment of the Italian Company for three performances 
only, and begs to state that this is the last opportunity 
Madame Grisi can possibly have of appearing in Dublin." 
Accordingly, on Monday evening, October 4th, 1852, was 
given " Don Giovanni," with cast as before ; after which 
Signer Mario sang " Com 'e gentil," from " Don Pas- 
quale." On Tuesday, " I Puritani " was given, as before. 
On Wednesday, October 6th, the first and second Acts 
of " Lucrezia Borgia," with cast as before, and the last 
Act of "Lucia;" the last Act of "La Sonnambula " 
(Amina, Bertrandi; Lisa, Miss Clarke; Teresa, Miss J. 
Braun ; Rodolpho, F. Lablache ; Elvino, Mario) ; con- 
cluding with the last Act of " L'Elisire d'Amore," as 
before. 

This was the first engagement of Italian Opera under 
the management of Mr. Harris, and proved a great suc- 
cess. It was under the special patronage of the Lord 
Lieutenant and the Countess of Eglinton, and was re- 
markable for the earliest announcement of the last ap- 



158 ANNALS OF THE 

pearance of Grisi. Several others to the same effect sub- 
sequently took place ; at last repeated too often for the 
fame of the then acknowledged Queen of Song. Miss 
Clarke, who performed Donna Elvira in " Don Giovanni," 
and Lisa in " Sonnambula," was a pupil of Gustavus 
Geary, the popular tenor vocalist of Dublin, and then a 
vicar of the Cathedral churches. Miss Clarke's voice was 
a pure soprano, and well cultivated. She acquitted her- 
self most creditably, and to the entire satisfaction of the 
public, although having undertaken the part at a short 
notice, in consequence of the disappointment of one of 
the Italian artistes. Miss J. Braun was also a resident of 
Dublin, daughter of a bandmaster. 

No Italian Opera engagement took place during 1853 ; 
but on Monday, September nth, 1854, a most attractive 
Company commenced a series of Operas. The artistes 
were: Mdlle. Sophie Cruvelli, Mdlle. Marai, Mdlle, 
Albini, Mdme. Albini, Signer Tamberlik, Signer Taglia- 
fico, Signor Fortini, Signer Polonini, Signer Luchesi, 
Signer Santi, Signor Monterosi. Regisseur, Mr. A. Harris; 
Conductor, Mr. Alfred Mellon (Mr. Benedict's name had 
been announced, but was withdrawn) ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

The chorus on this occasion was much strengthened 
by the addition of several members of the Covent Garden 
choral department. The dresses were also from the same 
establishment, and the Operas were consequently pro- 
duced on a scale of great completeness. They were an- 
nounced " under the patronage of their Excellencies the 
Lord Lieutenant and the Countess of St. Germains." 
The following were the casts : 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. I ^9 

Monday, September nth, 1854. " Norma." Norma, 
Cruvelli ; Adalgisa, Mdlle. Marai ; Clotilda, Mdme. 
Albini ;" Pollio, Signor Tamberlik; Oroveso, Signer Tag- 
liafico ; Flavio, Signor Santi. 

Tuesday, September i2th. " Sonnambula." Amina, 
Mdlle. Marai ; Teresa, Mdme. Albini ; Lisa, Mdlle. Al- 
bini ; Rodolpho, Polonini ; Elvino, Signor Luchesi. 

Wednesday, September i3th. " Otello." Otello, Tam- 
berlik; Desdemona, Mdlle. Cruvelli; Elmiro, Signor 
Fortini ; Rodrigo, Signor Luchesi ; lago, Signor 
Tagliafico ; Emilia, Mdlle. Albini ; Doge, Signor 
Polonini. 

Thursday, September i4th. "Fidelio." Leonora, 
Mdlle. Cruvelli; Margarita, Mdlle. Marai ; Rocco, Signor 
Fortini ; Pizarro, Signor Tagliafico ; II Ministro, Signor 
Polonini ; Jacquino, Signor Santi ; Ferdinando, Signor 
Tamberlik. 

Friday, September T$th. In consequence of nume- 
rous inquiries, " II Barbiere di Siviglia." Rosina, Mdlle. 
Marai ; Bertha, Mdlle, Albini ; Count Almaviva, Signor 
Luchesi ; Bartolo, Signor Polonini ; Basilio, Signor For- 
tini ; Fiorello, Signor Santi ; Figaro, Signor Tagliafico. 
Concluding with one Act of " Massaniello." Massaniello, 
Signor Tamberlik ; Borella, Polonini ; Pietro, Signor 
Tagliafico ; Fenella, Mdlle. Ernestine St. Louin. 

Saturday, September 1 6th. " Ernani." Ernani, Signor 
Tamberlik ; Ruy Gomez, Signor Tagliafico ; Charles V., 
Signor Fortini ; Riccardo, Signor Santi ; lago, Signor 
Polonini; Elvira, Mdlle. Cruvelli; Giovanna, Mdlle. 
Albini. 



l6o ANNALS OF THE 

Monday, September i8th. "Norma"was repeated, 
for the benefit of Mdlle. Cruvelli. 

On Tuesday, ipth, there was a repetition of "Otello," 
for the benefit of Signor Tamberlik last night of the en- 
gagement. 

The Operas on this occasion were performed in a style 
worthy of London. The chorus was more numerous and 
complete than on former occasions ; and the dresses, from 
the Covent Garden wardrobe, perfect. Sophie Cruvelli 
appeared like a brilliant meteor, and during her short and 
extraordinary career, astonished and delighted the musical 
world. The impression left on those who had the good 
fortune to hear and see her could never be obliterated. 
Her voice a mezzo soprano of great compass seemed 
to contain all the perfections of every register of the 
female voice concentrated. It bore no comparison to 
that of any other artiste. It was rich beyond compare, 
and the equality " all round " was wonderful, the highest 
notes never losing in quality. In fact, words must fail in 
describing the qualities of this great artiste, who too soon 
disappeared from the lyric stage. Coming after Grisi, 
Cruvelli had a severe ordeal to undergo, commencing 
with " Norma ; " but her rendering was so totally 
diiferent and original, that universal delight took the 
place of comparison. The career of this great artiste 
was of short duration, but her many friends had satis- 
faction in knowing that she had made an exalted 
marriage. 

On Tuesday, May i5th, appeared an Italian Opera 
Company, including Mdme. Alboni, Mdlle. Jenny Bauer, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. l6l 

Herr Reichart, Signer Susini, Signer Lorenzo. Violinist, 
Herr Ernst ; Conductor, Signor Li Calsi. 

On Tuesday, i5th, was given " II Barbiere." Rosina, 
Alboni ; Almaviva, Herr Reichart ; Figaro, Signor Lo- 
renzo ; Bartolo, Signor Susini. 

On Wednesday, i6th, "La Cenerentola " was per- 
formed. Cenerentola, Alboni ; Dandini, Lorenzo ; Don 
Magnifico, Susini ; Ramiro, Reichart ; Clorinda, Miss J. 
Cruise ; Thisbe, Miss F. Cruise. 

The Misses Cruise proved themselves equally capable 
in Italian as in English music. They were highly com- 
plimented by Alboni on their finished style ; she re- 
marked that she had never sung with such good "ill- 
natured " sisters. The Misses Cruise studied with Mr. 
Thomas Blanchard, perhaps one of the most careful and 
efficient vocal masters in existence. Happily he still re- 
sides in Dublin, to impart the secrets of his art to those 
who are fortunate enough to place themselves tinder his 
tuition. 

Then followed, on Thursday, May i;th, "Lucia." 
Lucia, Mdlle. Bauer ; Aston, Signor Lorenzo ; Edgardo, 
Herr Reichart ; Raimondo, Signor Susini. On Friday, a 
repetition of "Cenerentola." On Saturday, "La Son- 
nambula." Amina, Alboni; Lisa, Miss F. Cruise 
Teresa, Miss J. Cruise ; Elvino, Herr Reichart ; Conte, 
Signor Lorenzo ; Alessio, Mr. Stinton. 

This was Signor Li Calsi's first visit to Dublin, when 
he gave ample proof of the efficiency and experience 
which have since caused his name to be welcomed in 
Ireland whenever it appears on a list of Italian artistes. 

L 



1 62 ANNALS OF THE 

Herr Reichart also appeared for the first time an excel- 
lent vocalist ; he was, besides, composer of some popular 
songs "Thou art so near and yet so far," amongst 
others. It was likewise the debut here of Susini, a first- 
rate basso frofondo, who won golden opinions during his 
stay. Mr. Stinton was one of the stock : " Good-natured 
Jack " was his kindly title amongst his fellows. He had 
a nice tenor voice, was a fair musician, and could assist 
with his brush in the scene-painter's room; indeed, a 
most useful member, as he proved by acquitting himself 
tolerably in small Italian Opera parts. He married the 
daughter of the celebrated Pierce Egan (author of " Life 
in London "), who was the stock " chambermaid " and 
" soubrette " of the Company, and a favourite with the 
Dublin public. 

The Opera was each night agreeably and delightfully 
varied by the performance of Herr Ernst, then the most 
finished of living violinists, whose wonderful playing was 
fully appreciated. This great artiste combined with his 
remarkable musical abilities the most accomplished mind 
and fascinating manner. He had just returned from a long 
visit to Sir E. Lytton Bulwer, who was his ardent and 
enthusiastic friend and admirer. 

The next Italian Company commenced an en- 
gagement on Monday, August 6th, 1855. The bills 
were headed " Last performance of Madame Grisi 
in Dublin." The troupe consisted of Madame Grisi, 
Madame Gassier, Madame Dediee, Mdlle. Sedlatzek, 
Madame Heinrich, Signor Mario, Signer Lorini, 
Signer Gassier, Signor Susini, Signor Galli, Signor Sante. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 163 

Conductor, Signor Li Calsi. The following Operas were 
given : 

Monday, August 6th. " Norma." Norma, Grisi ; 
Adalgisa, Mdlle. Sedlatzek ; Clotilda, Madame Heinrich ; 
Pollio, Signor Lorini ; Flavio, Signor Sante ; Oroveso, 
Signor Susini. 

Tuesday, August 7th. " La Sonnambula." Amina, 
Madame Gassier ; Lisa, Mdlle. Sedlatzek ; Teresa, 
Madame Heinrich ; Elvino, Signor Mario ; Count 
Rodolpho, Signor Gassier. 

Wednesday, August 8th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Lu- 
crezia, Grisi ; Orsini, Mdlle. Dedice ; Gennaro, Mario ; 
Don Alfonso, Susini. 

Thursday, August gth. "Don Pasquale." Norina, 
Madame Gassier; Ernesto, Signor Mario; Malatesta, 
Signor Gassier ; Pasquale, Susini. 

On Friday, August loth, "La Sonnambula" was re- 
peated ; and 

On Saturday, August nth, "Semiramide" was pro- 
duced. Semiramide, Grisi; Azema, Mdlle. Sedlatzek; 
Arsace, Mdlle. Dediee ; Idreno, Signor Lorini ; Assur, 
Signor Gassier ; Oroe, Signor Susini. 

On Monday, August i3th, "Lucrezia Borgia" was re- 
peated, for the benefit of Signor Mario ; and 

On Saturday, "Norma" (as before), for the benefit of 
Madame Grisi. 

Grisi and Mario left, and a re-engagement for three 
nights took place with the remainder of the Company, 
August aoth, 2ist, and 22nd; but the absence of the 
great luminaries caused apathy with the public, although 



164 ANNALS OF THE 

the prices were lowered, the houses were not up to 
" concert pitch." Madame Gassier was, however, a most 
accomplished soprano, with an extraordinary compass of 
voice, more particularly in the upper register. She fre- 
quently touched A in alt in her scale-singing, which was 
very perfect. Her husband was also one of the best 
of baritones. He had formed himself on the great Tam- 
burini, and his wonderful flexibility displayed itself re- 
markably in the difficult music of Assur (Semiramide). 
He astonished the instrumentalists of the orchestra by 
the perfection of -a descending scale, which he introduced 
in the first movement of " Vieni la mia Vendetta " 
(Lucia). Gassier was most amusing in private circles ; 
he imitated closely with his voice all instruments, fre- 
quently causing merry interruptions at the rehearsals by 
coming over to the orchestra and playing the bassoon on 
his walking stick, the laughter of the performers causing 
much delay. He was, of course, " pulled-up " by the 
stage-manager, but the applause of his auditors fully re- 
compensed him. One day, after dinner, at the hospitable 
house of a well-known and much-respected medical gen- 
tleman, Gassier went to the door of the dining-room 
( which opened inwards), stood on a chair, held the door 
above with his left hand, grasped an imaginary bow with 
his right hand and scraped away at the door, imitating at 
the same time the double-bass to perfection. Gassier 
died a. few years ago in Italy, and was much regretted by 
the profession, of which he was an ornament, as well as 
by many personal friends.- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 165 

First performance of " II Trovatore." 

The next Italian Opera engagement was, indeed, in 
many ways, one to be remembered. The bills were 
headed: "Royal Italian- Opera, Covent Garden, under 
the patronage of his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant. 
Arrangements having been effected by Mr. Harris and 
Messrs. Cramer, Beale & Co. with the above great lyric 
establishment, for the performance of Operas by the 
same artistes as at the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, it 
is respectfully announced that a series of Italian Operas 
will be given, commencing on Monday, September 3rd, 
and terminating on Tuesday, September nth, assisted by 
the following eminent artistes : Madame Viardot Garcia, 
Mdlle. Marai, Mdlle. Heinrich, Signor Tamberlik, Signor 
Gardoni, Signor Graziani, Signor Polonine, Signor Taglia- 
fico, Signor Santi. Conductor, Mr. Alfred Mellon; 
Prompter, Signor Monterasi ; Regisseur, Mr. A. Harris. 
There will be an important addition to the orchestra and 
chorus from the Royal Italian Opera, and the Operas 
will be produced on a scale of greater magnificence than 
hitherto attempted." 

On Monday, September 3rd, 1855. "The last new 
Opera, as produced in London with such brilliant success, 
' II Trovatore,' with new scenery, dresses, &c., &c., and 
the Operas produced with the same completeness as at 
the Royal Italian Opera, Covent Garden. Leonora, 
Mdlle. Marai ; Azucena, Madame Viardot Garcia ; 
Manrico, Signor Tamberlik ; II Conte di Luna, Signor 
Graziani ; Ferrando, SignorPolonini ; Riuz, Signor Santi." 
This was, of course, the first performance of " Trovatore " 



1 66 ANNALS OF THE 

in Dublin and such a performance ! Although a great 
number of years have elapsed, many survive who were 
present, and still bear witness to the extraordinary impres- 
sion created on this occasion. The music of "Young 
Italy" had scarcely yet been heard, at least interpreted, as 
it was in this instance. "Ernani" had been done in 
English; but Verdi's great work, which, however captious 
critics may condemn it, still holds its ground, was indeed 
a novel and startling event in Dublin. Glorious represen- 
tatives of all the characters have since appeared, but first 
impressions go a great way. Certainly the Azucena, as 
an " all round " performance, has never been equalled ; 
but all the lyric world with one consent submit to the 
matchless genius of Viardot. The effect produced by 
Graziani was also extraordinary ; a new era in baritone 
singing seemed to have commenced the wonderful 
beauty, extent, and equality of his voice astonished and 
delighted all. In the " II Balen," which was sung in the 
original key (B flat), the G above was taken and sustained 
with extreme accuracy, and in exquisite tune, a note 
usually heard only from tenors. The remembrance of 
this first appearance of Graziani is still fresh in the minds 
of those who were present on the occasion. Marai was 
an excellent Leonora, and one can imagine Tamberlik, 
then in his zenith, singing and acting Manrico. Although 
the " Ut de portrine " had not appeared in the ' Di quella 
pira," still the performance all through was marked with 
wonderful force and vigour. Polonini and Santi contri- 
buted in no small degree to the almost perfect performance. 
On Tuesday, September 4th, " II Barbiere " was per- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 167 

formed. Rosina, Viardot ; Berta, Heinrich ; Bartolo, 
Polonini ; Basilic, Tagliafico ; Fiorello, Santi ; Almaviva, 
Gardoni ; Figaro, Graziani. This Opera was remarkable 
for the excellence of the ensemble. 

On Wednesday, September 5th. " Lucia de Lammer- 
.moor." Lucia, Mdlle. Marai ; Edgardo, Gardoni ; 
Raimondo, Polonini ; Arturo, Santi ; Normanno, Mattoni. 
Concluding with second Act of " Massaniello." Massani- 
- ello, Tamberlik ; Pietro, Tagliafico ; Borello, Polonini. 

On Thursday, September 6th, was produced, for the 
first time in Dublin, Meyerbeer's grand Opera of " Le 
Prophete," with the dresses, decorations, suits of armour, 
and appointments from the Royal Italian Opera. Fides 
(her original part, being expressly composed for her), 
Madame Viardot Garcia; Bertha, Mdlle. Marai ; Jean of 
Leyden, Tamberlik ; Zacharia, Tagliafico ; Jonas, Santi ; 
Mathisen, Polonini Count D'Oberthal, Graziani. This 
was, perhaps, the most complete representation which 
ever took place in the Theatre Royal, not only with re- 
ference to the artistes engaged, but to the accessories, 
the wise en scene, &c., &c. It required a vocal and 
dramatic genius, such as Viardot, to grasp the character of 
Fides. It cannot give offence to say that all succeeding 
attempts have been imitations, and the nearer they 
approached the original " creation " the more successful. 
The same remarks will apply to Tamberlik's performance 
of "The Prophet," a rare combination of marvellous 
power and art. The music was rather " advanced " to 
please the general public of the day, but all gave willing 
testimony to the rare merits of the work. 



1 68 ANNALS OF THE 

, On Friday, September 7th, " I Puritani." Elvira, 
Marai ; Henrietta, Madame Heinrich ; Lord Walton, 
Polonini; Sir George, Tagliafico; Sir Richard Forth, 
Graziani ; Bruno, Santi ; Lord Talbot, Gardoni. 

On Saturday, September 8th, " Otello." Desdemona, 
Viardot Garcia ; Emilia, Madame Heinrich ; Elmiro, 
Tagliafico ; lago, Graziani ; Rodrigo, Gardoni ; II Doge, 
Polonini ; Otello, Tamberlik. It was in this Opera that 
Tamberlik startled the musical world by his C sharp from 
the chest. Duprez had already become celebrated by his 
wonderful " Ut de portrine " in " William Tell," but Tam- 
berlik's effort eclipsed that of the great French tenor. 
The C sharp had a pure metallic ring about it, and the 
pitites stood up from their seats in wondering amazement. 
Viardot's Desdemona was a study in every particular. 

On Monday, September roth, "II Trovatore" was re- 
peated (cast as before) ; and 

On Tuesday, September nth, there was a repetition of 
." Le Prophete." 

This brilliant engagement concluded with an extra 
night, Saturday, September i5th. "Don Giovanni." 
Donna Anna, Viardot ; Donna Elvira, Madame Marai ; 
Zerlina, Madame Sedlatzek; Don Giovanni, Graziani; 
Leporello, Tagliafico ; II Commendatore, Polonini; 
Ottavio, Tamberlik. A glorious performance of " The 
Don." 

On Monday, September i5th, 1856, Mr. Harris 
arranged with the firm of Cramer & Beale for a series of 
Italian Operas. The following artistes formed the Com- 
pany : Mdme. Grisi, Mdme. Lorini, Mdme. Zedlatzek, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. l6(> 

Mdme. Amadei, Mdme. Gassier, Signer Mario, Mr. Ten- 
nant, Signer Lorini, Signer Albicini, Signer Luigi Mei, 
Signer Gregorio, Signer Graziani, Signer Revere, Mons. 
Gassier, Herr Formes. Conductor, Signer Li Calsi; 
Leader, Mr. Levey ; Prompter, Signor Galli. 

The Operas were : Monday, Sept. isth, " Ernani." 
Elvira, Mdme. Lorini (first appearance) ; Ernani, Signor 
Lorini ; Carlo, Graziani ; Silva, Mons. Gassier. 

Tuesday, September i6th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Lu- 
crezia, Grizi ; Orsini, Amadei ; Gennaro, Mario ; Duca, 
Gassier ; Gubetta, Signor Rovere (his first appearance) ; 
Rustighello, Signor Albicini (his first appearance). 

Wednesday, i;th. "II Barbiere." Rosina, Mdme. 
Gassier; Almaviva, Mario ; Bartolo, Rovere; Figaro, 
Mons. Gassier ; Basilic, Herr Formes. 

Thursday, 1 8th. " Norma." Norma, Grisi ; Adalgisa, 
Mdlle. Lorini; Pollio, Signor Lorini; Oroveso, Herr 
Formes. 

Friday, igth. "Don Pasquale." Norina, Mdme. 
Gassier ; Ernesto, Mr. Tennant (his first appearance) ; 
Don Pasquale, Rovere ; Malatesta, Gassier. 

Saturday, 2oth. "La Favorita." Grisi, Mario, Gra- 
ziani, and Formes. 

Monday, 22nd. " II Trovatore." Leonora, Grisi; 
Azucena, Mdme. Amadei ; Manrico, Mario ; Conte di 
Luna, Graziani ; Ferrando, Gassier. 

Tuesday, 23rd. One Act of "Ernani" (as before) ; 
the second Act of " II Barbiere," and last Act of " Don 
Pasquale " (as before).. 

Wednesday, 24th. " Norma " (cast as before). 



170 ANNALS OF THE 

Thursday, 25th. " II Trovatore " (repeat). 

Friday, 2 6th. One Act of " Puritani " Elvira, Mdme. 
Lorini ; Arturo, Mario ; Ricardo, Graziani ; Georgio, 
Formes ; concluding with " La Sonnambula " Amina, 
Mdme. Gassier ; Teresa, Mdlle. Belosio ; Elvino, Albi- 
cinij Rodolpho, Gassier. 

Saturday, 27th. For the benefit of Mdme. Grisi and 
Signer Mario. " Lucrezia Borgia." Cast as before. 
Concluding with the second Act of " II Barbiere." 

Nothing worthy of remark occurred during this engage- 
ment, except the appearance of Mr. Tennant, who had 
been known as a "distinguished amateur " in Dublin. He 
possessed a nicely cultivated tenor voice, but not suffi- 
ciently powerful for the lyric stage. He was, however, 
making some way, when his career was cut short by an 
early death. 

An Italian Opera engagement for four nights, com- 
mencing on October i4th, 1856, with Mdlle. Piccolo- 
mini, Mdlle. Borgaro, Signer Rossi, Signer Belletti, Mdlle. 
Berti, Signer Pierini, Signor Kinni, and Charles Braham. 
Conductor, Signor Bonetti. 

On Tuesday, October i4th, 1856, was produced Verdi's 
Opera, "La Traviata." Violetta, Mdlle. Piccolomini; 
Floria Bervois, Mdlle. Borgaro ; Amiria, Mdlle. Berti ; 
Alfredo, Mr. Charles Braham ; Dottori Grenvil, Rossi ; 
Baron Dauphol, Signor Pierini; Marchese D'Obigny, 
Kinni ; Germont, Signor Belletti. 

The Opera of " La Traviata " had created a great sen- 
sation in London, in many ways. The subject, taken 
from the celebrated French novel, " La Dame aux Came- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 171 

lias," gave much offence to the fastidious portion of the 
music-loving public. The Opera at first rather "flagged," 
notwithstanding Piccolomini's extraordinary representation 
of Violetta. Some strong letters appeared in the Times 
and other journals, condemning the subject as entirely 
unfit for the stage, being calculated to excite sympathy 
with immorality, &c., c. Replies to those epistles ap- 
peared from Mr. Lumley, then Manager of Her Majesty's. 
A long correspondence, very animated on both sides, was 
the result. This had the effect of exciting public curio- 
sity to such an extreme degree, that the houses " pulled 
up " considerably ; and at last crowds rushed nightly to 
see " La Traviata." It was rumoured by some of the 
manager's kind friends that he was the author of all the 
letters, pro and con an assertion never proved. How- 
ever, the success must not be altogether attributed to 
this newspaper controversy, for Piccolomini was a genius 
in her way. She was not a great vocalist ; her scale sing- 
ing was defective, but her beautiful sympathetic voice 
carried her through the music ; and her acting, particu- 
larly in the tragic scenes, was fine beyond precedent, 
compared with lyric artistes. Her assumption of the 
consumptive cough was most distressingly natural ; and 
the death-scene produced quite as much sympathy, and 
caused as death-like a silence, as the best of our trage- 
dians in the last scene of " The Gamester." A rumour, 
circulated in Dublin, that the young artiste was related to 
the Cardinal of the same name, added much to the suc- 
cess of the engagement. 

Charles Braham was a son of the veteran tenor ; his 



172 ANNALS OF THE 

voice in many particulars resembled that of his father ; 
and although possessing some of the imperfections of his 
great parent, he was in marked favour with the public. 

Signer Belletti was one of the most accomplished 
artistes of the day a highly-finished vocalist and a sound 
musician. 

The character of Violetta has been essayed with much 
success by many great artistes, but there was a specialty 
attached to Piccolomini's version which left a lasting im- 
pression. It would be unjust not to record the great 
capacity of Signer Bonetti as Conductor. This was his 
first and only visit to Dublin ; he enjoyed an extended 
Continental reputation. 

On Wednesday, October i5th, "La Figlia del Reggi- 
mento " was given. Maria, Mdlle. Piccolomini ; La Mar- 
chesa, Mdlle. Borgaro ; Tonio, Mr. C. Braham ; Corpo- 
rale, Signor Kinni ; Sulpizio, Signor Belletti. 

Piccolomini's Maria was highly characteristic and ani- 
mated, but, as might be supposed, the vocalism fell far 
short of that of Jenny Lind. 

On Thursday, October i6th, "Don Pasquale," was 
performed. Norina, Piccolomini ; Ernesta, Charles 
Braham ; Malatesta, Belletti ; Don Pasquale, Rossi ; 
Notaro, Mariani. 

On Saturday, October i8th, the engagement con- 
cluded with a repetition of " La Traviata." Cast as be- 
fore. 

Piccolomini's fascinating manner attracted many friends, 
and during her short career her engagements were most 
profitable to her managers and to herself. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 173 

In March, 1857, the following announcement .ap- 
peared : " Mr. Harris has the honour to announce that, 
in compliance with the earnest solicitations of her mime, 
rous admirers, and the express wish of the public in gene- 
ral, he has made arrangements with the celebrated artiste, 
Miss Catherine Hayes, to appear for a limited number of 
nights in Italian Operas, supported by an efficient Com- 
pany, selected from the principal Opera-houses of Eu- 
rope. Prima-donna, Miss Catherine Hayes ; Contralto, 
Mdlle. L. Corelli ; Tenors, Signori Volpini (his first ap- 
pearance), Mr. W. J. Tennant ; Baritones, Signor Badiali 
(from La Scala, Milan; his first appearance), Signor 
Pierini ; Buffo, Signor Maggiorotti (his first appearance) ; 
Signor Mariani. Conductor, Herr Anschuez ; Prompter, 
Signor Galli; Stage Director, Mons. Martini. The or- 
chestra and chorus will be considerably augmented, under 
the direction of Mr. Levey." 

On Monday, March i6th, 1857, "Lucia di Lammer- 
moor." Lucia, Miss Hayes ; Aston, Signor Badiali ; 
Edgardo, Signor Volpini; Raimondo, Signor Pierini; 
Arturo, Signor Mariani. 

On Thursday, March igth, "Don Pasquale." Norina, 
Catherine Hayes; Ernesto, Mr. Tennant; Malatesta, 
Signor Badiali ; Don Pasquale, Signor Maggiorotti. 

On Saturday, March 2ist, " Norma." Norma, 
Catherine Hayes ; Adalgisa, Miss Julia Cruise ; Pollio, 
Signor Volpini ; Flavio, Mariani ; Oroveso, Signor 
Badiali. 

On Monday, March 23td,' " Linda di Chamouni." 
Linda, Miss C. Hayes ; Pierotto, Mdlle. Corelli ; Carlo, 



174 ANNALS OF THE 

Mr. Tennant ; Intendente, Signer Mariani ; Antonio, 
Signer Badiali ; Marquis, Maggiorotti. 

Thursday, March 26th. " Norma." Cast as before. 

Saturday, z8th. " Linda." As before. 

Monday, March 3oth, 1857. "Lucrezia Borgia." 
Lucrezia, C. Hayes ; Orsini, Mdlle. Corelli ; Gennaro, 
Volpini ; Alfonso, Badiali ; Gubetta, Signer Magiorrotti ; 
Petrucci, Pierini ; Rustighello, Mariani ; Gazella, Dun- 
elli ; Vitellozzo, Hortinelli ; Liverotto, Benelle ; Astolfo, 
Casaboni. 

Although the Lucrezia of Catherine Hayes lacked the 
power of other great artistes who had and have since ap- 
peared in the part, still, in dramatic conception, it was in 
every respect a study of high artistic merit. The change 
of hair, naturally light, to a very dark colour, made a 
striking alteration in Miss Hayes' appearance ; her classic 
features and commanding figure lending additional effect. 
The tragic scenes were given with much force ; and, in- 
deed, the performance, as a whole, proved that the Irish 
prima-donna was equally at home in the heavier as in the 
lighter roles of the lyric drama. The name Dunelli (at- 
tached to the part of Gazella) was an excusable change 
from Dunn, the possessor of which was a member of the 
company pressed into the service, and who had a capital 
bass voice. Hortonelli was also a member of the 
"stock " (Horton). Such changes are not more startling 
than Foli (Foley), Bentami (Bentham), Campobello 
(Campbell), &c., &c. 

Some of the Italian impresarii found it difficult to 
Italianize the name of Hayes ; so it appears to have been 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 175 

compromised, as in some foreign programmes the name 
appears as " Katarina Hayes." The name of Balfe was, 
during his sojourn in Italy, Signer Balfi. 

Thursday, April 2nd, " La Sonnambula." Amina, 
Catherine Hayes ; Lisa, Miss F. Cruise ; Elvino, Volpini ; 
Rodolpho, Badiali. 

A more effective performance of this work has seldom 
been witnessed in " the Royal." Amina caused enthu- 
siasm from beginning to end. The finale, " Ah, non 
giunge," fully equalling any other effort either before or 
since. Miss Fanny Cruise (then at her best), a highly- 
finished vocalist a pupil of T. Blanchard, as before stated 
was, perhaps, as efficient a representative of Lisa as 
ever " trod the boards." Volpini's Elvino was blameless ; 
and the Rodolpho of the veteran Badiali was something 
to remember a study in every particular for all aspiring 
young artistes. 

Saturday, April 4th, 1857. Two Acts of " Don Pas- 
quale," and two Acts of " Lucia." Casts as before. Miss 
Hayes singing between the Operas " The Harp that 
Once," and " Home, sweet Home," with extraordinary 
success. 

The Company proceeded to Cork and Limerick, 
where in the latter city especially a great ovation 
again naturally awaited the appearance of the native 
prima-donna. 

A re-engagement of the Catherine Hayes' Company 
took place for three nights only, commencing on Tues- 
day, April 2ist, 1857, with "Trovatore." Leonora, C. 
Hayes \ Azucena, Mdlle, Corelli ; Manrico, Volpini ; 



176 ANNALS OF THE 

Conte di Luna, Badiali ; Ferrando, Pierini. An excellent 
performance " all round," but especially remarkable by 
the wonderful singing and acting of the immortal Badiali. 
Comparisons are at all times odious, more particularly in 
matters of art ; but the great old man suffered nothing 
whatever even in comparison with the most eminent of 
baritones who had preceded him Graziani. All the 
freshness of voice and beauty of style of the younger 
artist seemed concentrated, even improved, in the " old 
man eloquent." All living witnesses who were present 
on the occasion will vouch for the truth of this not ex- 
aggerated criticism of Signer Badiali. 

Thursday, 23rd. " Trovatore " repeated. Saturday, 
24th. " Lucrezia Borgia," as before. 

The next Italian Opera Company was, indeed, a strong 
one, and consisted of Mr. Gye's Covent Garden troupe, 
being the first and only speculation in Dublin of that dis- 
tinguished impresario. The list included Madame Bosio 
(her first appearance), Madame Didier, Madame Taglia- 
fico, Mdlle. Parepa, Mdlle. Victoire Balfe (her first ap- 
pearance), Signer Gardoni, Signer Neri Baraldi (his first 
appearance), Signer Graziani, Signer Tagliafico, Herr 
Zegler (his first appearance), Signer Polonini, and Signer 
Ronconi (his first appearance). Conductor, Mr. Alfred 
Mellon ; Prompter, Signer Monterasi ; Acting and Stage 
Manager, Mr. A. Harris ; Leader, Mr. Levey. The 
orchestra and chorus were strengthened by " considerable 
additions from the Royal Italian Opera." The magnifi- 
cent costumes and appointments of the Covent Garden 
establishment were also made available on this occasion. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 177 

Monday, August 3rd. "Lucia di Lammermoor." 
Lucia, Mdlle. Victoire Balfe (her first appearance) ; Alice, 
Mdme. Tagliafico ; Enrico, Graziani ; Raimondo, Zegler ; 
Normanno, Polonini ; Arturo, Cherricci ; Edgardo, Neri 
Baraldi. 

Tuesday, August 4th. " Rigoletto." Gilda, Bosio ; 
Madelena, M. Didie ; Giovanna, Mdme. Tagliafico ; 
Duca, Neri Baraldi ; Sparafolle, Signer Tagliafico ; Mon- 
terone, Signer Polonini ; Rigoletto, Ronconi. 

Wednesday, August 5th. " Sonnambula." Amina, 
Victoire Balfe ; Lisa, Mdme. Tagliafico ; Teresa, Mdme. 
Cherricci ; Rodolfo, Ronconi ; Alessio, Polonini ; Elvino, 
Signer Gardoni. 

Thursday, 6th. "FraDiavolo." Zerlina, Mdme. Bosio ; 
Lady Allcash, Mdme. Parepa; Fra Diavolo, Gardoni; 
Lorenzo, Neri Baraldi ; Matteo, Polonini ; Beppo, Tag- 
liafico j Giacomo, Herr Zegler; Lord Allcash, Signer 
Ronconi. 

Friday, yth. " La Favorita." Leonora, Mdme. Didie ; 
Inez, Mdme. Tagliafico ; Alfonso, Signer Graziani ; Bal- 
dassare, Zegler; Gaspardo, Polonini; Fernando, Neri 
Baraldi. 

Saturday. " Trovatore." Leonora, Mdme. Bosio ; 
Azucena, Mdme. Didie ; Inez, Mdme. Tagliafico ; II 
Conte di Luna, Graziani ; Ferrando, Signer Tagliafico ; 
Ruiz, Signer Cherricci ; Manrico, Neri Baraldi. 

Monday. "La Traviata." Violetta, Mdme. Bosio; 
Florio Bervois, Mdme. Tagliafico ; Amiria, Mdme. Cher- 
ricci ; Alfredo, Gardoni ; Grenvill, Zelger ; Dauphol, Polo- 
nini ; D'Obigny, Signor Tagliafico ; Germont, Graziani. 



178 ANNALS OF THE 

Tuesday. " Puritani." Elvira, Mdlle. Victoire Balfe ; 
Henrietta, Mdme. Tagliafico ; Sir R. Forth, Graziani ; 
Sir George, Tagliafico ; Lord Walton, Polonini ; Arthur 
Talbot, Gardoni. After which a Scene from " Lucrezia 
Borgia " " II Segreto," by Mdme. Didie concluding 
with the last Act of " La Favorita." 

Wednesday. " Trovatore," as before. 

Thursday, August i3th, 1857, for the benefit of Mdlle. 
Victoire Balfe. The First and Third Acts of " La Son- 
nambula ; " cast as before. Followed by a Concert, as 
follows : " Kathleen Mavourneen," Mdlle. Parepa ; 
" The Flowers of the Forest," Signer Neri Baraldi ; "Ah, 
mon Fils," Mdme. Didie; Ballad, "You'll remember 
me," Gardoni; Ballad, " I dreamt that I dwelt in Marble 
halls," Mdlle. Victoire Balfe. On this occasion, Mr. M. 
W. Balfe presided at the piano, it being announced as 
"his first appearance these ten years." The performance 
concluded with " L'Elisir d'Amore," compressed into one 
Act. Adina, Mdlle. Parepa ; Gianetta, Mdme. Taglia- 
fico ; Nemorino, Neri Baraldi ; Belcore, Tagliafico ; Dul- 
camara, Ronconi. 

Friday, i4th. " Fra Diavolo," " in consequence of the 
unprecedented success of the Opera." 

Saturday, August i5th, 1857, for the benefit of Mdme. 
Bosio, " Lucrezia Borgia," with (as announced) " the 
following unprecedented cast, viz. : Lucrezia Borgia, 
Mdme. Bosio ; Maffio Orsini, Mdme. Didie ; Gennaro, 
Neri Baraldi ; Don Alfonso, Ronconi ; Rustighello (for 
this occasion only), Graziani ; Petrucci, Polonini ; Gu- 
betta, Signor Tagliafico ; Vitellozo, Herr Zegler. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 179 

This was the last night of the most complete Italian 
Company which ever had been heard up to that date in 
the Royal. The chorus and band had formerly been 
supplied from local resources ; now some of the " pick " 
of both departments, from the most perfect choral and 
orchestral organization in Europe nay, we might say, in 
the world joined with their powerful aid. The cos- 
tumes and appointments in every department were per- 
fect ; the dresses of the chorus, and all the minor parts, 
being supplied from the wonderful wardrobe of Covent 
Garden. It was, indeed, a novelty here to behold so 
perfect an ensemble. In addition, the combination of 
principal artistes was unprecedented. Of course much 
curiosity existed with reference to the first appearance of 
Victoire Balfe, who, as may be perceived, was accom- 
panied by her celebrated father. He was not attached to 
the Company, but was naturally intensely interested in 
her success, and travelled with her all through the tour, 
playing the piano accompaniments when required. She 
was, as may be supposed, an accomplished artiste, and 
had studied with Garcia, Jenny Lind's professor. Added 
to a most prepossessing appearance, her figure was grace- 
ful and elegant ; and in her acting she displayed a pre- 
mature ease and knowledge of the stage remarkable, con- 
sidering her youth, as she was then only about eighteen 
or nineteen years of age. After a short and successful 
career, she retired, and, as is well known, married Sir 
John Crampton, then English ambassador at Madrid. 

The first appearance of Bosio was also an event to be 
remembered. This wonderful creature seemed to com- 



l8o ANNALS OF THE 

bine all the qualities, " all the talents " of all the great 
ones who had appeared before, and, it might be said, of 
any who have since been heard. Like Cruvelli, she only 
paid one visit to Dublin, and the impression created by 
each of those great artistes was very much alike, both 
possessing many similar artistic qualities. Notwithstand- 
ing the great success of Piccolomini in " Traviata," the 
Violetta of Bosio was considered by critics a performance 
of a much higher class ; and from a musical point of 
view, no doubt could exist of the justice of this decision. 
The harrowing death-scene was not so melodramatic, but 
not the less telling. 

The name of Parepa added great strength to this list of 
distinguished vocalists. With all the qualifications of a 
great lyric artiste a magnificent voice, of wonderful com- 
pass and the highest cultivation, dramatic capability 
equal to any "walk," tragic or comic, a commanding 
figure, and highly classic features Mdlle. Parepa was a 
" host in herself." It is hardly necessary to say that she 
became Mdme. Parepa-Rosa by marriage with the re- 
nowned impresario, Carl Rosa, and, to the great grief of 
her husband, and to the extreme regret of the whole 
musical world, she was prematurely taken away at a com- 
paratively early age, and at the very meridian of 'a bril- 
liant and splendid career. 

Mdme. Didie was a contralto of first-rate capacity. 
Gardoni, elegant in appearance, and then at his best, 
was, amongst a large portion of the ttitc of London and 
Paris, the favourite tenor. Neri Baraldi created quite a 
sensation in Dublin. Graziani had already made his 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. l8l 

mark. Ronconi (first appearance), the greatest artiste of 
the day, not alone as a vocalist, but as an actor, com- 
pleted the list of this remarkable combination. The 
Operas, as already remarked, were mounted in a style of 
unprecedented perfection ; and the result heavy loss ! 
So bad, that the late Mr. Gye never could be induced to 
try again his luck in Dublin. 

It would be fruitless to enter into the cause of this; but 
after a long experience, it is unfortunately too true that a 
great musical ensemble is not sufficiently appreciated in 
Dublin; that is to say, a "star" one name placed in large 
letters at the head of the bills will "draw," when a number 
of names, if not well known, will fail ; and the pecuniary 
result will show a large balance in favour of the starring 
system. In proof of this fact, the Piccolomini engage- 
ment, shortly before and after, with a comparatively weak 
troupe to support her, produced nearly double the sum. 
Matters may have since improved somewhat, but not 
sufficiently so that we may congratulate ourselves. Several 
recent instances might be quoted in support of this view. 

Monday, September 2ist, 1857, the following Italian 
Opera engagement commenced : Mdme. Grisi, Mdme. 
Alboni, Mdme. Gassier, Mdme. Gramaglia, Mdlle. Bail- 
Ion, Signer Dragone, Mr. George Perrin, Signer Annoni, 
Signer Benedetti, Mr. Tennant, Signor Mario, Signor 
Baillon, Signor Kinni, Signor Gabussi, Signor Deriviz. 
Prompter, Signor Galli ; Conductor, Signor Stanzieri. 

Monday, September 2 ist, 1857. " La Traviata." Vio- 
letta, Mdme. Gassier ; Alfredo, Signor Mario ; Germont, 
Signor Dragone. 



1 82 ANNALS OF THE 

Tuesday, 22nd. "IlTrovatore." Leonora, Mdme. Grisi; 
Azucena, Mdme. Alboni ; Inez, Mdlle. Baillon ; Conte 
di Luna, Signer Dragone ; Ferrando, Signer Kinni ; Man- 
rico, Signer Mario. 

This was announced as an unprecedented cast, but the 
only remarkable feature was the Azucena of Alboni, 
whose singing was, of course, magnificent ; but as a dra- 
matic representation, it was far inferior to many others 
witnessed on previous occasions. 

Wednesday, 23rd. " Norma." Norma, Mdme. Grisi ; 
Adalgisa, Mdme. Gassier ; Clotilda, Mdme. Baillon ; 
Oroveso, Signer Deriviz ; Flavio, Gabussi ; Pollio, 
Benedetti. 

Thursday, 24th. "Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, Grisi ; 
Maffeo Orsini, Alboni ; Alfonso, Signor Deriviz ; Astolfo, 
Mattoni ; Gubetta, Kinni ; Gazella, Signor Baillon ; Rus- 
tighello, Signor Annoni; Liverotto, Signor Gabussi; 
Petrucci, Signor Chiesi ; Gennaro, Mario. 

Friday, 25th. " Sonnambula." Amina, Mdme. Gas- 
sier ; Lisa, Mdme. Gramaglia ; Teresa, Mdme. Baillon ; 
Rodolfo, Signor Baillon ; Allessio, Signor Mattoni ; El- 
vino, Signor Benedetti. 

This performance of " Sonnambula " was only remark- 
able for the wonderful vocal efforts of Mdme. Gassier, 
who, in the faiak, reached the extraordinary vocal height 
of A in alt, the highest note ever attempted on the Dublin 
stage. 

Saturday, 26th. " Trovatore " repeated. 

Monday, 28th. " Semiramide." Semiramide, Grisi; 
Arsace, Alboni ; Idreno, Mr. Tennant ; Assur, Signor 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 1 8$ 

Deriviz ; Oroe, Signer Baillon ; L'Ombra di Nino, Signor 
Kinni. 

Old Opera-goers will remember the grand performance 
of the duet by Grisi and Alboni, more particularly 
" Giorno d' orrore." 

Tuesday, 2Qth. "Traviata" repeated; after which 
" Ah, non giunge " by Madame Gassier. 

Wednesday. " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Grisi ; 
Zerlina, Alboni; Donna Elvira, Mdme. Gassier; Don 
Giovanni, Signor Dragone ; Leporello, Signor Deriviz ; 
Commendatore, Signor Kinni ; Masetto, Signor Baillon ; 
Don Ottavio, Signor Benedetti. 

The enormous size of Alboni rendered the appearance 
of Zerlina peculiar. The transposition of the song, 
" Batti, batti," a full tone below the original, considerably 
marred the effect, as the violoncello obligato is thereby 
spoiled. However, the change becomes necessary with 
contralto vocalists. The appeal to Masetto during the 
song was, on this occasion, rather forcible ; he was in 
person the reverse of muscular or powerful ; and the 
sudden concussion with such an immense body of ani- 
mated matter as Zerlina presented was well-nigh causing 
a curious scene, for if one " gave way" the other would 
have followed. However, by a little artistic management 
on Zerlina's part, matters righted themselves, and a little 
sensation in the pit was the only result. 

Thursday, " Les Huguenots." Valentine, Grisi ; Mar- 
guerite, Mdme. Gassier ; Urbano, Mdme. Gramaglia ; 
Raoul, Signor Benedetti ; Marcello, Signor Deriviz ; San 
Bris, Signor Baillon ; Nevers, Signor Kinni ; Tavannes, 



1 84 ANNALS OF THE 

Signer Annoni ; Cosse, Signer Gabussi; Meru, Signer 
Mattoni ; Retz, Signer Talamo. 

With the exception of Grisi's great impersonation of 
Valentine, there was nothing worthy of much notice in 
this performance. 

Friday, October znd. Repetition of " Don Giovanni." 
Saturday, 3rd. " Les Huguenots." Last night. 

First appearance of Giuglini. 

On Monday, October izth, 1857, the following Italian 
Opera engagement commenced: Mdlle. Spezia (first 
appearance), Mdlle. Porna, Mdlle. Ortolani, Signor Giug- 
lini (his first "appearance), Signor Aldighieri, Signor Via- 
letti, Signor Rossi, Signor Belletti. Conductor, Signor 
Arditi ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

Monday. " II Trovatore." Leonora, Mdlle. Spezia ; 
Azucena, Mdlle. Poma ; II Conte di Luna, Aldighieri ; 
Ferrando, Vialetti ; Ruiz,j Signor Mercuriali ; Manrico, 
Signor Giuglini. 

Tuesday. " La Figlia del Reggimento." Marie, Mdlle, 
Piccolomini ; La Marchesa, Mdlle. Poma ; Tonio, Signor 
Luchesi ; Pesano, Signor Mercuriali ; Sergeant Sulpizio, 
Signor Belletti. 

Wednesday. " La Traviata." Violetta, Piccolomini ; 
Florio Bervois, Mdlle. Poma ; Alfredo, Signor Giuglini ; 
Gastone, Signor Mercuriale ; Dottore, Signor Rossi ; Ger- 
mont, Signor Belletti. 

Thursday, October 1 5th. " La Sonnambula." Amina, 
Mdlle. Ortolani (her first appearance) ; Lisa, Mdlle. Poma ; 
Elvino, Signor Giuglini ; Rodolpho, Belletti. 

Saturday. " Lucia di Lammermoor." Lucia, Picco- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 185 

lomini ; Enrico, Belletti ; Bidebent, Signer Vialetti ; Ar- 
turo, Signer Mercuriale ; Edgardo, Giuglini. 

Monday, October igih. " La Traviata," as before. 

Tuesday. "Don Pasquale." Norina, Piccolomini; 
Ernesto, Signer Luchesi ; Malatesta, Belletti ; Don Pas- 
quale, Rossi. Also, the Third Act of " La Favorita." 
Leonora, Mdlle. Spezia; Baldassare, Signer Vialetti, 
Fernando, Signor Giuglini; Walter, Signer Mercuriale; 
Riccardo, Signor Belletti. 

Wednesday, October 2ist. "I Puritani." Elvira, 
Mdlle. Ortolani; Enrichetta, Mdlle. Poma ; Arturo, 
Giuglini ; Georgio, Signor Vialetti. 

Thursday. "La Figlia," as before; and last Act of 
" Lucia." 

Friday. Benefit of Giuglini, " I Puritani," as before. 

Saturday. Last night, " Don Giovanni." 

This formed the fourth Italian Opera engagement during 
the year 1857, an unprecedented occurrence in the annals 
of " the Royal," and which has never since been re- 
peated ; the prima-donnas being Grisi, Catherine Hayes, 
Mdme. Bosio, and Piccolomini. The last of the four 
engagements was, indeed, remarkable for the first ap- 
pearance of Giuglini. Report had combined all the 
qualities of Mario and Rubini in this wonderful tenor, 
and facts fully verified the report. The style was not so 
florid as that of Rubini ; Mario had, perhaps, some supe- 
rior qualities, and was a better actor ; but " take him for 
all in all," so satisfying a tenor as Giuglini never appeared. 
The most enchanting " timbre" of voice, the highest pos- 
sible finish in style every single note producing the im- 



i86 ANNALS OF THE 

pression of severe study the effect on the audience was, 
indeed, electrifying. London was naturally raised to the 
highest pitch of enthusiasm by the appearance of this 
new and unexpected star in the lyric firmament, and in 
each successive part his reputation seemed, if possible, to 
increase. The Dublin audience did not fail to appreciate 
Giuglini, and fiat to the fullest extent the opinion of 
London on this occasion which is not always the case ; 
as some tenors have since appeared with the London 
stamp, whose efforts have not been so highly appreciated 
in Dublin perhaps from the fact that the London criti- 
cisms were much overwrought a great mistake, most un- 
fair and injurious to the artist criticized. It is sad to re- 
late the end of poor Giuglini. He died in an asylum in 
London, in a state bordering on idiocy. Although given to 
simple, boyish ways in private life, such as kite-flying, &c., 
there was nothing to indicate so fearful a breakdown in 
intellect. His extreme care at rehearsals was most re- 
markable ; and his suggestions with reference to the or- 
chestral accompaniment were most artistic, when he 
wished for a pianissimo or crescendo at any particular 
point. As before remarked, every individual note seemed 
to him of the greatest importance ; and the most minute 
error, orchestral or choral, would not escape him. He 
was always much pleased by the applause of the members 
of the orchestra, which, at rehearsals, was, with Giuglini, 
more constant and hearty than with any other artist. He 
always sang in the morning as if before the audience at 
night (an example which might well be followed by many 
dramatic artists in their particular line). On one occa 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 187 

sion, at a rehearsal of " La Favorita," Giuglini seemed 
actually inspired, singing so divinely as to enchant every 
member of the company present. The repeated bursts 
of applause pleased him so much, that he exerted his 
voice almost to exhaustion, against the advice of the 
leader ; and consequently in the evening the wondrous 
voice manifested signs of fatigue. All who remember 
this rehearsal still look back, with a "longing, lingering" 
wish that the day might "come again." Giuglini en- 
joyed a game of pool, in which he joined at the billiard 
table attached to the Theatre, and at which only a few 
chosen friends of the outside world were privileged to 
partake. The great tenor seemed to appreciate the small 
coin of sixpence, earned for a " life " taken by him, much 
more than the large premium of ^50, or perhaps ^60, 
paid for each night's professional services. A revenue ex- 
ceeding that of an English Lord Chancellor, nay, that of 
a Prime Minister, awaits a legitimate and real successor to 
Giuglini. 

During this last engagement, Signer Arditi made his 
first appearance in Dublin as conductor of the Italian 
Opera. He at once established himself a favourite with 
the audience, who fully appreciated his masterly capa- 
bilities for his high position. He has up to the present 
(1878) continued, with few interruptions, to visit us, and 
still meets with the strongest possible demonstrations of 
almost affectionate favour, which will doubtless continue 
as long as he fulfils the same office in Dublin. 

In July, 1858, Mdme. Gassier appeared in a series of 
concerts given by Mr. Harris (in connection with the 



1 88 ANNALS OF THE 

firm of Cramer, Beale & Co.) at the Rotundo Gardens ; 
the " venue " being changed, after a few nights, to the 
Portobello Gardens, as it was found that the music and 
fireworks could be enjoyed at the Rotundo quite as well, 
if not better, outside the railings of the gardens as in- 
side " distance lending enchantment " to sound as well 
as view. The public did not fail to take advantage of 
this poetic fact, and the enormous crowds of non-paying 
outsiders presented a strong contrast to the simple- 
minded few who paid to become insiders the former in- 
creasing, the latter decreasing nightly. Some amusing 
episodes resulted. On the third evening a rather long 
delay occurred, and the band (the Garde Nationale of 
Paris) were half-an-hour late in attendance. During this 
" wait," the outside public manifested strong signs of im- 
patience, while the paying few inside enjoyed their pro- 
menade without the slightest signs of disapproval. Mr. 
Levey, not being musically engaged, was assisting in the 
business department (giving tickets, checks, &c.) at the 
gate attached to the railings in Rutland-square. His 
duties in " money-taking " were not heavy, but he had to 
bear several severe rebukes from those who were 
anxiously awaiting their gratuitous musical and pyro- 
technic treat. " What's the delay, Lavey ? " " Are you 
goin' to keep us standin' out here all night?" and such 
searching inquiries were directed on the poor temporary 
official. At last, his patience being exhausted, one indig- 
nant " member " raised himself on the curb-stone, looked 
over the palisading, and called out : " Look here, Lavey, 
tell Harris if you don't begin soon, we'll all go home ! " 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 189 

We adjourned the next evening to the Portobello 
Gardens, where to enjoy the sound and sight the money 
should be forthcoming. The name of Mdme. Gassier, as 
connected with the Italian Opera, will be our excuse for 
this digression. 

Wednesday, August nth, 1858, the following Italian 
Opera Company commenced : Mdlle. Piccolomini (her 
farewell engagement previous to her departure for 
America), Mdme. Viardot Garcia, Mdme. Ghioni, Signer 
Giuglini, Signer Vialetti, Signer Aldighieri, Signer Cas- 
telli, Signer Mercuriale, Signer Rossi, Signer Belart. 
Conductor, Signor Arditi ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

Wednesday, August nth, 1858. "La Figlia." Maria, 
Piccolomini ; Marchese, Mdme. Ghioni ; Sulpizio, Signor 
Vialetti; Hortensio, Signor Castelli; Notaro, Signor 
Mercuriale ; Tonio, Signor Belart (his first appearance in 
Dublin). 

Thursday. " II Trovatore." Leonora, Piccolomini ; 
Azucena, Viardot Garcia; Inez, Mdme. Ghioni; Conte 
di Luna, Signor Aldighieri ; Ferrando, Signor Vialetti ; 
Ruiz, Signor Mercuriale ; Zingaro, Signor Castelli ; Man- 
rico, Giuglini. 

Saturday, August i4th. "La Traviata." Violetta, 
Piccolomini; Flora, Mdme. Ghioni; Germont, Aldi- 
ghieri ; Dottore, Castelli ; Marchese, Mercuriale ; Barone, 
Rossi; Alfredo, Giuglini. 

Monday, August i6th. First time of "La Zingara," 
the Italian version of Balfe's " Bohemian Girl," as per- 
formed at Her Majesty's Theatre with unprecedented 
success. Zerlina, Mdlle. Piccolomini ; Yelva (Queen of 



IQO ANNALS OF THE 

the Gipsies), Mdme. Viardot Garcia ; II Conte Abano, 
Signer Aldighieri ; Frederico, Signer Mercuriali ; Un 
Officiate, Signer Castelli; Falco, Signer Vialetti ; Gual- 
tiero, Signer Giuglini. 

Tuesday, lyth. " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Viar- 
dot Garcia ; Zerlina, Mdlle. Piccolomini ; Elvira, Mdme. 
Ghioni ; Don Giovanni, Signer Aldighieri Leporello, 
Rossi ; Commendatore, Vialetti ; Masetto, Signer Cas- 
telli ; Don Ottavio, Giuglini. 

Wednesday, i8th. " II Trovatore," repeated. 

Thursday, igth. "II Barbiere." Ronna, Viardot 
Garcia ; Berta, Mdme. Ghioni ; Figaro, Signer Aldi- 
ghieri ; Bartolo, Signer Rossi ; Basilio, Signer Vialetti ; 
Officiate, Castelli; Notario, Mercuriale; Conte Alma- 
viva, Signer Belart. 

Saturday, 2ist. "Lucia di Lammermoor." Lucia, 
Mdlle. Piccolomini : Ashton, Aldighieri ; Arturo, Signer 
Mercuriale ; Bidebent, Vialetti ; Edgardo, Giuglini. 

Monday, 23rd. " La Traviata," repeated. 

Tuesday, 24th. " La Figlia," as before. 

Wednesday, 25th. "La Sonnambula." Amina (her 
first appearance in that character in Dublin), Mdlle. Pic- 
colomini ; Lisa, Mdme. Ghioni ; Notario, Signer Mercu- 
riale ; Allessio, Signer Castelli ; Count Rodolfo, Signer 
Vialetti ; Elvino, Giuglini. 

Thursday, 26th. " Lucia," as before ; with a Scena 
and Duo from " I Martiri " (first time in Dublin), by 
Mdlle. Piccolomini and Signor Giuglini. 

Saturday, August 28th. Farewell benefit of Mdlle. 
Piccolomini, and last night of the engagement. Last Act 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 19* 

of " La Zingara," as before ; followed by the first and 
last Acts of " La Traviata ; " after which the Scena and 
Duo from " I Martiri," concluding with a Farewell 
Cantata, composed expressly for the occasion, and sung 
by the entire Company, aided by the chorus and military 
band. Music by Signer Giuglini ; Poetry by Signer Al- 
dighieri ; Instrumentation by Signer Arditi. 

GLI ITALIANI AGLI IRLANDESI ADDIO. 



Coro. 

Viva 1'Irlanda, libera e grande ! 

Viva il tuo ciels, viva il tuo suol ! 
Dovunque il raggio del sol se spaaide, 

Dovunque il vento agita il vol, 
Assisa in grembo della tempesta, 

Come guerriera, pionta a pugnar ; 
Chini gentila, la bella testa, 

Come fanciulla ch'esce dal mar. 

Terzetto Signori Giuglini, Aldi%hieri $ Vialdti. 
Addio redente, piaggia Irlandese, 

Addio fratelli, figlia del mar. 
Sea benedetto, 1'uom che n'appresse 

La vostra sponda a salutar. 
Ultima giaci Ionian lontano ; 

Come un perduto solingo nor, 
Ma benche figlia dell' oceano, 

Nutri potenit vita ad amor. 

Solo Mdlle. Piccolomini . 
Triste, si triste, e 1'abbandono ; 
Come un accento nol puo ridir. 



192 ANNALS OF THE 

Partir ci e forza v'offriamo in dono, 

Un mesto vale, ed un sospir. 
Ma allor che lunge sa questa care 

Terra il piensiero ritornera, 
Una segreta lagrima amara, 

Sul mesto ciglio ci spuntera. 
II mesto labbro dira' un addio ; 

L'eco per 1'aere, lo ridera ; 
Come una prece rivolta a Dio, 

L'onda dei pelaghi vel portera. 

(Translation.) 

THE FAREWELL OF THE ITALIANS TO IRELAND. 
Hail to thee, Erin, ever great and free ! 

Hail to thy changeful skies, thy fertile land ! 
Far as the sun extends his generous heat, 

Far as the winds their rapid wings expand. 
Set 'mid the stormy seas that gird thee round, 

A warrior maid thou seem'st, secure and free ; 
Or liftest up thy fair head, ocean-crowned, 

Rising in beauty from thy parent sea. 

TrioSignori Giuglini, Aldighieri and Vialetti. 
Kind friends, farewell ; adieu, each friendly spot ; 

Farewell your beauteous mountains, shores and bays. 
Happy the hour, and ne'er may be forgot, 

When these first broke upon our wond'ring gaze. 
Thee from our Italy far realms remove ; 

Thou seem'st to us some lovely flow'r on earth, 
Radiant with life, and warmth, and love, 

Albeit the cold waves may have given thee birth. 

SoloMdllc. Piccolomini. 
Glad, oh, how glad, is still the hour we meet ; 
Sad, oh, how sad, the hour we needs must part. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 193 

The fond farewell I fain would oft repeat, 

The word is lost 'mid sighs that rend my heart. 
And oft when distant seas between us roll, 

Back to thy loved land will my thoughts return, 
Regretful memory fill my longing soul, 

And on my eyelids the mute teardrops burn. 
My lips, when far, will falter forth, " Farewell ! " 

Back by the breeze its echo will be given ; 
The waves that part us back my thoughts will tell, 

As angels waft the unspoke prayer to Heaven. 

The production of " La Zingara," a very good Italian 
version of Balfe's " Bohemian Girl," formed the chief 
event on this occasion. It had been well received in 
London and on the Continent. The singing of Giuglini 
was surpassingly beautiful. It may with justice be said 
that " When other lips " never had such a rendering, 
either before or since. Indeed, he bestowed especial 
pains on the study of the part in detail, as well from his 
high artistic feeling as with the intent of pleasing the 
fellow-citizens of the composer. The profound silence 
which prevailed during his singing of the ballad, and the 
repeated bursts of applause at the end, gave evident 
signs of his great success. In " When the fair land of 
Poland," he betrayed most extraordinary power of voice 
and dramatic force, which seemed to be treasured up for 
the occasion. Indeed, the Italian Company seemed all 
" on their mettle ;" for, leaving aside their professional 
anxiety, Balfe was an especial and personal favourite with 
all Continental artistes, and each member of the present 
Company bestowed all possible pains and attention to 
their several parts. Piccolomini not a great vocalist in the 



194 ANNALS OF THE 

true sense seemed to "come out" better as a vocalist in 
this than in any other Opera. The soprano music, although 
showy, is not difficult. The first song, " I dreamt that I 
dwelt," suited her peculiar style, and created at once a good 
impression ; and the duet with Giuglini, which follows, 
" The secret of my birth," was a wonderful success the 
great tenor adding to the effect by, now and then, a 
judicious " new reading/' without marring the intention 
of the composer, but, as was ever the case, prompted by 
careful and conscientious study. Signer Aldighieri, an 
accomplished artiste, made the most of the Count ; and 
certainly the Gipsy Queen never had such a represen- 
tative as Viardot Garcia. It will be inferred that Balfe's 
work had on this occasion a " good chance," and, in- 
deed, it was a performance which never can be forgotten 
by those who were present. 

A large pecuniary success was the result of this en- 
gagement ; the Morning Concert, on August 2oth, pro- 
ducing nearly ;6oo. 

It would be unjust to pass over the appearance in this 
troupe of a charming little tenor of the florid school, 
Mons. Belart a Frenchman whose singing, more espe- 
cially as the Count Almaviva in " II Barbiere,'' gave great 
satisfaction, and caused a universal wish that he might 
be again heard in Dublin. The school was, of course, 
quite French, and highly elaborated. The difficult pas- 
sages in the second movement of " Ecco ridenti " were, 
perhaps, never given with more precision, and no instru- 
ment could have given the scales with greater perfection. 

The next Italian engagement commenced on Monday, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 195 

March 2 8th, 1859 : Mdme. Grisi, Mdme. Viardot 
Garcia, Mdlle. Zedlatzek, Mdme. Bellosio, Mdlle. Col- 
berti. Signer Mario, Signer Corsi, Signer Armoni, Signer 
Lanzoni, Signer Graziani, Signer Kinni, Signer Vairot. 
Conductor, Signer Stanzieri ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

On Monday, March 28th, 1859, " II Trovatore." Leo- 
nora, Grisi ; Azucena, Viardot Garcia ; Inez, Mdlle. 
Bellosio ; Manrico, Mario ; Conte di Luna, Graziani ; 
Fernando, Lanzoni ; Ruiz, Annoni. 

Tuesday, 29th. " Norma." Norma, Grisi; Pollio, 
Mario. 

Wednesday, 30th. Verdi's Opera, " Macbeth " (first 
(time). Lady Macbeth, Viardot Garcia ; Dama, Mdlle. 
Sedlatzek ; Macbeth, Signer Graziani ; Banco, Signer 
Lanzoni ; Macduff, Signer Corsi ; Malcolm, Signer An- 
noni ; Medico, Signer Vairot ; Silvario, Signer Kinni. 

Thursday, 3 1 st. " Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, Grisi; 
Maffeo, Sedlatzek ; Gennaro, Mario ; Alphonso, Lanzoni ; 
Rustighello, Annoni ; Guibetta, Vairot ; Gazella, Kinni. 

Saturday, April 2nd. " Trovatore," as before. 

Monday, April 4th. " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, 
Grisi ; Zerlina, Viardot Garcia ; Elvira, Mdlle. Zedlatzek 
Ottavio, Mario ; Don Giovanni, Graziani ; Leporello, 
Lanzoni ; Masetto, Kinni ; Commendatore, Kinni. 

Tuesday, 5th. " Lucrezia," repeated. Maffeo, on this 
occasion, Viardot Garcia. 

Wednesday, 6th. "Macbeth," repeated. 

Thursday, yth. " Norma," repeated. 

Saturday, 9th. First performance in Dublin of " Marta." 
Tristram, Lanzoni; Lionello, Mario; Phmketto, Gra- 



196 ANNALS OF THE 

ziani ; Sheriffo, Kinni ; Lady Henrietta, Grisi ; Nancy, 
Viardot Garcia. 

Monday, nth. " Marta," repeated. 

Tuesday, i2th. "Trovatore." 

Wednesday, 1 3th. "Macbeth." 

Thursday, i4th. " Marta." 

Saturday, i6th. " Marta," repeated. Grisi's benefit, 
and last night of the engagement. 

The first performance of " Macbeth " formed a special 
feature during this engagement. This work contains 
some of Verdi's best writing and scoring, but the absence 
of a soprano part has prevented the Opera from be- 
coming as popular as others by the same eminent com- 
poser. Lady Macbeth is a mezzo-soprano indeed, 
almost a contralto part and the interpretation was such as 
might be expected from the musical and dramatic powers 
of a Viardot. Her " make-up " was evidently formed on 
that of Mrs. Siddons ; and in the bedroom scene the 
likeness to the received portraits of the latter great 
actress was very striking ; and some very old playgoers, 
who had seen the sister of the great Kemble act the part 
in Crow-street Theatre, gave evidence to this effect, and 
were much struck with Viardot's magnificent perform- 
ance, which was, indeed, a high Shakesperean study, well 
worthy of witnessing, even if deprived of the beautiful 
music. Graziani, also, added much to his already great 
reputation as a vocalist by his excellent reading, and, in 
some parts, powerful efforts to do justice, in a histrionic 
point of view, to the grand part of the great English poet, 
as far as the crippled medium of a rather weak translation 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 197 

set to music would permit. The witches' choruses in 
this Opera, although of rather light character for the pon- 
derous subject, are dramatic and effective, and, as before 
remarked, the instrumentation excellent, and not over 
brassed. 

Another important event in our operatic annals was 
the first performance in Dublin of " Marta," destined to 
become a most popular and established favourite up to 
the present, and perhaps for years to come. The cast 
on this occasion was well calculated to lead to this 
result, for never since has there been one more com- 
plete and effective. It is unnecessary to remind Dublin 
opera-goers of Guila Grisi's Enrichetta, Mario's Lionello, 
or Graziani's Plunketto ; but we may refer to this the 
only occasion on which Viardot held forth as Nancy. 
Those who had seen her "heavy tragedy" the night 
before, and now beheld her on the "light fantastic," 
dancing like a sylph (for in everything she was perfect), 
could hardly believe it was the same person. The 
effect of " The Last Rose," as given by Grisi now for the 
first time, may well be conceived ; and the enthusiasm 
which followed on the repetition (at the encore), with the 
English words, made so interesting by the slightly broken 
Italian-English, which is much softer than from the lips 
of a native of France or Germany. 

From some indescribable cause, the "Spinning Wheel" 
quartet has never " gone" with such enthusiasm as with 
Grisi, Viardot, Mario, and Graziani. 

First appearance of Titiens. 

August, 6th, 1859, the following Company was an- 



198 ANNALS OF THE 

nounced : Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Guarducci, Mdlle. 
Vaneri, Mdlle. Dell'Anese, Signer Badiali, Signer Via- 
letti, Signer Corsi, Signer Castelli, Signer Mercuriali, 
Signer Rossi, Signer Borchardt, and Signer Giuglini. 
Conductor, Signer Arditi ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

On Saturday, August 6th, 1859, " Les Huguenots." San 
Bris, Badiali ; Conte de Nevers, Signer Borchardt ; Ta- 
vannes, Signor Mercuriali ; De Retz, Signer Rossi ; 
Raoul, Signor Giuglini ; Marcello, Signor Vialetti ; 
Marguarita, Mdlle. Vaneri, ; Urbano, Mdlle. Guarducci ; 
Dame d'Onore, Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Valentina, Mdlle. 
Titiens. 

On Monday, August 8th, " Norma." Pollio, Giuglini ; 
Flavio, Mercuriale ; Oroveso, Signor Vialetti ; Adalgisa, 
Mdlle. Vanere; Clotilda, Mdlle. Dell'Anese; Norma, 
Titiens. 

On Tuesday, gth, " La Favorita," Leonora, Guarducci ; 
Alfonso, Signor Borchardt ; Baldassore, Signor Vialetti ; 
Gasparo, Signor Corsi ; Inez, Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Fer- 
nando, Giuglini. 

On Wednesday, ioth,'"Trovatore." Manrico, Giuglini; 
II Conte di Luna, Badiali ; Azucena, Mdlle. Guarducci ; 
Leonora, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Friday, izth, " II Barbiere." Figaro, Badiali ; Don 
Bartolo, Signor Castelli ; Basilio, Vialetti ; Fiorello, 
Signor Mercuriali ; Conte Almaviva, Corsi ; Berta, Mdlle. 
Dell'Anese ; Rosina, Mdlle. Guarducci. 

Saturday. " Les Huguenots," repeated. 

On Monday, "Trovatore," repeated. 

On Tuesday, August i6th, " Lucrezia Borgia," Gennaro, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 1 99 

Giuglini ; Alfonso, Badiale ; Rustighello, Mercuriale ; 
Astolfo, Borchardt ; Gubetta, Vialetti ; Gazella, Signer 
Castelli ; Liverotto, Signer Corsi ; Maffio Orsini, Guar- 
ducci ; Lucrezia Borgia, Titiens. 

On Wednesday, lyth, "Norma," and selections from 
" II Barbiere." 

On Thursday, i8th, "II Trovatore." Giuglini's benefit. 

On] Saturday, August 2oth, 1859, "Don Giovanni." 
Benefit of Titiens, and last night of engagement. Donna 
Anna, Titiens; Elvira, Mdlle. Vaneri ; Zerlina, Mdlle. 
Guarducci ; Ottavio, Giuglini ; Leporello, Vialetti ; 
Commendatore, Borchardt ; Maretto, Castelli ; Don 
Giovanni, Badiali. 

A worthy successor to the great Grisi (now on the 
" wane ") seemed a distant probability, whenjalmost sud- 
denly the immortal Titiens made her appearance, and 
startled the musical world by fulfilling worthily the now 
almost vacant place. For the lighter works, such as " Don 
Pasquale," " L'Elisire," &c., in which Grisi was so great, 
younger artistes were springing up, but the question arose, 
where is the coming " Norma," " Lucrezia Borgia," " Se- 
miramide," " Medea," &c. ? Jenny Lind and others 
had essayed without success ; when now comes one whom 
the Dublin Press named most aptly the " Queen of Song " 
and now commences an historic, and indeed an affec- 
tionate relationship between the Dublin audience and 
the wonderful Titiens, which continued for 14 or 15 
years, and was only terminated by her most lamented 
death. Titiens was indeed great in every particular. 
Queenly in person and stature, gigantic in talent, and 



200 ANNALS OF THE 

possessing a heart (well described by a Dublin " Boy ") 
as big as herself. By her voice and purse she con- 
stantly contributed to increase the funds of many 
charitable institutions, and the extreme kindness with 
which she tendered her great services, doubly enhanced 
the favours bestowed. Long years will indeed elapse 
before the public of Dublin can forget Titiens ! Mdlle. 
Guarducci was married during this engagement at the 
Cathedral in Marlborough-street, by the Rev. Canon 
Murphy (now P.P. of St. Kevin's), on which occasion, 
at the conclusion of the ceremony, he gave a beautiful 
address in " very choice Italian." 

On Saturday, October ist, 1859, a short engagement. 
Mdlle. Piccolomini,Mdlle Dell'Anese, Signer Belart, Sign or 
Corsi, Signer Aldighieri, Signer Mercuriali, Signer Rossi, 
Signer Castelli, Signer Badi ; Conductor, Signer Biletta ; 
Leader, Mr. Levey. 

On Saturday, ist, " La Figlia." Tonio, Belart; Sal- 
pizio, Aldighieri ; Ortensio, Castelli ; Caporale, Rossi ; 
Palrano, Mercuriali ; Maria, Piccolomini. 

On Monday, October 3rd, " La Traviata." Germont, 
Signor Aldighieri ; Duphol, Signer Rossi ; Gastone, 
Signor Mercuriale; Medico, Signor Castelli; Commis- 
sionaro, Signor Badi ; Alfredo, Signor Belart ; Flora, 
Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Violetta, Mdlle. Piccolomini. 

On Tuesday, 4th, " Lucia." Ashton, Aldighieri ; Be- 
debent, Castelli ; Arturo, Corsi ; Raimondo, Mercuriali ; 
Edgardo, Belart ; Alice, Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Lucia, 
Piccolomini. 

On Wednesday, " La Figlia" repeated ; and on Satur- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 

day, repeat of " La Traviata," for the benefit of Mdlle. 
Piccolomini, and last night. 

On the Saturday following, viz. : October 8th, 1859, 
Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Dell'Anese, Mdlle. Borchardt, 
Signer Giuglini, Signer Badiali, Signer Vialetti, Signer 
Mercuriali. Commenced with " II Trovatore." Manrico, 
Giuglini ; II Conte di Luna, Badiali ; Fernando, Vialetti ; 
Ruiz, Mercuriali Azucena, Mdlle. Borchardt ; Inez, 
Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Leonora, Titiens. 

On Monday, " Don Giovanni ;" with (as announced), 
" the following powerful cast " Don Ottavio, Giuglini ; 
Don Giovanni, Badiali j Leporello, Vialetti ; Commen- 
datore, Castelli ; Mazetto, Aldighieri ; Donna Anna, 
Titiens ; Elvira, Mdlle. Vaneri ; Zerlina, Mdlle. Picco- 
lomini (expressly engaged). 

On Tuesday, October nth, 1859, " II Trovatore." 
Leonora, Titiens ; Inez, Mdlle. Dell'Anese ; Azucena, 
Borchardt ; Ruiz, Signer Mercuriali ; Fernando, Signor 
Vialetti ; Conte di Luna, Badiali ; Manrico, Giuglini. 

On Thursday, i3th, " Marta." Tristano, Signor Cas- 
telli j Lionelli, Giuglini ; Plunkett, Signor Vialetti ; 
Sheriffo, Rossi ; Nancy, Mdlle. Borchardt ; Marta, 
Titiens ; 

And on Saturday, for the joint benefit of Mdlle. Titiens 
and Signor Giuglini, a repeat of " Marta." Conductor, 
Signor Arditi. 

NOTE: On the 27th of this month Madame Jenny 
Liiid Goldsmid visited Dublin, for the purpose of singing 
at a Concert given for the joint benefit of " Mercer's 
Hospital" and the "Irish Musical Fund Society," the 



202 ANNALS OF THE 

profits of which exceeded ^900, equally divided between 
the two institutions. Madame Lind not only gave her 
gratuitous services, but refused her railway fare. 

Mr. Harris, in conjunction with Mr. Willert Beale, 
announced a short series of Italian Operas, to commence 
on Monday, February 27th, 1860, supported by Mdlle. 
Piccolomini, Mdme. Borchardt, Mdme. Gramaglia,Mdme. 
Rudersdorff, Signor Belart, Signer Mercuriali, Signor 
Attavilla, Signor Aldighieri, Signor Castelli, Signor 
Allara, Mr. Patey (Primo Basso del Tetro Reggio 
Torino). Conductor, Signor Arditi. 

On Monday, February 27th, " La Traviata." Violetta, 
Piccolomini Alfredo, Belart ; Germont, Aldighieri ; Flora, 
Mdme. Gramaglia; Barone, Signor Allara ; Gaston, 
Signor Mercuriali. 

On Tuesday, 28th, "Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, 
Mdme. Rudersdorff; Gennaro, Signor Attavilla; Duca, 
Mr. Patey ; Orsini, Madame Borchardt ; Vitellozo, Signor 
Allara ; Gubetta, Signor Castelli ; Rustighello, Signor 
Mercuriali. 

On Wednesday, 29th, " La Figlia." Maria, Piccolomini ; 
Marchesa, Madame Gramaglia ; Salpizio, Signor Castelli ; 
Ortensio, Signor Allara ; Caporale, Signor Mercuriale ; 
Tonio, Signor Belart. " II Bacio ;" concluding with a 
" Valtz Brilliant," sung by Mdlle. Piccolomini, composed 
expressly for her by Signor Arditi. 

NOTE : This was the first appearance of this Valtz, 
which has attained great popularity, and still continues 
by an enormous sale a profit to composer and publisher. 

On Thursday, March ist, "Lucrezia" (repeat). 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 203 

On Friday, and March, " La Traviata " (repeat). 

On Saturday, March 3rd, " I Puritani." Elvira, Mdlle. 
Piccolomini ; Arturo, Signer Belart ; Giorgio, Mr. Patey ; 
Riccardo, Signer Aldighieri ; Regina, Mdme. Gramaglia. 

On Monday, March 5th, " Trovatore." Leonora, 
Madame Rudersdorff; Azucena, Madame Borchardt; 
Manrico, Signer Attavilla ; Di Luna, Aldighieri ; Fer- 
rando, Castelli. 

On Tuesday, repeat of " Puritani." 

On Wednesday, " La Figlia," " II Bacio " and the 
fourth Act of "La Favorita ;" with Piccolomini, Belart, 
and Patey. 

On Thursday (first time in Dublin), Mozart's " Nozze 
de Figaro" (in Italian.) Susanna, Mdlle. Piccolomini; 
Contessa, Mdme. Rudersdorff; Cherubino, Mdme. Bor- 
chardt ; Barbara, Mdme. Gramaglia ; Conte Almaviva, 
Signer Aldighieri ; Basilio, Attavilla ; Bartolo, Signer 
Castelli ; Figaro, Mr. Patey ; Giardiniere, Signer Allara. 
The following note appeared in the bills of this evening 
" Mozart is said to have chosen this subject when ordered 
to compose an Opera for the stage of Vienna, about four 
years after the appearance of his " Ent fuhring aus den 
Serail." Its success was not decided, even at rehearsal, 
when, according to the account left us by Michael Kelly, 
the enthusiasm both of singers and of the orchestra rose 
to a pitch that must seem quite incredible to those accus- 
tomed to a colder mode of expressing satisfaction. Nor 
did the result disappoint the expectations of the Viennese 
artistes ; so great was the delight of the audience on its 
first representation, that scarcely a single piece of music 



204 ANNALS OF THE 

was allowed to pass without an encore, in consequence of 
which the Opera was so extravagantly prolonged, that the 
Emperor thought himself obliged to interfere, and com- 
manded that nothing for the future should be called for 
a second time in the course of the same evening." Oh ! 
for such an Emperor at the present time ! 

On Saturday, March loth, repeat of "Lucrezia; and 
first time in Dublin, a " Farsa Musicale " by Fioravante, 
entitled, " La Serva Padrona." Serpina, Mdlle. Piccolo- 
mini; Oberto, Signor Castelli: Tempesta,Signor Casalioni. 

Monday, March i2th, repeat of "Le Nozze." 

On Tuesday, i3th, "La Figlia." 

Wednesday, "Trovatore" and " Serva Padrona." 

On Thursday, i5th, "Marta." Enrichetta, Piccolo- 
mini ; Nancy, Mdme. Rudersdorff (in consequence of 
Mdme. Borchardt's accident) ; Lionello, Signor Belart ; 
Plunkett, Signor Aldighieri ; Tristani, Signor Castelli ; 
Podesta, Signor Mercuriali. 

On Friday, March i6th, a Concert in Rotundo. 

On Saturday, March lyth," Marta." Benefit of Mdlle. 
Piccolomini, and last night. 

The first performance in Italian of " Le Nozze " marked 
this engagement, and was decidely the best performed 
work during the short season. Mdme. RudersdorfFs 
version of the Countess was marked by the thorough 
musicianlike qualities which attended every classical role 
attempted by the same artiste. As before stated, she was 
daughter of Monsieur Rudersdorff, an excellent violinist ; 
(a resident in Dublin some years since), who, in'connectioa 
with Mr. Pigott, the eminent violoncellist, and Mr. John 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 205 

Wilkinson, gave a most successful series of Promenade 
Concerts at the Rotundo. Mr. Patey, a young English- 
man, who had pursued his studies in Italy, was an 
excellent Figaro ; Aldighieri, a capital Count ; and with 
the minor parts well filled, Mozart's (by some considered) 
best work was rendered every justice. It has ever since 
justly increased in public estimation. The accident 
alluded to, and which caused Mdme. Rudersdorff to 
undertake the Nancy in " Marta," occurred to Mdme. 
Borchardt while singing at the window as " Le Nozze " 
she fell, and hurt severely the cap of her knee ; this, 
unfortunately, laid her up for the remainder of the 
engagement, and she was delayed six weeks after at the 
Gresham Hotel under surgical care. 

The Company performed for two additional nights, 
viz.: On Thursday, March 2 2nd, "Lucia" (benefit of 
Mdme. Rudersdorff). Lucia, Mdme. Rudersdorff; Ed- 
gardo, Signer Belart ; 

And on Saturday, March 24th, 1860, it was announced, 
" Mdlle. Piccolomini will most positively make her last 
appearance, and take a formal farewell of the Dublin 
public in the Opera of ' La Traviata ;' " which was 
performed with the same cast; concluding with "La 
Serva Padrona " and " II Bacio." 

The next troupe consisted of Mdme. Grisi, Mdme. 
Viardot Garcia, Mdme. Orvil, Mdlle. Sedlatzek, Mdme. 
Rita, Madame Gassier, Signor Mario, Signer Angelo 
Luise, Signor Graziana, Signor Fallar, Signor Kinni, 
Signor Cherricci, Signor Forsi, and Signor Ciampi. Con- 
ductor, Signor Viannese. 



206 ANNALS OF THE 

On Monday, September zoth, 1860, "II Trovatore." 
Leonora, Madame Grisi ; Azucena, Viardot Garcia j Inez, 
Madame Cherricci ; Manrico, Mario ; Conte di Luna, 
Signor Graziani; Ferrando, Signor Ciampi ; Ruiz, 
Signor Kinni ; Zingaro, Signor Cherricci. 

On Tuesday, "Macbeth." Lady Macbeth, Viardot 
Garcia ; Dame, Mdme. Cherricci ; Macbeth, Signor Gra- 
ziani ; Banquo, Signor Ciampi ; Macduff, Signor Luise ; 
Medico, Signor Kinni. 

On Wednesday, i2th, "Norma." Norma, Grisi; Adal- 
gisa, Madame Orvil ; Clotilde, Madame Cherricci ; Pollio, 
Signor Luise ; Oroveso, Signor Ciampi ; Flavio, Kinni. 

On Thursday, i3th, "Rigoletto." Gilda, Madame 
Gassier ; Madalena, Madame Viardot ; Giovanni, Mdme. 
Cherricci ; Duca, Signor Mario ; Rigoletto, Signor Gra- 
ziani ; Sparafucili, Signor Ciampi. 

On Friday, i4th, " Marta." Lionelli, Mario ;Plunkett, 
Graziani ; Tristano, Signor Ciampi ; Sheriffo, Kinni ; 
Enrichetta, Grisi ; Nancy, Viardot. 

On Saturday, isth, "Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, Grisi; 
Orsini, Viardot ; Gennaro, Mario ; Alfonso, Graziani ; 
Gubetta, Signor Fallar ; Rustighello, Signor Cherricci ; 
Vitellozo, Kinni. 

On Monday, September iyth, "Don Giovanni." Gio- 
vanni, Graziani ; Donna Anna, Grisi ; Ottavio, Mario ; 
Commendatore, Fallar ; Donna Elvira, Madame Gassier ; 
Leporello, Signor Ciampi ; Masetto, Signor Kinni ; Zer- 
lina, Madame Viardot Garcia. 

On Tuesday, i8th, " Norma," as before. 

On Wednesday, igth, " Rigoletta," as before. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 207 

On Thursday, 2oth, "Marta." 

On Friday, September 2ist (first time in Dublin), 
Gluck's Opera, " Orfeo and Euridice." (The version 
performed at the Theatre Lyrique, Paris.) Orfeo, Mdme. 
Viardot Garcia ; L'Arnore, Madame Gassier ; Euridice, 
Madame Orvil ; after which " Don Bucefalo." Buce- 
falo (a composer at his first rehearsal), Signer Ciampi \ 
concluding with last Scene of " Somnambula." Amina, 
Madame Gassier. 

On Saturday, 22nd, "Trovatore" (repeat). 

On Monday, 24th, " II Barbiere." Rosina, Madame 
Gassier; Berta, Mdlle. Cherricci ; Count Almaviva, Signer 
Mario ; Figaro, Signer Graziani ; Bartolo, Signor Ciampi ; 
Basilio, Signor Fallar ; Officiale, Signor Cherricci. 

On Tuesday, 25th, " Norma." 

Wednesday, 26th, " La Favorita." Leonora, Madame 
Grisi ; Luis, Madame Cherricci ; Fernando, Signor Mario ; 
Alfonso, Graziani ; Gaspare, Signor Cherricci. 

On Thursday, 27th, "Orfeo and Euridice" (repeat). 

On Friday, 28th, " Don Giovanni." 

On Saturday, " Lucrezia Borgia," as before last night. 

The Opera of " Macbeth " proved more attractive 
during this engagement than when first presented, the 
Lady Macbeth of Viardot having produced a deep im- 
pression ; however, it may here be remarked that, as a 
rule, new works are not generally attractive in Dublin ; 
it is when the music becomes familiar that the audience 
increases in numbers. Several instances of this truth 
might be quoted, but that the fact is universally acknow- 
ledged there may be a few exceptions, but the rule still 



208 ANNALS OF THE 

holds. The production of Gluck's " Orfeo and Euridice" 
was the feature of the season, Viardot adding another 
laurel wreath to her already overcrowded brow by her 
extraordinary performance of " Orfeo," which, indeed, 
realized all the classical ideas that could possibly be 
formed of the heart-broken god of the lyric art. It was, 
indeed, a highly, deeply-wrought study, most delightful to 
witness from the first scene to the last ; in fact it would 
require a volume to enter into a just criticism of this 
effort of genius, either with reference to the rendering of 
the music of the great composer, who first formed the 
classic French school, or as a histrionic embodiment of 
the part which it is said Gluck set his heart on. The 
impression produced by the " Che faro senza Eurydice " 
can never be forgotten ; its exquisite tenderness caused 
tears to flow, and the contrast between the death-like 
silence during the song, and the " thunders of applause " 
at the end, was indeed striking. If any proof were wanted 
of the extraordinary versatility of this great artiste-musi- 
cienne, it only required to see her Lady Macbeth one 
evening, then Orfeo, and then Zerlina in " Don Giovanni/' 
all equally excellent, and fully proving that she had "gone 
through each mode of the lyre, and was mistress of all." 

September, 1861. Italian Opera Company. Mdlle. 
Titiens, Madame Lemaire, Madame Bellini, Mdlle. Anna 
Whitty, Signor Giuglini, Signor Delia Sedie, Signer Fallar, 
Signor Ciampi, Signor Bossi, Signor Bellini, Signor Casa- 
boni, and Mr. Swift. Conductor, Signor Arditi. 

Monday, September i6th, 1861, " II Trovatore." Leo- 
nora, Titiens ; Azucena, Mdme. Lemaire ; Inez, Madame 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 20Q 

Bellini ; Conte di Luna, Signer Delia Sedie ; Fernando, 
Signer Bossi ; Ruiz, Casaboni ; Manrico, Giuglini. 

Tuesday, i;th, " I Puritani." Elvira, Miss Anna 
Whitty ; Georgio, Signor^Ciampi ; Ricardo, Signer Delia 
Sedie ; Arturo, Signer Giuglini. 

On Wednesday, i8th, " Norma." Norraa, Titiens; 
Adalgisa, Mdlle. Anna Whitty ; Oroveso, Signer Ciampi ; 
Clotilde, Madame Bellini ; Pollio, Mr. Swift. 

Thursday, ipth, " Marta." Lady Enrichetta, Titiens; 
Nancy, Madame Lemaire ; Lionello, Giuglini ; Plunketto, 
Signer Delia Sedie ; Tristano, Signer Ciampi ; Sheriffo, 
Signer Casaboni. 

Friday, 2oth, " II Barbiere." Rosini, Anna Whitty ; 
Figaro, Signer Delia Sedie ; Bartolo, Ciampi ; Basilio, 
Signer Fallar ; Conte Almaviva, Mr. Swift. 

On Saturday, 2ist, " Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, 
Titiens; Orsini, Madame Lemaire; Alfonso, Signer 
Ciampi ; Gubetta, Signer Bossi ; Gazella, Signer Fallar j 
Vitellozo, Signer Casaboni ; Liverotto, Signor Bellini ; 
Gennaro, Giuglini. 

On Monday, 22nd, " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, 
Titiens ; Zerlina, Madame Lemaire ; Elvira, Mdlle. Anna 
Whitty ; Don Giovanni, Signor Delia Sedie ; Leporello, 
Signor Ciampi ; Mazetto, Signor Casaboni ; Commenda- 
tore, Signor Bossi ; Don Ottavio, Signor Giuglini. 

On Wednesday, September 25th, 1861, for the first time 
in Dublin, Verdi's Grand Opera, " II Ballo in Maschera." 
Amelia, Mdlle. Titiens ; Renato, Signor Delia Sedie ; 
Oscar, Mdlle. A. Whitty; Ulrica, Madame Lemaire; 
Samuele, Signor Bossi ; Tomaso, Signor Ciampi ; Silvano, 

o 



2IO ANNALS OF THE 

Signer Fallar ; Un Guidice, Signer Casaboni ; Servo, 
Signer Lavini ; Ricardo, Signer Giuglini. The Band of 
the nth Hussars performed in the Masquerade Scene, 
conducted by Signer Operti. 

On Thursday, 26th, " Norma," as before. 

On Friday, zyth, "Marta." 

Saturday, 28th, " Ballo in Maschera." 

Monday, soth, " Trovatore." 

Tuesday, October ist, " Don Giovanni." 

Wednesday, 2nd, " Un Ballo." 

Thursday, 3rd, " Marta." Benefit of Titiens and 
Giuglini. 

Friday, 4th, " II Barbiere," as before. 

Saturday, 5th, " Un Ballo." Last night. 

Miss Anna Whitty, who created a favourable impres- 
sion as a soprano during this engagement, was a daughter 
of Mr. Whitty, proprietor of one of the principal daily 
journals of Liverpool. She had a good and well- 
cultivated voice, having studied under the best masters 
in Italy. After a short and successful career on the stage, 
she accepted a good matrimonial offer of engagement, and 
retired from public, to delight her friends in social life by 
her musical abilities. The first production of Verdi's 
charming Opera, " Un Ballo in Maschera," formed the 
chief feature, and was a great event in our operatic annals. 
The work created an immediate impression, as well from 
the attractive nature of the music, as from the very efficient 
tC cast." Titiens was of course, as usual, at home ; Mdlle. 
Whitty, an excellent " Seconda Donna ;" but the palm 
seemed to lie with Giuglini and Delia Sedie ; the singing 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 211 

of " Eri tu " by the latter great artiste created quite a 
startling sensation, and most deservedly, for a more 
finished piece of vocalism has seldom, if ever, been heard. 
Although nearly 30 years have elapsed, there are many 
who preserve a lively recollection of this " Eri tu " of 
Delia Sedie. The same remarks will apply to Giuglini, 
whose singing in this work almost excelled any former 
effort. The first eight bars of " E Scherzo " was given 
with such marvellous point and beauty, that a double 
encore was the result every night, thus delaying the 
*' ensemble," which follows, for a considerable time. 
Madame Lemaire, Signor Ciampi, Signer Bossi (a capital 
basso profondo), and Casaboni, the most useful of " utility 
men," contributed much to the general effect of the very 
beautiful concerted pieces. The Band of the nth Hussars 
bore an important " hand " in the Masquerade Scene, led 
by Signor Operti, the efficient master, who first visited 
Dublin in the capacity of " Suggeritore " with former 
companies. A great financial success attended this en- 
gagement, much enhanced by the production of "Un 
Ballo." 

Later in October, i86r, the following announcement 
appeared : " Mr. Harris has very great pleasure in an- 
nouncing that, in compliance with the generally-expressed 
wish to hear Mdlle. Adelina Patti, he has, at an enormous 
expense, succeeded in making arrangements for that cele- 
brated artiste to sing once in each of those Operas in 
which she achieved such unparalleled success at the Royal 
Italian Opera, Covent Garden, during the past season." 
Accordingly, on Tuesday, October zgth, 1 86 1, was given, 



212 ANNALS OF THE 

" La Sonnambula." Amina, Mdlle. Patti ; Ina, Mdlle. 
Sedlatzek ; Elvino, Signer Galvani ; Rodolfo, Signer 
Manfredi ; Alessio, Signer Kinni; Notaro, Signer Annoni. 

On Thursday, October 3 ist, " La Traviata." Violetta, 
Mdlle. Patti ; Flora, Mdlle. Sedlatzek ; Georgio Germont, 
Signor Cima; Gaston, Signer Annoni; Baron Duphol, 
Signer Galli; Dottore, Signor Kinni; Alfred Germont, 
Signor Galvani. 

On Saturday, November 2nd, " Lucia." Lucia, Mdlle. 
Patti ; Aston, Signor Cima ; Raimondo, Signor Man- 
fredi ; Arturo, Signor Annoni ; Normanno, Signor Kinni ; 
Edgardo, Signor Galvani. 

On Monday, 4th, "II Barbiere." Rosina, Mdlle. 
Patti; Berta, Mdlle. Sedlatzek; Figaro, Signor Cima; 
Bartolo, Signor Manfredi ; Basilio, Signor Kinni ; Fiorello, 
Signor Annoni ; Almaviva, Signor Galvani. 

On Wednesday, repeat of " Sonnambula." 

On Saturday, gth, " Marta." Lady Enrichetta, Mdlle. 
Patti; Nancy, Mdlle. Sedlatzek ; Plunketto, Signor 
Cima ; Lionello, Signor Galvani ; Sheriffo, Signor 
Kinni ; Tristano, Signor Manfredi. In the course of 
the evening Patti sang "Home, Sweet Home," and 
" 'Twas within a Mile of Edinbro' Town." Last night, 
for Patti's benefit. 

The prices on this occasion were Dress Circle, IDS. ; 
Second Circle, 6s. ; Pit, 33. 6d ; Lower Gallery, 23. 6d. ; 
Upper Gallery, is. 6d. 

Since the engagement of Jenny Lind the prices had 
not been so high, and many signs of disapproval were 
manifested, as, with the exception of the great prima- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 213 

donna, the Company was not " of the strongest." It was 
on the first night, during the progress of the song, 
"Vi Raviso," by Rodolfo, when, from nervousness or 
otherwise, the singer " broke down " on an important 
note, a "member" of the upper gallery exclaimed, in 
a rather subdued tone, but with a melancholy whine, 
" Oh ! Blood-an-'ouns, my eighteenpence !" An enor- 
mous success of course attended the engagement, proving 
fully the profitable results to managers of the starring 
system. Patti, if not the greatest, certainly as great a 
genius as ever appeared in the musical world, deserved all 
the " kudos " that could possibly be bestowed. It is 
quite unnecessary to descant on her transcendant merits, 
as she still reigns supreme, and, if possible, increases 
year after year in public favour, commanding the largest 
terms ever bestowed on any other vocalist, except Jenny 
Lind terms, it is to be feared, which may prevent the 
possibility of Patti's re-appearance in the Dublin Theatre. 
Happily, however, the facility of travelling now offers the 
opportunity of hearing her in London ; and ail are hereby 
advised to witness her Catarina in " L'Etoile du 
Nord," and her Americaine, &c., &c., and, if occasion 
should offer, she should also be heard in " Oratorio," in 
which she " shines resplendent." At the last Triennial 
Handel Festival, she positively eclipsed all her compeers. 
Farewell Engagement of Mdme. Grisi. On Tuesday, 
December 3rd, 1861, the above-announced appeared. 
The Company thus : Madame Grisi, Madame Le- 
maire, Mdlle. Bossi, Mdlle. Dario, Miss Ellen Conran 
(her first appearance) ; Signer Galvani, Mr. Swift, Signer 



214 ANNALS OF THE 

Aspa, Signer Cresci, Signer Fallar, Signer Bellini, Signer 
Ciampi. Conductor, Signer Vianesi ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

On Tuesday, December 3rd, " Lucrezia Borgia." 
Lucrezia, Mdme. Grisi ; Maffeo Orsini, Mdme. Lemaire ; 
Don Alfonso, Signer Cresci ; Vitellozo, Signer Fallar ; 
Liverotto, Signer Aspa; Gubetta, Signer Bellini ; Gen- 
naro, Signer Galvani. 

On Wednesday, 4th, "Rigoletto." Gilda, Mdlle. 
Dario ; Madelina, Mdme. Lemaire ; Contessa, Mdlle. 
Bossi; Rigoletto, Signer Cresci; Sparafucele, Signer 
Ciampi ; Marcello, Signer Fallar ; Monteroni, Signer 
Ceni ; II Duca, Signer Galvani. 

On Thursday, "Norma." Norma, Madame Grisi; 
Adalgaisa, Miss Ellen Conran (her first appearance) ; 
Pollio, Mr. Swift; Flavio, Signer Aspa; Oroveso, 
Signer Ciampi. 

On Saturday, " Trovatore." Leonora, Mdme. Grisi ; 
Azucena, Mdme. Lemaire ; Inez, Mdlle. Bossi ; Conte 
di Luna, Cresci ; Ferrando, Signor Ciampi ; Un Zingara, 
Signer Bellini ; Manrico, Signor Galvani. 

On Monday, December gth, " Don Giovanni." Donna 
Anna, Grisi ; Donna Elvira, Mdlle. Dario ; Zerlina, Miss 
Ellen Conran ; Ottavio, Signor Galvani ; Leporello, 
Ciampi ; Masetto, Bossi ; Commendatore, Fallar ; Don 
Giovanni, Signor Cresci. 

On Tuesday, December loth, " Un Ballo in Maschera." 
Amelia, Miss Ellen Conran; Ulrica, Mdme. Lemaire; 
Oscar, Mdlle. Dario ; Renato, Signor Cresci ; Tomaso, 
Signor Fallar ; Samuele, Signor Ciampi ; Silvano, Signor 
Bellini ; Riccardo, Signor Galvani. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 215 

On Wednesday, repeat of " Lucrezia." 

On Thursday, " Trovatore." 

On Friday, " La Traviata." Violetta, Mdlle. Dario ; 
Flora, Mdme. Bossi ; Germont, Signer Cresci j II Barone, 
Signer Fallar ; Alfredo, Signer Galvani. Second Act of 
" Un Ballo " and First Act of " II Barbiere." Rosina, 
Miss E. Conranj Figaro, Signor Cresci j Almaviva, 
Signer Galvani. 

On Saturday last night (benefit of Miss Conran) 
" Marta." Enrichetta, Grisi ; Nancy, Miss E. Conran ; 
Plunketto, Signor Ciampi ; Tristano, Signor Fallar ; 
Sheriffo, Signor Bellini ; Lionelli, Signor Galvani. 

The Company proceeded to Cork and Limerick, and, 
on the return, " Norma" was given for the benefit of 
Mdme. Grisi, announced as " positively her last appear- 
ance on any stage in the United Kingdom." Miss Ellen 
Conran was the daughter of William Sarsfield Conran, 
an eminent pianist of Dublin, and great public favourite. 
She made a most successful debut; Mdme. Grisi taking 
the greatest interest in her welfare, and bestowing much 
pains in imparting to Miss Conran at rehearsals the most 
careful lessons in stage business ; teaching her also, with 
the greatest care, the different passages and cadenzas 
which occur in the duets which occur between Adalgisa 
and Norma, " De Conte," &c. It is hardly necessary to 
say that Grisi did not require rehearsal for music which 
she had so repeatedly sung. She, however, went over 
every note with this young artiste, so that no hitch might 
possibly occur ; of course it was of the last importance 
to Norma that all should be smooth ; and the uninitiated 



2l6 ANNALS OF THE 

are not aware of the extreme pains exercised, and the 
perfect understanding which must exist between two 
even of the most finished artistes, to ensure the precision 
which is indispensable for public performance. Grisi, 
was, however, on this occasion prompted more by kind- 
ness for the young Dublin Adalgisa than from any selfish 
motives, and displayed a nervous anxiety which gave 
strong evidence of a kindness of heart worthy of a great 
artiste. 

This Engagement'was not a marked success. 

On Tuesday, October yth, 1862, the following Com- 
pany: Mdlle. Titiens, Mdme. Louise Michal, Mdlle. 
Florio, Mdme. Lemaire, Mdme. Pauline Castro, Sign or 
Badiali, Herr Formes, Signor Casaboni, Signer Soldi, 
Signor Bossi, SignorJGiuglini. Conductor, Signor Arditi. 

On Tuesday, " II Trovatore ;" with Titiens, Louisa 
Michal, Badiali, Formes and Giuglina. 

On Wednesday, " Lucia ;" with Mdlle. Pauline Castro, 
Signor Badiale, Herr Formes, Giuglini. 

On Friday, "Puritani." Titiens, Giuglini, Badiali,. 
Formes. 

On Saturday, i ith, Marta." Titiens, Pauline Castro,. 
Giuglini, Badiali, Formes. 

Monday, i3th, " Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, Titiens ; 
Orsino, Mdme. Lemaire ; Gennaro, Giuglini ; II Duca, 
Badiali. 

Tuesday, i4th, " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Titiens; 
Elvira, Louise Michal ; Zerlina, Pauline Castro ; Lepo- 
rello, Herr Formes ; Giovanni, Badiali ; Masetto, Bossi ;. 
Commendatore, Casaboni ; Ottavio, Giuglini. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 2 1/ 

On Wednesday, i5th, "Norma." Norma, Titiens ; 
Adalgisa, Louise Michal ; Oroveso, Bossi ; Pollio, Signer 
Palmiera (his first appearance). 

On Friday, lyth, " Lucrezia Borgia." Cast as before. 

Saturday, i8th, benefit of Titiens, and last night. 
"Puritan!" and Third Act of "Robert le Diable." 
Bertram, Formes ; Rambaldo, Signer Ubalde ; Robert, 
Signer Palmieri ; Alice, Mdlle. Titiens. (No remarkable 
event.) 

Mdlle. Titiens, Mdme. Volpini (her first appearance), 
Mdlle. Giraldoni, Mdlle. Trebelli (her first appearance), 
Signer Volpini (his first appearance) ; Signor Bettini (his 
first appearance), Signor Soldi, Mr. Sims Reeves (his 
first appearance these nine years), Mr. Santley (his first 
appearance), Signor Bossi, Signor Casaboni. Sug- 
geritore, Signor Fontana ; Regisseur, Signor Grua ; 
Conductor, Signor Arditi ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

Saturday, September 26th, 1863, "Lucia." Edgardo, 
Mr. Sims Reeves ; Arturo, Signor Soldi ; Normanno, 
Signor Casaboni ; Ashton, Mr. Santley ; Raimondo, 
Signor Bossi; Alice, Mdlle. Giraldoni; Lucia, Mdlle. 
Volpini (in consequence of Mdlle. Titiens having missed 
the train). 

On Monday, September 28th, " Marta." Lionello, 
Signor Bettini ; Tristano, Signor Casaboni ; Plunketto, 
Signor Bossi ; Sheriffo, Signor Pretti ; Nancy, Mdlle. 
Trebelli ; Marta, Mdlle. Volpini. 

Tuesday, September 29th. The following announcement 
appeared " Postponement of the production of ' Faust ' 
until Thursday next, when it will positively be performed. 



2l8 ANNALS OF THE 

In consequence of the amount of preparation necessary 
for the representation of a work of such importance and 
magnitude, and which has created such a remarkable 
sensation throughout the whole of the principal Theatres 
of Europe, it has been deemed necessary, in order to 
attain that ensemble so indispensable to this celebrated 
work, to postpone the first performance until Thursday 
next, October ist, when will be presented for the first 
time Gounod's celebrated Opera of ' Faust.' " 

On Tuesday evening, September 29111, "II Trova- 
tore." Manrico, Signor Volpini ; Conte di Luna, Mr. 
Santley ; Ferrando, Signor Bossi ; Ruiz, Signor Vercel- 
lini ; Un Zingara, Signor Casaboni ; Azucena, Mdlle. 
Trebelli ; Inez, Mdlle. Giraldoni ; Leonora, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Wednesday, 3oth, " Un Ballo in Maschera." 
Ricardo, Volpini ; Renato, Mr. Santley ; Samuele, Ver- 
cellini ; Tomaso, Signor Bossi ; Ulrica, Mdlle. Trebelli ; 
Oscar, Mdlle. Volpini ; Amelia, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Thursday evening, October ist, 1863, Gounod's 
Opera, " Faust." Faust, Mr. Sims Reeves ; Valentino, 
Mr. Santley ; Wagner, Signor Casaboni ; Mephistophele, 
Signor Bossi ; Siebel, Mdlle. Trebelli ; Marta, Mdlle. 
Giraldoni ; Margherita, Mdlle. Titiens. (The Band of 
the 86th Regiment.) 

Friday, October 2nd, " La Traviata." Alfredo, Signor 
Bettini ; Germont, Mr. Santley ; Gastone, Mdlle. Trebelli 
{" who has kindly undertaken the part, in which she will 
introduce ' No, no, no,' from ' Les Huguenots.' ") Obigny, 
Signor Vercellini ; Medico, Signor Bossi ; Anina, Mdlle. 
Giraldoni \ Violetta, Mdlle. Volpini. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 219 

On Saturday, October 3rd (in consequence of the 
immense success), " Faust," as before. 

On Monday, "Norma." Norma, Mdlle. Titiens; 
Adalgisa, Mdlle. Volpini; Clotilda, Mdlle. Giraldoni 
Oroveso, Signer Bossi ; Flavio, Signer Casaboni ; Pollio, 
Signer Volpini. 

On Tuesday, 6th October, " Faust," as before. 

On Wednesday, " Marta " (repeat). 

On Thursday, 8th, Oberon " (first time in Italian). 
Sir Huon, Sims Reeves: Sherasmin, Mr. Santley; 
Oberon, Signor Bettini ; Babakin, Signer Bossi ; Califo, 
Signer Casaboni; Puck, Mdlle. Volpini; Fatima, Mdlle. 
Trebelli ; Reiza, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Friday, " Traviata " (repeat). 

On Saturday (last night), " in consequence of the 
immense success," repeat of " Oberon." 

This engagement is, indeed, memorable for the first 
production of " Faust " and of " Oberon ;" also for the 
numerous " first appearances " of so many artistes des- 
tined to become immense favourites Trebelli, Santley, 
Signor Bettini, &c. Signor Volpini made his mark as a 
genuine, substantial, manly tenor, most satisfactory in 
every part he undertook. The Dublin audience may be 
considered very fastidious with reference to tenors, still, 
coming after all the great ones, Volpini held his ground 
well, and became a great favourite. Mdlle. Volpini was 
fortunate in meeting an opportunity the very first night of 
the engagement. In consequence of the accidental 
absence of Titiens, by missing a train, the young soprana, 
at a short notice, sustained the part of " Lucia." 



220 ANNALS OF THE 

Audiences in general are, on all such occasions, in- 
dulgent to a rising artiste who can on an emergency 
undertake an important role when successful, the 
applause will be greater than if announced as " Prima- 
Donna" beforehand. Mdlle. Volpini took the public 
quite by surprise by her admirable singing and acting, and 
established herself so firmly, that the announcement 
appeared the next day that, " In consequence of Mdlle. 
Volpini's great success, she will appear on Friday in ' La 
Traviata.'" Several similar instances have occurred,, 
which have made the fortune of " Remplagantes." Miss 
Rainsforth (in English Opera) is one instance. She 
undertook the part of "Norma" at a moment's notice, 
when Miss Adelaide Kemble was taken ill, and thus 
elevated herself to the position of prima-donna, which 
she enjoyed for several years on the English Stage. 

It is unnecessary to allude to the almost unprece- 
dented success of Trebelli, who up to the present 
moment enjoys a world- wide reputation, which in every 
city in Europe seems to increase, and which must still in- 
crease, as long as purity of style and finished taste indeed, 
art, in its highest lyric form continue to be appreciated. 
Then Santley, the greatest baritone England has yet pro- 
duced indeed, unsurpassed by any foreign artist in voice 
or high-toned musical education. An instrumentalist in 
his younger days (having played the violin at the Liver- 
pool Philharmonic), he enjoyed the advantage of a most 
perfectly formed " ear," which those may lack who have 
not studied a stringed instrument. As Mr. Santley is 
still in the enjoyment of all his great powers, and con- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 221 

tinues periodically to visit Dublin, more welcome each 
time, it is unnecessary to enlarge more on his merits. 
Signer Bettini, though last, not least, must not be for- 
gotten. This tenor only required a little more power of 
voice to have placed him amongst those who have arrived 
at the top of the ladder. The wonderfully artistic manner 
in which he managed the rather limited organ which 
nature placed at his disposal, was most remarkable. Al- 
though wanting force, the voice was exquisitely sweet, 
and in music requiring flexibility, such as Rossini's Count 
Almaviva, &c., he was perfection, varying his passages 
on the repetition of a phrase with great judgment a 
proceeding very often admissible in florid composers, but 
sometimes abused. It is related that Rossini, after hear- 
ing a song of his own performed by a great Parisian 
soprano, was asked : "Well, Maestro, what do you think 
of that ? " " Magnificent," replied Rossini ; " but who is 
the composer ? " Bettini did not go so far, but " used 
all gently." His singing in " Oberon " was something 
charming. 

The first performance of the now familiar "Faust" 
was a success, but a succes d'estime. It must be ad- 
mitted that the audience were a little puzzled, and varied 
were the critical remarks. The journals were for the 
most part favourable, but the pit-goers, in particular, were 
doubtful. All admitted the " grandeur " of the work, the 
fulness of the orchestra, c. \ but it was asked, " Where 
is the melody ? Why, the only tune is ' The Soldiers' 
Chorus,'" &c., &c. (Valentine's first song, " Dio pos- 
sente," was not then introduced.) The cavillers were an- 



222 ANNALS OF THE 

swered by " What do you say to Trebelli's song, ' Le par- 
lati d'amor ?' " the reply to which was, " Ah, it's very 
short." " Well, but c The Jewel Song ? ' " one enthusiast 
asked seriously. " Now, who could whistle any of that 
song? " Altogether, " Faust "at first left the impression of a 
great work of high art some thought rather too high 
and this is not to be wondered atafter so many years of the 
"Lucias," " Sonnambulas," " Puritanis," &c., &c., where 
the attention of the listener must be concentrated on the 
star on the stage singing, doubtless, a very pretty tune, 
with the orchestra, " vilely subservient," giving a tickling 
arpeggio accompaniment. Happily this state of things is 
passing away ; and although the old melodious works will, 
doubtless, still hold ground for some time, the public taste 
is fast improving, and the constant hearing of " Faust," with 
the works of Meyerbeer, Thomas, Wagner, &c., must 
surely educate us up to the more classical school, where 
luxuriant orchestration and more unity of " form " 
exist. 

Weber's " Oberon," in Italian guise, came on us now 
also for the first time. This work (written by Weber for 
Miss Paton, afterwards Mrs. Wood) had lain dormant 
for some years, partly, it was stated, because it was hope- 
less to find a vocalist who could declaim the great scena, 
" Ocean, thou mighty Monster," equal to the eminent 
English soprano, whose "reading" of this wonderfully de- 
scriptive composition was, indeed, an extraordinary effort 
of genius. However, Mr. Mapleson, with his accustomed 
foresight, knew he had an artiste equal to the occasion ; 
and, indeed, Titiens even excelled the great original in 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 223. 

this piece. By the addition of a recitative by Sir Julius 
Benedict, and some additions from other Operas of 
his old master, Weber, Sir Julius elevated a rather patchy 
musical drama, with certainly some exquisite songs, 
duets, quartets, &c., to an Italian Opera, or as near as 
possible thereto. When shall we again hear " Over the 
dark blue Waters," as given by Titiens, Trebelli, Sims 
Reeves, and Santley? What could equal the duet, 
"Let us be Merry," with Trebelli and Santley ; the 
songs, "A lonely Arab Maid" and "Oh! Araby" 
of Trebelli ? The " Mermaid's Song " by Mdlle. Volpini 
must not be forgotten ; and then, as already noticed, the 
" Ocean, thou mighty Monster " of Titiens. By-the-way, 
a slight inconsistency occurred on the last occasion but 
one of the performance of " Oberon." It was for the 
benefit of Titiens. At the forcible request indeed, the 
continued and boisterous command of the members of 
the upper gallery, immediately following " Ocean, thou 
mighty Monster," a pianoforte had to be carried on the 
stage (the waters of said ocean supposed to be running 
thereon), that poor Titiens should sing " The Last Rose 
of Summer ! " This she did with her (on this occasion) 
too yielding kindness and good-nature, notwithstanding 
her dishevelled hair and sea-like appearance. The piano- 
forte, on being rolled off the stage, unfortunately rolled 
over, creating shouts of laughter. " Oberon " has well 
held its ground, but its repetition, it is to be feared, is a 
distant event. 

NOTE. Thalberg's farewell Concerts took place this 
season, commencing on the i6th November. 



224 ANNALS OF THE 

Sothern made his first appearance at the Royal, No- 
vember gth, 1863, as Lord Dundreary. 

Opera Company Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Grossi, Mdlle. 
Giraldini, and Mdlle. Sinico (her first appearance) ; Signer 
Gardoni, Mr. Santley, Signor Bossi, Signor Marini, Signer 
Vercellini, Signor Casaboni, and Mr. Swift. Conductor, 
Signor Arditi. 

On Saturday, September 24th, 1864, " Lucrezia Borgia." 
Gennaro, Signor Gardoni ; Alfonso, Santley ; Rustighdlo, 
Marini ; Liverotto, Vercellini ; Astolfo, Casaboni ; Gu- 
betta, Bossi ; Orsini, Mdlle. Grossi ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

On Monday, "Faust." Faust, Gardoni; Valentino, 
Santley ; Mephistophele, Bossi ; Wagner, Casaboni ; 
Siebel, Mdlle. Grossi ; Marta, Mdlle. Giraldini ; Marghe- 
rita, Titiens. 

On Tuesday, 2 ;th, " La Traviata." Alfredo, Gardoni ; 
Germont, Santley ; Gaston, Marini ; Barone, Vercellini ; 
Marchese, Casaboni ; Medico, Bossi ; Flora, Mdlle. Giral- 
dini ; Violetta, Mdlle. Sinico. 

On Wednesday, 28th, "Norma." Pollio, Swift; 
Oroveso, Bossi ; Flavio, Marini ; Clotilda, Mdlle. Giral- 
dini ; Adalgisa, Mdlle. Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 

OnThursday, September 29th, 1864, firsttime in Dublin, 
Gounod's Grand Opera, "Mirella." Vincenzo, Signor 
Gardoni ; Orvias, Mr. Santley ; Ramon, Signor Bossi ; 
Ambrozio, Signor Casaboni; Vincenzina, Mdlle. Sinico ; 
Tavena, Mdlle. Grossi ; Mirella, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Friday, 3oth, "Trovatore." Conte di Luna, 
Santley ; Ferrando, Bossi ; Manrico, Mr. Swift ; Azu- 
cena ; Mdlle. Grossi ; Leonora, Mdlle. Sinico. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 225 

On Saturday, October ist, " Oberon." Huon, Gar- 
doni ; Oberon, Mr. Swift ; Sultano, Signor Bossi ; Scher- 
asmin, Santley ; Fatima, Mdlle. Gross! ; Puck, Mdlle. 
Sinico ; Reiza, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Monday, 3rd, " Faust." Faust, Gardoni ; Valen- 
tini, Santley ; Mephistophele, Bossi ; Wagner, Casaboni ; 
Siebel, Mdlle. Grossi ; Martha, Mdlle. Giraldini ; Mar- 
gherita, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Tuesday, 4th, " Fidelio." Ferdinando, Gardoni ; 
Pizzaro, Mr. Santley ; Rocco, Signor Bossi ; Jacquino? 
Mr. Swift ; Ministro, Signor Casaboni ; Marcellina, Mdlle. 
Sinico; Leonora, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Wednesday, 5th, "Trovatore." 

On Thursday, 6th, " Norma." 

On Friday, 7th, "Marta." Lionello, Gardoni; Plun- 
ketto, Santley ; Sheriffo, Marini ; Enrichetta, Mdlle. 
Sinico ; Nancy, Mdlle. Grossi. 

On Saturday, 8th, " Fidelio." Last night ; benefit of 
Titiens. 

Gounod's charming pastoral "Tone Poem," " Mirella," 
was not a great success, and has never since been re- 
peated. This result is unaccountable ; the work is quite 
worthy of its great author, full of charming melody and 
rich scoring. Poor Titiens was much disappointed, having 
set her heart on its success in Dublin. Indeed, she was 
under the impression that her grand scena in " Mirella " 
would have produced even greater effect than her " Jewel 
Song" in "Faust." She was, however, mistaken, and 
was, in consequence, much depressed. She expressed 
her opinion, in which she is joined by many eminent 



226 ANNALS OF THE 

musicians, that " Mirella " is still destined to force its 
way in the lyric world. 

Italian Opera Company. Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. 
Veralli, Mdlle. Taccani, Mdlle. Zandrina (her first ap- 
pearance), Mdlle. Sinico, Signer Giuglini, Mr. Santley, 
Signer Garcia, Signer Celli, Signer Bossi, Signer Marini, 
Signer Vercellini, Signer Casaboni, Mr. Swift and Mons. 
Joulain (his first appearance). Conductor, Signor Arditi. 
Leader, Mr. Levey. 

On Monday, March 6th, 1865, "Lucrezia Borgia." 
Gennaro, Mr. Swift : Alfonso, Signor Garcia ; Rustighello, 
Signor Marini ; Liverotto, Signor Casaboni ; Astolfo, 
Signor Celli ; Gubetta, Signor Bossi ; Orsini, Mdlle. 
Veralli ; Lucrezia, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Tuesday, 7th, " II Trovatore." Manrico, Mons. 
Joulain ; Conte di Luna, Santley ; Ferrando, Bossi : 
Ruiz, Marini ; Zingaro, Casaboni ; Azucena, Mdlle. 
Veralli ; Leonora, Titiens. 

On Thursday, Qth, " Faust." Faust, Mons. Joulain ; 
Valentino, Santley ; Mephistophele, Bossi ; Siebel, Mdlle. 
Veralli ; Margherita, Titiens. 

On Saturday, nth, " Lucia." Edgardo, Mons. Joulain ; 
Ashton, Santley ; Raimondo, Bossi ; Lucia, Titiens. 

On Monday, i3th, "Faust," cast as before, except 
Siebel, Mdlle. Zandrina (first appearance). 

Tuesday, " Norma." Pollio, Signor Sinico (in 
consequence of Mr. Swift's illness). Oroveso, Signor 
Bossi ; Adalgisa, Mdme. Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 

On Wednesday, isth, " Rigoletto." II Duca, Mons. 
Joulain ; Rigoletto, Santley ; Sparafucile, Bossi ; Monte- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 22 7 

roni, Garcia ; Paggio, Mdlle. Zandrina ; Contessa, Mdlle. 
Taccani; Madalena, Mdlle. Veralli; Gilda, Madame 
Sinico. 

Thursday, 1 6th, "Trovatore" (repeat). 

Saturday, i8th, " Ernani." Ernani, Mons. Joulain ; 
Don Carlo, Santley ; Riva, Bossi ; Elvira, Titiens. 

Monday, 20th, "Lucia, as before. 

Tuesday, "Faust." 

Thursday, "Ernani/' 

Saturday, March 25th, first Act of "Fidelio," the 
Garden Scene from '"Faust," and the fourth Act of 
" Trovatore " last night. 

It will be perceived that Giuglini was announced to 
appear in this Company, but the following appeared on 
the first night's announcements : " Signor Giuglini 
having been delayed by indisposition on his return 
from St. Petersburg!!, the part of Gennaro will be under- 
taken by Mr. Swift, to prevent disappointment by change 
of Opera." Poor Giuglini never appeared again in 
Dublin ; he died soon after, under the melancholy cir- 
cumstances before recorded. When shall we hear such 
a tenor ? The remarks of Charles Lamb with reference 
to John Kemble may well (with a little alteration) be 
applied to Giuglini " He made his defects a grace ; his 
exact declamatory manner, as he managed it (in vocalism), 
only served to convey his points with more precision. 
It seemed to head the shafts, to carry them deeper ; not 
one of his sparkling effects was lost. We remember how 
minutely he delivered each in succession, and cannot by 
any effort imagine how any of them could be altered for 



228 ANNALS OF THE 

the better." It required the united efforts of Mr. Swift 
(a thorough good musician-like English tenor), Mons. 
Joulain, a very charming French artiste, and (on an extra- 
ordinary occasion), Signer Sinico, to fill up the place of 
the "great departed." Signer Sinico only appeared the 
one night, on which occasion, relieving the management 
from a great emergency, he proved himself a thorough 
good and experienced musician, and one who, in his 
younger days, and in freshness of voice,must have enjoyed 
a well-earned reputation. Joulain made a marked im- 
pression, more particularly in the last scene of " Lucia," 
by his singing of the " Fra poco," the last movement 
being encored doubly, and the audience remaining long 
after the falling of the curtain to call "Joulain out!" 
Mdlle. Zandrina was a niece of Titiens, with fair promise ; 
she soon retired from the stage. It was reported that a 
matrimonial engagement existed between herself and 
and Signor Vizzani, which report has not as yet been 
verified. 

Italian Company, commencing September i8th, 1865. 
Mdlle. Titiens, Mdme. Sinico, Mdlle. Sarolta (her first 
appearance), Mdlle. Redi (first appearance), . Mdme. De 
MericLablache (her first appearance in Dublin), Signor 
Mario, Signor Filippi, Signor Stagno (his first appear- 
ance), Signor Foil (his first appearance), Signor Bossi, 
Signor Casaboni, Siguor Vercellini, and Mr. Santley. 
Conductor, Signor Arditi. 

On Monday, September i8th, " Faust." Faust, Mario ; 
Valentino, Santley ; Mephistophele, Bossi ; Siebel, Mdlle. 
Sarolta ; Monta, Mdlle. Redi ; Margherita, Titiens. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 229 

On Tuesday, ' Norma." Norma, Titiens ; Adalglsa, 
Sinico ; Oroveso, Foil ; Pollio, Stagno. 

On Wednesday, " Rigoletto." II Duca, Mario ; Rigo- 
letto, Santley ; Sparafucile, Bossi ; Madelina, Madame 
De Meric Lablache ; Gilda, Madame Snrolta. 

On Thursday, 21 st, "Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, 
Titiens ; Elvira, Mdme. Sinico ; Zerlina, Mdlle. Sarolta ; 
Giovanni, Santley ; Leporello, Bossi ; Ottavio, Mario. 

On Friday, 22nd, " La Traviata." Alfredo, Signer 
Stagno; Germont, Santley ;, Barone, Casaboni; Mar- 
chese, Filippi ; Medico, Bossi ; Violetta, Mdme. Sarolta. 

On Saturday, 23rd, " Trovatore." Manrico, Mario; 
Conte di Luna, Santley; Ferrando, Bossi; Azucena, 
Mdme. De Meric Lablache ; Leonora, Titiens. 

On Monday, "Faust" (repeat). 

Tuesday, 26th, " Fidelio." Pizarro, Santley ; Rocco, 
Bossi; II Ministri, Foli ; Fernando, Swift; Marcellina. 
Mdme. Sinico ; Leonora, Titiens. 

On Wednesday, 2 7th, "Marta." Lionello, Mario; 
Plunketto, Bossi ; Nancy, Mdme. De Meric Lablache ; 
Lady Enrichetta, Mdme. Sinico. 

Thursday, " Lucrezia Borgia." Alfonso, Santley ; 
Gennaro, Stagno ; Gubetta, Bossi ; Rustighello, Filippi ; 
Orsini, De Meric Lablache ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Friday, 29th, " Un Ballo in Maschera," Ricardo, 
Mario : Renato, Santley ; Tomaso, Bossi ; Samuel e, 
Foli ; Falvio, Casaboni ; Ulrica, Mdme. De Meric La- 
blache; Oscar, Mdlle. Sarolta; Amelia, Mdme. Sinico. 

On Saturday, soth, " Don Giovanni " (repeat.) 

Monday, October 2nd, " Trovatore." 



230 ANNALS OF THE 

Tuesday, October 3rd, ' Marta." 

Wednesday, 4th October, " Der Freischutz." Casparo, 
Santley ; Rodolfo, Stagno ; Kuno, Bossi ; Hermit, Foli ; 
Killiano, Casaboni ; Ottakar, Filippi ; Annetta, Madame 
Sinico; Agata, Mdlle. Titiens. 

On Thursday, 5th, " Faust," as before. 

On Friday, 6th, " Der Freischutz " last night. 

The first appearance of Foli rendered this engagement 
special. Fourteen years (who would suppose it ?) have 
passed, still his grand voice seems better on each suc- 
cessive visit. His fine manly person, and easy bearing 
on the stage, will ever be welcome to the Dublin 
audience, who live in hope to welcome their favourite and 
eminent basso for years to come. 

Madame De Meric Lablache also " came out " during 
this engagement, and a more substantial, universally- 
accomplished lady could hardly be found, with a voice 
(mezzo-soprano) almost contralto in quality and in 
general fulfilling parts of this class. Mdme. De Meric 
Lablache is " under studied " in almost every part in the 
Operatic Calendar, and therefore, in cases of illness or 
disappointment, from whatever cause, this most useful of 
" members " is ready at a moment's notice to become the 
prima or seconda donna, and has often, by so doing, 
relieved the management of much embarrassment. 

Mdme. Sarolta was also a successful debutante. 

1866 The following Italian Company : Mdme. Grisi, 
Mdlle. Enequist, Mdme. De Meric Lablache, Mdlle. 
Edi, and Mdme. Sinico ; Signor Amodio, Signer Cara- 
voglio, Signor Bossi, Signor Capello, Signor Casaboni, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 23! 

Signor Foli, Signor Stagno, Signer Mario. Conductor, 
Signor Arditi. 

On Monday, March izth, 1866, " Faust." Faust, Mario ; 
Mephistophele, Bossi; Valentino, Signor Amodio (first 
appearance) ; Siebel, Mdme. De Meric Lablache ; Mar- 
gherita, Mdme. Sinico. 

Tuesday, i3th, " Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Stagno; 
Alfonso, Foli ; Gubetta, Bossi ; Maffio Orsini, De 
Meric Lablache; Luerezia, Grisi. 

Wednesday, i4th, " Marta." Lionello, Mario ; Plun- 
ketto, Bossi; Nancy, De Meric Lablache; Henrietta, 
Mdme. Sinico. 

Thursday, i5th, " Norma." Pollio, Stagno; Oroveso, 
Foli ; Adalgisa, Enequist ; Norma, Grisi. 

On Friday, i6th, "Trovatore." Manrico, Mario; II 
Conte, Amodio ; Ferrando, Bossi ; Azucena, De Meric 
Lablache ; Leonora, Mdme. Sinico. 

On Saturday, iyth, " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, 
Grisi ; Elvira, Enequist ; Zerlina, De Meric Lablache ; 
Leporello, Bossi ; Masetto, Casaboni ; Commendatore, 
Foli ; Don Giovanni, Signor Caravoglio ; Ottavio, Mario. 

On Monday, igth, "Faust," repeated. 

On Tuesday, 20th, " Norma." 

On Wednesday, 2ist, " La Traviata." Alfredo, Signor 
Stagno ; Germont, Amodio ; Dottore, Bossi ; Violetta, 
Sinico. 

Thursday, 22nd, "Trovatore," repeated, except Man- 
rico, played by Stagno. 

Friday, 23rd, " Don Giovanni" repeated. 

Saturday, 24th, " Don Giovanni " repeated. Last night. 



232 ANNALS OF THE 

This was really the third and last " last appearance " of 
Grisi. Even after the enormous sums of money received 
during a long professional career, circumstances obliged 
her to remain too long before the public. Like other 
great artistes, she would not believe in the decline of her 
powers. The public were naturally surprised at each 
announcement of her appearance after her last farewell ; 
the manifest change was too apparent, and, of course, the 
houses "fell off;" and on this occasion, more particu- 
larly, the result was not profitable. It was also the season 
of Lent, which did not improve matters. When some 
musical Agnes Strickland shall chronicle " The Lives of the 
Queens of Song," Grisi and Titiens will hold first places. 

On Monday, September lyth, 1866, Italian Opera com- 
menced, as follows : Mdme. Titiens, Mdlle. Bau- 
meister (first appearance), Mdlle. Zandrina, Mdme. De 
Meric Lablache, Mdme. Sinico ; Signer Mario, Signer 
Morini (first appearance), Signor Gassier, Signor Capello, 
Signor Foli, Signor Bossi, Signor Casaboni, Mr. Santley. 
Conductor, Signor Arditi. 

Monday, lyth, "Faust." Faust, Mario; Valentino, 
Santley ; Mephistophele, Gassier ; Wagner, Bossi ; Siebel, 
Mdlle. Zandrina ; Marta, Mdme. Baumeister ; Marghe- 
rita, Titiens. 

Tuesday, iSth, "Lucia." Lucia, Sinico; Alisa, Bau- 
meister; Ashton, Gassier; Raimondo, Bossi ; Normanno, 
Casaboni ; Arturo, Capello ; Edgardo, Morini. 

Wednesday, igth, " Marta." Lionello, Mario ; Plun- 
ketto, Santley ; Tristano, Bossi ; Nancy, De Meric Lab- 
lache ; Henrietta, Titiens. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 235. 

Thursday, 2oth, "Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Morini;. 
Alfonso, Gassier ; Gubetta, Bossi ; Maffeo, De Meric 
Lablache ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Friday, 2ist, "Traviata." Alfredo, Morini; Germont, 
Santley ; Marchese, Capello ; Medico, Bossi , Annina, 
Mdlle. Baumeister ; Violetta, Sinico. 

On Saturday, 22nd, " Trovatore." Manrico, Mario; 
Conte di Luna, Santley ; Ferrando, Bossi ; Ruiz,. 
Capello ; Azucena, De Meric Lablache ; Leonora, 
Titiens. 

On Monday, 24th, " Semiramide." Assur, Gassier ;. 
Oroe, Bossi ; Idreno, Morini ; L'Ombra, Casaboni ; Ar- 
sace, De Meric Lablache ; Semiramide, Titiens. 

On Tuesday, 25th, " Les Huguenots." Raoul, Mario; 
St. Bris, Gassier ; Nevers, Santley ; Marcello, Foli ; 
Meru, Bossi ; Tavannes, Capello ; Maurevert, Casaboni ; 
De Retz, Balesca ; De Cosse, Bolli ; Marguerite, Sinico ; 
Dame d'Onore, Mdlle. Baumeister ; Urbano, Mdlle. Zan- 
drina ; Valentina, Titiens. 

On Wednesday, 26th, " Der Freischutz." Rodolfo, 
Morini ; Caspar, Santley ; Killiano, Gassier ; Kuno, 
Bossi ; Eremita, Foli ; Ottaker, Capello ; Annetta, Mdme. 
Sinico ; Agata, Titiens. 

On Thursday. Rigoletto." II Duca, Mario ; Rigo- 
letto, Santley ; Sparafucile, Bossi ; Monteferone, Foli ; 
II Paggio, Mdlle. Zandrina ; Giovanna, Mdlle. Baumeister ; 
Madelina, Mdlle. De Meric Lablache ; Gilda, Mdlle. 
Sinico. 

On Friday 28th. "Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Mario; 
Don Giovanni, Gassier ; Commendatore, Foli ; Leporello, 



234 ANNALS OF THE 

Bossi ; Masetto, Casaboni ; Elvira, Mdlle. Sinico ; Zerlina, 
Mdlle. Zandrina ; Donna, Titiens. 

On Saturday. " Faust " (repeat). 

Monday, October ist. " Huguenots " (repeat). 

Tuesday, 2nd. " Le Nozze di Figaro." Figaro, Gassier ; 
II Conte, Santley ; Don Bartolo, Bossi ; Basilio, Morini ; 
Antonio, Casaboni ; Susanna, Sinico ; Cherubino, Zand- 
rina ; La Contessa, Titiens. 

On Wednesday, October 3rd. " II Puritani." Arturo, 
Mr. Tom Hohler (first appearance in Dublin) ; Ricardo, 
Gassier ; Georgio, Foli ; Bruno, Bossi ; Enrichetta, Mdlle. 
Baumeister ; Elvira, Mdlle. Sinico. 

Thursday. " Trovatore " (repeat). 

On Friday, October 5th. Benefit of Titiens and last 
night. First and second Acts of " Norma." Pollio, 
Morini ; Oroveso, Foli ; Adalgisa, Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 
Second and third Acts of " Faust," and third Act of 
*' Puritani," as before. 

It would be unjust to pass over the first appearance of 
Mdlle. Baumeister, one of the most useful and universal 
of Operatic artistes, who is ever ready to " rush into the 
breach " on any emergency ; having studied almost every 
part in the lyric catalogue, acquitting herself on all 
occasions as an excellent and finished vocalist, as well as 
a ready and accomplished " musicienne." Gassier's high 
finish has been already noticed, his scale-singing during 
this engagement, more particularly in the first scene of 
" Semiramide," was delightful. " Tom Hohler " made a 
good impression. 

The Company thus : Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Clara Doria 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 235 

(her first appearance), Mdlle. De Meric Lablache, Mdlle. 
Baumeister, Mdlle. Sinico, Signer Tombesi (first appear- 
ance), Mr. Hohler, Signer Bolli, Signer Agretti, Signer 
Balesca, Signer Casaboni, Mr. Lyall, Signer Gassier, 
Signer Foli, Signer Zoboli (her first appearance), Mr. 
Santley. Conductor, Signer Bevignani. 

On Monday, September i6th, 1867. " Le Nozze di 
Figaro." II Conte, Santley ; Figaro, Gassier ; Bartolo, 
Foli ; Basilic, Mr. Lyall ; Antonio, Casaboni ; Cherubino, 
De Meric Lablache ; Marcellini, Mdlle. Baumeister ; 
Susanna, Madame Sinico ; La Contessa, Titiens. 

On Tuesday, " Norma." Pollio, Tombesi; Oroveso, 
Foli; Clotilda, Baumeister; Adalgisa, Sinico; Normn, 
Titiens, 

On Wednesday, " Marta." Lionello, Mr. T. Hohler ; 
Plunketto, Santley; Sheriffo, Mr. Lyall; Nancy, De 
Meric Lablache ; Marta, Sinico. 

Thursday. "Trovatore." Manrico, Tombesi; Conte 
di Luna, Santley ; Ferrando, Foli ; Azucena, De Meric 
Lablache ; Leonora, Titiens. 

On Friday, zoth, " Sonnambula." Elvino, T. Hohler; 
Conte Rodolfo, Gassier ; Lisa, Mdlle. Baumeister ; Amina, 
Mdlle. Clara Doria (first appearance). 

N.B. The names of Mdlle. Trebelli Bettini and Signer 
Bettini (first appearance for four years) were now added 
to the list. 

On Saturday, Sept. 2ist, " Les Huguenots." Raoul, 
Signer Bettini ; Conte di San Bris, Gassier ; Conte di 
Nevers, Santley ; De Cosse, Mr. Lyall ; Tavannes, Agretti; 
Bois' Rose, Bolli; De Retz, Casabom'-; Marcello, Foli; 



236 ANNALS OF THE 

Margherita, Madame Sinico ; Urbano, Madame Trebelli 
Bettini ; Dame d'Onore, Baumeister ; Valentino, Titiens. 

On Monday, 2yd, " Faust." Faust, Signer Bettini ; 
Valentino, Santley; Mephistophele, Gassier; Siebel, 
Madame Trebelli Bettini ; Marta, Mdlle. Baumeister ; 
Margherita, Titiens. 

First production of Nicolai's " Falstaff." 

On Tuesday, September 24th, was given, for the first 
time in Dublin, Nicolai's favourite Opera of " Falstaff." 
Mrs. Ford, Titiens ; Mrs. Page, Mdlle. De Meric Lablache; 
Anne Page, Madame Sinico ; Mr, Ford, Mr. Santley ; 
Mr. Page, Signer Gassier ; Fenton, Mr. Hohler ; Dr. 
Caius, Signer Zoboli ; Slender, Mr. Lyall ; Sir John 
Falstaff, Signer Foli. 

On Wednesday, "II Barbiere." II Conte Almaviva, 
Bettini ; Figaro, Gassier ; Dr. Bartolo, Zoboli ; Basilio, 
Foli ; Berta, Mdlle. Baumeister ; Rosina, Mdme. Trebelli 
Bettini. 

On Thursday, " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Titiens ; 
Zerlina, Trebelli Bettini ; Elvina, Sinico ; Ottavio, Hohler; 
Leporello, Boboli ; Commendatore, Foli ; Masetto, Casa- 
boni ; Don Giovanni, Gassier. 

On Friday, 2 yth, " Lucia." Edgardo, Tombesi ; Ashton, 
Santley ; Arturo, Agretti ; Raimondo, Foli ; Alice, Bau- 
meister ; Lucia, Mdlle. Clara Doria. 

On Saturday, 28th, " Oberon." Reiza, Titiens ; Fatima, 
Madame Trebelli Bettini ; Puck, De Meric Lablache ; 
Mermaid, Baumeister ; Scherasman, Santley ; Babekan, 
Gassier ; L'Emiro, Boboli ; Astrakan, Agretti ; Sir Huon, 
Tombesi ; Oberon, Signor Bettini. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 237 

Monday, 3oth. " Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Signor 
Bettini; Alfonso, Gassier; Gubetta, Foli; Rustighello, 
Agretti; Liverotto; Zoboli; Petrucci, Lyall; MarTeo 
Orsini ; Madame Trebelli Bettini ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Tuesday, Oct. ist " La Traviata." Alfredo, Hohler ; 
Germont, Santley ; Medico, Foli ; Gaston, Agretti ; II 
Barone, Zoboli ; Marchese, Casaboni ; Guiseppe, Lyall ; 
Amina, Baumeister ; Violetto, Madame Sinico. 

On Wednesday, 2nd, " Semiramide." Idreno, Signor 
Bettini ; Assur, Gassier ; Oroe, Foli ; L'Ombra, Casaboni ; 
Arsace, Madame Trebelli Bettini ; Semiramide, Titiens. 

On Thursday, 3rd, " Faust " (as before). 

On Friday, 4th, " Trovatore " (as before). 

Saturday, 5th. " Oberon." Titiens' benefit, and last 
night. 

The additions of Signor Bettini and his wife tended to 
" pull up " this engagement, which was " flagging." The 
event was the first performance of Nicolai's " Falstaff," 
a charming work, replete with sparkling ideas, well worked 
out ; but it failed to make a great impression in fact, as 
is very often the case in Dublin with new works, the 
public did not come to judge ; the house being about half 
filled, if so much; the risk of repetition was not attempted, 
Trovatore, Lucia, or any of the oft-repeated Operas 
proving much more profitable. 

We must not pass over an amateur performance of " II 
Trovatore," which took place on Tuesday, March 3ist, 
1868, with the following cast: Leonora, Miss Annie Doyle; 
Azucena, Mrs. E. L. Shaw ; Inez, Miss Levey ; Conte 
di Luna, Mr. J. J. Marlow; Fernando, Mr. P. Hayes; 



238 ANNALS OF THE 

Ruiz, Mr. Montgomery ; Manrico, Mr. C. Cummins. 
Conductor, Mr. George G. Lee. A capital performance of 
the Opera, alike creditable to the Conductor and all the 
amateurs concerned in it. 

1868. (First appearance of Mongini). September. 
Italian Opera Company. Mdlle. Titiens, Mdme. Sinico, 
Mdme. De Meric Lablache, Mdlle. Baumeister, Mdlle. 
Hersee, Mdlle, Zandrina, Mdme. Trebelli Bettini, Signor 
Mongini (first appearance), Signor Bettini, Signor Bul- 
terini (first appearance), Signor Bolli, Signor Campi 
(first time), Signor Crosti (first time), Signor Foli, 
Signor Zoboli, Mr. Santley, Herr Formes and Mr. Lyall. 
Conductor, Signor Bevignani ; Leader, Mr. Levey. 

Monday, i4th September, 1868, " Trovatore." Man- 
rico, Mongini ; Conte di Luna, Santley ; Ferrando, Foli ; 
Azucena,'De Meric Lablache ; Inez, Baumeister; Leonora, 
Titiens. 

Tuesday, " Der Freischutz." Rudolph, Mongini ; 
Caspar, Santley ; Eremita, Foli ; Killano, Casaboni ; 
Kuno, Zoboli ; Annetta, Madame Sinico ; Agata, 
Titiens. 

Wednesday, i6th, "Lucia." Edgardo, Signor Bul- 
terini ; Ashton, Crosti; Raimondo, Foli; Arturo, Agretti; 
Alice, Baumeister ; Lucia, Mdme. Sinico. 

Thursday, "Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Mongini; 
Alfonsi, Crosti; Gubetta, Foli; Rustighello, Agretti; 
Astolfo, Campi; Petrucci, Mr. Lyall; Orsini, Mdlle. 
Zandrina ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Friday, i8th, " Rigoletto." II Duca, Bulterini, Rigo- 
letto, Santley ; Sparafucile, Foli ; Paggio, Mdlle. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 239 

Baumeister ; Madelina, Zandrina, Giovanni, Hersee; 
Gilda, Mdme. Sinico. 

Saturday, i Qth, "Faust." Faust, Bulterini j Valentino, 
Santley ; Mephistophele, Crosti ; Siebel, Sandrina ; 
Marta, Baumeister ; Margharita, Titiens. 

Monday, 2ist, " Norma." Pollio, Mongini ; Oro- 
veso, Foli ; Adalgisa, Sinico ; Coltilda, Baumeister ; 
Norma, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 22nd, " Le Nozze." II Conte, Santley j 
Figaro, Herr Formes j Don Basilio, Lyall ; Don Curzio, 
Agretti ; Susanna, Sinico ; Marcellina, Baumeister; 
Cherubino, Sandrina ; La Contessa, Titiens. 

Wednesday, 23rd, " Marta." Lionello, Mongini; 
Plunketto, Santley ; Tristram, Zoboli ; Guiseppa, Lyall ; 
Nancy, Trebelli ; Marta, Sinico. 

Thursday, 24th, " Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Bettini ; 
Don Giovanni, Santley ; Leporello, Formes ; Commen- 
datore, Foli ; Mazetto, Zoboli ; Zerlina, Trebelli Bettini ; 
Elvira, Sinico ; Donna Anna, Titiens. 

Friday, 25th, " II Barbiere." II Conte, Bettini ; 
Figaro, Tagliafico ; Don Bartolo, Zoboli ; Fiorello, Casa- 
boni ; Basilio, Foli ; Marcellina, Baumeister ; Rosina, 
Trebelli Bettini. 

Saturday, 26th, " Fidelio." Florestan, Bulterini ; 
Pizzaro, Santley ; Rocco, Foli ; Ministro, Tagliafico ; 
Jaqueno, Lyall ; Marcellina, Sinico ; Leonora, Titiens. 

Monday, 28th, " Les Huguenots." Raoul, Mongini ; 
San Bris, Santley ; Nevers, Tagliafico ; De Corsi, Lyall ; 
Tavannes, Agretto ; Bois Rose, Bollio ; De Retz, Casa- 
boni ; Mera, Belasco ; Marcello, Foli ; Margharita, Sinico 



240 AXXALS OF THE 

Urbano, Trebelli Bettini ; Dama D'Onore, Baumeister.; 
Valentina, Titiens. 

Tuesday, September 29th, 1868. First production in 
Dublin of "II Flauto Magico." Tamino, Bettini ; 
Papageno, Santley ; Sarastro, Foli ; Monastos, Lyall ; 
Due Uomini, Agretti and Campi ; Due Sacerdoti, Bolli 
.and Tagliafico ; Tre Geni, Hersee, Zandrina and Mdlle. 
Giacomina ; Tre Damigelli, Miss Cruise, Miss Baily and 
Miss Eiffe ; Regina della Notte, Baumeister ; Papagena, 
Sinico ; Pamina, Titiens. 

Wednesday, 3oth, " La Sonnambula." Elvino, Mon- 
gini ; Rodolfo, Tagliafico ; Alessio, Zoboli ; Lisa, 
Baumeister ; Teresa, Miss Cruise ; Amina, Sinico. 

Thursday, October ist, " Semiramide." Idreno, Bet- 
tini; Assur, Foli; Oroe, Tagliafico; Arsace, Trebelli 
Bettini ; Semiramide, Titiens. 

Friday, " II Flauto Magico " (repeat). 

Saturday, 3rd, " Oberon." (Benefit of Titiens.) Huon, 
Mongini ; Oberon, Bettini ; Scherasmin, Santley ; Fatima, 
Trebelli Bettini ; Mermaid, Baumeister ; Reiza, Titiens. 

Three first appearances this engagement, viz. : Bulte- 
rini (tenor), Campi (baritone), Mongini (tenor). Signor 
Mongini had made a great " stir " in London a most 
powerful tenors robusto he produced some great effects, 
but wanted the finish of many who preceded him ; he 
was the first who gave the ut depoitrine in the " Di quella 
pira" (Trovatore), and the night he introduced this 
change in Drury Lane, the pit audience rose en masse and 
cheered heartily ; it was also duly applauded in Dublin. 
In the " Huguenots," during a melee, Mongini was stabbed 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 241 

with a wooden dagger, from which he was laid up for some 
days. The immortal " Flauto Magico " also now made 
its first appearance, and with as complete a cast as could 
well be obtained to interpret this charming work. The 
tenor music might have been written for Bettini, whose 
singing was perfection. Santley (Papageno) " goes with- 
out saying." " Charley " Lyall (artist in everything,) the 
best'of Monastos. Nothing could exceed the amusement 
created in the " frightened " duet between Papageno and 
Monastos. Everybody will remember Foil's " Qui 
S'degno;" also the "Pa, Pa," duet with Santley and 
Sinico, never equalled by others. The concerted trios of 
the Geni and Damigelli were remarkably well sung. The 
Opera was therefore naturally a great success, and has 
continued to be a great " draw " when well performed. 

First appearance of lima di Murska. 

Italian Company. Mdlle. Titiens, Madame Sinico, 
Mdlle. Scalchi (first appearance), Mdlle. Baumeister, 
Mdlle. Corsi, Mdlle. lima di Murska (first appearance), 
Signor Gardoni, Signer Delia Rocca (first appearance), 
Signer Marino (first appearance), Mr. Lyall, Signor 
Mongini, Signor Gassier, Signor Baggagiolo (first appear- 
ance, Signor Zoboli, Signor Campi, Herr Formes and 
Mr. Santley. Conductors, Signor Arditi and Signor 
Bevignani ; Principal Danseuse, Mdlle. Rosalia ; Maitre 
de Ballet, Mons. De Places. 

Monday, i3th September, 1869, "Les Huguenots" 
(with the whole strength). 

Tuesday, " Dinorah" (with the whole strength). 

Wednesday, 1 5th, "Trovatore." Manrico, Mongini; 

Q 



242 . ANNALS OF THE 

II Conte, Santley: Ferrando, Baggagiolo; Azucena, 

Scalchi ; Leonora, Titiens. 

Thursday, i6th, "Lucia." Edgardo, Mongini ; Ar- 

turo, Marino ; Raimondo, Baggagiolo ; Lucia, lima di 

Murska. 

Friday, 1 7th, " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Titiens ; 
Zerlina, Sinico ; Elvira, Bauineister ; Don Giovanni, 
Santley ; Leporello, Zoboli ; De Ottavio, Gardoni. 

Saturday i8th, " II Flauto Magico." Tamino, Gordini ; 
Papageno, Santley; Sarastro, Baggagiolo ; Orator e, Campi ; 
Monastatos, Lyall ; Astrifiammanti, lima di Murska ; 
Papagena, Sinico ; Tre Geni, Mdlles. Baumeister, Scho- 
field, Clinton ; Tre Damigelli, Mdlles. Cruise, Corsi, and 
Scalchi ; Pamina, Titiens. 

Monday, 2oth, "Faust." Siebel, Scalchi; Marta, 
Mdme. Corsi ; Mephistophele, Gassier; Valentino, Santley ; 
Faust, Gardoni. 

Tuesday, zist, " Sonnambula." Elvino, Mongini ;, 
Conte Rodolfo, Gassier ; Terese, Corsi ; Lisa, Baumeister ;. 
Amina, lima di Murska. 

Wednesday, 22nd, " Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Mon- 
gini (in which he introduced "Desertoin Terra"); Alfonso, 
Gassier ; Gazella, Lyall ; Maffio Orsini, Scalchi ; Lucrezia, 
Titiens. 

Thursday, 23rd, " II Flauto," as before. 

Friday, 24th, "La Traviata." Germont, Santley; 
Gaston, Marino ; Baron, Zoboli; Dottore, Campi ; Alfredo, 
Delia Rocca (first appearance) ; Violetta, Sinico. 

Saturday, 25th, "Robert le Diable." Roberto, Gardoni ; 
Bertram, Baggagiolo ; Rambalda, Delia Rocca ; Alberto, 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 243 

Campi ; First Cavaliere, Marino; Second Cavaliere, Lyall j 
Third Cavalier, Casaboni ; Eraldo, Marino ; Isabella, lima 
di Murska ; Helena, Mdlle. Ricois ; Alice, Titiens. 

Monday, 27th, " Linda di Chamouni." Carlo, Gar- 
doni ; Antonio, Santley ; Prefetto, Baggagiolo ; Pierotto, 
Scalchi ; Linda, lima di Murska. 

Tuesday, 28th, " Norma." Pollio, Mongini ; Oroveso, 
Baggagiolo ; Adalgisa, Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 

Wednesday, 29th, "Lucia" (repeat). 

Thursday, 3oth, "Faust" (repeat). 

Friday, October ist, " Marta." Lionello, Mongini ; 
Plunketto, Gassier; Nancy, Scalchi; Marta, lima di 
Murska. 

Saturday, 2nd, " II Flauto." 

Monday, 4th, " Robert le Diable." 

Tuesday, 5th, " Der Freischutz." Rodolfo, Mongini ; 
Caspar, Santley ; Killiano, Gassier ; Annetta, Sinico ; 
Agata, Titiens. 

Wednesday, 6th, " Sonnambula " (repeat). 

Thursday, yth, " Fidelio." Florestano, Gardoni ; 
Pizzaro, Santley ; Rocco, Herr Formes ; Jacqueno, Lyall ; 
Marcellina, Sinico ; Leonora, Titiens. 

- Friday, 8th, " Marta " (second Act), as before ; first 
Act of " Traviata ;" concluding with the fourth Act of 
" Hamlet," containing the celebrated mad scene. Ophelia, 
lima di Murska. 

Saturday, gth, " II Trovatore " last night. 

" The cry was still they come !" More first appear- 
ances, viz : lima di Murska, Mdlle. Scalchi, Signer 
Marino, Signer Baggagiolo, the Danseuse Rosalia, and 



244 ANNALS OF THE 

the celebrated Maitre de Ballet, Mons. Des Places. 
This Company was remarkably strong in quantity and 
quality. Di Murska sang the " Queen of Night's " song 
(II Flauto) in Mozart's original key (F), taking the 
audience quite by surprise from her extraordinary and 
distinct execution of the different staccato passages inci- 
dental to the work. Two encores every night. Mdlle. 
Di Murska also proved herself an accomplished artiste 
by her performance of Ophelia in the last act of Ambrose 
Thomas's " Hamlet," which she sang for the first time, 
and at a short notice, very beautifully. Mdlle. Scalchi at 
once established herself; and rapidly advancing in her pro- 
fession, has elevated herself to the position of first contralto 
in Covent Garden. Signer Baggagiolo was a good basso ; 
indeed all the " first appearances " found favour. 

First appearances of Fancelli, Vizzani, Ciampi, Cara- 
voglia. 

Italian Company Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Scalchi, 
Mdlle. Baumeister, Mdlle. Madigan (first appearance), 
Mdlle. Leon Duval (first appearance), Mdlle. Sinico, 
Madame Trebelli Bettini, Mdlle. lima di Murska, Signer 
Vizzani (first appearance), Signer Bettini, Signer Rinaldini 
(first appearance), Signer Fancelli (first appearance), 
Signer Ciampi (first appearance), Signer Caravoglia (first 
appearance), Signer Taglian'co, Signer Casaboni, Mr. 
Morgan, Signer Antonucci (first appearance), Signer 
Cotogni (first appearance). Conductor, Signer Be- 
vignani. 

On Monday, September i2th, 1870, "Lucrezia Borgia." 
Oennaro, Signer Fancelli ; Alfonso, Antonucci ; Rustig- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 245 

hello, Signer Rinaldini ; Liverotto, Mr. Morgan ; Gubetta, 
Tagliafico ; Maffeo Orsini, Mdlle. Scalchi ; Lucrezia, 
Titiens. 

Tuesday, 1 3th. "Puritani." Arturo, Vizzani ; Ricardo, 
Cotogni ; Georgio, Antonucci ; Bruno, Rinaldini ; Walton, 
Tagliafico ; Enrichetta, Baumeister ; Elvira, Sinico. 

Wednesday, i4th. " Trovatore." Manrico, Fancelli ; 
Conte, Cotogni ; Inez, Baumeister ; Leonora, Titiens. 

Thursday, i5th. "II Barbiere." Almaviva, Bettini; 
Figaro, Cotogni ; Bartolo, Ciampi ; Basilic, Tagliafico ; 
Rosina, Mdlle. Leon Duval. And second and third Acts 
of " Massaniello." Massaniello, Mr. Morgan (in conse- 
quence of Signor Fancelli's illness). 

Friday, 1 6th. "Norma." Oroveso, Antonucci; Flavio, 
Mr. Morgan ; Adalgisa, Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 

Saturday, lyth. "Don Giovanni." Don Giovanni, 
Cotogni ; Leporello, Ciampi ; Zerlina, Trebelli Bettini ; 
Elvira, Sinico ; Donna Anna, Titiens. 

Monday, igth. " Le Nozze." Figaro, Cotogni ; Conte, 
Caravoglia ; Bartolo, Ciampi ; Chembino, Trebelli Bettini; 
Contessa, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 2oth. "Faust." Faust, Bettini; Mephis- 
tophele, Antonucci ; Valentino, Cotogni ; Siebel, Trebelli 
Bettini ; Margherita, Mdlle. Leon Duval. 

Wednesday, 2ist. " Trovatore " (repeat). 

Thursday, 22nd. " Sonnambula." Elvino, Fancelli; 
Rodolpho, Tagliafico ; Amina, lima di Murska. 

Friday, 23rd. " Semiramide." Idreno, Bettini ; Assur, 
Antonucci ; Arsace, Trebelli Bettini ; Semiramide, 
Titiens. 



246- ANNALS OF THE 

Saturday, 24th. " II Flauto." Tamino, Bettini ; Papa- 
geno, Totogni ; Sarastro, Antonucci ; Queen ; of Night, 
Di Murska ; Papagena, Sinico ; Pamina, Titiens. 

Monday, 26th. " Les Huguenots." Raoul, Bettini; 
San Bris, Caravoglia ; Nevers, Cotogni ; Marcello, Anto- 
nucci;- Margherita, Sinico; Valentino, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 27th. "Lucia." Edgardo, Fancelli ; Enrico, 
Caravoglia ; Lucia, lima di Murska. 

Wednesday, 28th. " Don Giovanni " (as before). 
: Thursday, 2 gth. "II Flauto '' (repeat): 
: Friday, 30th. " Marta." Lionello, Vizzani ; Plunketto, 
Giampi; Tristano, Tagliafico; Nancy, Scalchi; Marta, 
lima di Murska. 

Saturday, 3 1 st. "Oberon." Huon, Fancelli ; Oberon, 
Bettini; Scherasmin, Cotogni; Fatima, Trebelli; Reiza, 
Titiens. Last night. 

Fancelli came amongst us now for the first time. His 
fame had of course preceded him through the Press, and, 
unlike others, he did not disappoint ; if not quite up to 
the standard of the great ones heard before, he may cer- 
tainly be placed as a first-class tenor, perhaps the best, 
or certainly the equal of any present aspirant. His voice 
is a pure and powerful tenor, and he improves in style 
each season. Signor Vizzani was also a success, and 
displayed most promising powers as a tenor, possessing 
an organ not very robust but of exquisite quality. He 
gave the " A te o Cara " with much effect, and all through 
the very trying music of " Puritani " he displayed much 
taste, using his voice skilfully and artistically. Signor 
Rinaldini, a most useful, indeed indispensable member of 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 247 

the Company, also made good way. Caravoglia and 
Ciampi, both most efficient baritones, received full appre- 
ciation ; and Mr. Wilton Morgan proved his well-known 
efficiency by " rushing " into " Massaniello " in place of 
Fancelli, and coming off with honours. 

First appearances of Mdlle. Marimon, Agnesi, Men- 



NOTE. 

Thursday, 2 9 th. "II Flauto " (repeat). Madame 
Trebelli and Mdlle. Scalchi took parts in the 
Uamigelli," an almost unprecedented musical event. 

(tirst appearance), Signer Mendiorez (first time), Signer 
Caravoglia, Signor Zoboli, Signor Casaboni, Signer 
Stefano, Signor Foli, Mr. Morgan. Conductor, Signor Li 
Calsi. 

Monday, September nth, 1871. " Trovatore." Man- 
rico, Prudenza; Conte di Luna, Mendiorez; Ferrando, 
Foli; Ruiz, Rinaldini; Azucena, Trebelli; Leonora, 
Titiens, 

Tuesday, i2th. "La Figlia." Tonio, Vizzani; Sul- 
pizio, Agnesi ; Marchesa, Baumeister ; Maria, Marimon. 

Wednesday, 13*. "Anna Bolena." Henry VIII., 
Agnesi ; Percy, Prudenza ; Rochford, Caravoglia ; Smea- 
ton, Fernandez ; Jane Seymour, Columbo ; Anne Boleyn, 
Titiens. 

Thursday, i4th. " Sonnambula." Elvino, Vizzani; 
Rodolfo, Foli; Lisa, Baumeister; Teresa, Miss Cruise; 
Amina, Marimon. 

Friday, i5th. " Semiramide." Assur, Agnesi; Idreno, 



246' ANNALS OF THE 

Saturday, 24th. " II Flauto." Tamino, Bettini ; Papa- 
geno, 'Cotogni ; Sarastro, Antonucci ; Queen ; of Night, 
Di Murska ; Papagena, Sinico ; Pamina, Titiens. 

Monday, 26th. " Les Huguenots.' 5 Raoul, Bettini; 
San Bris, Caravoglia ; Nevers, Cotogni ; Marcello, Anto- 
nucci;- Margherita, Sinico; Valentino, Titiens. 



lima di Murska. 

Saturday, 3 1 st. "Oberon." Huon, Fancelli ; Oberon, 
Bettini; Scherasmin, Cotogni; Fatima, Trebelli; Reiza, 
Titiens. Last night. 

Fancelli came amongst us now for the first time. His 
fame had of course preceded him through the Press, and, 
unlike others, he did not disappoint ; if not quite up to 
the standard of the great ones heard before, he may cer- 
tainly be placed as a first-class tenor, perhaps the best, 
or certainly the equal of any present aspirant. His voice 
is a pure and powerful tenor, and he improves in style 
each season. Signor Vizzani was also a success, and 
displayed most promising powers as a tenor, possessing 
an organ not very robust but of exquisite quality. He 
gave the " A te o Cara " with much effect, and all through 
the very trying music of " Puritani " he displayed much 
taste, using his voice skilfully and artistically. Signor 
Rinaldini, a most useful, indeed indispensable member of 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 247 

the Company, also made good way. Caravoglia and 
Ciampi, both most efficient baritones, received full appre- 
ciation ; and Mr. Wilton Morgan proved his well-known 
efficiency by " rushing " into " Massaniello " in place of 
Fancelli, and coming off with honours. 

First appearances of Mdlle. Marimon, Agnesi, Men- 
diorez. 

Troupe: Mdlle. Titiens, Mdlle. Columbo, Mdlle. 
Baumeister, Mdlle. Maria Marimon,' Madame Trebelli 
Bettini, Mdlle. Fernandez (first appearance), Mdlle. di 
Murska, Signor Vizzani, Signer Tesseman, Signer Rinal- 
dini, Signor Prudenza (first appearance), Signor Agnesi 
(first appearance), Signor Mendiorez (first time), Signor 
Caravoglia, Signor Zoboli, Signor Casaboni, Signor 
Stefano, Signor Foli, Mr. Morgan. Conductor, Signor Li 
Calsi. 

Monday, September nth, 1871. " Trovatore." Man- 
rico, Prudenza; Conte di Luna, Mendiorez; Ferrando, 
Foli ; Ruiz, Rinaldini ; Azucena, Trebelli ; Leonora, 
Titiens, 

Tuesday, i2th. "La Figlia." Tonio, Vizzani; Sul- 
pizio, Agnesi ; Marchesa, Baumeister ; Maria, Marimon. 

Wednesday, 13*. "Anna Bolena." Henry VIII., 
Agnesi ; Percy, Prudenza ; Rochford, Caravoglia ; Smea- 
ton, Fernandez ; Jane Seymour, Columbo ; Anne Boleyn, 
Titiens. 

Thursday, I4th. " Sonnambula." Elvino, Vizzani; 
Rodolfo, Foli; Lisa, Baumeister; Teresa, Miss Cruise; 
Amina, Marimon. 

Friday, 151)1. " Semiramide." Assur, Agnesi; Idreno, 



248 ANNALS OF THE 

Rinaldini; Oroe, Foli; Arsace, Trebelli; Semiramide, 
Titiens. 

Saturday, i6th. "La Figlia" (repeat). 

Monday, i8th. "Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, 
Titiens; Elvira, Columbo ; Zerlina, Trebelli; Don 
Giovanni, Mendiorez; Leporello, Agnesi; Mazetto, 
Zoboli ; Commendatore, Foli ; Ottavio, Vizzani. 

Tuesday, igth. "Sonnambula" (as before). 

Wednesday, 20th. " Anna Bolena." 

Thursday, 2 1 st. "II Barbiere." Almaviva, Vizzani; 
Bartolo, Zoboli; Figaro, Mendiorez; Basilio, Foli; 
Rosina, Marimon. 

Friday, 22nd. "Lucrezia." Gennaro, Prudenza; 
Alfonso, Agnesi; Gubetta, Stefano; Orsini, Trebelli; 
Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Saturday, 23rd. " Lucia." Edgardo, Prudenza ; Ashton, 
Mendiorez ; Raimondo, Foli ; Lucia, Di Murska. 

Monday, 25th. "II Flauto." Tamino, Vizzani; 
Papageno, Mendiorez; Sarastro, Foli; Astrinammenti, 
Di Murska; Papagena, Columba; Tre Damegelli, Miss 
Cruise, Miss Grosvenor, Mdme. Trebelli Bettini ; Pamina, 
Titiens. 

Tuesday, 26th. "II Barbiere" (repeat). 

Wednesday, 2yth. "Roberto il Diavolo." Roberto, 
Prudenza ; Bertramo, Foli ; Un Prete, Agnesi ; Isabella, 
Di Murska ; Alisa, Titiens. 

Thursday, 28th. Morning performance of " Marta." 
lionello, Vizzani ; Plunketto, Agnesi ; Nancy, Trebelli ; 
Lady Enrichetta, Di Murska. 

Thursday, 28th (evening). "Sonnambula" (repeat). 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 249 

Friday, agth. " Trovatore " (repeat). 

Saturday, 3oth. " Oberon." Sir Huon, Vizzani ; 
Oberon, Tesseman ; Scherasmin, Caravoglia ; Fatiraa, 
Trebelli ; Reiza, Titiens. Last night. 

The first hearing of two great artistes occurred during 
this series Mdlle. Marimon and Signor Agnesi. The 
recollection of the former is so fresh that comment is al- 
almost unnecessary, the same impression produced here 
as in London and all the Continental cities, viz. an extra- 
ordinary soprano of the very highest education and finish. 
The very same remarks (in a baritone sense) may be 
applied to Agnesi, who to a grand voice combined a style 
the most masterly, bringing strongly to mind the great 
Tamburini, whose wonderful flexibility and high education 
Agnesi seemed almost to improve on. The Lyric Drama lost 
too soon this much-esteemed vocalist, who died about 1874 
or 1875. He fulfilled during the latter period of his life 
the position of " Maitre de Chant " in the Paris Conser- 
vatoire. Signor Mendiorez also worthily filled the position 
of a first baritone, passing through the trying ordeal of 
"The Conte di Luna" with the exacting "II Balen" 
(after so many), with marked success. 

First appearance of Campanini. Titiens, Baumeister, 
Marimon, Trebelli, Filomena, Di Murska, Signor Bettini, 
W. Morgan, Rinaldini, Signor Campanini (first appear- 
ance), Agnesi, Mendiorez, Borella, Arnoldi, Casaboni, 
Campobello, Foli. Conductor, Li Calsi. 

Monday, September 3oth, 1872. "Lucrezia Borgia." 
Gennaro, Signor Campanini ; Alfonso, Agnesi ; Astolfo, 
Campobello ; Maffeo Orsini, Trebelli ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 



250. ANNALS OF THE 

Tuesday, October ist. "Sonnambula." Elvino, Bettini ; 
Roldolfo, Agnesi ; Lisa, Baumeister ; Amina, Marimon. 
^Wednesday, 2nd. "II Flauto Magico." Tamino,' 
Bettini Papageno, Mendiorez ; Sarastro, Foli; Sacradoti, 
Campbello ; Astrifiammenti, Di Murska ; Tre Damigelli, 
Mdlles. Mara, Grosvenor, and Trebelli. 

Thursday, 3rd. " II Trovatore." Manrico, Campanini ; 
Conte di Luna, Mendiorez; Fernando, Foli; Azucena, 
Trebelli ; Leonora, Titiens. 

. Friday. "La Figlia." Tonio, Bettini; Sulpizio, 
Agnesi ; Marchesa, Baumeister ; Maria, Marimon. 

Saturday, 5th. " Lucia." Edgardo, Campanini ; Aston, 
Mendiorez ; Raimondo, Foli ; Lucia, Di Murska. 

Monday, October, yth. "Don Pasquale" (first time 
for 17 years). Ernesta, Signer Bettini; Malatesta, 
Mendiorez; Pasquale, Borella; Norina, Marimon. 

Tuesday, 8th. "Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Bettini ; 
Giovanni, Mendiorez; Leporello, Borella; Commendatore, 
Foli; Masetto, Zoboli; Zerlina, Trebelli; Elvira, Di 
Murska ; Donna Anna, Titiens. 

Wednesday, gth. "Marta." Lionello, Campanini; 
Plunketto, Agnesi ; Tristano, Borella ; Nancy, Trebelli ; 
Marta, Marimon. 

Thursday, loth. "Faust." Faust, Campanini (first 
appearance) ; Valentino, Mendiorez ; MephistopheJe, 
Foli; Siebel, Trebelli; Margherita, Titiens. 

Friday. " II Barbiere." Almaviva, .Bettini ; Bartolo, 
Borella; Figaro, Mendiorez; Basilio, Agnesi ;] Rosiha, 
Marimon. 

Saturday, 1 2th. " II Flauto " (repeat). 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 2$ I 

Monday, 1 4th, " Les Huguenots." Raoul, Campanini ; 
San Bris, Agnesi; Nevers, Mendiorez; Marcello, Foli; 
Maurevert, Campobello ; Urbano, Trebelli ; Margherita, 
Di Murska ; Valentina, Titiens. 

Tuesday, i5th. " Sonnambula" (repeat). 

Wednesday, i6th. " Semiramide." Assur, Agnesi ; 
Oroe, Foli ; Arsace, Trebelli; Semiramide, Titiens. 

Thursday, i7th. "Rigoletto." Duca, Campanini; 
Rigoletto, Mendiorez; Sparafucile, Foli ; Monterone, 
Campobello; Maddalena, Trebelli; Gilda, Di Murska. ; 

Friday, 1 8th. "Faust" (as before). 

Saturday. Repeat of " Don Giovanni." Last night. ' 

The injury occurring to an artist from extreme over 
criticisms beforehand was evident in the case of Campanini. 
With his glorious voice and dramatic qualities it was 
quite unnecessary, his merits were and are quite sufficient ; 
but the public were led to believe they were about to hear 
"the greatest tenor that ever appeared, none excepted." 
Campanini is a great artist : himself and Fancelli now hold 
the first places. Comparisons in art are particularly odious, 
both fully deserve the positions they have attained, and 
can " well hold their own :> on their merits. It will be 
observed that Trebelli on this, as on a former occasion, 
with that self-sacrifice always attached to a true artiste, 
joined the "Tre Damigelli," adding thereby wonderful 
effect to the beautiful concerted music. 

The next Italian Opera took place at the Gaiety Theatre, 
viz. : Mdlle. Marimon, Mdlle. Ida Corani, Mdlle. 
Baronetti, Madame Elena Corani, Miss Sinclair, Mdlle. 
Arnoldi, Madame De Meric Lablache, Signer Mottino, 



25 2 ANNALS OF THE 

Signor Toppai, Signer Bettini, Signer Celli, Signer Tag- 
liafico, Signor Arnoldi, Signor Riccobuono, Signor Foli, 
Signor Enrico Serazzi. Conductor, Mons. Maton. 

Monday, August 25th, 1873. "La Sonnambula." 
Amina, Marimon ; Lisa, Mdlle. Arnoldi ; Conte, Celli ; 
Elvino, Bettini. 

Tuesday, 26th. "Lucrezia." Elena Corani; Orsini, 
De Meric Lablache; Gennaro, Serazzi. 

Wednesday, 27th. " II Barbiere." Rosina, Marimon; 
Figaro, Mottino ; Almaviva, Bettini. 

Thursday, 28th. "Trovatore." Leonora, Corani; 
Azucena, Lablache ; Di Luna, Mattino ; Manrico, Bettini. 

Friday, 29th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Lucrezia, Corani ; 
Orsini, De Meric Lablache ; Duca, Celli ; Gennaro, 
Serazzi. 

Saturday, 3oth. "Faust." Margherita, Marimon; 
Siebel, Lablache ; Mephistophele, Foli ; Valentino, Mat- 
tino ; Faust, Serazzi. 

Monday, Sept. ist. "Norma." Norma, E. Corani; 
Adalgisa, Sinclair; Oroveso, Foli; Pollio, Serazzi. 

Tuesday, 2nd. "Marta." Marta, Marimon; Nancy, 
Lablache ; Plunketto, Mattino ; Lionello, Bettini. 

Wednesday, 3rd. " Un Ballo in Maschera." Amelia, 
E. Corani ; Ulrica, Lablache ; Oscar, Ida Corani ; Renato, 
Mattino; Samuele, Foli; Ricardo, Serazzi. 

Thursday, 4th. Repeat of " Faust." 

Friday, 5th. " Don Giovanni." Donna Anna, Corani ; 
Elvira, Arnoldi ; Zerlina, Sinclair ; Giovanni, Celli; Com- 
mendatore, Foli ; Leporello, Toppai ; Masetto, Tagliafico ; 
Ottavio, Bettini. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 253 

Saturday, 6th. "II Flauto." Astrifiamraenti, Mdlle. 
Marimon; Papagena, Sinclair; Pamina, E. Corani; 
Sarastro, Foli ; Papageno, Celli ; Tamino, Bettini. Last 
night. 

Elena Corani is the identical Miss Ellen Conran who 
came out some time before at the Royal under the kind 
auspices of Grisi, and who made sufficient progress in her 
profession to become prima-donna, and fulfil many of the 
characters of her great friend (to whom she bore some 
resemblance), with every success. Miss Ida Corani was a 
younger sister, and fully sustained the musical reputation 
of their father, the great Dublin pianist, William Sarsfield 
Conran. We return to the " Royal" 

First appearance of Marie Roze and Alwina Valleria. 
Company : Titiensi, Sinico, Mdlle. Marie Roze (first time), 
Trebelli, Mdlle. Justia MacVitz (first time), Baumeister, 
Mdlle. Alwina Valleria (first time), Signer Camero (first 
time), Signer Urio (first time), Signer Cantoni (first time), 
Fabbrini( first time), Rinaldiiii, Marchetti, Aramburro (first 
time), Agnesi, Catalani (first time), Mendiorez, Campo- 
bello, Signer Pro, Zoboli, Casaboni, Guilio Perkins (first 
appearance), Castlemary (first time). Conductor, Signer 
Li Calsi. 

Monday, September i5th, 1873. " La Favorita. 
Fernando, Aramburro; Alfonso, Sterbini; Baldassore 
Perkins ; Leonora, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 1 6th. " Marta." Lionello, Urio ; Tristani, 
Borella; Plunketto, Agnesi; Nancy, Trebelli; Marta, 
Sinico. 

Wednesday, 1 7th. " II Trovatore." Manrico, Aram- 



'254 ANNALS OF THE 

burro ; Conte di Luna, Sterbini ; Ferrando, Campobello ; 
Azucena, Trebelli ; Leonora, Sinico. 

Thursday, iSth. " Norma." Pollio, Aramburro; 
Oroveso, Agnesi ; Adalgisa, Sinico ; Norma, Titiens. 

Friday, igth. "Faust." Faust, Camero; Mephis- 
tophele, Perkins; Valentino, Campobello; Siebel, MacVitz; 
Marta, Baumeister ; Margherita, Marie Roze. 

Saturday, 2oth. " Oberon." Sir Huon, Urio ; Oberon, 
Cantoni ; Scherasmina, Agnesi ; Puck, MacVitz ; Fatima, 
Trebelli ; Reiza, Titiens, 

Monday, 22nd. " Semiramide." Assur, Agnesi ; Oroe, 
Campobello ; Arsace, Trebelli ; Idreno, Rinaldini ; Semi- 
ramide, Titiens. 

Tuesday. " Rigoletto." Duca, Aramburro ; Rigoletto, 
Catalani ; Sparafucile, Pro ; Monterone, Campobello ; 
Maddalena, MacVitz ; Gilda, Alwina Valleria. 

Wednesday, 24th. " Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Cantoni; 
Giovanni, Sterbini ; Leporello, Borella ; Commendatore, 
Perkins ; Zerlina, Trebelli ; Donna Anna, Titiens. 

Thursday, 25th. Repeat of " La Favorita." 

Friday, 26th, "II Barbiere." Almaviva, Camero; 
Bartolo, Borella; Figaro, Sterbini; Basilio, Agnesi; 
Rosina, Trebelli. 

Saturday, 27th. . " II Flauto Magico." Tamino, Can- 
toni ; Papageno, Catalani ; Sarastro, Perkins ; Sacradoti, 
Campobello ; Astrifiammenti, Valleria ; Papagena, Sinico ; 
Pamina, Titiens. Trebelli again joined the " Tre Dami- 
gelli," with Marie Roze and Baumeister. 

Monday, 29th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Aram- 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 2$$ 

burro' ; Alfonso, Agnesi ; Maffeo Orsini, Trebelli ; Lu- 
crezia, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 3oth. " Le Nozze di Figaro." Cherubim, 
Trebelli ; Sigaro, Agnesi ; II Conte, Campobello ; Bartolo, 
Borella; Basilio, Rinaldini ; Susanna, Sinico ; La 
Contessa, Titiens. 

Wednesday, October ist. Repeat of " Faust." 
Thursday, and. Repeat of " Don Giovanni." 
Friday, 3rd. " Lucia." Edgardo, Aramburro ; Ashton, 
Catalani; Raimondo, Campobello; Lucia, Alwina Valleria. 
Saturday, 4th. " II Trovatore," as before, except 
Leonora, Titiens, being her benefit and last night. 

Marie Roze, who was Madame Perkins, and has 
since married Mr. H. Mapleson (son of the great 
impresario], made a " decided hit " in Margherita. 
Admirably suited to the part in personal appearance, 
and imparting to her music a well-studied and 
classic " reading," she won " golden opinions." She also 
displayed her respect for Mozart by becoming one of the 
Tre Damigelli " in " II Flauto." The name of Alwina 
Valleria added much strength to this troupe, her per- 
formance of "Lucia" and "Gilda" placing her high in 
the soprano list. The early death of Giulo Perkins left a 
blank in the list of useful bassi. Noble appearance, fine 
features, grand voice of great extent, he walked the stage 
" like a man " (to use a pit expression regarding him), and 
gave out the low E in "Qui S'degno " with grand effect. 
: This was indeed a strong troupe. 

First appearance of Brignoli and Mdlle. Singelli, and 
first performance of " II Talismano." 



256 ANNALS OF THE 

Theatre Royal. Italian Company : Titiens, Alwina 
Valleria, Mdlle. Risarelli (first time), Marie Roze, Trebelli, 
De Meric Lablache, Mdlle. Baumeister, Mdlle. Louise 
Singelli (first time), Signor Campanini, Mr. Bentham, 
Rinaldini, Grazzi, Paladini (first time), Signor Brignoli 
(first appearance), Signor Agnesi, Signor Di Reschi (first 
time), Gallassi (first time), Campobello, Casta, Casaboni, 
Guilio Perkins, and Herr Conrad Behrens. Conductor, 
Signor Li Calsi. 

Monday, September 2ist, 1874. "Lucrezia Borgia." 
Gennaro, Campanini; Alfonso, Agnesi; Maffeo Orsini, 
Trebelli ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 22nd. "Marta." Lionello, Brignoli; Tris- 
tani, Zoboli; Plunketto, Behrens; Nancy, Trebelli; Marta, 
Louise Singelli. 

Wednesday, 23rd. "II Talismano" (first time in 
Dublin). Sir Kenneth, Campanini; Richard Cceur de 
Lion, De Reschi; Nectabanas, Catalani; L'Emiro, 
Campobello ; II Re de France, Costa ; Duca, Casaboni ; 
Berengana, Marie Roze ; Edith Plantagenet, Titiens. 

Thursday, 24th. " II Flauto." Astrifiammenti, Singelli ; 
Tamino, Mr. Bentham ; Papageno, Catalani ; Sarastro, 
Perkins; Sacradoti, Campobello; Papagena, Alwina 
Valleria ; Pamina, Titiens. 

Friday, 25th. " Lucia." Edgardo, Campanini ; Ashton, 
Galassi ; Raimondo, Campobello ; Lucia, Alwina Valleria. 

Saturday, 26th. " Les Huguenots." Raoul, Campa- 
nini; St. Bris, Agnesi; Nevers, Galassi; Marcello, 
Behrens ; Urbano, Trebelli ; Margherita, Singelli ; Valen- 
tina, Titiens. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 257 

Monday, 28th. Repeat of " II Talismano." 

Tuesday, 29th. " Le Nozze." Chembini, Trebelli; 
Figaro ; Agnesi ; II Conte, Campobello ; Bartolo, Zoboli ; 
Susanna, Marie Roze ; La Contessa, Titiens. 

Wednesday, 3oth. "Faust." Faust, Campanini ; 
Mephistophele, Perkins ; Valentino, De Reschi ; Siebel, 
Trebelli ; Margherita, Marie Roze. 

Thursday, October ist. "II Trovatore." Manrico, 
Brignoli ; Conte di Luna, Galassi ; Ferrando, Campobello ; 
Azucena, Trebelli ; Leonora, Titiens. 

Friday, 2nd. " Catarina le Donna Novi." Don Enrico, 
Bentham ; II Conte, Campobello ; Mayer, Agnesi ; 
Rebolledo, Costa ; La Catarina, Louise Singelli. 

Saturday, 3rd. Repeat of " II Talismano." 

Monday, 5th. '" Semiramide." Assur, Agnesi; Oroe, 
Campobello ; Arsace, Trebelli ; Semiramide, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 4th. Rep eat of " Faust. ' ' 

Wednesday, 5th. " Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Brignoli ; 
Giovanni, De Reschi : Leporello, Behrens ; Zerlina, 
Trebelli ; Elvira, Risarelli ; Donna Anna, Titiens. 

Thursday, 8th. Repeat of " Trovatore." 

Friday, gth. " Sonnambula." Elvino, Campanini ; 
Rodolfo, Agnesi ; Amina, Mdlle. Singelli. 

Saturday, loth. " Norma." Pollio, Campanini ; Oro- 
veso, Costa; Adalgisa, Baumeister; Norma, Titiens. 
Last night. 

Colonel Mapleson's capacity for discovering talent was 
strongly developed in the case of Brignoli, who made his 
first appearance now, a tenor of vast experience ; he must 
in youth have been well worth hearing, indeed at present 

R 



258 ANNALS OF THE 

many of the " younger branch " might study him with 
advantage : Brignoli and Badiali bear close comparison. 
The tenor, not quite so advanced in life as the grand old 
baritone, still shows somewhat more lack of freshness of 
voice, which quality Badiali retained to the last ; ihe sing- 
ing for itself of each was perfect, both equally inspired 
with dramatic feeling, which found its way into every 
movement on the stage, or every note given forth. The 
parallel might be extended if space permitted ; some 
young baritones such as Badiali had been, and a few 
juvenile tenors with the qualities of Brignoli, would be 
very desirable. Mdlle. Louise Singelli is a young and 
talented Belgian student, daughter of the late well-known 
and highly-respected Concert conductor of' Brussels, 
Mons. Singelli, whose violin arrangements are much 
valued, and have a large sale all over Europe. 'Mdlle. 
Singelli has doubtless a bright future before her,Jiaving 
in "Amina" and in "Marta" made a most favourable 
impression. 

First appearance of Mdlle. Albani and Mdlle. Zara 
Thalberg. 

1875. The Italian Opera this season was from Covent 
Garden, and under the direction of Sir Julius Benedict ; 
thus Soprani : Mdlle. Albani, Mdlle. Bianchi, Mdlle. 
Estelle, Mdlle. Cruise, Mdlle. Stewart, Mdlle. Paoli, and 
Mdlle. Zara Thalberg; Contralti : Mdlle. Phillipini D'Edels- 
burgh, and Mdlle. Ghiotto ; Tenori : Mons. Naudin, Signer 
Pavani, and Mons. De Vellier; Baritoni: Mons. Maurel and 
Signer Medica; Bassi: Signer Scolari, Signor Tagliafico, 
Signer Bolli, and Signor Pronti; Leader, Mr. Levey; 
Organist, Mr. Pitman ; Conductor, Signor Vianesi. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 259 

Monday, October 4th, 1875. " Don Giovanni." Donna 
Anna, Mdlle. Paoli ; Zerlina, Zara Thalberg ; Elvira, Mdlle. 
Ghiotti; Ottavio, Mr. Richard Sydney (MacNevin);* 

* From the Freeman's Journal, Tuesday, October 5th, 1875 : 
"The extraordinary interest in Italian Opera which prevails in 
Dublin at this time of year was manifested last night with all its 
wonted intensity. The stir and bustle about the exterior of the Theatre 
were quite as troublesome as usual ; and although notices had been 
duly published that programmes and books of the opera would be 
sold inside the house, the yelling and importunity outside were not 
a whit abated. Up to the very last moment the arrivals were fast, 
and in many cases furious. We say furious, for as a rule a late- 
comer is in an ill-temper, and disturbs everybody by special privilege. 
Last night there were many late-comers, and the overture was 
frequently marred in effect by persons whose exterior would have 
suggested better manners. This observation is made not indeed 
with a view of wounding anybody in Dublin, experience has 
dissolved all such views, and converted suffering into a sort of 
expectation. So far as the orchestra was heard in the overture it 
appeared to be adequate, finished, and thoroughly under the com- 
mand of Signor Vianesi. The stringed instruments, without which 
Mozart is impossible, were tolerably full ; and if the effect was not 
startling, it was satisfactory. A notice to the effect that Signor 
Pavani being ill Mr. Richard Sydney (MacNevin) would assume 
the character of Don Ottavio was posted about the house in quite 
a wonderful manner; and there was a nervous anxiety lest some- 
thing should happen to spoil the evening's entertainment. Nothing 
really did happen, for, notwithstanding Mr. Sydney's disquiet, he 
succeeded very well, and, under the circumstances, he must have 
surpassed expectation. The sort of dilemma caused by the sudden 
illness of an artiste is just of that order in which rapidity of judg- 
ment is most essential. Mr. Gunn decided on having a Dublin 
amateur, and the result proved that Mr. Gunn was right, and that 
Dublin was rich in talent of a high and educated order. In how 
many cities in the empire could there be found a private gentleman 
competent and willing to sing at a few hours' notice the music of 
Mario and Guiglini in Don Giovanni? The answer must suggest 
something in favour of Dublin, in which the feat has been accom- 
plished, and well accomplished." 



260 ANNALS OF THE 

Leporello, Signer Scolari; Masetto, Signer Tagliafico; 
Commendatore, Signer Pronti; Don Giovanni, Signer 
Maurel. 

Tuesday, 5th. "Trovatore." Leonora, Mdlle. Paoli ; 
Azucena, Mdlle. D'Edelsburgh; Maurice, Mons. De 
Vellier ; Conte di Luna, Signer Medica. 

Wednesday, 6th. "Fra Diavolo." Zerlina, Zara 
Thalberg ; Lady Coburg, Mdlle. Ghiotti ; Lord Coburg, 
Signer Scolari ; Lorenzo, Signer Filli ; Beppo, Tagliafico ; 
Giacomo, Signer Pronti ; Matteo, Belli ; Fra Diavolo, 
Signer Naudin. 

Thursday, yth. "La Sonnambula." Amina, Albani 
(first appearance in Dublin) ; Rodolfo, Medica ; Elvino, 
Naudin. 

Friday, 8th. "La Figlia." Maria, Mdlle. Bianchi ; 
Marchesa, Mdlle. Ghiotti ; Sulpizio, Scolari ; Tonio, Pavani. 

Saturday, 9th. " Lucia." Lucia, Albani ; Enrico, 
Medico ; Raimondo, Pronti ; Edgardo, Pavani. 

Monday, nth. "Lohengrinn" (first time). Eliza, 
Mdlle. Albani ; Artuso, Mdlle. D'Edelsburgh ; Frederic, 
Maurel ; L'Araldo del Re, Pronti ; Enrio, Scolari ; Lo- 
hengrinn, Naudin. 

Tuesday, October i2th. " Dinorah." Dinorah, Zara 
Thalberg ; Un Caprara, Estelle ; Un Capraro, Ghiotti ; 
Un Cassiatore, Tagliafico; Corentini, Pavani; Hoel, 
Maurel. 

AVednesday, i3th. " Rigoletto." Gilda, Albani ; Ma- 
dalena, Ghiotti; Giovanna, Mdlle. Estelle; II Duca, 
Mons. De Vellier; Sparafucile, Tagliafico; Rigoletto, 
Signer Medica. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 261 

Thursday, i4th. "Don Giovanni" (as before, except 
Ottavio, Naudin). 

Friday, isth. " Un Ballo." Amelia, Mdlle. Paoli; 
Oscar, Bianchi ; Ricardo, Pavani ; Renato, Signor Medica. 

Saturday, i6th. " Faust." Margherita, Albani ; Siebel, 
Mdlle. Ghiotti ; Marta, Mdlle. Estelle ; Mephistophele, 
Scolari ; Wagner, Tagliafico ; Faust, Pavani ; Valentino, 
Maurel. 

Monday, i8th. "Dinorah" (cast as before). 

Tuesday, igth. " La Figlia," repeat. 

Wednesday, 2oth. " Puritani." Elvira, Albani ; En- 
richetta, Ghiotti ; Georgio, Maurel; Ricardo, Pronti; 
Arturo, Naudin. 

Thursday, 2ist. "La Favorita." Leonora, Mdlle. 
D'Edelsburgh ; Alfonso, Signor Medica; Baldassare, 
Pronti; Ferrando, Naudin. 

Friday, 2 and. First and second Acts of " Fra Diavolo." 
The shadow-scene from " Dinorah " (benefit of Zara 
Thalberg). 

Saturday, 23rd. " La Sonnambula" (as before). Last 
night. 

The recollection of Albani is still fresh in our memory a 
more perfect representation of Margherita cannot well be 
imagined ; indeed, the same applies to every part this great 
artiste undertakes. Beautiful in appearance, and highly 
accomplished in art, she, as a matter of course, found her 
due appreciation in Dublin. She has since accepted an 
engagement for life with Mr. Ernest Gye, proprietor of 
Covent Garden, and the public are (now, 1879) anxiously 
waiting for her re-appearance, after the interesting event. 



262 ANNALS OF THE 

Mdlle. Zara Thalberg, daughter of the late great pianist, had 
made a sensation in London, and (youth and inexperience 
considered) showed remarkable promise, since realized, of 
a coming "star :" her "Zerlina" was specially successful. 
Wagner's " Lohengrinn " had not a fair chance, Signor 
Vianesi did everything possible with the means at his 
disposal ; but it is hardly necessary to say that a work 
which would require about 300 choristers of the very best, 
100 picked instrumentalists, and nearly three months' 
rehearsals, could not possibly with, say two rehearsals and 
limited numbers, receive a worthy interpretation. Albani's 
"Elsa di Brabante" will not, however, soon be 
forgotten. 

Italian Company : Mdlle, Titiens (first appearance for 
two years), Mdme. Trebelli, Mdme. Marie Roze, Mdme. 
Alwina Valleria, Mdlle. Baumeister, Mdlle. Elena Varesi, 
Mdlle. Selina Bignarini, Miss Emma Abbott (first appear- 
ance), Signor Gillandi, Signor Dorini, Signor Rinaldini, 
Signor Grazzi, Signor Faustu Beliotti, Signor Galassi, 
Signor Del Puente, Signor Rocca, Signor Costa, Signor 
Broccolini, Herr Behrens. Conductor, Signor Li Calsi. 

Monday, Sept. 25th, 1876. "Semiramide." Arsace, 
Trebelli ; Assur, Del Puente ; Oroe, Broccolini ; Idreno, 
Rinaldini ; Semiramide, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 26th. "Lucia." Edgardo, Gillandi ; Enrico, 
Galassi : Arturo, Rinaldini ; Raimondo, Behrens ; Alice, 
Mdlle. Baumeister ; Lucia, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria. 

Wednesday, 27th. " Trovatore." Manrico, Gillandi ; 
Conte di Luna, Galassi ; Azucena, Trebelli ; Leonora, 
Titiens. 



2 he following important en%agemait was omitted in first 
issue : 

Italian Opera Company, commencing, for six nights 
only, November i5th, 1875. Principal artistes Madame 
Christine Nilsson (her first appearance on the stage in 
Dublin), Madame Trebelli-Bettini, Madame Marie Roze, 
Madame Demeric-Lablache, Madame Bauermeister, and 
Mdlle. Elena Varesi (her first appearance in Dublin), 
Signer Gillandi (his first appearance in Dublin), Signer 
Campanini, Signer Palladini, Signer Rinaldini, Signer 
Grazzi, Signer Brignoli, Signer Galassi, Signer Del 
Puente, Signer Costa, Signer Zoboli, Signer Casaboni, 
Signor Castelmary (his first appearance in Dublin), and 
Herr Behrens. Musical Director and Conductor, Signor 
Li Calsi. 

Monday, November i5th. Gounod's Opera of 
" Faust." Faust, Signor Gillandi (his first appearance in 
Dublin) ; Mephistopheles, Signor Castelmary (first ap- 
pearance in Dublin) ; Valentino, Signor Galassi ; Wagner, 
Signor Costa ; Siebel, Madame Trebelli ; Marta, Madame 
Demeric-Lablache ; and Margherita, Madame Nilsson 
(first appearance). 

Tuesday i6th. Donizetti's Opera, " Lucia di Lammer- 
moor." Eclgardo, Signor Gillandi ; Ashton, Signor 
Galassi ; Raimondo, Herr Behrens ; Artiiro, Signor 
Rinaldini ; Normano, Signor Zoboli ; Alice, Madame 
Bauermeister ; Lucia, Mdlle. Elena Varesi (first appear- 
ance in Dublin). 

Wednesday, 17 th. Flotow's Opera, " Marta." Lionello, 



Signer Brignoli ; Plunketto, Herr Behrens ; Lord Tris- 
tano, Signer Zoboli ; Sheriffo, Signer Casaboni ; Nancy, 
Madame Trebelli ; Lady Henrietta (Marta), Madame 
Christine Nilsson. 

Thursday, i8th. Verdi's Opena, "Rigoletto." II 
Duca, Signer Gillandi; Rigoletto, Signer Del Puente? 
Sparafucile, Signer Castelmary ; Monterone, Signer Costa ; 
Borsa, Signer Rinaldini ; Marcello, Signer Zoboli ; Mada- 
lena, Madame Trebelli; Giovanni, Madame Bauermeister ; 
Gilda, Mdlle. Elena Varesi. 

Friday, igth. Benefit of Madame Christine Nilsson. 
Verdi's Opera, " II Trovatore." Manrico, Signer Brignoli ; 
II Conte di Luna, Signer Galassi ; Ferrando, Signer 
Costa ; Ruiz, Signer Rinaldini ; Azucena, Madame 
Trebelli ; Inez, Madame Bauermeister ; Leonora, Madame 
Christine Nilsson. 

Last night of the Italian Opera Company. Benefit of 
Mdlle. Elena Varesi. 

Saturday, 2oth. "La Sonnambula." Elvino, Signer 
Brignoli ; II Count Rodolfo, Signer Del Puente ; Alessio, 
Signer Casaboni ; II Notario, Signer Rinaldini ; Liza, 
Madame Bauermeister; Teresa, Madame Lablache; 
Amina, Mdlle. Elena Varesi (her third appearance in 
Dublin). 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 263 

Thursday, 2 8th. " Le Nozze di Figaro." Cherubim", 
Trebelli; Conte, I) J Puente; Figaro, Galassi; Bartolo, 
Galazzi ; Basilio, Rinaldini ; Susanna, Marie Roze ; Con- 
tessa, Titiens. 

Friday, 29th. " II Barbiere." Conte Almaviva, Signer 
Dorini (first appearance) ; Bartolo, Zoboli ; Basilio, Rocca ; 
Rosina, Trebelli. 

Saturday, 3oth. " Norma." Pollio, Bellotti ; Oro- 
veso, Broccolini ; Adalgisa, Alwina Valleria ; Norma, 
Titiens. 

Monday, October 2nd. *' Les Huguenots." Raoul, 
Gillandi ; Count di Nevers, Del Puente ; St. Bris, Galassi ; 
Marcello, Behrens; Margherita de Valois, Alwina Valleria ; 
Urbano, Trebelli ; Valentino, Titiens. 

Tuesday, 3rd, " Faust." Faust, Dorini ; Mephis- 
tophele, Del Puente ; Valentino, Galassi ; Siebel, Mdlle. 
Bignarini (first appearance) ; Marta, Baumeister ; Mar- 
gherita, Miss Emma Abbott (first appearance). 

Wednesday, 4th. " Don Giovanni." Ottavio, Gillandi ; 
Giovanni, Del Puente ; Leporello, Behrens ; Zerlina, 
Trebelli ; Elvira, Marie Roze ; Donna Annn, Titiens. 

Thursday, 5th. " Lucrezia Borgia." Gennaro, Gillandi ; 
Alfonso, Behrens ; Orsini, Trebelli ; Lucrezia, Titiens. 

Friday, 6th. " Rigoletto." II Duca, Dorini ; Rigo- 
letto, Del Puerte; Madalena, Trebelli; Gilda, Alwina 
Valleria. 

Saturday, October yth. " Trovatore " (repeat). Last 
night. 

This was the last appearance of the ever-to-be-lamented 
Titiens she is gone from amongst us ! Let us "passionate 



264 ANNALS OF THE 

our tenfold grief with folded arras," and be consoled with 
the fact that she was " worthy to inlay Heaven with 
stars." 

Engagement for three weeks only of Mr. Mapleson's 
Italian Opera Company. Director of Music and Con- 
ductor, Signor Li Calsi. 

Monday, October, ist, 1877. " Un Ballo in Maschera." 
Ricardo, Signor Runcia (his first appearance these eight 
years) ; Renato, Signor Galassi ; Samuelo, M. Gounet ; 
Tomasso, Signor Franceschi ; II Giudice, Signor Rinaldini ; 
Silvano, Signor Fallar ; Oscar, Mdlle. Mila Rodani (her 
first appearance in Ireland) ; Ulrica, Madame Lablache ; 
Amelia, Mdlle. Caroline Sala (her first appearance in 
Ireland). 

Tuesday, October 2nd. " II Barbiere di Siviglia." 
II Conte Almaviva, Signor Bettini ; Figaro, Signor Del 
Puente ; Fiorello, Signor Rinaldini ; II Dottore Bartolo, 
Signor Zoboli ; Don Basilio, Signor Broccolini ; Official]', 
Signor Grazzi ; Berta, Mdlle. Baumeister ; Rosina, 
Mdlle. Anna de Belocca (her first appearance in Ireland). 

Wednesday, October 3rd. " II Trovatore." Manrico, 
Signor Fancelli (his first appearance for eight years) ; II 
Conte di Luna, Signor Galassi ; Ferrando, Signor Brocco- 
lini ; Ruiz, Signor Rinaldini ; Un Zingaro, Signor Fallar ; 
Azucena, Madame Lablache ; Inez, Mdlle. Filomena ; 
Leonora, Mdlle. Marie Roze. 

Thursday, October 4th. " Le Nozze di Figaro." 
Cherubino, Mdlle. Anna de Belocca ; II Conte, Signor 
Del Puente ; Figaro, Signor Galassi ; Bartolo, Signor 
Zoboli; Basilio, Signor Rinaldini; lJuii Curzio, Signor 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 265 

Grazzi; Antonio, Signer Franceschi ; Susanna, Mdlle. 
Marie Roze ; La Contessa, Mdlle. Caroline Sala. 

Friday, Oct. 5th. " La Figlia del Reggimento." Tonio, 
Signor Bettini ; Sergente Sulpizio, Signor Del Puente; 
Un Paesano, Signor Rinaldini ; Ortenzio, Signor Fallar ; 
Caporale, M. Gounet ; La Marchesa, Madame Lablache ; 
Maria, Mdlle. Mila Rodani. 

Saturday, October 6th. " Faust." Under the Patronage 
and presence of Her Grace the Duchess of Marlborough. 
Faust, Signor Fancelli ; Mephistophele, Signor Del 
Puente, Valentino, Signor Galassi; Wagner, Franceschi ; 
Siebel, Mdlle. Anna de Belocca ; Martha, Madame 
Lablache ; Margherita, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria. 

Monday, October 8th. " Robert le Diable." Roberto, 
Signor Fancelli ; Bertramo, Signor Foli ; Rambaldo, 
Signor Rinaldini ; Alberti, M. Gounet ; Araldo, Signor 
Grazzi ; Un Preto, Signor Broccolini ; Elena, Madame 
Katti Lanner (her first appearance in Dublin) ; Isabella, 
Mdlle. Alwina Valleria : Alice, Mdlle. Marie Roze. 

Tuesday, October gth. "Martha." Lionello, Mr. 
Talbo* Brennan (his first appearance on the stage in this 
his native city) ; Lord Tristano, Signor Zoboli ; Plunketto, 
Signor Del Puente; Un Sheriffo, Signor Fallar; Un 
Servitore, Signor Grazzi ; Nancy, Mdlle. Anna de Belocca; 
Martha, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria. 

Wednesday, October loth. " Les Huguenots." Raoul, 
Signor Fancelli ; II Conte de Nevers, Signor Del Puente ; 
11 Conte di San Bris, Signor Galassi ; Tavannes, Signor 

* It required but little change to render Talbot Talbo (Lionello). 



266 ANNALS OF THE 

Rinaldini; De Retz, M. Gounet; De Cosse, Signer 
Grazzi ; Meru, Signer Fallar ; Maurevert, Signer Zoboli ; 
Marcello, Signer Foli ; Margherita di Valois, Mdlle. 
Mila Rodani ; Urbane, Mdlle. Anna de Belocca ; Dama 
d'Onore, Mdlle. Robiati ; Valentina, Mdlle. Caroline 
Sala. 

Thursday, October nth, " II Flauto Magico." Tamino, 
Signor Bettini ; Papageno, Signer Del Puente ; Sarastro, 
Signor Foli ; Monastatos, Signor Rinaldini ; Un Oratore, 
Signor Broccolini; Due Uomini Armati, Signor Grazzi, 
and Signor Franceschi ; I Tre Geni, Mdlle. Robiati, 
Mdlle. Clinton and Mdme. Lablache ; La Tre Damigelli 
della Regina, Mdlle. Bauraeister, Mdlle. Parodi, and 
Mdlle. Risiani ; Astrifiammanti, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria ; 
Papagena, Mdlle. Mila Rodina ; Pamina, Mdme. Marie 
Roze. 

Friday, Oct. i2th, " Rigoletto." II Duca, Signor Talbo 
(his second appearance in Opera in this, his native city) ; 
Rigoletto, Signor Galassi ; Sparafucile, Signor Broccolini ; 
Monterone, M. Gounet ; Marallo, Signor Zoboli ; Borsa, 
Signor Rinaldini ; Caprano, Signor Fallar ; Usciere, 
Signor Grazzi ; La Contessa, Mdlle. Robiate ; Mada- 
lena, Mdlle. Lisa Perdi (her first appearance) ; Giovanni, 
Mdlle. Baumeister ; Gilda, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria. 

Saturday, October i3th, "II Don Giovanni." Don 
Ottavio, Signor Bettini ; Don Giovanni, Signor Del 
Puente ; Leporello, Signor Zoboli; Masetto, Signor 
Fallar ; II Commendatore, Signor Broccolini ; Zerlina, 
Mdlle. Anna de Belocca ; Donna Elvira, Mdlle. Alwina 
Valleria ; Donna Anna, Mdme. Marie Roze. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 267 

Monday, October isth, " Der Freischutz." Rodolfo, 
Signor Fancelli ; Caspar, Signer Foli ; Killiano, Signer 
Franceschi ; Kuno, M. Gounet ; Ottocar, Signor Rinal- 
dini ; Hermit, Signor Broccolini ; Annetta, Mdlle. 
Baumeister ; Agata, Mdme. Marie Roze. 

Tuesday, October i6th, " Faust." Faust, Signor 
Runcia ; Mephistophele, Signor Del Puente ; Valentino, 
Signor Galassi; Wagner, Signor Franceschi; Siebel, 
Mdlle. Anna De Belocca ; Martha, Madame Lablache ; 
Margherita, Mdlle. Caroline Sala. 

Wednesday, October lyth, "Robert Le Diable." 
Roberto, Signor Fancelli ; Bertramo, Signor Foli ; Ram- 
baldo, Signor Rinaldini ; Alberti, M. Gounet ; Araldo, 
Signor Grazzi ; Un Preto, Signor Broccolini ; Elena, 
Mdme. Katti Lanner ; Isabella, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria ; 
Alice, Mdlle. Marie Roze. 

Thursday, October i8th, "Lucia di Lammermoor." 
Edgardo, Signor Fancelli ; Enrico Ashton, Signor Galassi ; 
Arturo, Signor Rinaldini ; Raimondo, Signor Broccolini ; 
Normanno, Signor Fallar ; Alice, Mdlle. Baumeister ; 
Lucia, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria. 

Friday, October iQth, " II Flauto Magico." Tamino, 
Signor Bettini ; Papageno, Signor Del Puente ; Sarastro, 
Signor Foli ; Monastatos, Signor Rinaldini ; Un Oratore, 
Signor Broccolini ; Due Uomini Amati, Signor Grazzi and 
Signor Franceschi; I Tre Geni, Mdlle. Robiati, Mdlle. 
Clinton and Mdme. Lablache; Le Tre Damigelli dclla 
Regina, Mdlle. Baumeister, Mdlle. Parodi, and Mdlle. 
Risiani ; Papagena , Mdlle. Mila Rodani ; Astrifiammanti, 
Mdlle. Alwina Valleria ; Pamina, Mdme. Marie Roze. 



268 ANNALS OF THE 

Saturday, October 2oth, " II Trovatore." Manrico, 
Signer Fancelli ; II Conte di Luna ; Signer Galassi ; 
Ferrando, Signer Broccolini ; Ruiz, Signer Rinaldini ; Un 
Zingaro, Signer Fallar ; Azucena, Mdme. Lablache ; Inez, 
Mdlle. Filomena ; Leonora, Mdlle. Caroline Sala. 

On Monday, April 2nd, 1877, the Imperial Italian 
Company commenced an engagement of 1 2 nights, with 
the following artistes : Mdme. Ernestina Robiati, Mdlle. 
Emma Howson, Mdme. De Meric Lablache, Mdlle* 
Hughes, Signer Vizzani, Signer, Belli, Signer Campo- 
bello, Signer Rollo, Signer Garda, Signer Campi, Signer 
Montini. The troupe was under the management of 
Signer Frank Rialp, who also acted as Director of Music 
and Conductor. The Operas performed were " Le Nozze 
di Figaro," " Maritana,"* " Guiglielmo Tell," " La Traviata," 
" II Trovatore," " " Rigoletto," and "Faust," in which 
Mr. Snazelle (who has since joined Carl Rosa) per- 
formed Mephistophele. This engagement concluded on 
Saturday, April i4th. 

Engagement for 12 nights only of Mr. Mapleson's 
Italian Opera Company. Director of Music and Con- 
ductor, Signor Arditi. 

Monday, September 2nd, 1878, "La Sonnambula." 
Elvino, Signor Frapolli ; II Conte Rodolfo, Signor Del 
Puente ; Alessio, Signor Grazzi ; Un Notaro, Signor 
Belli ; Liza, Mdlle. Robiati ; Teresa, Mdme. Lablache ; 
Amina, Mdme. Etelka Gerster (her first appearance in 
Ireland). The perfect vocalism of Mdme. Gerster was 
fully appreciated in Dublin. 

* First time in Italian. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 269- 

Tuesday, September 3rd, "Le Nozze di Figaro.'* 
Cherubino, Mdme. Trebelli ; II Conte Almaviva, Signer 
Del Puente ; Figaro, Signor Galassi ; II Dottore Bartolo, 
Signor Zoboli ; Basilic, Signor Rinaldini ; Don Curzio, 
Signor Grazzi ; Antonio, Signor Franceschi ; La Con- 
tessa, Mdlle. Parodi ; Marcellina, Mdme. Lablache ; 
Susanna, Mdme. Helene Crosmond. 

Wednesday, September 4th, " Lucia di Lammermoor." 
Edgardo, Signor Gillandi ; Enrico Ashton, Signor Galassi ; 
Raimondo, Signor Franceschi ; Arturo, Signor Bolli ; 
Normanno, Signor Grazzi ; Alisa, Mdlle. Robiati ; Lucia, 
Madame Etelka Gerster (her second appearance in 
Ireland). 

Thursday, September 5th, " La Traviata." Alfredo, 
Signor Frapolli; Germont, Signor Galassi; Gastone, 
Madame Trebelli, who, on this occasion, will intro- 
duce the Brindisi, " II Segreto ;" Medico, Signor 
Franceschi ; II Marchese, Signor Grazzi ; II Barone, 
Signor Zoboli ; Amina, Mdlle. Robiati ; Flora, Mdlle. 
Filomena; Violetta Valery, Mdlle. Minnie Hawk (her 
first appearance in Ireland). The incidental divertisse- 
ment will be supported by Mdlle. Malvina Cavalazzi and 
the Corps de Ballet. 

Friday, September 6th, " Faust." Faust, Signor Gil- 
landi ; Mephistophele, Signor Franceschi ; Valentino, 
Signor Del Puente ; Siebel, Mdme. Trebelli ; Martha, 
Mdme. Lablache ; Margherita, Mdlle. Alwina Valeria. 

Saturday, September 7th, " II Flauto Magico." 
Tamino, Signor Frapoli ; Papageno, Signor Del Puente ; 
Sarastro, Herr Behrens ; Sacerdote, Signor Pyatt ; Due 



270 ANNALS OF THE 

Uomini Amati, Signer Franceschi and Signer Bolli ; 
Monostatos, Signer Rinaldini ; II Due Oratori, Signer 
Grazzi and Signer Zoboli ; I Tre Geni, Mdlle. Martini, 
Mdlle. Lido and Mdme. Lablache ; I Tre Damigelli della 
Regina, Mdlle. Robiati, Mdlle. Parodi, Mdme. Trebelli ; 
Papagena, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria ; Pamina, Mdlle. 
Parodi ; Astrifiammanti, Madame Etelka Gerster. 

Monday, September gih, " Carmen " (first time in 
Ireland). Don Jose, Signer Runcio ; Escamillo 
(Toreado), Signer Del Puente; II Dancairo, Signer 
Rinaldini ; II Remendado, Signer Grazzi ; Zuniga, Signer 
Franceschi ; Morales, Signor Bolli ; Michaela, Mdlle. 
Alwina Valleria ; Paquita, Mdlle. Robiati ; Mercedes, 
Mdme. Lablache ; Carmen (a gipsy), Mdlle. Minnie 
Hawk. " Carmen " has become an established favourite 
in Dublin in English as well as Italian. 

Tuesday, September loth, "Rigoletto." II Duca, 
Signor Gillandi ; Rigoletto, Signor Galassi ; Sparafucile, 
Signor Franceschi ; Monterone, Signor Gandini ; Mar- 
cello, Signor Zoboli ; Borsa, Signor Grass! ; Perano, 
Signor Bolli ; La Contessa, Mdlle. Filomena ; Madalena, 
Mdme. Trebelli ; Giovanni, Mdlle. Robiati; Gilda, 
Mdme. Etelka Gerster. 

Wednesday, nth, "Don Giovanni." Don Ottavio, 
Signor Gillandi ; Don Giovanni, Signor Del Puente ; 
Leporello, Herr Behrens; Masetto, Signor Zoboli; II 
Commendatore, Signor Pyatt ; Donna Anna, Mdlle. 
Crosmond ; Don Elvira, Mdlle. Alwina Valleria ; Zerlina, 
Mdme. Trebelli. 

Thursday, September i2th, "Carmen" cast as before. 



THEATRE ROYAL, DUBLIN. 271 

Friday, September i3th, " II Trovatore." Manrico, 
Signer Gillandi ; II Conte di Luna, Signer Galassi ; 
Ferrando, Signor Franceschi ; Ruiz, Signer Rinaldini ; 
Inez, Mdlle. Robiati ; Leonora, Mdme. Sinico (her first 
appearance this season) ; Azucena, Mdme. Trebelli. 

Saturday, September i4th, " Faust." Faust, Signor 
Gillandi ; Mephistophele, Signor Del Puente ; Valen- 
tino, Signor Galassi ; Wagner, Signor Franceschi ; 
Siebel, Mdme. Trebelli ; Martha, Mdme. Lablache ; 
Margherita, Mdme. Etelka Gerster. 

The last Italian engagement in the " Old Royal." 




ISTOT ICE OIF 

M. (SOVER, 

PHOTOGRAPHIC CONTINENTAL PORTAITIST, 

BEGS TO ANNOUNCE THAT HIS NEW STUDIOS AT 

124 STEPHEN'S-GREEN, WEST, 

(Next Royal College of Surgeons, ) 
WILL SHORTLY BE OPENED. 



In consequence of the unprecedented success of M. GLOVER as a 
Portraitist, he has specially constructed this Atelier on the most 
advanced scientific principles, and engages that the work therein 
executed will not be excelled by that of any living Photographer. 

REMOVING FROM 70 GRAFTON-STREET TO 

124 STEPHEN'S-GREEN, WEST. 

Dublin, 1st January, 1880. 

SMYTH'S UMBRELLAS 

.A.T _A_LI, IBICES. 



FRANCIS SMYTH AND SON, 

Manufacturers of Umbrellas of every description, for all Classes, 

SILKS, ALPACAS, DAGMARS, RUSSELLS, DURABLES & GINGHAMS, 

AND OF ROYAL TWILL SILK UMBRELLAS. 
TWELVE MONTHS WEAR GUARANTEED. 

LADIES, 16s. GENTS, 21s. 

The Ynried STOCK comprises the latest Novelties in Carved Ivory 

Handles, Horn, Ebonies, Natural Woods, Gold and Silver Mounts. 

WALKING STICKS AT ALL PRICES. 

REPAIRS AND RECOVERINGS ON THE SHORTEST NOTICE. 



75 GRAFTON-STREET, 24 ESSEX-QUAY, 

AND 

4 LOWER SACKVILLE-STREET. 



PIANOFORTES, HARMONIUMS, AMERICAN ORGANS, 



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